SSI Practical Work Without Impact Printers Comparison of impact printers Axel Rud, Paul Armand, Leonel Gonzalez

Caceres and Lucas 07/07/2008 1 Index Introduction Printers Printers Dot Matrix Printers Impact Printer Impact Printer s without Injection or Laser Printers Inkjet Printers Thermal Connections Glossa ry Bibliography 2 2 2 4 4 5 6 7 8 9 2 Printer The printers are within the group of output peripherals of a computer because th ey are a means used to broadcast information outside the computer. The printers are used specifically to capture information on a physical medium such as leaves . They can be classified in several ways, print speed, for either mechanism char acter by character, line by line or page by page. Over time they evolved in thei r basic mechanism and distinguish between two main groups: impact and no impact. Impact Printers There are printers that use force to transfer ink to the medium as did the press es. Today were displaced by non-impact (laser and injection) but still proving u seful for continuous printing. Margarita Printer These printers are so called because it had a wheel with all the characters at t he ends danto result in a similar way to a flower. To print just be accommodatin g in the ideal position the character to print, then that is in between a wet in k film is given a hammer blow to be struck on the blade. Band Printer They have a band with all the characters along with it. To position the desired character using two pulleys with little motor. After positioning is given the ha mmer blow with the ink ribbon in the middle. Chain Printer Its mechanism is very similar to band printers, only instead of using a belt and pulley using a chain with gears. Like the daisy print belt brings the problem o f not being able to alter the characters that use a fixed model as a template. Matrix Printer Although its mechanism is also described as impact, raises a new idea that will now allow the printing of different characters and shapes. Option brings the abi lity to split everything in many small points which together form the character. They are characterized by the number of needles that come to possess and are us ually used for printing on the matter but the durability that quality. 3 Print Mechanism The image comes to the microprocessor and it starts to broadcast information to the print head. This head is moved along the width of the sheet and within the s ame needles which has made the task of representing the points on the print shee t. The needles have a magnet which passing electricity through the places that w ill print the needle, which has a plastic piece on the tip impacts against the b lade, where there is an ink ribbon through, leaving the mark point.

Very noisy low speed Disadvantages No Impact Printers These printers are primarily based on no longer using mechanical devices or impa ct as the previous ones, will now began to include systems that require the use of selected chemical phenomena such as liquid inks or laser beams and light beam s, and the use of thermal and electrostatic mechanisms. Ink-jet printer The inkjet printer (inkjet) appears as a certain evolution matrix printer matrix needles because it uses the same points system for composing the figures just t hat by using ink either solid or liquid. It is also among its features, the meth odology of print line by line. 4 Print Mechanism Primarily the information is sent from the computer to the printer, where the mi croporcesador of it takes care to outline the steps to be followed by microcondu ctos. These are small tubes which the ink will go point to point in the form of a small drop. The printer will print line by line by moving the head along the r oad by using a small motor. The head, which has different microconductos, you ca n use two different printing mechanism. In the first, "Bubble-Jet", use resistor s located at the bottom of the tubes, which when receiving energy and generate h eat that the drop off and fall on the sheet. The other way to generate the dots of ink, "Desk-Jet", is by using a few resistors piezoelectric crystals, which, u pon receiving an electric shock,€do not generate heat but by a deformation of an effect similar to pumping the drips that generates the release of the liquid dr op. Both mechanisms, (InkJet and DeskJet), used liquid ink cartridges, there are other mechanisms which use solid inks which are melted only in quantities which will be used. Features These printers have a diameter smaller than that of dot matrix printers needles which leads them to achieve higher resolution of 600 dpi. Turn can print multipl e pages per minute in text and its cartridges usually last approximately 500 pag es. Color Printing The printing mechanism is the same one that uses three cartridges added one more or three internal subdivisions. To achieve the intended color colors anger appl ying one after another at the points where required. Disadvantages The printing cost can be far reaching due to the rapidity with which the cartrid ges are consumed Head can bring problems if not used with frequency takes a lot of pictures in print 5 Laser Printer The laser printer as an alternative rather than optimal for printing because of its high printing speed, above all in black and white. This is due to its abilit y to print by using electrostatic technology. Print Mechanism The printing process has as a first step in giving a negative total charge to th e photosensitive drum. Then the laser will go on and off as directed by the cont roller. Using a mirrored polygon faces will be hitting the beam on the drum turn ing the burden of negative to positive impacts on those areas where, in this way

will be drawn the image loads. After this, the toner (iron oxide negatively cha rged) is suspended on the drum, which rotates, by the simple attraction of the c harges. Following this, a positive charge sheet to print, but with a load greate r than the drum, as the road passing by the same toner will be attracted to the role being merely suspended over it. To stop the toner permanently fixed, the sh eet is passed between two rollers to melt and fix the image, crushing and heatin g time followed by toner. Finally, only subtracted to remove the excess toner fr om the photosensitive drum. Features Among its features, has the ability to own fonts (may be changing its size at di fferent scales), text effects, bitmap graphics which are made by the union of se veral points, including vector graphics that are created from mathematical calcu lations processor and can enlarge if losing image resolution. Finally lends supp ort resolutions up to 600 x 600 dots per inch. Colour Printing To print color must be used from then 4 different toner (CMYK) and the operation mechanism can provide three different ways: - The use of a single drum to which you are applying the four separate toner to the sheet is ie applying a toner to the drum clean sheet then reloads and again passes the blade. This is a notorio usly slow because it performs all the steps four times. - You can use a drum but at the same go to apply the four toner continued and then perform a single pass of sheet. This mechanism is faster than the previous one but still not provide large print time. The latter mechanism appears as the fastest way since it invol ves the use of four different drums and go from the road by the four fluently. T his system is much faster as it can in June apply toner drums simultaneously. Obviously this mechanism is at a price much hi gher than others due to the high print quality and speed it offers. Disadvantages Printing mechanism requires costly regular technical maintenance Thermal Printer The thermal printer has a fast printing as a virtue but of very poor quality. It uses heat to melt the wax in certain specific points like the matrix. It has a fixed head which occupies the width of the paper and printing is going line by l ine. You can get to print images up to 256 colors at a 300 dpi resolucuión. Mechanism Impresón It has a scroll with a special wax paper the same width as this, which is superi mposed on the print sheet is melted by the use of resistance in certain specific points from the head. This has as needles, which simply heat up and in places w here the wax is melted the same melts and falls to the blade.€Then a pressure ro ller crushes the paper and wax that is more attached. The wax is not used in its role simpremente of origin and is accumulated by a roller. There is another con venient method of printing which requires no ink, just the paper, which has a sp ecial chemical treatment is involved directly with the July heat resistance and reacting in ways that make the image appear on it. This meth od is also applied the first procedure of how to make point by point with a sing le head. This technique is used in fax machines or ticket vending machines and l owering simplify the task to the ink not be required due to the short use given to the impressions that will be erased with time. Color Printing It just differs in that the wax tape is divided by horizontal bands of the four colors (CMYK), then the print sheet not advance until you apply the four colors in the line, this clearly generates the feed wax ribbon four times faster than t

hat of the leaf. Through this mechanism given the option to print images of a ve ry high resolution up to photo quality despite its high cost and printing time. This mechanism is not recommended for printing text because it offers a low qual ity. Disadvantages The impression is short and goes over time if not used ink NONE Connections Through time the printers were manerasa connecting different computers. The main way of connection was by reason of the use of parallel port. Through this conne ction is permitted the transmission of several bits simultaneously, ie each leg of the connector allowed to transmit one bit. Following the development of perip heral connections began to be used, as in many devices, the connections of USB ( universal serial bus), which allow a higher speed data transmission and a much s maller tab. 8 Bibliography Wikipedia (internet) peripherals and local area networks (school book) Monograph s (internet) 9 Glossary Head: responsible for pouring the ink in the middle, either by blows containing needles, ink or microconductos. CMYK: Abbreviation of four ink colors in English , Cyan-Magenta-Yellow-Black. Iron Dioxide: magnetic metal has the ability to att ract and repel each other according to their load. Dpi: a measure of resolution means dots per inch. Electrostatic: a phenomenon that requires the use of electr icity and static. Laser: Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation Microprocessor: integrated circuit in charge of processing all the information so it can be subsequently executed. Pixel: each point that forms an image is cal led pixel. Strength: hot wire that was receiving electricity. Resolution: determ ine image quality, number of pixels. Thermal phenomena that involves the use of heat energy. Photosensitive Drum: cylindrical object that has the ability to ret ain the toner through the attraction of their loads. Toner: fine powder with iro n dioxide used for printing as well as liquid inks. 10 Laser Printer Diagram Negative charge to the photosensitive drum of the laser emission n polygon Change the photosensitive drum charges Leaning Toner Reflectio

positive charge sheet

Pull the sheet Toner

After the sheet by rollers

Remove the toner remaining in the drum Diagram Inkjet Printer Head Positioning Microconductos oad the windows Generation Drop Drop Drop point forming Formation of a Line Indication to the resistance heater or downl

Advancement of a New Line sheet 11