Headquarters University of Panama Faculty of Fine Arts Veraguas Senior Master of Music Perception 700 The Kodály Method

By: Rolando Rosales Mendoza Ormelis Omar Morales Omar Morales Zamora July The Kodály Method "The music through singing" Origin and Dissemination • Zoltán Kodály (1882-1967). - Hungarian pedagogue and musician. Music starts at a very young age with the vi olin, cello and piano, musical environment of his family. - Professional educati on at the Franz Liszt Academy of Music in Budapest where he was subsequently pro fessor of theory and composition. Kodály's Work • In Hungary, Kodály pedagogical and didactic work performed, which were based m ainly on: - Visit remote areas of the country and collecting the songs of the people. - Or dering and classification of popular music, including folk music. - Perform song books and educational materials for all levels. Kodály Effort • The contribution of Kodály in Hungary ethnomusicological is reflected today in the big musical life that has its society, including: - Daily features two opera houses, symphony orchestras of international renown a nd support for youth and professional orchestras. - Hungary is considered a benc hmark to consult, for teachers from other countries because of the Zoltán Kodály method, which will address below: Hungarian National Theatre Main Element Kodály • The Song: - In the words of Zoltán Kodály: "A deep musical culture developed only where its foundation was singing. The human voice is accessible to all at the same time in the most perfect and beautiful instrum ent, so it should be the basis of a mass musical culture. " Main Element Kodály • The Song: - The study material will be music and folk songs, the best way to work the melo dy and rhythm. • Your job, basically, is the choral singing through the Hungaria n folklore, pentatonic and "a capella", sound and music theory and practice on t he fonomimia. All this without instruments or simply accompanying references. Application of the Kodaly Method "Magyarokhoz" (For the Hungarians) 6.3.1 EDUCATION FOUNDATION OMAR MORALES GROUP 2 Zoltán Kodály (1882-1967) Creator photo method Describes the main lines pedagogical method in the paper The corals Children Pub

lished in 1929. AS Kodaly • The role of music education in Hungary should be as important as it was in anc ient Greece. • Illiteracy prevents musical musical culture and this is the cause of poor attendance at concerts and opera performances. • be improved music teac hing courses that are taught in schools in teacher for elementary school teacher s. • should prevent small children get used to music of poor quality, then it is too late. • Music is an experience that the school must provide. • Compulsory Education: - Preschool: • musical games thirty minutes every two weeks. • Primary: - 6 years: two weekly classes of singing for thirty minutes. - 7-14 years: two w eeks of classes fifty minutes. - 8-14 years: two sessions per week of children s elected in addition to the normal. • Secondary: - 14 to 16 years of choral singing optional classes, and school orchestra music history. These last two options are the most chosen by the students given the pr oblem of the voice of this age. 6.3.2 IMPORTANCE OF SONG AND POPULAR SONG • To Kodály popular song is the mother tongue of the child. Thus music education s hould begin with her. Kodály system uses folk songs, and memorized by the studen t has known since the very small, and teaches music theory in recognizing them. This innovation sparked, causing a huge motivation on the student and facilitate s learning mechanisms. 6.3.3 SYLLABLE musical theory • have the background of the Mobile rod system Chevé Emile Joseph (1804-1864), w ho use numbers in place of the notes and gave names to the rhythms of words acco mpanying them to facilitate their learning and to overcome the difficulties from the start. The method of musical phrasing indicated Chevé rod moving along a st ave blank. In Hungary, Kodály called it the Do Movile, in which the teacher do a ssign multiple positions on the staff to indicate the first note of a melody or a year. • The metric syllables are used for the internalization of the rhythmic patterns of the song, the rhythmic dictation and music reading. ABSOLUTE VERSUS RELATIVE Music theory Music theory Solfeggio ON - Absolute Music theory

Absolute Music theory is the ability to sing any tune in your password for whate ver their system modal, tonal or atonal. Concerning Music theory, all major and minor scales have the same order of all the tones and semitones. In the music th eory notes on changing place depending on the tone. Solfeggio ON - Absolute Music theory

In case of deviations, this method modifies the last letter with an i, in case o f sustained, and one in case of flats LA FONONIMIA LA FONONIMIA The fononimia is to represent the sounds relating to the positions in his hand. The teacher's hand is used to familiarize students with the lines and spaces of the staff. The aim of the fononimia is to educate the child unconsciously, in an internal pitch right ear.

LA FONONIMIA FEATURES OF THIS METHOD Fononimia The song is a system which can be read using hand signals rather than a written form. Starts in the student aware of inton ation of the notes and the relationship between them (intervals). fononimia pr actice as such, must go hand in hand with the intonation of the sounds on, since it allows the intuitive learning of the intervals and the relative name of the notes Kodaly Method 6.3.6 THE pentaphony METHODOLOGY A-pentatonic system. B-Hungarian Folklore. (Through song). Pentatonic system (Pentatonic Scale) It consists of five sounds and can be built on any mode or scale, using various combinations of letters, mainly from the seven notes that form a scale, you have to delete two (2) if the trend is included and will not leave any degree isolat ed ejm: Formation of major pentatonic scale The major pentatonic is formed using the first, second, third, fifth and sixth g rades of the scale. C major pentatonic. Formation of the minor pentatonic scale Use the first, third, fourth, fifth and seventh grade natural minor scale has th e same notes of the pentatonic major, except that it has to start at the root of the smaller scale. Pentatonic minor. Today Hungarian Folklore By facilitates learning the songs, because it shortens the amount of subject mat ter. Use the pentaphony.

Reading and Intonation Kodaly methodology uses the memory first and then saying the respective notes. I

t uses rhythmic patterns typical of Hungarian folk songs.

6.3.7 The Musical Language Musical Reading & Writing Facilitate the reading and writing a musical - Fononimia. 2 - solfege syllables. Elements a-Form. b-Harmony. c-transport. d-Literacy Kodály Method • Educational materials - Mainly voice. -Slate and staff, with its various elements. "Percussion musical instruments, different rhythms and melodic singles. School Application • Methodology worldwide spread - - - - Hungary North European Countries Japan Educational Levels • Nursery • Primary • Schools magisteria • Conservatories • Music Schools The method is based on: Fononímia pentaphony • • • • Voice rhythmic syllables