Source: French courses

num_web=8 r ubra 526 & = 3 & id = 50252 AUTHOR: Jean-Pierre Leclercq ORAL STATEMENT I offer some guidelines on the oral presentation: The student is often faced wit h this year during his studies. This presentation can take many forms and can be evaluated on the basis of several criteria. PRELIMINARY • The oral presentation may vary in terms of content and in terms of duration. • The student may be required to expose a traditional subject (topic or theme of your choice free) to comment on a book, movie or show, to share a pe rsonal experience. • The length of the presentation may vary depending on the nu mber of students per class (between three and ten minutes). These time constrain ts require the student an effort to adapt: it will have particular ideas or synt hesize it can afford to further develop certain aspects. • The student will appe ar with the text of his presentation with a plan or the presentation without not es. TIPS 1) THE BREATHING • Breathing too fast creates some anxiety. • Most peop le breathe through the chest. This way of breathing increases muscle tension and breathing rate. It increases the stress and blocks the vote. One way to train t o fight against the fear is the regular practice of abdominal breathing. This br eathing helps ventral be less tense. Exercise Close your mouth and inhale throug h the nose, lifting the abdominal wall. Then exhale slowly and steadily, mouth o pen, slowly lowering the abdominal wall until it returns to its normal position. When you will be well accustomed to breathing belly, you can hold your breath after i nspiration (inspiration: 2-4 seconds retention: 8-16 seconds; expiry: 4-8 second s) 2) THE VOICE a) The flow • Do not speak too quickly or too slowly. If you spe ak too quickly, the audience will feel that you want to quickly finish your pres entation. It should also give the audience time to digest what is said! If you s peak too slowly, you may be tense audience. • Breaks are essential because they define the units of information. b) Modulation • Vary your tone of voice (dictio n is monotone unmodulated). • A natural voice is advised! c) The amplitude (or intensity) • Talking loudly in the volume of space and the number of listeners. • Do not confuse the amplitude of the voice and the pitch o f the voice: a voice or severe acute form part of the register of the height. It is important to know the height of his see to better manage it. d) The joint • It is good to hear different sounds without "chewing" his words. • The work of t he joint is based on the consonants. • The Office of the pencil can help you bet ter articulate (octagonal take a pencil and place it in the mouth, squeezed betw een the teeth, perpendicular to itself and pulled a bit up). 3) THE BODY a) gest ures • Note that the gestures are very explicit and it is important to give mean ing to his actions (gestures can be used to support his claim). Gestures should help to understanding the presentation. • No action is permitted as long as the gesture is at the service of speech. • It is recommended to not put his hands in his pockets and hand over the mouth. • Need to avoid both too much gesticulatio n and static behavior (so it is best to travel from time to time and without wav ing rather than remain constantly glued to his office). • A drive is recommended ! b) The expressive face and sometimes a smile is better than a neutral face! c) T he look • Learn to look at each audience member. • Avoid the shifty eyes and exp ressionless. • Avoid staring at one person or part of the audience! • Do not loo k down, look at the ceiling or window! • Do not talk to students considering onl y the first row. • Give the impression that you are talking to each specific per son (your eyes must move from one to the other person): some language practition ers advise to look, a circuit coil. d) The clothing • Any item of clothing has m eaning. • A student must know that it will arouse different reactions as eccentr ic or shall wear a suit with tie! • A proper clothing is recommended: a way to r

espect your audience.€4) THE LANGUAGE • A correct syntax and style. • A level la nguage course (a more technical may be used depending on the subject up). • An a dequate vocabulary: it should also explain the more difficult words (the vocabul ary is, in fact, be adapted to the audience). • Do not repeat the same words or phrases (example: "and then ...»). 5) THE STRUCTURE • Advertise the different pa rts of your presentation (an introduction and conclusion are desirable). • Use s ome logical links transition (they are still less numerous than in writing). 6) THE CONTENT a) The topic • Any subject may be interesting in itself, but it was the way to present that must be original. • Take care not to make small talk. Lo ok instead to present what is little known or what astonishes is the best way to attract the attention of your audience. • Avoid nevertheless subject mat (examp le: football for students passionate about the sport!). • Try to make a presenta tion interesting and alive: use current events, using comparisons, practicing hu mor, use of examples ... b) • The argument should be well argue for their ideas. • Information must be ac curate (it is therefore essential to be well documented before): this observatio n is valid for a presentation that would present a more personal note. c) suppor t • A visual can be used (table, poster). But do not plan to turn your back for too long for your audience. • If you wish to circulate photographs or objects fr om your audience, it is often best done after your presentation (if not the atte ntion of the audience will be less pronounced). 7) NOTES • Do not immerse themse lves continually in his notes (it is better to have a plan of the presentation). • Do not read his notes by heart! • Highlight any important parts in different colors. The goal is to help you quickly find the word or phrase that you may for get. 8) THE TERM observe as long as you proposed. If the statement is too long, you'll probably be discontinued. If the presentation is too fast, you might disa ppoint the audience and your teacher.