Salesian Don Bosco College Prof. Helinton (The Legend ...) 2nd year of high school (the legausins ...

) From a structural viewpoint, a solid consists of atoms grouped together on a reg ular basis, constituting the crystal lattice. The interatomic bonds are attracti ve forces (electrostatic forces) that allow the atoms vibrate around an equilibr ium position. With increasing temperature, there is an increase in the vibration s of atoms. Matter comes in three states of aggregation (or phase) different: so lid, liquid and gas. Strong forces of attraction Phase Energy Tempera-ture Form Volume CHANGE OF PHASE Solid Liquid Gas Small Moderad the Great Low Medium High Defined Variable indefinitely Defined Defined indefinitely Moderad the Fracas Crystalline substances during melting obey the following laws: Act 1: under cons tant pressure to a crystalline substance melting takes place at constant tempera ture. Fusion or solidification of a substance is one in which they appear, the s olid and liquid phases both together, which is also called fusion sharp or abrup t. 2nd law: for every pressure, every substance has its melting temperature. Dur ing the merger, most substances is increased volume, some nevertheless behave in versely, such as water, bismuth iron. Steaming: There are three types of fusion as a way to render the phenomenon: eva poration, boiling and heating. Evaporation transition from liquid to gas, when t he phenomenon takes place in a slow manner and only on the liquid surface. Facto rs influencing evaporation: 1 - more volatile liquids evaporate more easily, 2 by increasing the temperature increases the speed of evaporation, 3 - an increa se in the free surface increases evapo ... 4 - an increase of pressure on the fr ee surface evaporation makes it difficult to Boiling: Transition from liquid to gas being processed in a way tumultuous and a round the net. Follow the following laws: 1 - during boiling, the temperature re mains constant since the pressure is also kept constant. 2 - for a given pressur e, each substance has its boiling temperature. Heating: Transition from liquid to gas at a temperature above its boiling temper ature. Eg When playing water on a metal plate heated to a temperature higher tha n 100 ° C. CHANGE OF PHASE Sublimation Sublimation Melting Solidification Solid OBS:. The phenomena of melt ing and vaporization always happen due to the receipt of heat, while the solidif ication and liquefaction occur due to heat loss. Liquid Vaporization Gas Liquefa ction HEATING AND COOLING CURVES The curves provide heating or cooling the temperature variation of a body in the quantity of heat received or transferred by the body.

ΔT ΔT3 ΔT2 Net ΔT1 Solid Solid + Liquid Liquid + Steam Gaseous Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q5 Q received Looking at the diagram above, we have: Q1 = m.csólido. ΔT1 m.Lf Q2 = (Sensible Heat) (Latent Heat of Fusion) Q3 = m.clíquido. ΔT2 (Sensible Heat) Q4 = m.LV (Latent Heat of Fusion) Q5 = m.cgasoso. ΔT3 (Sensible Heat) Pooh ... Chief ... Mole - Soft, easy - easy Avocado with watermelon ...