F2 - METHODS OF SEPARATION OF MIXTURES homogeneous and heterogeneous classes: 12 - 13-14 will adopt S = solid, L = liquid G = gas A - Homogeneous Mixtures: a) S imple

Distillation - separates S L where heating the mixture leaves the L as ste am, and then is cooled after separating well as L, recovering the two components (S and L). b) Fractional Distillation - separates L L-miscible (which are mixed ), the liquids are separated in order of increasing PE. c) Fractional Liquefacti on - G G separates the gases are separated in a growing point of liquefaction (t he process takes place with cooling). d) Vaporization or evaporation of L-separa tes S where, by heating the L evaporates separating from the S, recovers only th e component S. NOTE: distillation consists of a vaporization followed by liquefa ction. B - Heterogeneous mixtures: 1) Picking - separates S from S using the han d or forceps. 2) flotation (or sedimentation fractionated) - separates S from S using a liquid of intermediate density where the S heavier (dense) if sediment, and other S lighter floats. 3) Fractional Dissolution - separates S from S using a liquid that dissolves only one of S, and then does not filter where S is diss olved separately, then and there, with the filtrate make the simple distillation retrieving the two components ( liquid was added and S). 4) fractional Fusion S separates S with different PF. 5) Fractional crystallization separates S-S wi th different solubility coefficients, where the less soluble S crystallizes firs t as it will reach its limit of solubility. 6) Magnetic separation separate S-S using a magnet, where one of S is attracted by the magnet. 7) Filtration - separ ates S L using a filter that retains the component S. 8) Filtration reduced pres sure or vacuum accelerates filtration. 9) Decanting - separates S of L through t he home, while the S component are sediment, using a hose to remove the componen t L. 10) Decanting Funnel by bromine (or separating funnel) - separates immiscib le L of L, where L denser seep separating themselves from the other L less dense . 11) Spin - accelerates a decanting. 12) Sifonação - separates S L L L immisc ible or using a siphon (a kind of hose). 13) Levigação - separates S from S us ing the water that drags the lighter S, S and heavier, sinks to the bottom. DO N OT FORGET: ⠢ Liquid-miscible homogenous mixture separated by fractional distilla tion ⠢ immiscible liquids, heterogeneous mixture separated by decanting or separ ating funnel for decanting funnel bromine ⠢ Dissolution fractionated (heterogene ous) is different from fractional distillation (homogeneous) Av Mato Grosso, 227 - Cx Postal: 128 CEP: 79002-905 - Campo Grande - MS Phone: (67) 3312-3200 - Fax: (67) 3312-3124 http://www.cdb.br - dombosco@cdb.br