13 Braces Now The UU AL AL 13 The you already have a notion of machine elements commonly used to fix parts: rivet

, pin, pin, or cotter cotter pins, screws, nuts, washers and retaining rings. To complete the study, we address in this class, another element braces. fixation: braces is a mechanical element made of steel. Its shape is usually rectangular o r semicircular. The brace is interposed in a cavity and an axis of a piece. The brace is designed to connect two mechanical elements. Introduction CLASSROOM Rating: · · · The fall in braces: braces wedge; parallel braces, braces disk. 13 Wedge braces Braces are named because they resemble a wedge. One of its faces is inclined to facilitate the union of parts. · · The wedge brackets are classifie d into two groups: longitudinal braces, cross braces. Longitudinal braces are placed in the shaft extension to attach pulleys, wheels, steering wheels etc.. They may be with or without head and are mounting and dis mounting easy. · · · Its slope is 1:100 and its main measures are defined as the height (h), length ( L), width (b). The longitudinal braces may be of different types: seated, half-cane, flat, buil t and tangential. We will see the characteristics of each of these types. Braces fitted - are widely used. Its shape corresponds to the simplest type of brace w edge. To facilitate its use, the tear-axis is always longer than the keyway. Gib half-cane - Its base is concave (with the same radius from the axis). Its slope is 1:100, with or without head. It is not necessary to tear the tree, because t he brace forward the motion, the effect of friction. Thus, when the driven eleme nt in the effort is too large, the key slides down the tree. Gib flat - Its shape is similar to the brace fitted, but for its assembly does n ot open tear on the shaft. It is made a recess plan. CLASSROOM 13 Embedded braces - These brackets have rounded ends, as seen in top view to side. Rip to your accommodation in the shaft has the same length of the keyway. Brace s have never built head. Braces tangential - are formed by a pair of wedges, placed on each tear. Are alw ays used two wedges, and tears are positioned at 120 º. Transmit heavy loads and

are used mostly when the shaft is subjected to change of load or shock. Cross braces - are applied in the union of parts that transmit rotary motion and rectilinear alternative. When the cross braces are employed in permanent unions, its slope is between 1:2 5 and 1:50. If the marriage is undergoing frequent assembly and disassembly, the slope can be 1:6 to 1:15. CLASSROOM Parallel braces or braces These reeds have parallel faces, therefore, have no in clination. The transmission of motion is made by the adjustment of its sides the sides of the keyway. It is a small gap between the highest point of the brace a nd the bottom tear element driven. 13 The braces are not parallel head. The method of its extremes, they can be straig ht or rounded. They may also have screws to fix the brace to the shaft. Gib disk or half-moon (type woodruff) is a variant of parallel keyways. So named because its shape corresponds to a circular segment. It is commonly used in tapered shafts for easy assembly and fit the taper of the bottom of the tear of an outsider. Tolerances for braces The adjustment of the brace should be done according to the characteristics of t he work. The figure shows the three most common types of settings and tolerances for braces and tears. CLASSROOM 13 To assess your learning, do the following exercises. Put an X in the correct answer. Exercises Exercise a function of the keyway is: a) () connect two mechanical elements, b) () set screw c) () the same washer, d) () slip on the shaft. Exercise 2 The brace does not need to rip the axle is: a) () parallel b) () tang ential c) () longitudinal d) () half-cane. Exercise 3 In part of the machinery that is rectilinear and rotary motion altern ative, you should use the brace: a) () flat b) () tangential c) () cross d) () w oodruff. CLASSROOM 13 Exercise 4 The braces placed in the shaft extension are: a) () longitudinal, b) () simple cross c) () Vertical d) () cross pairs. Exercise 5 The brace no inclination in which the adjustment is made on the sides

is called: a) () wedge b) () half-cane c) () while d) () flat. Exercise 6 To select the adjustment of the brace, one should take into account, namely: a) () the shape of the keyway;b) () job characteristics; c) () the mate rial of the brace d) () the material of the shaft. Exercise 7 What is the correct representation showing the shaft with keyway half -moon. a) () b) () c) ()