AU U L A LA 28 28 Dimensional tolerance It Introduction very difficult to execute plays with the measures strictly accurate because the entire

manufacturing process is subject to inaccuracies. Always happen variation s or deviations from the dimensions in the drawing. However, it is necessary tha t similar pieces taken at random, interchangeable, are interchangeable ie can be replaced with each other without any need for repairs and adjustments. Practice has shown that measurements of the parts can vary within limits more or less, l imits, without this adversely affects the quality These differences in measures of acceptable quality. Parts characterize what we call a dimensional tolerance t hat is the dimensional subject you will learn this lesson. Our class The tolerances are indicated in the blueprints, for values and appropriate symbo ls. Therefore, you must identify the symbology and also be able to interpret gra phs and corresponding tables. The pieces generally do not work alone. They work combined with other pieces, forming a mechanical assembly that perform certain f unctions. See an example below: In all, the pieces fit together, ie, fit into each other in different ways and y ou will also learn to identify different types of possible adjustments between p ieces of mechanical assemblies. In Brazil, the system of tolerances recommended by ABNT follows the international standards ISO (International Organisation for Standardization). Compliance with these standards, both in project planning and the implementation part, is essential to increase the productivity of domestic i ndustry and to make Brazilian products competitive in comparison with their coll eagues abroad. What is dimensional tolerance The shares listed in the technical design are called nominal dimensions. nominal is impossible to perform the pieces with the exact values of these dimensions b ecause many factors affect the production process, such as imperfections in meas uring instruments and machinery, material deformation and failure of the operato r. Then seeks to determine deviations deviations, within which the piece can fun ction correctly. These deviations are called leaves. CLASSROOM 28 Clearances The clearances are acceptable deviations from nominal size, more or less, allowi ng the part without affecting its operation and interchangeability. They can be given in technical drawing as illustrated below: In this example, the nominal size of the pin diameter is 20 mm The mm. clearance s are: + 0.28 mm (twenty-eight hundredths of a millimeter) and + 0.18 mm (eighte en hundredths of a millimeter). The sign + (plus) indicates that the gap is posi tive, ie that the change in the nominal size are to larger values. The removal o f higher value (0.28 mm in the example) is called higher; the overhead clearance of less value (0.18 mm) is called a lower clearance. Both lower one and the oth er showing the limits CPC í nimo the actual size of the piece. Adding the distan ce above the nominal size to get the size, m will Xima ie most acceptable measur e of the share after completion of the piece. So in this example, the maximum si

ze corresponds to the diameter: 20 mm + 0.28 mm = 20.28 mm. Adding the distance less than the nominal size we obtain the minimum size, ie a lesser extent than t he quota may have once fabricated. In the same example, the minimum size is equa l to 20 mm + 0.18 mm, or mm. 20.18 mm Thus, the values: 20.28 mm and 20.18 mm co rresponding to the maximum and minimum limits on the size of the diameter of the piece. Once executed, the diameter of the part can have any value within these two limits. The size found, after completion of the piece, is the effective dime nsion or real it must be within the maximum size and the actual, minimum. minimu m CLASSROOM Checking understanding Analyze the orthographic view quoted and do what is asked. 28 a) Complete the spaces with the corresponding values: l overhead clearance: .... ................................ ............................................... .. L clearance less :............................................. ............. ............................. L maximum size: .................................. ........... ............................................. L minimum size :...... ....................................... ........................................ ...... . b) Among the steps below, mark an X quotas that may be effective dimens ions of the shoulder: 20.5 () 20.04 () 20.06 () 20.03 () See if you got: a) overhead clearance: +0.05 mm bottom clearance: + 0.03 mm, max imum size: 20;05 mm minimum size: 20.03 mm, b) 20.04 and 20.03 mm. When the two departures are positive, the effective dimension of the specimen is always highe r than the nominal size. However, there are cases where the quota has two negati ve clearances, ie, the two variations from the nominal size to be smaller, as th e next example. Ø The quota has two leaves with 16 - (minus), which indicates that the gap is ne gative: - 0.20 and - 0.41 When this happens, 0.41. overhead clearance correspond s to the lowest value ever. In the example, the value 0.20 is less than 0.41 so the distance - 0.20 corresponds to 0.41, the remoteness and higher - 0.41 corres ponds to the distance below. To know the maximum size that the quota may have si mply subtract the overhead clearance of nominal size. In the example: 16.00 to 0 .20 15.80 = 15.80. For the minimum size you should subtract the distance below t he nominal size. So: 16.00-0.41 = 15.59 The effective dimension of 15.59. diamet er may therefore vary within these two limits, ie between 15.80 mm and 15.59 mm. In this case, two clearances were negative, the effective size of the quota is always less than the nominal size. There are cases where two leaves have different meanings, ie one is positive and the other is negative. See: CLASSROOM 28 When this happens, the positive expulsion always correspond to higher clearance and clearance spacing corresponds to less negative. less Checking understanding Analyze the pin and enter what is asked a) overhead clearance: ............................................. ........... .................................. B) clearance below: .........................

................... ................................................ . In this c ase, the two leaves have the same numerical value. What determines what is the o verhead clearance is the sign + (plus) and what determines the distance below is the sign - (minus). Logo: a) overhead clearance: 0.02 + b) clearance below: - 0 .02. In the same part, the shares may be accompanied by different clearances, accordi ng to the functional needs of each party. Analyze the technical design of the pi n with recess at the side. Then interpret the dimensions requested. Checking understanding Note the technical design and complete the blanks. a) The nominal size of the le ngth of the piece is .......; clearance is superior ....... and clearance is low er ........; b) The diameter of the recessed portion has two leaves positive: .. ..... .......; and soon, the effective dimension of the diameter should be betwe en ....... e. .......; c) The maximum size of the part length is lowered ...... and minimum size is ........; d) The diameter of the piece has two negative clea rances, so the actual size of this quota is ............. that the nominal size. CLASSROOM 28 Check your answers: a) 40, + 0.25 and - 0.25, b) + 0.23 and + 0.12, 12.23 mm and 12.12 mm, c) 20.2 mm and 19.9 mm d) below. Tolerance Tolerance is the variation between the maximum size and minimum size. To obtain it, we calculate the difference between one and another dimension. Follow the ca lculation of tolerance, the next example: Maximum 20.00 20.28 + 0.28 Calculation of tolerance ESC 1:1 +0.15 Minimum size 20.00 + .15 20.15 20.28 to 20.15 0.13 Maximum size: Minimum size: Tolerance: 20 at elevation +0.28, tolerance is 0.13 mm (thirteen hundredths of a millimeter ). Checking understanding Calculate the tolerance of the quota indicated in the drawing. Tolerance = ................................................ ................... ............................... .......... In this example, the two clearances are negativos.Assim both the maximum size as the minimum size are smaller than the nominal size and must be found by subtrac tion. For the quota Ø 16 mm, the tolerance is 0.21 mm (twenty-one hundredths of a millimeter). Tolerance can be represented graphically. See: In this representation, the values of departures are exaggerated. The exaggerati on is intended to facilitate viewing of the tolerance field, which is the set of values between the lower overhead clearance and removal, is the range that goes from the minimum size to maximum size. Any effective dimension between the uppe r and lower leaves, including the maximum size and minimum size, is within the t olerance field. The tolerances of parts that work together depend on the role that these pieces will have. As the function, a type of adjustment is needed. It's what you'll lea

rn below. CLASSROOM 28 Adjustments To understand what is before adjustments need to know what are the axes of parts and holes. When we talk about adjustments,€axis is the generic name given to an y part or parts of the piece, which works housed in another. In general, the out er surface of a shaft coupled work, that is, attached to the inner surface of a hole. Here, then, a shaft and bushing. Note that the sleeve is cut to show what is inside a hole. Axles and holes of various shapes can function adjusted to each other. Depending on the axis function, there are several classes of settings. If the shaft fits into the hole so as to slide or rotate freely, we have a loose fit. When the shaft fits into the hole with some effort, to get fixed, we have an int erference fit interference. There are intermediate situations in which the shaft can fit into the hole with clearance or interference, depending on their actual dimensions. We call for set ting uncertain uncertain. CLASSROOM 28 In general, shafts and holes that fit have the same nominal size. What varies is the field of tolerance of these parts. The type of fit between a bore and a sha ft depends on the distances determined. Next, you will study each class to match more closely. When loose fit clearance above the axis is less than or equal to the distance below the hole, we have a loose fit Track an example off. ESC 1:1 The diameters of the hole and the shaft have the same nominal size: 25 mm. The r emoval of the shaft is higher - 0.20 maximum size of the shaft is 25 mm 0.20 - 0 .20 mm = 24.80 mm, the minimum size of the hole is 25.00 mm - 0.00 mm = mm. 25.0 0 mm Therefore, the maximum size of the shaft (24.80 mm) is smaller than the min imum size of the hole (25.00 mm) which features a loose fit. For the slack, just subtract the size of the axis of the size of the hole. In this example, the gap is 25.00 mm - 24.80 mm = 0.20 mm mm. Adjustment with this type of interference fit clearance hole is less than or equal to the distance below the axis. See: ESC 1:1 In the quota of the hole 250, the overhead clearance is 0.21 + share on axis: 0. 21 +0.41 0.28. 25 +0.28, the distance is less than + .28 Therefore, the first is less than the second, confirming that it is an interference fit. To get the val ue of the interference, simply calculate the difference between the effective di mension of the shaft and the effective dimension of the hole. Imagine that the p iece was ready with the following effective measures: shaft diameter equal to 25 .28 mm and diameter of the hole equal to 25.21 mm. Interference matches: 25.28 m m - 25.21 mm = 0.07 mm As the shaft diameter is larger than the diameter mm. hol e, these two pieces will be coupled under pressure. +0.21

Adjust the fit is uncertain intermediate between the loose fit and interference fit. In this case, the removal of the upper shaft is greater than the distance b elow the hole, and the removal of the upper hole is larger than the clearance un der the axle. Follow the next example closely. CLASSROOM 28 ESC 1:1 Compare: the removal of the upper shaft (+0.18) is larger than the distance belo w the hole (0.00) and clearance above the hole (+ 0.25) is greater than the dist ance below the axis (+ 0.02 ). So we're talking about an uncertain setting. This name is uncertain due to the fact that we do not know in advance whether the pi eces will be adjusted coupled with slack or interference. That will depend on th e actual dimensions of the shaft and the hole. Tolerance and system settings ABNT / ISO The tolerances are not chosen randomly. In 1926, international agencies organize d a standardized system that was eventually adopted by ABNT in Brazil: the syste m of tolerances and fits ABNT / ISO (NBR 6158). The ISO system is a set of princ iples, rules and tables that allow the rational choice of tolerances and adjustm ents to make the most economical production of mechanical parts are interchangea ble. This system was studied initially for the production of machine parts up to 500 mm in diameter, then was extended to parts with up to 3150 mm in diameter. He establishes a series of fundamental tolerances that determine the accuracy of the piece, namely the quality of work, a requirement which varies from piece to piece, from one machine to another. The Brazilian standard provides for 18 work ing qualities. These qualities are identified by letters: IT followed by numeral s. Each one represents a tolerance value. Note, the table below, the qualities o f work for shafts and holes: CLASSROOM 28 The letter I comes from ISO and the letter T is the tolerance, the numerals: 01, 0, 1, 2, ... 16, 18 refer to the qualities of work, quality IT 01 corresponds t o the lower tolerance value. The qualities 01-3, in the case of axles, 01-4, in the case of holes, are associated with mechanical extraprecisa. This is the case of the calibrators, gauges which are high precision instruments.€They serve to verify that measures of the parts produced are within the tolerance field specif ied. See: Caliper shaft Calibrator for holes At the opposite extreme, the qualities 11-16 correspond to increasing manufactur ing tolerances. These qualities are acceptable for individual parts, which do no t require great precision, hence the fact they are classified as mechanical roug h. rough parts that work the others have engaged in general their quality is est ablished between IT and IT April 11 if axles since the holes have their quality IT between 5 and 11 accuracy. 11. IT 11 This range corresponds to mechanical pow er or precision mechanics Verify was well understood by solving the next year. Checking understanding Note the illustrations of parts and type in the corresponding lines, the ISO acc eptable tolerance bands for each case.

Calibrator hole conical compression spring a) IT ....... TI .......; b) IT ...... TI .......; Axis Caliper shaft c) IT ....... TI ........; d) IT ........ TI .......... Now see the correct answers: a) shows a gauge for holes, which is a high-precisi on instrument. The quality of work of the axis of the calibrator should be in th e range of 01 to IT it3 b) have a conical spring it3; compression. Its operation does not depend on precise adjustments. The qualida16; of work can range from I T and IT 16 12 c) is a shaft that runs coupled to holes. In this case, the quali ty of work can vary between four IT and IT-11 d) a gauge axles. Part of that is for 11 gauge and check the measurements of axes has the form of hole So the qual ity of the hole. work should be from IT and IT 4 01 4. In technical drawings sho wing tolerance, quality of work is indicated by ordinal only, without the IT Bef ore the numeral has one or two IT. letters, which represent the tolerance field in the ISO system. Here's an example. CLASSROOM 28 ESC 1:1 mm. H7. The nominal size of the quota is 20 mm Tolerance H7 is indicated by the number 7 you know, indicates the quality of work, it is associated with 7, a qua lity of work of the mechanical chain. Next, you will learn to interpret the mean ing of the letter that comes before the numeral. Fields ISO tolerance Compare the designs of two parts, as follows: ESC 1:1 Note that shaft and the hole have the same nominal size: 28 mm See mm. also that the values of tolerance, in both cases are equal: Axis Maximum size: Minimum si ze: Tolerance: 28.000 to 27.979 0.021 Hole 28.021 to 28.000 0.021 Because the tolerance values are equal (0.021 mm), we conclude that the two part s have the same quality of work. But beware: the fields of tolerances of the two parts are different! The shaft comprises values ranging from 27.979 mm to 28.00 0 mm, the tolerance field of the hole is between 28.000 mm and 28.021 mm. As you see, the fields of tolerance do not match. CLASSROOM In the ISO system, these tolerances must be stated as follows: 28

The tolerance of h7 axis is indicated by the numeral 7 is indicative of h7. qual ity of work and, in this case matches the current mechanics. The letter h identi fies the field of tolerance that is, the set of acceptable values tolerance afte r the execution of the piece, which runs from the minimum size to maximum size. The ISO system provides 28 fields of tolerances, identified by letters of the La tin alphabet. Each letter is associated with a particular field of tolerance. Fi elds of tolerance for axis are represented by lowercase letters, as illustrated below: Re-examining the technical design of the hole. Note that the hole tolerance H7 i s indicated by the numeral 7 shows that the quality of work is the same H7. axis discussed earlier. The letter H identifies the field of tolerance. The 28 field s of tolerance for holes are represented by capital letters: upper case Checking understanding Review the assessments showing tolerance ISO and write F for that refer to holes and E to refer to those axes. a) 21H6 () b) 18f 7 () c) d 30h5) 150h7 () () and ) 485 E9 () f) 500 M8 () Knowing that the fields of tolerance of the holes are identified by capital lett ers you must have written the letter F in the alternative: a, e, f. As fields of tolerance of the axes are identified by lowercase letters, you must have writte n the letter E in alternatives b, c, d. While the tolerances of the axes refer t o external measurements, tolerances of holes refer to measures inner shafts and holes usually indoors. work coupled through adjustments. In the technical design of shaft and hole, the coupling is indicated by the nominal size common to the two set pieces, followed by the corresponding symbols.€See an example below: CLASSROOM 28 ESC 1: 1 The nominal size common to the shaft and the hole is 25 mm. The hole tolerance i s always shown to the top: H8 of the axis is indicated below: g7. H8; There are many possible combinations of tolerances for shafts and holes, with the same nom inal size, for each class of fit. But to save costs, only a few selected combina tions of settings are recommended, using tables published by ABNT. Before you le arn to consult these tables, however, it is important that you know best the sys tem adjustments established in ABNT / ISO: System-hole basis and shaft basis sys tem. Hole-basis system Observe the following drawing: ESC 1: 2 Imagine that this drawing represents part of a machine with multiple holes, whic h are attached several axes. Note that all holes have the same nominal size and same tolerance H7; since the tolerances of the axes vary: f7, k6, p6. The zero l ine that you see represented in the drawing, used to indicate zero, the nominal size and determine the origin of the leaves. The hole in the axis A 'should turn with ease, in a setting free; in hole B, the axis B' should slide with a light grip, an adjustment uncertain; the hole C, axis C 'may come under pressure, gett ing fixed . For these three classes of settings, since the tolerances of the hol es are constant, we vary the tolerances of the axes, according to the function o f each. This adjustment system, in which the values of tolerance of the holes ar e fixed-base hole. fixed and vary the axis, is called a hole-basis system This u nique system. is also known for hole pattern or single hole Here are the hole-ba sed systems recommended by ABNT below:

The letter H represents the tolerance of the base hole and the numeral indicated on the left indicates the quality of mechanics. Now, meet another possibility. CLASSROOM 28 System-axis basis Imagine that the next drawing represents part of the same mach ine with multiple holes, where multiple axes are coupled, with different functio ns. The different settings can be obtained if the tolerances of the axes were ke pt constant and the holes are manufactured with tolerances variables. See: ESC 1: 2 The axis A 'fits into the hole with the backlash, the axis B' fits into hole B w ith a slight grip, the axis C 'fits into the hole C with interference. Below are some examples of axis-based recommended by ABNT: The letter h is indicative of the adjustment shaft-base system. Between the two systems, the hole-base is what has greater acceptance. Once fixed the hole toler ance, it becomes easier to obtain the recommended setting with varying tolerance s of the axes. Checking understanding Analyze the technical drawings and mark with an X the alternative that correspon ds to the tuning system used. a) () system hole-base b) () shaft-base system You may have noticed that while the tolerances of the holes have persisted fixed tolerance of varied routes. Furthermore, the letter H is indicative of hole-bas is system. Therefore, the correct answer is. Unit of measure of tolerance - ABNT / ISO The unit of measure adopted in the system ABNT / ISO micrometer is the micromete r, also called a micron This equates to a millionth of a meter, ie micron. if we divide the meters by 1 million equal parts, each worth one micron. Its represen tation is given by the Greek letter μ (mu) m below the letter. A micron is worth a thousandth of a millimeter: 1 μm = 0.001 mm mm. The table of tolerances funda mental values of quality work are expressed in microns. The table of recommended fits all clearances are expressed in microns. CLASSROOM 28 Interpretation of tolerances in the system ABNT / ISO When tolerance is indicated in the system ABNT / ISO, the values of departures a re not expressed directly. It is therefore necessary to consult the appropriate tables to identify them. To follow the explanations, you should consult the tabl es provided at the end of this lesson. Parts of these tables are reproduced in t he course of instruction, so you can better understand what we are presenting. N ote the close technical drawing, with tolerances: ESC 1: 2 The inner diameter of the hole represented in this drawing is 40 H7. The nominal size of the hole diameter is 40 mm. The tolerance is represented by H7, the cap ital letter H represents tolerance of hole pattern, the number 7 indicates the q uality of work, in which case corresponds to a precision mechanics. The table th

at corresponds to this setting is titled: Adjustments recomendaH7. of - system-b ase hole H7 Here, then, playback the table header. F hole. sup. af. inf. AXES lower overhead clearance clearance The first column - Nominal size - mm - presents the group size from 0 to 500 mm. In the example, the hole diameter is 40 mm. This measure lies in the group of n ominal size between 30 and 40 Therefore, the values 40. of removals that interes t us are in the 9th row in the table, reproduced below: F hole. sup. af. inf. AXES lower overhead clearance clearance CLASSROOM 28 In the second column - Hole - has shown tolerance, variable for each group of di mensions, the hole base: H7. Re-examining the 9th row in the table, where the di mension of 40 mm toward the column of the hole appear the leaves of the hole: 0 (lower clearance) and 25 + (overhead clearance). Note that the tables that bring clearances holes clearance below bottom, top. in general, is indicated above th e overhead clearance This explains why, when machining a hole, it starts where t he minimum size to reach an effective dimension within the tolerance limits spec ified. Remember that at this table, the measures are expressed in m í microns mi crons. Since 1μm = 0.001 mm, then 25 μm = 0.025 mm. Therefore, the maximum size of the hole is 40 mm + 0.025 mm = 40.025 mm and the minimum size is 40 mm becaus e the distance is always less than 0 in the hole-basis system. Now we just need to identify the values of clearances for Axis g6 g6. Note again the 9th row in t he table above, in the direction of this axis g6 g6. point shows the removals of the axis: The upper -9 - 9μ m, which is the same as 9μ -25 - 0.009 mm The clear ance is lower - 25 μ m, which is equal to mm. - 0,025 mm Track calculating the m aximum size of the axis: mm. Nominal size: Clearance above: Maximum: 0.009 40.00 0 39.991 Now see the calculation of the minimum size of the axis: Nominal size: Clearance below: Minimum 40.000 39.975 0.025 Finally, comparing the distances from the hole and shaft conclude that these pie ces will fit with ease, because the removal of the upper shaft is smaller than t he distance below the hole. In the example shown, the shaft and the hole in the system furobase were adjusted, based on what is most common. But when the fit is represented in the system-axis basis, the interpretation of the table is simila r. It's what you'll see below. The nominal size of the axis is equal to the nominal size of the hole: 70 mm mm. The hole tolerance is J7 and shaft tolerance is h6 The h indicates that this is h6. an adjustment in the axis-base system. So to identify the leaves of the sha ft and the hole, you should consult the table of Recommended fits - shaft basis

system h6. The table of recommended settings on the system axis-base is similar to the system table-base hole. What are the different variations of the toleranc es of the holes. First, we need to identify which group of dimensions it has nominal size of the shaft. In the example, the size 70 is in the group between 65 and 80 (12th line) . Then, simply find the values of the gaps corresponding to the shaft h6 and the hole that linha.Veja J7: J7 CLASSROOM 28 Reading the table indicates that when the dimension of the shaft base is in the group 65-80 more than the removal of the shaft is less than 80 0 μ m, is - 19 μ m. For the hole tolerance is higher than the removal J7 +18 J7 μ 19μ me, the cle arance is lower - 12 μ m. 12μ Checking Building late: a) size of understanding on the earlier design, the axis of the hole and see the table and calcu maximum size of the axis, b) minimum dimension of the shaft, c) maximum the hole, d) minimum size of the hole.

Let's check? First, you must have transformed the microns in millimeters, to fac ilitate the calculations. Then you should have done the following accounts: a) t he nominal size of the axis: distance above the axis: axis: maximum size of axis b) the nominal size of the axis: distance below the axis: axis: minimum size of the axis c) the nominal size Hole: overhead clearance hole: hole: maximum size of the hole d) the nominal size of the hole: remoteness bottom of hole: hole: mi nimum size of the hole + 0.000 70.000 70.000 70.000 to 0.019 + 0.018 69.981 70.0 00 70.018 70.000 to 0.012 69.988 CLASSROOM Checking understanding Knowing that the removal of the upper shaft (0) is larger than the lower (-0.012 mm) and the removal of the upper hole (0.018 mm) is larger than the lower (-0.0 12 mm), answer: What kind of adjustment there between this hole and this axis? . ................................................. .............................. .................... .............................. Analyzing the clearances, yo u must have concluded that this is a case of adjusting uncertain, because depend ing on the effective measures of the shaft and the hole, both may result off as light interference.€The application of system tolerances ABNT / ISO tends to bec ome increasingly frequent in Brazilian companies seeking quality services, produ cts and processes with the means to cope with international competition. Anyone wishing to participate in the industrial technological progress should be well a cquainted with this subject. 28 Exercises Exercise 1 Consider the diagram below and write what is asked. a) b) c) d) e) no minal size: ............; overhead clearance :..............; clearance below: . .. ..........; maximum size :................; minimum size :................ .. . Exercise 2 Make a dash down the measures that are in the tolerance field of 16 + 0.18 quota. -0.05 A) 16 mm b) 15.5mm c) 16.05 mm d) and 15.82 mm) 15.95 mm

Exercise 3 Calculate the tolerance of the quota from 28 to 0.13. -0.20 ......... ..................................... ................. Exercise 4 Consider the quoted technical drawing, note the deviations and indica te with an X the type of adjustment accordingly. a) () interference fit b) () loose fit c) () adjustment uncertain. Exercise 5 A batch of parts was produced from the technical drawing below. Watch ing the leaves, you realize that the parts are coupled by adjusting uncertain. CLASSROOM 28 Below are listed the actual dimensions of some parts produced. Type in parenthes es next to each alternative, the letter (F) F when the display off or adjusting the letter (I) when I submit the adjustment interference. a) () shaft diameter: 50.012 mm bore diameter: 50.015 mm. mm mm b) () shaft diameter: 50.016 mm bore d iameter: 50.008 mm. mm c) () shaft diameter: 50.018 mm bore diameter: 50.022 mm. mm d) () shaft diameter: 50.011 mm bore diameter: 50.006 mm. Exercise 6 Put an X in the range of quality of work that corresponds to the mech anical precision holes. a) () IT 01 to IT 3 b) () of the IT 11 IT 4 c) () IT 12 to IT 16. Exercise 7 Examine the diagram below and mark with an X the alternative that cor responds to the adjustment system adopted. a) () system hole base b) () system axis base. CLASSROOM 28 Exercise 8 Review the technical drawing below, see the appropriate table at the end of this lesson and write the information requested. a) removal of the upper hole: ................................; b) clearance bel ow the hole: ... ................................; c) clearance above the axle : .......... ........................; d) clearance below the axis :.............. .... .................. Exercise 9 The technical drawing of the left, tolerance is indicated in the syst em ABNT / ISO. Complete the design right, referring to the table and showing the values of the corresponding leaves in thousandths of a millimeter. Exercise 10 Examine the diagram below, see the appropriate table and mark with a n X the type of adjustment accordingly. a) () loose fit b) () interference fit c) () adjustment uncertain. RECOMMENDED ADJUSTMENTS - HOLE-BASE SYSTEM H7 (*) (mm) Tolerance in thousandths of millimeters (m) Dimension mm nominal bore af. sup. af. inf. CLASSROOM overhead clearance

AXES f7 -6 - 16 - 10-22 - 13 - 28-16 - 34 - 20-41 - 25 - 50-30 - 60 - 36-71 g6 -2 -4 -8 - 12 -5 - 14 -6 - 17 -7 - 20 -9 - 25-10 - 29 - 12-34 h6 0 -6 0 -8 0 -9 0-11 0 -13 0-16 0-19 0-22 28 r6 + 16 + 10 + 23 + 15 + 28 + 19 + 34 + 23 + 41 + 28 + 50 + 34 + 60 clearance less j6 +4 +6 -2 -2 -2 +7 +8 +9 -3 -5 -4 + 11 + 12 + 13 -7 -9 0 +9 k6 +6 +1 +1 + 10 + 12 + 1 +15 +2 +18 +2 +21 +25 +3 +2 m6 + 12 + 15 +4 +6 +18 +21 +7 +8 +9 +25 +1 + 30 + 35 + 13 + 10 + n6 4 +8 + 16 + 19 + 10 + 23 + 12 + 28 + 15 + 33 + 17 + 39 + 20 + 45 + 23 + 12 p6 +6 + 20 + 12 + 24 + 15 + 29 + 18 + 35 + 22 + 42 + 26 + 51 + 32 + 59 + 37 above until H7 10 0 0 + 0 + 12 + 15 + 18 0 21 0 0 + 0 + 25 + 30 + 35 0 0 1 3 6 10 14 18 24 30 40 50 65 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 225 250 280 315 355 4 00 450 1 3 6 10 14 18 24 30 40 50 65 80 100 120 140 + 41 + 62 + 43 + 73 + 51 + 76 + 54 + 88 0 160 180 200 0 225 250 280 315 355 400 450 500 + 46 + 40 - 43 - 14 0 14 + 28 + 40 + 52 + 68 + + 63 + 90 + 65 - 83 - 39 - 25 - 11 +3 15 +

27 + 43 + + 93 + 68 + 106 - 50 - 15 0 16 + 33 + 46 + 60 + 79 + + 77 + 109 + 80 + 113 + 84 - 96 - 44 - 29 - 13 +4 17 + 31 + 50 + 0 + 52 0 + 57 0 + 63 - 56 - 108-62 - 119 - 68-131 - 17 - 49-18 - 54 - 20-60 0-32 0-36 0-40 + 16-16 + 18-18 + 20-20 + 36 +4 + 40 +4 + 45 +5 + 52 + 20 + 57 + 21 + 63 + 23 + 66 + 34 + 73 + 37 + 80 + 40 + 88 + 56 + 98 + 62 + 108 + 68 + 126 + 94 + 130 + 98 + 144 + 108 + 150 + 114 + 166 + 126 + 172 + 132

(*) Partial reproduction of Table ABNT / NBR ISO 6158 CLASSROOM 28 RECOMMENDED SETTINGS - SYSTEM-BASE AXLE 6 h (*) (mm) Tolerance in thousandths of millimeters (m) Nominal size mm Shaft af. inf. af. sup. bottom clearance HOLES F6 +6 - 12 + 10 + 18 + 13 + 22 + 16 + 27 + 20 + 33 + 25 + 41 + 30 + 49 + 36 + 58 + 12 G7 +2 +4 +16 +5 +6 + 20 + 24 +7 +9 + 28 + 34 + 10 + 40 + 12 + 47 + 10 H7 0 12 0 0 + 0 + 15 + 18 + 21 0 25 0 0 + 0 + 30 + 35 overhead clearance J7 +4 -6 -7 -6 +6 +8 -8 10 -9 + + 12-11 + 14-12 + 18-13 + 22 K7 - 0 -9 10 +3 - 10 +5 - 12 + 6-15 +6 - +7 18 - 21 +9 - 25 +10 M7 - 12 0-15 0-1 8 0-21 0-25 0-30 0-35 0 N7 - 16 -4 - 19 -4 - 23 -5 - 28 -7 - 33 -8 - 39 -9 - 4510 P7 - 16 -6 - 20 -8 - 24 -9 - 29 - 11 - 35-14 - 42 - 17-51 - 21 - 59 - 24 R7 - 20 - 10 - 23-11 - 28 - 13-34 - 16 - 41-20 - 50 - 25-60 above until h6 0 -6 0 -8 0 -9 0-11 0-13 0-16 0-19 0-22 0 1 3 6 10 14 18 24 30 40 50 65 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 225 250 280 315 355 4 00 450 1 3 6 10 14 18 24 30 40 50 65 80 100 120 140 - 30-62 - 32 - 73-38 - 76 - 41-88 0 160 180 200 0 225 250 280 315 355 400 450 500 - 29-25 43 + 14 + 0 - 14 - 28 - 40 - 52 - 68 - 48 - 90-50 68 +

54 + 40 + 26 + 12 + 0 - 12 - 28 - 93-53106 50 + 15 + 0 - 16 - 33 - 46 - 60 - 79 - 60 - 109-63 79 + 61 + 46 + 30 + 13 + 0 - 14 - 33 - 113 - 67-126 0-32 0-36 0-40 + 56 + 88 + 62 + 98 + 68 + 108 + 17 + 69 + 18 + 75 + 20 + 83 0 + 52 0 + 57 0 + 63

- 16 + 36-18 + 39-20 + 43 - 36 + 16-40 + 17-45 + 18 - 52 0-57 0-63 0 - 66 - 14-73 - 16 - 80-17 - 88 - 36-98 - 41 - 108-45 - 74 - 130 - 78-144 - 87 - 150-93 - 166-103 - 172-109 (*) Partial reproduction of Table ABNT / NBR ISO 6158

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