Types of network • physical form as the hardware is connected Mesh: • The computers were intercon nected with each

other point-to-point • To reach a destination there are several ways • • • It is used in very large networks, WAN, such as the Internet. Advantages: If a s ection is blocked by another message follows, increasing the chance of success D isadvantages: There are a lot more equipment linking the nodes, which increases the price of network Ring: • Used in local networks LAN • Founded by a coaxial cable that forms a rin g • The signals are sent out by going through all the computers in sequence. • Advantages: The signs follow in sequence after each other through all of the com puters which precludes the existence of collisions between the signals. It works at the 100Mbps. Prof. Santos Nuno Page 1 of 3 • Disadvantages: If a cable breaks or a plug is badly scarred the whole network st ops working Bus: • It was used in local area networks LAN • It used to be a thin coaxial cab le • • • • The cable was extended and stopped on each computer where it was connected to th is network card via a BNC plug-T. Existed at the ends of the cable terminators ( small resistances that hold the signs on the network stable) Advantages: The Lit tle Low cost equipment for easy connection to the cable only needs to have the l ength of the distance between all computers. It's easy to add a new computer on the network Disadvantages: If a cable breaks or a plug is badly scarred the whol e network stops working. Cape fine - the maximum speed of 10Mbps and maximum dis tance is 185metros Cape thick - the maximum speed of 10Mbps and maximum distance is 500m Star: • The most widely used in local area networks LAN • • • Each computer leaves a twisted cable to a switch or hub Advantages: Low cost of materials If the cable is having problems just that the pc may have problems ach ieving 1Gbps Disadvantages: It takes a lot more cable than on the type of bus We have the ring or to buy a device for interconnection to the number of computers on the network is limited to the number of ports of the device for linking the maximum distance is 100meters

Prof. Nuno Santos Page 2 of 3 Backbone: • A thick coaxial cable connects multiple servers and these are then c onnected to local networks • Logical Form as the signals circulating in the computer network • Data Bus cir culate diffusion (broadcast), or a PC and sends data across the network is busy with these signals, but only the receiver collects. • Problems: If when sending data from one computer to the network, another pc sends data also gives himself a crash and the whole process has to be restarted. Ring • • • The data will move through the network all the pc to the proper collecting If anyone collect them when you turn around and go back to the computer that sent it sends them again. There are no collisions because only one computer is allowed to send data at a t ime. Star • Data is sent from a PC and "filtered" by a switch that sends only the pc to recipient. Prof. Nuno Santos Page 3 of 3