Scaffolding and temporary works REGULATORY REFERENCE LIST • D.P.R.

164, 1956 - Rules on accident prevention in c onstruction work; • DL 626 of 1994 - Health and Safety at work; • DL 494 of 1996 - Minimum health and safety in temporary or mobile • DL 235, 2003 - Work at hei ght Scaffolding and temporary works Concept RISK RISK = RATE X Magnitude • Identification; • Evaluation; • Prevention Measures; • Procedures for Implemen tation. Scaffolding and temporary works Main causes of risk on Scaffolding • Workplace subject to constant changes; • Small Business poorly equipped and il l-informed; • Interference yard + subcontractors that badly interfere with each other risky • Nature of work • The limited duration of some activities makes one rous security and the necessary protection. Scaffolding and temporary works Key risk factors on Scaffolding • • • • • Collapse of the structure 1 - Collapse of the ground support or anchor points 2 - unlawful assembly 3 - Ov erload 1 - Collapse of the ground support or anchor points 2 - unlawful assembly 3 - Overload Plans of Work / decks People fall for difficult access to the work plan; risk electrocution and electr ic shock; Corruption Case scaffolding disturbance. Scaffolding and temporary works Statistics INAIL fatalities Scaffolding and temporary works D.L. 626/94 article 36 • D.L. 235/03 Article 36a - The employer must: 1. Choosing the appropriate equipment + giving priority to collective protective measures than individual, where temporary work at height can not be performed s afely and adequately ergonomics 2. Choose the most suitable system of access to temporary workplaces at height 3. Choose the most suitable security device for t emporary work at height 4. Generally identify measures to minimize risk, 5. Carr y out work at height only if weather conditions permit. Provisions relating to work equipment Scaffolding and temporary works D.L. 235/03 • Article 36 ter Obligations of the employer on the safe use of ladders (stable support, strength , anchor etc.). • Article 36 quater The employer must: - Making the calculation of strength and stability of the scaffolding where prov ided - Establish means of a competent person PIMUS - ensure: • the fixing of the elements of support, • the tops have sufficient capacity; • stability scaffoldi ng; • appropriate arrangements with the involuntary movement of the scaffold - t hat the installation, dismantling, processing and use is made under the supervis ion of trained persons;

• Article 36 d Obligations of the employer on positioning systems and access by rope CONTENT PIMUS (1) • • • • • A) GENERAL PART (Master Data) A.1 The general aspects of the site where the scaffold will be used A.2 Data fir m responsible for the installation / removal / alteration of the scaffolding A.3 Other subjects (Developer and contracting firm, designed the scaffolding if required under Arti cle. 32 DPR 164/56, construction supervision, safety coordinator for the executi on of work, and any need for coordination). • • A.4 List of occupations which will use the scaffolding (Employment, companies identified the period of use, coordination measures); • • A.5 Technical equipment used: data from the "Ministerial authorization" which wi ll include a copy (Brand, model number, ministerial authorization, type of scaffolding: fixed pref abricated frames, pipes and joints, mullions and transoms multi prefabricated an other, kind of work for which it is used) - how to mount the scaffold (fully mou nted according to the arrangement, designed entirely in accordance with art. 32 of DPR 164/56, partly assembled according to the arrangement and the second proj ect) - correspondence of scaffolding in relation to contractual requirements, an d information provided by the plan security and coordination (with the possible reasons of the discrepancy reporting) • • • • • • A.6 List of responsible staff and workers to the assembly, processing and CONTENT PIMUS (2) • • B) SPECIFIC PART (technical This part will be given all s to those who will perform olding safely.€Particularly graphy. • • • • • • • B.1 General Conditions of employment with particular reference to: a) environmen tal context: - Site characteristics (flat terrain or sloping ground regular - irregular, etc. .) - Presence of power lines (aerial, underground) - Presence of vehicular traff aspects - organizational and environmental) the technical, organizational and environmental gain the assembly, transformation or dismantling of scaff effective are the graphic attachments and / or photo

ic, pedestrian (with occupation of public land, traffic, signaling devices, etc. .) - any external interference (presence of lifting equipment, other buildings e tc..) - routes transit site (access, storage areas, internal circulation etc.). • • • • • • • • b) details of the operation to be achieved: - Height (on different sides of the building) - Irregularities in the facades (l edges, balconies, walkways, etc..) - Conditions of the upright support (platform s, bins, slopes, slopes etc..) - Anchors (characteristics) - support against ove rturning (characteristics) - any bridges load (characteristics) - Other (specify ) • • • B.2 Graphics for the construction of scaffolding a) If a project is set up the scaffolding signed by qualified professional (art. 32 DPR 164/56) must be attached to the project as well as drawings, documents, calculation, certification of compliance when required by technical regulations. b) In the event that is designed exclusively PIMUS be annexed drawings illustra ting the development plan and elevation of the scaffolding, pointing to models a dopted, types of anchors and their placement, any special items (shelves, overha ngs), presence of ramps scales, wells, bridges load as well as compliance certif ications required by technical regulations. CONTENT PIMUS (3) • • • • • • B.3 Security System to be used for mounting and dismantling of scaffolding - To prevent falls from above (security systems provided by the manufacturer of the scaffolding that do not require the use of additional extra precautions, pro tective equipment or arrest systems for fall - acquired on the market eg. Lifeli nes or anchorage points ; protective devices made directly by the company) - PPE used - Safety signs taken (Prohibition Signs, Signs of bonds, of danger signs f or road traffic, other specify types) • • B.4 Characteristics of the area of assembly, processing and removal - Preparation of the construction site for assembly and disassembly of the scaff olding (attach a sketch) • • • • • • • • B.5 B.6 verification of scaffolding mode control of PPE of 3rd class (called "ci rcuit breaker") B.7 General for the assembly and / or processing and / or disman tling of scaffolding ("Plan of general application) - Description of operational modes B.8 Emergency Management - For the activities of emergency (names of officers, equipment and installation s, procedures provided) - Prevention and Fire Fighting (names of officers, equip ment and installations, procedures provided) • • • • •

B.9 How to Use the scaffolding by its employees or others - Names of officers of the periodic inspection of scaffolding or extraordinary General instructions for safe use of scaffolding (as in "ministerial authorizat ion) - specific modification and tampering prohibitions of the scaffolding - pro cedures for amending safely • B.10 Declaration of PIMUS been delivered and / or instructions to the companies concerned • • • • • GOOD PRACTICE control shelf Verify original equipment, periodic and special scaf folding to work on compression DPI - CE marked anchors only secure items (NO RIN G) PERSONAL PROTECTION DEVICES • Compulsory employer: Maintain, provide maintenance, repair and replacement. Ob ligation to inform the employer of the worker or person in charge any defect or problem. D.P.I. - Harnesses • a) Risk of falling from predominantly b) Risk subsequent to the fall: "Pendulum effect" oscillation of the body colliding with obstacles and inertia, stress-body dall'imbracatura; inert suspension of a worker who is attached to th e IPR D.P.I. New Technical Solutions Introduction of new prefabricated components, eliminating the risk of falling fr om above, allow to eliminate its IPR Characteristics of Resistance Article 35 DPR 164 • Base metal suitable surface and a thickness sufficient to withstand the load w ithout deformation; • adequately braced in longitudinal and transverse;€• All br acing must resist tension and compression; • Joints with resistance greater than or equal to that of the rods that are connected; • A tight coupling, the two ja ws to be in contact on the side of the bolt. The departure on the ground is essential is to treat the goodness of the support and distribution of loads on flat surfaces increased, the load reaches the grou nd that the 1500-2000kg table may not always hold if not well positioned The support of the board is completely missing: the entire load of the scaffoldi ng is entrusted to the table below is the void Good standard rules for the support of Scaffolding • Check the efficiency of the first shelf; • If the ground is not perfectly flat or level it should adjust the height of whiskers; • If the soil is unable to re sist it must interpose evidence to disperse the ground pressure; • If soil is in terposed between the board and tables, plates etc.. is necessary to lash; • Do n ot stand directly on the asphalt sideburns • Check the positioning of the whiske rs as the project manual or PIMUS. Sample Photo 1 • Scaffolding compound; element external anchors, grounding, support bases Sample Photo 1 Anchor: 1) In two different scaffolds 2) Among the scaffolding ou tside elements and 3) the building (on the balconies)

3 1 2 Sample Photo 1 Ground Support sideburns Sample Photo 2 • Mantua bearings sideburns; Grounding; • Sample Photo 2 1) Support for Far Right, 2) support the Far Left, 3) central support; 2 1 3 ANCHORS • Anchor the facade scaffolding; - Must be consistent with what is written in the booklet and PIMUS - an essentia l element of strength and stability • Anchor the facade of PPE or scaffolding - They have a function independent of the anchors of the scaffolding Anchor Scaffolding UNI EN 795 calssificazione anchors A1 A2 BCDE Anchor for concrete structures for surfaces, vertical and horizontal tilt for sl oped roofs Tentative Structural transportable bar contrast flexible horizontal R ail Line insurance insurance rigid body horizontal surface horizontal plate with dead eye sling, tripod Lifeline in wire rope cart track with Block with eye The compatibility of the support structure must be checked for each case Anchor Scaffolding • Anchor any kind should be performed in a workmanlike manner; • The number of a nchors must meet at least what is written in the booklet; • The law establishes an anchor at least every two decks and every 2 uprights; • When necessary, it mu st be checked and strength of the support structure by calculation; • If there a re no known resistance characteristics, it is necessary to perform static and dy namic strength tests on samples; Anchor Scaffolding • The connection between the elements constituting a system of anchors and ancho r point must be made connectors conform to UNI EN 362 and UNI EN 12275-Q; • Even the anchors must be made in order as required by step assembly and disassembly ; • There must be an increase in the number of anchors for use in special situat ions: - Covers - Banners - Gravel guard - hoists • Validity of the points above, both the anchors of the scaffolding and for those of IPR EXAMPLES OF ANCHORS FOR SCAFFOLDING ANCHORAGE A TIE ANCHOR RING ANCHORING PLUG

ANCHORS OF PPE • The use of scaffolding as support for the anchor line to be carefully consider ed, vertical and horizontal stress during the fall of one or more operators, can damage the anchors, the anchor line should always be already installed when the worker landing at the top level; When using a horizontal flexible anchor line f or connecting the PPE, it shall be composed of a "tightrope" Pay attention to wi thstand stress from the heat sink of energy. Examples of prefabricated media ELEVATORS Lift CART CIRCULAR N.30/2006 Nothing PIMUS for trestles, just the manufacturer's manual, repetitive structure s since they are not easily changed.