HISTORY OF SENA (National Training Center) ran in 1957 when Rodolfo Martinez Ton o embarked on the dream that

became what would become his life's work. He did no t imagine that the idea conceived on the shores of Lake Geneva, Switzerland, dur ing a dinner with Francis Blanchard, director of the Training Division of the In ternational Labour Organization (ILO), would become the SENA. Blanchard proposed the creation of a decentralized organization of the state and self-funded. The project took shape in the minds of Martinez, who exposed him to the then Ministe r of Labour, Raymond Emiliani Román. The initiative, put forward in an intense d ebate in the Council of Ministers and reviewed by an advisory committee, was app roved. Thus, the Sena was born during the administration of the military junta, following the resignation of General Gustavo Rojas Pinilla, by Decree-Law 118 of June 21, 1957. Duties defined in Decree 164 of August 6, 1957, were providing t raining to workers, youth and adults of industry, commerce, agriculture, mining and ranching. Also, his goal was to provide technical training to the employee, accelerated training for adults and help employers and workers to establish a na tional system of learning. In addition, develop and maintain the theory and prac tice related to different trades, select the candidates for learning supplementa l courses of preparation, development and training for technical workers, and co ntribute to the development of research related to scientific organization, amon g others. The tripartite arrangement in which employees participate, employers a nd government, called the National Learning Service (SENA) and came at the right time. The industry was going to conquer new markets and needed more workers and better qualified, modern and dramatic changes in productivity. The name, SENA, chose Martinez Tono, who admired across the Seine River in Paris, the City of Li ght, capital of France, where he studied issues related to vocational training. Before his 30th birthday, Rodolfo Martinez, turned his thesis, "The Vocational T raining Policy Framework for Employment" in the SENA, institution to which she w as bound for 17 years, since its inception in 1957 until proposed change of addr ess by President Alfonso Lopez Michelsen in 1974. He was convinced that no human resource training would not have development. So took the scholarship of the ILO to meet the accelerated training experiences imp lemented in Europe after the Second World War and the support of that agency exp erts who came to Colombia. The institution Tone Rodolfo Martinez went with "toug h" and holding off the politicking, offered instruction qualified human talent t o meet the unique challenges of a growing industry. Therefore, from the beginnin g, their influence was considerable. The nascent organization was not only techn ical but also business and promoting small and medium enterprises. The beginning In 1957 he began to sit the National Board, in a building located on 20th Stree t with eighth race, for three years. Trade unions like the Confederation of Work ers of Colombia (CTC) and the Union of Workers of Colombia (UTC), supported by S ENA to fulfill a key role in the development of the country. As in any "big busi ness", the beginning was difficult. The first classes were offered in the classr ooms of Central Polytechnic and National University. Also in makeshift circus te nt erected in cities and municipalities to expand their coverage. The institutio n would meet the demands of private enterprise in its expansion plans, the Gover nment, with its arbitration policy and planning and resources, workers, requirin g more training, welfare and quality of life. On August 23, 1957 had its first m eeting the National Council and are set to perform two tasks: the study, codific ation and systematization of supply and demand for labor and vocational training . To run in the first organization established the Manpower Division, the Vocati onal Training and Management, created to plan the construction and equipping of vocational training centers. During the first months sectional structures were e stablished in various departments. That year also gave birth to the branch offic es of Cundinamarca, Antioquia, Valle, Atlántico, Bolívar, Nariño, Cauca and Magd alena.€The remaining departments had its branches in the following year. In 1958 an investigation was conducted in five thousand companies from all departments, except Chocó and Córdoba, about the needs for vocational training. The study co vered all sectors of industry and revealed that at least 210 000 workers needed to supplement their education and urged the formation of 25 000 additional worke

rs. Based on these results set a five-year plan, 19,591,963. Strengthening and expansion Train more people was the watchword. Therefore, inst ructors visited marginalized communities in the district Meissen, in Bogota and built more than 100 tents of circuses in cities and municipalities. They develop ed the rural and urban mobile software called People's Career Development Progra m, which is then called mobile programs. In 1960, SENA has signed agreements wit h the International Labour Organization (ILO) and the Special Fund of the United Nations, which provided management consulting, financial and technical assistan ce to small and medium businesses and promoted business growth. The ILO also adv ised the SENA in creating the National Training Center Instructor (1959-1960). A bout 2,000 people were trained as managers, supervisors and trainers of vocation al training. Between 1959 and 1963, progress was remarkable. It highlighted the seriousness of the election of officers, who entered the contest entity. Between 1963 and 1964 were opened two new centers for training of trainers in agricultu ral and trade and services sector in Gaira (Magdalena) and Bogotá, respectively. The training of agricultural instructors later transferred to the Agricultural Center of El Espinal (Tolima). SENA worked with adults, ensured agriculture, tra de and services. However, the industrial line was the strongest. The first train ing center was the metalworking, in Bogota. Until 1964 the unit was operational SENA Bogotá section. That year, ran the National Center for Apparel in 1965, Per eira and Medellin National Textile Center. National centers were projected graph ic arts foundry Bogotá and sailing to the Pacific Coast fisheries, which operate between 1968 and 1969. Other national centers planned and constructed, then, we re the hotel and tourism, middle management and building in Bogota. Between 1966 and 1967, SENA conducted a study called Human Resources Research for a National Policy on Employment and Training that included all sectors. The results were p ublished in 1968 and were the starting point to better meet the demand of enterp rises. In the sixties the training centers increased from 31 to 50; nontradition al training outside of schools, accounted for 35% of the total and agricultural centers were created and the Agricultural Division. Of these, the most important being La Salada, Antioquia Gaira, Magdalena, El Espinal, Tolima and Buga, Valle . In this period the number of students increased 40% each year due to increased contributions from the private sector, which rose from 1-2% to Law 58 of 1963, and the mechanisms of action planning, evaluation and control SENA results. A cool breeze blew in the state. In 1968 he created two national branches: the A dministrative and Operations and raised the need to modernize the vocational tra ining systems and audio-visual teaching methods. The institution opened the Expe rimental Control Center in Bogota, with modern equipment, quality control labora tories, metrology and testing. Also, he worked in the training of technicians. O n March 2, 1969 began the first industrial training courses, with 130 workers, s tudents sponsored by 27 companies, electricity, welding, carpentry, auto mechani cs and fit. Growth accelerated a year later, on April 10, 1970, it launched the Career Development Program Urban and Rural People's Career Development (PPPR), o pened earlier, received a major boost. Rural Programs Division were assigned to agricultural and urban industry. SENA grew at an impressive pace, but not withou t difficulties. The labor situation was tense between 1970 and 1971. During the administration of Carlos Lleras Restrepo, 90% of SENA officials were declared pu blic employees and 10% official. So in 1971 he founded the Union of Public Emplo yees (SINDESENA). Amid this situation some employees lured by better salaries an d recognized for their efficiency is linked to the private sector and government .€The fulfillment of goals decreased and National Planning in 1972 concluded tha t the decreased yields, after analyzing the costs of training. However, the agen cy surpassed the situation. Between 1969 and 1973 was proposed to meet the deman d for training of unemployed and underemployed in urban areas and defined new po licies and perspectives that became effective in 1974. That year, Rodolfo Martin ez Tono, who led the institution since 1957, was replaced by Eduardo Gaitán Durá n, appointed by President Alfonso Lopez Michelsen. Tono Martínez left an invalua ble legacy. Training was updated and enabled business committees meet, first han

d, the demands of the private sector. Thus, the entity reached an unprecedented international prestige. Presidents of various countries came to Colombia to obse rve the experience of SENA. Charles De Gaulle, France was one of them. Coverage and modernization between 1975 and 1976 the SENA evaluated the fulfillment of ob jectives during the five years 1970-1975 and, in parallel, made a diagnosis of t he national reality to define their actions. With the help of National Planning and taking into account demographic, socio-ec onomic of the country, supply and labor demand and efficiency in recent years, s haped the policies of the institution. In 1977 he conducted an administrative re structuring. The goals for the period 1976-1980 were set at short and medium ter m. At that time Colombia experienced sustained growth in modern sectors of the e conomy, manufacturing, industrial agriculture, trade and services. Similarly, di scussed the urgency of extending coverage to modern lines of the traditional and non-formal economy, give a popular character education and modernizing the admi nistrative, technological and methodological. The result was the creation of the Technology Development Program in Specialized Center of Advanced Training and T echnology Development Division, in order to improve the training and productive. This was made possible by technological advances in the pilot schools that were linked to external specialists and teachers. In the early 80's a significant pa rt of the working population in private enterprise and public sector. The rest b elonged to the informal sector. The model of technical education / vocational tr aining sought to adapt to that context. SENA implemented technical and education al policy of continuing education, individual and modular, which facilitated the development of strategies such as setting up enterprises and distance education . Comprehensive training and innovation came in 1985 Peasant Participation Train ing (capacity), led to peasant leaders and indigenous agrarian reform beneficiar ies, in order to take part in agricultural development. A partnership with the A gricultural Society of Colombia (SAC) provides training in the country. The farm ers were trained in production techniques and projects that gave added value to their products in an increasingly globalized market. In the 90s the internationa lization of the economy increased business competition. Hence the need to issue Act 119 of 1994, in which the institution was restructured to provide comprehens ive training programs in all economic areas. The goal: increasing productivity a nd social and economic development. Achieving this required upgrade process, inf rastructure, pedagogical, technological and administrative authority to respond effectively to changes and demands of integrated training. With the reduction of the national budget resources allocated to science and technology in the past d ecade, there were some initiatives to ensure that SENA part of the budget was invested in improving the competitiveness and techno logical development of the Colombian productive sector. He comes from Article 34 4 of the 1996 Act which stipulates that the SENA allocate 20% of their income fo r this purpose. The institution became part of the innovation activities to prom ote the competitiveness of Colombian companies and established a strong relation ship with actors of the science and technology as technology development centers , universities and their research groups and business incubators based technolog y. In 1996, SENA and the Institute for the Development of Science and Technology (Colciencias), came together to promote technology research and scientific mode rnization. Later, in the 2003 Development Plan included an article€by which Colc iencias and the Seine, through special agreements of cooperation, promote and en courage applied research, technological development, public ownership of science , technology and innovation. The benefits are obvious. Increasingly, training ce nters of the institution is interested in participating in partnership projects with technology development centers and universities to nurture and develop tech nological innovation and regional development. Challenges of the Century The tur n of the century was characterized by a new organization of work with flexible p roduction. Companies need employees with multiple skills, innovative approaches to management and human resource training. In response, the SENA, the management was not without its critics at the time, prioritized enterprise, entrepreneursh

ip, technological innovation, the culture of quality, standardization, certifica tion of labor skills and public service employment. The institution is committed to strengthening a national system of training for work. In 1998 we used the vi deoconferencing service across the country. Four years later there were 31 point s, four others in Bogota and Medellin, Atlantic and other regions. In 2001, SENA signed commitments to the Framework Convention on Institutional Cooperation, Mi nistry of Agriculture for the revival of the field, employment generation and pr omotion, consolidation and strengthening of self-help organizations through the supply chain. Between 2001 and 2002 invested $ 33 billion in tele, training peop le with specific skills in information and communication technologies. Presents six major projects: open classrooms, mobile classrooms, new educational opportun ities, virtual community, video and website. Knowledge for all Colombians SENA is a public place with their own funding derived from contributions quasi e mployers, offering free education to millions of people who benefit from further training and titled and milestones for technology development companies in the country are highly productive and competitive in global markets. Find technical training of human resources; way to link people to the labor market, employed or underemployed, and conducts business development activities, community and tech nology. Regular supply technicians, technologists and skilled workers includes 5 22 programs and has 56 sectoral panels, made up of businessmen from various sect ors of production, along with experts from the institution designed programs. SE NA has adapted to changing demographic and technological trends to optimize its function. During these 50 years, SENA was consolidated as an entity of Vocationa l Training and extended its services to all municipalities in Colombia through s trategic alliances with mayors and governors. Currently, it reaches the 1099 mun icipalities, even the most remote, with a corporate communication network compri sing the Directorate General, 33 Regional Training Centers 115 and 45 mobile cla ssrooms with Internet access, which provides more than 15 000 computers connecte d. Strengthened its training scheme with a focus on job skills to suit the param eters established by other institutions of higher and technical education worldw ide. Through its programs Rural Youth and Youth in Action, encourages the use an d generation of wealth in the agricultural sector through the Undertaking Fund a nd the National Business Incubation, reinforces the National Government's strate gy to promote entrepreneurship and, through "Colombia Certifica", recognizes the experience and knowledge of Colombian worker. SENA is a pioneer in Latin Americ an cooperation. The Vocational Training Institute (Infop) in Honduras, the Techn ical Institute for Training and Productivity (INTECAP) of Guatemala, the Nationa l Institute for Educational Cooperation (INCE), Venezuela, the National Foundati on for Employment Training (Infocal) from Bolivia, National Institute of Technic al and Vocational Training (Infotep) Dominican Republic, the National Service Tr aining in Industry (Senati) of Peru and Ecuador Training Service (SECAP) in Ecua dor, receive counseling in person at the development of vocational training syst ems . Key alliances have allowed him to bring awareness to the country and devel op internships to train apprentices and instructors, universities and technical institutions and technology from countries like Mexico, Spain, France,€Germany, Australia, Latin America and the Caribbean. In tune with globalization and the digital era the slogan: "SENA: Knowledge for all Colombians," during the period 20022006, the entity was drawn as a goal the task of redesigned to catch up with globalization and renewed Sign in digital ag e. The intensive use of installed capacity, the decisive shift of investment to the processes of learning and human talent, which is the reason for the SENA, th e instructors dedicated to the learning process, the removal of unnecessary bure aucracy ; control the construction of new buildings and acquisition of industria l equipment unnecessary, are part of the strategies that have enabled the instit ution to celebrate, completely redesigned its first 50 years. The opening of nat ional and international partnerships and the provision of new learning environme nts, enabled him to improve quality, relevance and efficiency in fulfilling its mission in the different regions. August 2003 marked a milestone in the formatio

n of SENA. After that date, e-learning was implemented, with advantages such as high coverage, balanced territorial distribution, the possibility of closing the gap, as well as flexible and timely care e-learning business. In 2004, the prog ram is launched SENA 24 hours, which increases the coverage of training and use of training centers, between 9 pm and six o'clock. The restructuring of SENA, ad opted by Decree 249 of January 28, 2004, stated that instructors should spend 32 hours a week for training direct processes. This decision contrasts with the 26 hours per week per instructor, who came to govern since 1997. To strengthen the institutional presence in regions where required by the decree of restructuring also created seven new regional autonomous with its own budget in the departmen ts of Amazonas, Arauca, Guainía, Guaviare, Putumayo, Vaupes and Vichada. Similar ly, the creation of the Regional Cundinamarca, Bogotá independent. Virtual learn ing environments are one of the strategic pillars that allowed the SENA grow 263 % in the last four years, from various programs offer learning a total quota of 1,142,798 in 2002 to 4,148,809 quotas in 2006. Online training has benefited fro m specialization modules Colombian 772 635 1045 2 200 Colombian municipalities a nd other residents in 71 different countries. 2000 involved in this task tele-tr ainers, coordinating more than 400 learning modules in 14 occupational areas, ra nging from art, through science natural, social, educational and government services, finance and administration , health, sales and information technology, among others. For virtual training S ENA 16 000 computers available for apprentices; of the classrooms of schools and colleges that provide mayors in most municipalities and 637 community telecente rs Compartel Program, which provide free shipping up to a million of hours, in a system funded by the National Apprenticeship Service. Additionally, in the seco nd half of 2006 articulated the television and the Web, making the possibility o f studying from anywhere there is Internet access and TV. These are issued throu gh the Institutional Channel from Monday to Friday, 5:30 am 6:30 am, with repeti tion from 12 pm until 5:30 am. The desire for a young, working-class train his c ountry, became over the years into a model institution in Latin America and the world. So history could be summed SENA. Now, its 2007-2010 strategic plan, seeks to respond to the challenges facing Colombia, from the deepening of economic gl obalization, the need for a thorough transformation of the national productive i n terms of diversification, specialization and modernization, and the pursuit of social and economic development. In addition, universities have opened the door to the technicians and technologists to continue their string of training and r each their professional title, which is an additional incentive for our graduate s. SENA is up to date knowledge, technological development and innovation, but m aintains its momentum for change, in order to continue providing the essential t ool for a country to overcome poverty and become more competitive firms: Knowled ge for all Colombians.€Mission The National Apprenticeship Service (SENA) is res ponsible for fulfilling the task incumbent upon the state to invest in social an d technical development of Colombian workers, providing and running free Integra l Training for the incorporation and development of people in productive activit ies that contribute to social, economic and technological development. Vision SENA is a knowledge organization for all Colombians, constantly innovate in thei r strategies and learning methodologies, agreeing with the trends and technologi cal changes and the needs of business and workers, positively impacting producti vity, competitiveness, equity and development. Principles, values and institutio nal commitments to ethical conduct by the health service is based on the followi ng principles, values and commitments: Principles • • • • • First Life The dignity of human freedom with responsibility is the common good p revails over private interests Training for Life and Work Values

• • • • • • • Free thought and critical respect Solidarity Justice and Equity Leadership Creat ivity and Innovation Transparency Commitments • • • • • • • Consistency peaceful coexistence between thinking, saying and acting Discipline, dedication and loyalty promotion of entrepreneurship and entrepreneurism respon sibility to society and the environment Honesty Quality management Nature and Functions • • • The National Apprenticeship Service (SENA), created in 1957 as a result of the j oint initiative of organized labor, employers, and the International Labour Orga nization is a national public establishment with legal status, own assets, indep endent and self- administration under the Ministry of Social Protection of the R epublic of Colombia. SENA meets its role for the State to invest in social and t echnical development of Colombian workers, providing and implementing comprehens ive professional training for the inclusion of people in productive activities t hat contribute to the social, economic and technological country . In addition t o comprehensive training, provided through our training centers, we provide cont inuous training services related to human resource companies, information, guida nce and training for employment, business development support, technology servic es to the productive sector and support for innovation projects, technological d evelopment and competitiveness. Financing Entity SENA is funded from the quasi-fiscal contributions of employers, with agricultur e the same entity and with the contributions that makes the nation, this is a pu blic entity that provides education to millions of Colombians. Technoparque is a space that offers all entrepreneurs ary tools needed to develop technology based projects CLL 54 No 10-39 BOGOTA (TEL: (57 +1) 2496919) CLL (57 +4) 5760001) KRR 10 No 17-15 PEREIRA (TEL: (57 81-22 RIONEGRO SYMBOLS The coat of SENA (and flag) designed at the beginning of the creation of our ins titution, reflecting the three sectors economic within which lies the activities of the institution, namely the pinion, which represents the industry, the caduceus, linked to trade and services, and coffee, linked to the primary and extractive. The logo graphically depicts the synthesis of the approaches to training that we offer: permanent, in which the individual is responsible for their own learning process. Our hymn, composed for nearly two decades, celebrates the love of life , home and work. STRUCTURE National Steering Council Directorate of Vocational Training Directorate Nal sys in Colombia and the ancill SITES LOCATED IN COLOMBIA 57 No 57-70 MEDELLIN (TEL: +6) 335 887) CLL 41 B No





tem. training for work direction for the promotion and Corporate Relations Offic e of Internal Oversight Office internal disciplinary systems retest Office Secre tary General Office of Legal Address Address communications planning and address ing corporate management and labor employment management and financial managemen t