SECOND INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION Occurred when the steam engines were replaced by machines powered by electricity or petroleum.

Led to an increase in production levels (amount of products produ ced). Cheapened product prices, thus allowing more people to enter the dynamic o f capitalism (consumption of manufactured goods). Intensified the division of la bor in the factories (the worker loses the notion of productivity in relation to the final product). SECOND INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION Favors Strengthening of financial capitalism and monopoly. At this stage of capitalism is not related to quantity of goods or gold, but in currency, money and capital exports, or inflation. The most industrialized countries seek to monopolize the market (countries or colonies could only buy products manufactured in a particul ar country). SECOND INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION Strengthening of financial capitalism and monopoly. International Division of Labour (DIT) Each country or colony has its well defin ed role (tax) within the dynamic global economy. SECOND INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION Raises FINANCIAL AND STRENGTHENING OF CAPITALISM MO NOPOLISTIC Raises INTERNATIONAL DIVISION OF LABOR (DIT) IMPERIALISM Results Having a larger number of countries or colonies to which to sell their manufactu red goods, export capital and receive raw materials. Second Industrial Revolution Strengthening of financial capitalism and monopoly Imperialism International Division of Labour General Pattern Like The Great War World War I - 1914/1918 World War I - 1914/1918 Do not forget the reason general Specific reasons: 1 - The French defeat in the Franco-Prussian war, at the end of which he gave to German unification resulted in the annexation of Alsace-Lorraine by Germany. Th is region was a major producer of coal and iron, necessary for the steel industr y. Note = Franco-Prussian War Prussian Empire and Napoleon gave rise to dispute between Germany Germany vs. France. 2 - In the early twentieth century German in dustry was producing more and more quality than England. German goods were sold at lower prices and the English markets saw themselves suffer, with profits dwin dling.

Dispute between Germany vs. England. World War I - Specific motifs 1914/1918: 3 - France and England virtually controlled the vast majority of Asian and Afric an colonies. Germany and Italy aspired to participate in this rich farming syste m. Dispute between Germany and Italy v England and France. 4 - The Czar of Russi a defended the pan-Slavism: wanted to gather all the Slavs under his command. In deed this measure was a justification for imperialist interests of Russia, who b egan to support nationalist movements Slavs who wanted to separate from the Aust ro-Hungarian Empire. Note = ruler Czar of Russia and pan = pan-Slavism union = u nion of the Slavs. Dispute between Russia x Austro-Hungarian Empire. World War I - 1914/1918 Preparation arms race of all the great nations of Europe Alliances Triple understood: Russia, Britain and France Note In 1917 Russia leaves the war and the United States enters the side of the Triple Entente. Also participating in this group as Brazil and Japan This Alliance was formed to maintain what he had. Triple Alliance: Germany, Italy and the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Note Durin g the war Italy leaves the alliance, as was promised in England and France, whic h would receive territory in Africa. World War I - 1914/1918 Top Reason General Assassination of Franz Ferdinand heir to the throne of the Austro-Hungarian Specific reasons Preparation Germanic Slavs World War I - 1914/1918 Top General Purpose Assassination of Franz Ferdinand heir to the throne of the A ustro-Hungarian Germanic Specific reasons Preparation Slavs Phases: 1st - 1914 - War Movement - Superiority German military invading Belgium and Fra nce to the Battle of the Marne, where the French army expelled the Germans from their territory. 2nd - 1915/1918 - Trench Warfare - Army both sides build trench es, use of new equipment such as aircraft, tanks and toxic gases. Top of naval w arfare. 3rd - 1917 - Year changes - Russia leaves the war on account of the Soci alist Revolution and the United States enter the war alongside the English and F rench. World War I - 1914/1918 Top General Purpose Assassination of Franz Ferdinand heir to the throne of the A ustro-Hungarian Germanic Phases Specific reasons Preparation

Slavs End: Germany not to have invaded their territory,€accept the surrender and take the blame for the war. Treaty of Versailles: Germany would pay reparations to E uropean countries affected by war. Consequences: Social Change, Change the econo mic hub of Europe to the United States, the European map was redrawn (socialism) , the late great empires (Austro-Hungarian Empire, Russia and TurcoOtomano), str engthening economic, political and military U.S. and finalization Germany.