02/21/2008 3rd and 20 and / or 4th class. The formation of capitalism and the industrial revolution.

Capitalism has established itself as politico system during the Industrial Revol ution, which occurred mainly in England, France and Germany during the 18th and 19th centuries. thereafter, the development of capitalism was accompanied by an increased use of machines, which now replace human labor in the manufacture of m any goods. Correction task pp. 63 a) b) c) The term world is a more generic, broad - it is the world of each one. The term is related exclusively to the Earth planet. Century in Europe. XIX, eg the areas of the earth were known only Europe itself and surrounding lands. The indigenou s people only knew the areas where they lived. These people knew only part of th e earth and believed the world was the limit of your knowledge. Due to the globa lization process of relationships, there are virtually no areas on Earth that we do not know. Correction task pp. 63 2. It is the space modified by human to meet your needs. 3. We can cite the arrival of the city's founder José Antoni o Pereira, the meeting of the streams and Prose Secret (Horto Florestal), initia ting the formation of the village called the Largo de Santo Antonio de Campo Gra nde in the nineteenth century. Industrial Revolution

In the past two and a half centuries, humanity has witnessed a remarkable develo pment of techniques, from the use of scientific discoveries and the production p rocess. This resulted in a large number of inventions (machines, tools, new type s of food, etc..) Ie there were important advances. The massive transformation o f the production process became known historically as the Industrial Revolution. With the use of machines powered by mechanical energy, the factories began to p roduce an almost uninterrupted, creating many jobs in cities, which began to att ract large numbers of people, mainly from rural areas. Industrial Revolution Thus, many urban centers grew in a disorderly fashion, with its landscapes trans formed dramatically. A large number of poor working-class neighborhoods around t he factories came, and they, in turn, emerged with their chimneys, releasing hug e columns of smoke. Industrial Revolution

The Industrial Revolution began in England in the second half of the eighteenth and nineteenth century, had already extended to other European countries. Proces s that provoked deep changes in society, economy and thus in spatial organizatio n, the Industrial Revolution was the driving force invention of the steam engine powered by coal, the main energy source that period. The old forms of craft pro duction and manufacturing were slowly being abandoned. Industrial Revolution

With the revolution in production techniques and organization of work since then established, opened a new avenue for the enrichment of countries: industrial pr oduction, free trade (competition), the investment in technology and expansion o f the global market. The Industrial Revolution also provoked an agricultural rev olution, with the production of tools to work the land and the change in the sys tem of ownership and organization of work in the field. Those who remained in th e field began to produce goods for urban supply or raw materials for industry. A dapted from man geography and space P. (16,19). Correction task pp. 64 1. 2. 3. 4. Population growth, production not meeting demand (demand). Rural units who had p olitical power for itself and an economy capable of self-sustaining. The need to accumulate precious metals (gold, silver and diamonds) and exploration of other areas of the planet. Were changes in the mode of production from feudalism to c apitalism that drove the calls of navigation, which, in turn, were responsible f or the process of colonization of America. Correction task pp. 65 1. 2. 3. 4. The differences are many. In craft production, the person doing the whole produc t and knew the whole process. In modern industry, the tasks are divided among se veral workers who operate machinery and know only a part of the process. Because , as the increase of industrial production, household production was losing spac e. With the machines could make more products at once and, consequently, cheaper products. Among other things, as the industry requires raw materials to produce , ie€countries and their industries have begun to explore the sources of raw mat erials around the world (the process of colonization). Mechanization of the coun tryside, urbanization, expansion of transport routes, the emergence of large ind ustrial areas, the migration process and external reactions increased trade in t he world. Exercises

Why can we assert that the Industrial Revolution caused changes in the geographi c space? 3L Relate the withdrawal of wealth in the American continent in the pro cessing mode of production in Europe. 3L The Industrial Revolution caused the ag ricultural revolution, and together they led to intensified urbanization. Explai n this sentence. 3L Describe the operation of the social division of labor, from the industrialization process of production.