File Breathing Breathing When my body makes an effort, my heart beats faster and the rhythm of my breathi ng accelerates

. What happens there during respiration? During inspiration, about half a liter of air enters the lungs, which then increases slightly in volume. During expiration, the same volume of air leaves the lungs, but its composition is changed. The air enters the lungs through tubes finer ending with the alveoli . The expired air was not the same composition as the inhaled air. A gas exchang e occurs in the lungs: some of the oxygen content in inspired air enters the blo odstream, and in exchange, the blood of its carbon dioxide discharge. Why the ex change? The oxygen content in the blood feeds our muscles need to function (to b urn calories). When the air has been consumed by muscles, it is converted into c arbon dioxide that the body can not keep: it is released into the air. More musc les work, they need more color and therefore oxygen, over the heartbeat accelera tes. Sources: See the directory -1 Jean-Philippe Solanet To live, man needs oxygen. This oxygen he draws from the surrounding air through his lungs. Through them we can dispose of waste in the air (waste are produced by cellular activity). inspiration: we observe that the rib cage expands: the ribs are brought forward and the diaphragm contracts and descends. The oxygen-laden air passes successive ly through the various organs of the respiratory tract and reaches the alveoli. The blood that circulates in the cells (red blood cells) captures and transports oxygen to body cells expired: we observe that the rib cage is lowered, the diap hragm rises and the lungs are emptied of their contents. The air loaded with car bon dioxide and water vapor reaches the alveoli. These two substances from the c ells and pass into the blood. The alveoli reject these two gases through the res piratory tract. Diagram of the respiratory system: Here is the path followed by the inspired air: nostrils -> nasal -> pharynx -> l arynx -> trachea -> bronchi -> bronchioles -> alveoli -> blood Sources: See the directory -2 Jean-Philippe Solanet Detail of a bronchiole: pattern of respiratory gas exchange: role of respiration: Capturing the oxygen in the air and reject carbon dioxide a nd water vapor (waste of cellular activity) Sources: See the directory -3 Jean-Philippe Solanet BREATHING â ¢

What is its role? The human body is composed of billions of cells that feed oxygen (among others) and emit carbon dioxide (CO2). Breathing is a vital function of the body. With i t, the body gets the much-needed oxygen (O2) during inspiration, and gets rid of gas "waste" produced by the cells during expiration. â ¢ Anatomy of respiration. There are two distinct anatomical regions: The upper airway represented on the diagram at right. Their function is to route air to the lungs . In the nasal cavity, the air is filtered by hairs. This air is also moist and warm. The pharynx is the hub that directs air to the lungs and food to the esoph agus. The larynx are the vocal cords. The lower airways are represented on the diagram on the left. Trachea divides into two bronchi (one to each lung) that divide them-even in the bronchi , bronchioles and then, then in terminal bronchioles. These subdivisions led mor e and lead to smaller lungs (right), a variety of pouches that allow gas exchang e. It is at this level as the inspired gases will pass into the blood, and that the CO2 produced by the cells will pass into the respiratory tract to be expelle d by exhalation. Sources: See the directory -4 Jean-Philippe Solanet Sources: See the directory -5 Jean-Philippe Solanet 3. RESPIRATORY lungs Oxygen is necessary wind sucked out of the lungs. These bodies are spongy and el astic, are locked in the chest. The nasal cavity is connected to the tracheae th at branch into ducts smaller and smaller: the bronchi. The bronchi are located w ithin the lungs. With the movement of the diaphragm and lungs expand to fill wit h air and then shrink by dismissing it. another folder The respiratory system consists of the nasal passages, trachea and a pair of lun gs. The respiratory system has two functions: (1) It provides the body with oxyg en (O2) (2) it rids the body of carbon dioxide (CO2) cells in our body use oxyge n as the oxidant effect on the fuel being nutrients provided by food. This combu stion (oxygen + nutrients) provides the energy necessary for their development. They say our bodies "burn" calories and the "burning" is done in the presence of oxygen. In this reaction carbon dioxide is produced and discharged into the lun gs. Several times a minute our chest rises and falls. We breathe. First, air ent ers through the nose, follows the trachea, bronchi enters. The lungs inflate. Th at inspiration. When the air is discharged outside the lung volume decreases. Th is is the end. When you breathe you put in

Sources: See directory-Philippe 6Jean Solanet moving a large muscle just below the lungs: the diaphragm. It falls and rises wh en you inhale when you exhale. When you breathe your brain controls the diaphrag m. You can hold your breath. Lungs. On the drawing there the trachea which divid es into two conduits: the airways responsible for bringing the air into the lung s. Inside the lungs the bronchi branch into ducts finer. The bronchioles are the terminal branches of the bronchi. The bronchioles end in alveoli (kind of small bags) traversed by blood vessels. It is within these cells when breathing oxyge n from the air passes from the lungs and blood at the expiration of carbon dioxi de from blood to the lungs. Respiration is primarily a gas exchange of oxygen is absorbed and carbon dioxide is released. The oxygen enters the blood in the pulmonary alveoli. The alveoli are tiny air sacs located at the end of the bronchi. The alveoli are covered wit h blood vessels which collect the oxygen and released into the airways of carbon dioxide. The oxygen-rich blood returns to the heart that acts as a pump. The he art pumps blood rich in oxygen in our body through the bloodstream and oxygen is distributed to all body cells. The blood distributes nutrients to the cells. On its way the blood collects waste of cellular activity as well as carbon dioxide Sources: See directory-Philippe 7Jean Solanet carbon. The waste is supported by the kidneys act as filters. The waste and exce ss water (which the body does not need) will be released as urine. The oxygen-po or blood rich in carbon dioxide back to the heart that drives him to the lungs w here the cycle begins again: as carbon dioxide and oxygen absorbed. The blood ca rries not only the oxygen but also nutrients from our food and waste of cellular activity. Did you? In the presence of oxygen the blood is bright red. It enters the blood in the lungs and binds to the hemoglobin protein in red blood cells o r red blood cells. These cells are the most numerous of the blood and are produc ed by bone marrow. In the organs the oxygen leaves the red cells and win the var ious organs. Image Source: © Microsoft Encarta Online Corporation. All rights r eserved. (For educational use only). ⠢ ⠢ ⠢ There was 300.000 cells per lung. 10,000 L blood undergoes daily exchanges. airblood contact = 70m2 Sources: See the directory -8 Jean-Philippe Solanet