Core Generator: Fundamental Knowledge (SF) DR1 - The Element (E) Collection of documents (citations with small indication of the links

directing to the original page), drawn from surveys in the search engine "Google" and it i s intended to help decode the theme Element (E) Core Generator: Fundamental know ledge (SF) of Referential Key Skills Level Secondary on the RVCC process under t he New Opportunities Initiative. [Note: All Adults / Trainees should include in its PRA sources of all readings t hat have made and can not copy or plagiarize, risking expulsion from RVCC.] Good Reads ... Prepared on 12/07/2008 - cont @ ct page: 1 / 14 DR1 - The Element mobilize formal knowledge to rec ognize the element as a structural unit and its organization. "Every human being is different from me and unique in the universe, I am not, th erefore, who must reflect on it, not me who knows what is best for him, not me w ho has to draw the path you ; with him only have the right, which is both a duty : to help him be himself. "Agostinho da Silva The society is composed of different individuals, each with specific characteris tics vary according to your age, gender, education, ethnicity ... In this contex t of socio-cultural diversity I apply the principles of tolerance and equality, considering the concept of "social action"? Explore ways of integrating individu als into social exclusion by being in possession of specific characteristics: el derly, drug addicts, individuals with disabilities ...? Each individual possess specific characteristics, a genetic code that inherits from their parents, half by the father's side and the other half by the mother, and this is reflected in the differences of each individual, making him a unique person with unique featu res that are found in samples of DNA. I understand the use of DNA analysis as a means of identifying an individual (such as analysis of criminology, paternity t esting, genetic diseases ...) Continue to read: Prepared on 12/07/2008 - cont @ ct page: 2 / 14 DR1-experiences that are based on the foll owing idea - "The whole is constituÍdopor different parts acting with different purposes. It is by action of the parties that all comes to life and becomes dyn amic. " Membership (all) - consisting of different individuals (the parties) and social work of the same (Max Weber). Different how? Example - in my son's schoo l there are children from different backgrounds, Ukraine, Mozambique and Portuga l; In my neighborhood I have neighbors Roma; coffee that often have many seniors , there are some people quefrequentam the area of my city that x have problems o f addiction (....) - talk about the examples of integration problems (situations of discrimination he witnessed), the modes of integration (eg small party of sc hool children dancing with music from different countries), the advantages of li ving with the difference (sharing of knowledge, culture, different ways of think ing), how they relate to the difference in the everyday. Technology and Science: Every living thing (the whole) has a different encoding instructions in DNA. Th

ese differences create differences between organic living organisms. DNA is foun d in the cell nucleus and consists of four different nucleotides (the parties) t hat form a structure resembling a spiral staircase. Molecules (parts) of DNA con tains the genetic information necessary for encoding the characteristics of an i ndividual. Example Technology: As my mother got the disease was detected by x y analysis using procedures foo; Example science: Differences and similarities of individuals of the family, grandparents, parents, children - genetic inheritance ; odds of a descendant (grandson great-grandson) have certain characteristics (h air color, eye ...) Filomena Sousa Carvalho - Read at: Group RVCCNO. Prepared on 12/07/2008 - cont @ ct page: 3 / 14 INTRODUCTION The advancement of science and technolog y at forensic reached its climax in the mid-'80s, when the identification techni ques, based on direct analysis of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) became one of the most powerful tools for human identification and criminal investigations (Beneck e, 1997). The determination of genetic identity by DNA can be used to prove the guilt of criminals, exonerate the innocent, identify bodies and human remains in air disasters and battlefields,€determine paternity with virtually absolute re liability, elucidating exchange of babies in nurseries and detect substitutions and labeling errors in clinical pathology laboratories (PEN, 2005). The first me thod of using DNA analysis to identify individuals was developed in the mid-1980 s by Sir Alec Jeffreys of the University of Leicester and, despite its enormous power potential, there were serious reservations about its real use, since the b eginning there were many doubts about the reproducibility and reliability of the methods (DUARTE et al. 2001; BROWN, 2001). With current knowledge, at least two major advantages should be mentioned on the molecular typing: DNA has a high ch emical stability even after a long period of time and is present in all nucleate d cells of the human body, which facilitates the attainment of same (MALAGHINI e t al., 2006). Continue reading Newsletter No. 153 April 28, 2008 Prepared on 12/07/2008 - cont @ ct page: 4 / 14 Base National Profiles The DNA genetic fingerprint is the fingerprint of modern times. The increasing credi bility and effectiveness of this identification method makes it possible that it will become a standard method of civil identification. Therefore, the proposed piece of legislation already allows the possibility of building a database of DN A (deoxyribonucleic acid) from volunteers who were free and enlightened, accepti ng to integrate its genetic fingerprint in the database, for they will have to g ive their written consent. In addition, a database of DNA profiles is an importa nt adjunct to criminal investigations. Increasingly, the genetic fingerprints ar e the method of criminal identification for excellence and whose importance has grown throughout the twentieth century should be the most appropriate means of i dentification for the next time. Since early 1990, several international bodies have been advising the use of DNA analysis in criminal justice system and the po ssibility of creating internationally accessible databases that included the res ults of those tests, particularly when they are concerned crimes against freedom and sexual self-determination - was cited for illustrative purposes only, Recom mendation R (92) 1 of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe on Feb ruary 10, 1992. The DNA analysis is a method already used daily in the Portugues e criminal investigation. Continue reading Prepared on 12/07/2008 - cont @ ct

page: 5 / 14 Super Interessante Magazine - Dec 1987 Genetics crime British and American scientists have developed a technique called genetic finger printing, which consists in identifying the sequence of chromosomes contained in the DNA molecule of a person. Gone are the days when not to leave fingerprints was halfway to a criminal go unpunished. First in England, after the United Stat es, police are using genetic fingerprinting to call to find their suspect. This is a technique developed two years ago, which is to identify the sequence of chr omosomes contained in the DNA molecule of a person. DNA - deoxyribonucleic acid - brings the individual characteristics of every living being. Just as no two pe ople with the very same fingerprint, no two people with the very same DNA sequen ce. A series of complex procedures can portray the sequence of a person from any body tissue or a drop of blood. The genetic fingerprint has a peculiarity: inhe rits half the mother and half from the father. So it was used, from discovery to determine paternity lawsuits - one method being more accurate than the old bloo d tests. In recent months, began to make use of genetic fingerprinting to invest igate cases in which criminals leave marks on the fingers. After all, a mere tra ce of blood may be an infallible method to convict or acquit a defendant. Read i n: Revista Super Interessante Prepared on 12/07/2008 - cont @ ct page: 6 / 14 Made first genome sequencing of a woman :: 2008-05-28 van Ommen stands a better understanding of X chromosome Researchers in genetics from the University of Leiden Medical Center, announced Monday were the first to hold the first full genome sequencing of a woman. "It's the first woman in the world and the first European whose DNA sequence will be made public," the Leiden University Medical Centre (LUMC).€"The DNA sequencing and related analysis will be, except some private data made public very soon," t he center said, adding that the results have not yet been submitted to the scien tific community. "The sequencing of the genome of a woman allows a better unders tanding of the X chromosome, because the woman has two copies, argued Gert-Jan v an Ommen, director of the scientific team. According to the LUMC, the four genom es were unveiled today to two Americans and two African Yoruba ethnic group, all men. The letter from the human genome, about three billion letters that represe nt the code of DNA, was fully established in 2003 by the International Consortiu m for sequencing the human genome, comprising 20 sequencing centers in the Unite d States, Britain, China France and Germany. This letter reached an accuracy of about 99.99 percent. The genome comprises all the genes that characterize the sp ecies, determine the specifics of each individual (like hair color or eye), or p redispositions to certain diseases such as diabetes, cancer, asthma or heart dis ease. Continue reading Prepared on 12/07/2008 - cont @ ct page: 7 / 14 TRAINING, AND LEARNING THROUGHOUT WORKING LI FE The democratization of education, the accelerated transformation of productiv e processes and the very conception of the work that was changing, becoming more tenuous the connection between work and employment, mean that the training is n o longer prior to this work to be concurrent (Santos, 1989; Dubar and Tripier, 1 998). In this framework, an emerging set of conflicting requests, field training , according to Cooper (1997: 23), "has been moving from their traditional role o f production instance of individual qualifications, to play a role increasingly important as a forum for social regulation intervening at the level of enterpris e and global management of society. " Say the relationship between training and work translates into a "subject of the logic of supply and demand logic" (Matos, 1999: 212), becoming instrumental in the formation of the field retrospective o f the work, rather than a mismatch in production knowledge to the demands of the working world seem to translate "a political strategy of buck against the inabi lity of the state in which political power is found to articulate the social exp ectations created and propagated by the education system with opportunities to w ork" (ibid.). In this framework, adds stress to change the direction of the jour neys of professional mobility and the clear incentive to develop individualized strategies to ensure and improve their employability (Dubar and Tripier, 1998; D ubar, 2000). This are a clear example of the appeal of the European Union in 199 6 for the "Lifelong Learning" one, as the speeches that the concept and moving t owards qualification for the jurisdiction (s) 2, moving at the same time, invest ment in training institutions - training and work - for individuals3 towards Prepared on 12/07/2008 - cont @ ct page: 8 / 14 make them employable, keeping them "in a state of competence, competitiveness in the market" (Dubar, 2000: 112). Is this scenario - in which the economy, politi cs, work and education are interwoven, interdependent that a longer place to bec ome global (Hake, 1999) - markedly unstable and competitive, that the career pat hs and lives of individuals are constructed. The initial training for a job and a job, qualification and certification obtained within a recognized institution to do so for the insertion and maintenance in the labor market is no longer a na tural and stable to be part of a probable dating between possible trajectories. Ana Maria Costa e Silva - Pg 2:03. Continue reading One of the traits emblematic of the m odernization of family life in western societies lies in the diversification of family trajectories of individuals, now more liberated from the constraints of t he past to build their biographies. The decline in marriage rates and birth rate s, rising divorce and remarriage, as well as the emergence of alternative ways o f living with a partner, are changes that alter the shape of the family trajecto ries, and the connections between individual and family. A second major change i s in the social networks that involve individuals throughout life, as these have also become more diverse, both in their functions (contact, emotional support, economic€daily) and in its internal organization, now more focused on elective affinities than in the narrow confines of kinship. Same Prepared on 12/07/2008 - cont @ ct page: 9 / 14 which largely refuted the thesis of isolation of the nuclear family and proved t he persistence of family support, are identified by the processes of (re) consti tution of the social networks of individuals throughout life. Further, it is nec

essary to study the balance between blood or alliance and affinity, and to chara cterize the multiple functions of networks. Establishing a link between social n etworks and pathways is therefore a key challenge for research. Based on both is sues, this project brings together two theoretical orientations and proposes a d ual purpose. (1) First, to reconstitute the family trajectories of men and women of different generations Portuguese, investing in an analytical perspective of the life course. Observe that the setting and the diversity of paths, taking the turning moments of relevant biographical and family history of the individual. (2) Second, we analyze the impact of the paths in the network of family and soci al relationships of individuals. Investigate, in short, the hypothesis that the diversification of family trajectories, based on the multiplication of possible transitions (individual, marital and parental) contributes to reconfigure the st ructure and functions of social relationships of individuals (kinship but also a nd the inter friendship, support but also of sociability). The birth of a child, divorce, family recomposition, unemployment, or any critical moment of transiti on can lead to unexpected reconfigurations of the social network of the individu al. The complexity of individual biographies not only affects the dynamics of ma rital and parental leave, but still the primary social relations as a whole. Con tinue reading Prepared on 12/07/2008 - cont @ ct page: 10/14 ~ jmartins / tecnicascomunicacao / COMMUNICATION, PROCESS ELE MENTS OF COMMUNICATION Communication takes place when one person transmits ideas or feelings to another or others, and its effectiveness evaluated by the simila rity between the idea transmitted and the idea received. However, communication does not just mean talking to people, it also means listening to them, since the y hear as talking is an act of communication. So communication is not only the t ransmission of a message but the transmission of this message to elicit a specif ic response. From what we can define communication as the process by which a tra nsmitter and relates to a receiver via a coded message transmitted by a channel. By setting up communication was made reference to some elements for its realiza tion. These elements are designated by elements of the communication process and what are the sender, receiver, message, code, channel and context. The issuer i s sending a message in a given code. The activity of the transmitter is to trans late a code which will pass and the receiver to decode and receive the code used . In the process of learning the teacher is the transmitter and the receiver pup il. The message is the content of communication - which is communicated or if yo u want to communicate. The message in the teaching field is transmitted by the t eacher. Prepared on 12/07/2008 - cont @ ct page: 11/14 The code is nothing more than symbols that when combined together and formed sig nificant joint. The letters of the alphabet of a language are symbols that are g rouped into code words, the languages, the Morse system, the Braille system, sig ns banners, etc.. Are examples of codes used in communication. It becomes clear that the absence of a transmitter, a receiver and a message drafted a code commo n to both is a necessary means by which the message is forwarded and put in cont act the sender to the receiver. This medium is the channel that may be in commun ication through verbal language, the sound waves propagated through the vibratio n of air in the oral communication face to face or materials transmission, telev ision, radio, telephone, etc.. in distance communication and role in written com

munication. Second, although the message is well established and a common code t o the sender and receiver is necessary that these are integrated in the same con text and that the message refers to objects that context. In short, to be commun ication between sender and receiver is necessary: there is a communication chann el, the message is well established, both know the code and are integrated in th e same context.€COMMUNICATION ACROSS THE FORMS OF LANGUAGE The language is the set of means of communication or conduct, and in which there is to consider the verbal and nonverbal. Verbal language is spoken or written word, where the forme r can be used to communicate Prepared on 12/07/2008 - cont @ ct page: 12/14 oral face to face or distance (telephone, radio, television, etc.). and the seco nd written communication through books, magazines and newspapers, among others . .. In the non-verbal language is to consider the visual signals, audible and vis ual noise. Visual signals such as dancing, the gestures of the signalman, mime, traffic signs, banners, educational visual aids, etc.., For communicating throug h non-verbal language. Likewise sound signals of vessels, bells, sirens, music, etc.., Are another way to communicate. Continue to read: ~ jm artins / tecnicascomunicacao / ComunicacaoOral.pdf Dialects of English From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The English language has a significant var iety of dialects, many with a marked difference in relation to the Portuguese le xical pattern - particularly the case in Brazil. Such differences, however, usua lly does not affect the intelligibility between speakers of different dialects. The Portuguese European standard (also known as Extremaduran or Portuguese from Portugal) modificouse more than other varieties. Still, all aspects and sounds o f all the dialects of Portugal can be found in some dialect in Brazil. The Portu guese Africa, especially the Portuguese Santomean has many similarities with the Portuguese of Brazil (which has many different dialects). Prepared on 12/07/2008 - cont @ ct page: 13/14 Also the dialects of southern Portugal have many similarities, especially the in tensive use of the gerund. In the north, the high-Montes and Minho are very simi lar to Galician. Even with the independence of former African colonies, the Port uguese standard of Portugal is the standard preferred by African countries of Po rtuguese language. Soon, the Portuguese has only two dialects of learning, the E uropean and Brazilian. Note that in European Portuguese dialects there are two m ore prestigious: the Coimbra and Lisbon. In Brazil, the most prestigious dialect is spoken and written by people much more educated, or those who are college gr aduates, the big cities. Lexical differences Examples of words that are in different dialects of English from three different continents: Angola (Africa), Portugal (Europe) and Brazil (South America). ⠢ ⠢ ⠢ Angola: machimbombo Brazil: Portugal bus: Bus ⠢ ⠢ ⠢

Angola: muceque Brazil: favela Portugal: neighborhood of (a) can Read in:% C3% ADngua_portuguesa page : 14/14 Prepared on 12/07/2008 - cont @ ct