Indian Day. Will be celebrated on April 19 on the Indian.

Nothing more fair than honor the Indian, the original owner of the land of Brazil, some tribes called Pindorama (Region of Palms). The Indians played a large role in our culture with their customs, and great is the amount of words you gave us. Many cities and so me Brazilian states have Indian names, for example, Pará, Paraná, Araraquara, Piratininga, Mogi Mirim, Embu and several others, not counting our neighborhoods such as Itaquera, Tatuapé, Vila Guarani and many others. The Indians are socia l individuals, that is, living in society, which is based on a code of conduct t hat know how to respect. They had their laws, their customs, traditions and hist ory. Although not familiar with writing, had a wide vocabulary, which was transm itted orally from generation to generation. They like dancing and the music alwa ys worshiped. The Tupi-Guarani linguistic family constituted the most important of our land. Several other tribes have an important role in our history, such as TIBIRIà à , Araribóia Philip Shrimp (Poti) and others. In Brazil we have the Natio nal Foundation for Indigenous People (FUNAI), state agency created in 1967 by la w 5371, to replace the Indian Protection Service (SPI). Works in Brasilia, Distr ito Federal. Among its objectives is the establishment of indigenous policy, adm inistration and protection of indigenous heritage of indigenous peoples and thei r lands. Funai postulates the demarcation of land for the Indians to sustain the mselves and keep their culture intact. The organization is looking for suitable for the constitutional guidelines for completing the process of regularization o f land and meet the needs of different tribes. Celebrate Day of Indigenous Peopl es on April 19 is important. As they do not stop there: with feathers on the hea d, face painting, reciting a poem in his history book. Celebrating this day is t o recover the true story, is to denounce the indifference that governments, empl oyers and the "owners of money" to have with the Indian nations. Wait: in some t he president will appear on television, surrounded by supporters, announcing new packages demarcation of land ... They can also expect a nature show and other p araphernalia that gain audience ... The natives do not want them: only want land and freedom, which rightfully belon ged to them always. They also want to respect that only few understand. INDIAN L IFE OF HOW MANY WERE ... The indigenous people exist in Brazil, at the time of d iscovery, were quite numerous, because they dominated all the immense coast and the shores of numerous rivers. Were approximately 160 indigenous nations, divide d into 500 tribes. These tribes are spread over a vast territory, they spoke dif ferent languages and dialects, which made it difficult for mutual coexistence, w hich was also a empecÍlio to the Portuguese who wanted to learn the native lang uage. However, the Tupi-Guarani race has expanded more than all, and constituted the general language between tribes, but also between Indians and Europeans. HO W WERE ... Our Indians, physically, had two more or less distinct types:. some f eatures are coarse, thick and stocky, fleeting forehead, protruding chin, slight ly slanting eyes, short nose and flat, yellow-tan complexion. . others are tall and slender, large round eyes, straight nose and even aquiline features more reg ular oval, reddish complexion, expressive face. This represents ... For a long t ime, Indians were regarded by whites as buggy, rough, beast, beast and thus were treated. To this day, continue to die and approaching extinction. WHAT YOUR WEA KNESSES ... The Indian in contact with the white, contracted diseases such as in fluenza, measles, tuberculosis, gonorrhea and other diseases, against which no d efense. Receiving the beads, knife, salt, sugar, tobacco, rum, the fabric color. And will "play" happy with this news, while you invade the land, rob him women swathe their game and give it another God. After that, let him starve. The more that died were from the Tupi language, whic h many people spoke and it was easy to attract the poor forestry. The Indians wh o "left over" are, today, or rubber trees. The truth is that many tribes have di sappeared with the conquest of the Brazilian territory, on behalf of civilizatio n. The government, of course, has sought to give them assistance, lowering legis lation protective of their interests. For the Indians there are no borders, they invade neighboring countries such as Paraguay, Venezuela and the Guianas, livin

g now in one then another country. WHAT IT TAKES ... The Indian race is doomed t o die.€Their customs and culture will only books and more books as a memento. T his race brunette, with more than ten thousand years, is disappearing. Always ru nning away are hidden deep in the woods, hoping that White never find them. More humane and just, would keep the Indians in his state of pure culture, than tryi ng to forcibly integrate them into our society. It is the only solution for surv ival of the Indian ... WHOM THE SITUATION OF INDIANS TODAY ... Most live like th is:. Within the Amazon, the Indian is enslaved by rubber tappers, the chestnut, and the cauchero. . The Indians of Sao Paulo, Parana, Rio Grande do Sul, are irr eversible. Never again to be villagers. Unfortunately there is no place for the Indians in our civilization ... Full portrait of the former owners of Brazil The re is no Indian, and there is no Europe. The founders of this country-continent are a panel of many different peoples and cultures If you visit the 500 indigeno us areas demarcated in Brazil, find Indians speaking only Portuguese, and other Portuguese speaking a native language and expressing themselves in other languag es that seem more Greek to Japanese. The 300,000 Indians living in the country n ot only speak the Tupi-Guarani - the linguistic covering 30 Indian nations - but about 170 different languages: Nambikwara, SuruÍ Juruna, Pataxó, Bororo, Kara ja, Ticuna Kadiweu and, among others. Imagine if they all have a common origin, as well as Italian, Portuguese, Romanian and French from Latin. Yet we still kno w mother tongue of the natives. It is known that most of them derived from four li nguistic trunks: the Tupi-Guarani, the Ge, the Arawak and Carib. Some do not fit into any of these branches and are considered isolated, like the Yanomami and M aku. The way people communicate one helps to understand their culture. As Fernan do Pessoa said, "The homeland is the language." Was the analysis of indigenous l anguages that allowed tribes to group the better sort their study. Who are they? It is assumed that there are still some 60 indigenous groups without contact wi th the white man. In June 1998, a plane flew over the Funai Acre in the Amazon j ungle when they spotted an area of huts in the region Envira River, near the bor der of Peru. Era and the missing? The news that the Indian population is growing again cause amazement. Many think that the future of these people is the extinc tion, which are slowly being incorporated into the Brazilian population. But con trary to popular belief, most nations that disappeared from the map disappeared because it was wiped out. At the beginning of colonization, the tribes who lived on the coast or allied to the Portuguese, and mingled with them, or were elimin ated. Some of them already living inside the forest or found refuge in it, and t here was relatively isolated until 1900. The expansion of agriculture, plantatio ns, pastures, the opening of roads, logging, mining and progress disorderly deci mated literally countless people. Those who were discovered in time by Rondon (S PI) and Funai managed to save the skin and some land with the demarcation of ind igenous areas. And so, more protected, they returned to multiply. MASSACRE cours e, at the time of the arrival of Cabral, nobody counted how many natives inhabit ed the area now occupied by Brazil - the mission would be impossible, either by available resources, as the dispersion of the Indians. In the book History of In dians in Brazil (Companhia das Letras, 1998), archaeologist Manuela Carneiro da Cunha explains that there is no consensus among the estimates on the subject. In 1949, Steward oa estimated population 1.1 million, in 1976, Denevan said that o nly in central Brazil, the Amazon and the northeast coast lived 6.8 million peop le. Historians agree that, by 1650, the American Indians had been reduced to a t iny portion of the total original: Doblins estimates that the losses - due to di sease or as a result of conflicts against whites - may have reached 96%. In 1995 , the Socio-Environmental Institute has estimated at 300,000 the number of India ns in the country. Initiation rites to life, survival and death. "At any moment, the lovely lady in the Yanomami offers food in small portions: f ruits of the forest, marsh crabs and fish, elk meat, etc.. Grilled bananas accom pany everything. "Pierre Clastres, anthropologist" I went in search of the wild and found the man. " Thus Levi-Strauss referred to the beginnings of his activit

y as an anthropologist. Every people has a mythical explanation for the origin o f the world and of man, speak their own language, has peculiar habits. But they all perform some activities in common: they celebrate the birth of children, bur ying their dead,€have ceremonies to mark the various stages of life and have ru les of social behavior. Also, build houses, manufacture tools, plant and harvest , have their moments of leisure. What differentiates them is the "way of doing" and "explanation of why" they do so in a certain way. Here are some basic activi ties of Brazilian Indians. INTERNATIONAL ALERT The foreign journals accuse the B razilian government to promote or accept the killings of Indians in the Amazon r egion. And they call this genocide. Genocide, however, is not only killing the I ndians gunshots. Genocide is also doing injustice to collaborate for the Indian and his culture disappear. Since the arrival of Columbus in America, over 75 mil lion indigenous people were exterminated. The whites were leaving a trail of blo od and destruction everywhere they went. White imposed standards and norms to de stroy the culture and life of indigenous peoples. By greed, white stole (and ste als today) land, forest, hunting, fishing, customs and peace of the people who s till survive. On the Day of Indigenous Peoples, and every day of the year, it is important to give strength and voice to indigenous people, so they can continue fighting for their rights. Celebrating the "Day of Indigenous People"! This is a fact that most Brazilians think very important. But celebrate what? The chaoti c state that the Indian is? His position of landless? Your general state of dist ortion? On the Indian, for sure, will air on television, the president surrounde d by supporters, and other paraphernalia to gain audience. Is this is what the I ndians really want? Most people only remember the Indians, on April 19. Why? Is it because the other days of the year, they have to worry about the killings, ma ssacres and all kinds of injustice, or people just do not remember them by defau lt? POEM "Pyramus JUCA" At the heart of tobacco extends a yard where the council is now being Aduna warrior lady of the tribe, tribes servis: The old practice sitti ng d'formerly restless And the servants, the party enamora pour around a Indian Who is unhappy? - Nobody knows: his name is none know his tribe does not say - o f a people remote descends by right - kind of a people; So there in Greece to sl avery islander became distinct from the vile Muslim The correct lines of the nob le profile cases Why was taken prisoner of war In the hands of Timbiras - Rage i n the extensive yard to the ceiling, which had him in prison, are invited to the tribes of their surroundings, carefully incumbent of the pot of colors, several finishes the honorable office Acerra to firewood Entities vast bonfire to light rope twine, Tufts is the apple feathered kind: The cost, between the waves of t he people of the village, walks the timber that surrounds the mob, dapper in plu mes of various hues in both women with leda TRIGANCE bound to the rite of barbar ous usages The Indian already want to end up captive; The coma you cut, the memb ers will dye Brilliant enduape body Shades him gird his forehead kind headdress (GONà ALVES DIAS) Solemn Declaration of Indigenous Peoples of the World. We, the i ndigenous peoples of the world, united in a great assembly of wise men declare t o all nations: When the mother was our food, When the dark night formed our roof , when the sky and the moon were our parents, when all were brothers and sisters , When our chiefs and elders were great leaders, when justice directed the law and its enforcement Then other civilizations arrived! Hungry for blood, gold, land and all its wealth, bringing in one hand the cross and the sword in the other, w ithout knowing or wanting to learn the customs of our people, we ranked below th e Animals, they stole our lands and in took away from them, transforming them in to slaves' children of the sun. " However they could not eliminate us, not make us forget who we are, because we are the culture of the earth and sky, we are an ancient ancestry and we are millions, and even though our entire universe is de stroyed, WE live for longer than the Empire death! (Port Alberni, 1975 - World C ouncil of Indigenous Peoples)

Bibliography: Internet, My Book of Research Vol II Issues Castor, New School Mag azine and we should not forget that almost no place to talk about the Day of Ind igenous People.