The Treaty of Tordesillas expansionist ambition of Spain and Portugal in the fif teenth century brought the threat

of a war that was averted by the signing of th e Treaty of Tordesillas, the first international agreement established through d iplomatic channels. Endorsed by the Catholic Church, the treaty was rejected by other countries. The Treaty of Tordesillas established that would be owned by Po rtugal discovered lands and discover the east of a meridian drawn from pole to p ole, 370 leagues from the Cape Verde islands, the land located west of this meri dian belong to Spain. The same applied to the lands conquered people not Christi ans and those yet to conquer. The agreement was signed on June 7, 1494 in the Sp anish town of Arevalo, province of Tordesillas, between the king of Portugal, D. John II and the Catholic monarchs, Isabella and Ferdinand of Aragon and Castile . Represented the official end of a long series of disputes, negotiations and pa pal bulls concerning the possession of new lands. The meridian of Tordesillas, h owever, has never been demarcated and in fact has motivated several border dispu tes. Background. During the fifteenth century, driven by the growing need for co mmercial expansion and technological development, Portuguese and Spanish navigat ors embarked on the adventure of discovering new lands and sea routes. Portugal received the Rome several important concessions regarding discovery. Thus, in 14 54, Pope Nicholas V, at the behest of the Portuguese crown granted to the king a nd his successors the possession of the African coast and islands adjacent seas. The Treaty of Toledo signed in 1480 by the kings of Castile and Alfonso V, king of Portugal, and his son, D. John stated that belonged to the Canary Islands an d Castile, Portugal, Guinea and islands found or to find south of the Canaries. Based on this agreement and the papal bulls, D. John II claimed ownership of the lands discovered by Christopher Columbus in 1492. The Catholic Kings, unhappy w ith the privileges of Portugal, appealed to the pope to secure their rights over the lands newly discovered by Spanish vessels. For the bull of May 4, 1493, one month after the arrival of Columbus to Barcelona, Pope Alexander VI - Spanish V alencia and inclined to favor the sovereigns of Castile - Spain granted the poss ession of new lands. The leaflet stated that the islands were discovered in Cast ile and discover located west of a meridian "situated a hundred leagues from the islands of the Azores and Cape Verde." Thus, anulavamse concessions prior to Po rtugal. Lost its monopoly shipping, D. João II sought to ensure a geographical spread more convenient to their interests. To establish direct talks, sent ambas sadors to the kings of Castile. Started in the town of Tordesillas, the understa ndings were led by Spain's Ferrer de Blanes and the Portuguese Duarte Pacheco Pe reira. Finally we confirmed the deal, under which the Catholic Monarchs to waive the bull of Alexander VI and accepted a new proposal: to move westward from the meridian line, which would "370 leagues from Cape Verde, between 48 and 49 west Greenwich. " Ratified in 1506 by Pope Julius II, by application of the king of Portugal D. Manuel I, the Treaty of Tordesillas lasted until 1750, when it was r epealed by the Treaty of Madrid. © Encyclopaedia Britannica Publications of Bra zil Ltda.