1 RIGHTS OF REPRODUCTION This work is free, may be copied, printed, published, posted, published and dist ributed freely

provided it is in full, free, without any modification, editing, revision or cuts, along with credit to the author. (This is a human-readable sum mary of the Legal Code in full) To see it click here www.tikuman.blogspot.com 2 TRANSLATION It is permissible to translate this book without any prior notice. However I wou ld be happy if you send a translated copy or web address where the translation. Tips - Fixes - Reviews I appreciate any suggestion with reference to this work and also criticism of an y kind. Finding a typo, semantics, syntax, or any other kind, I ask you to infor m me for review and creation of a new edition corrected. Contact Feel free to contact me by e-mail: SergioTikuman@gmail.com 3 Index Direct playback ....................... Page 2 Translation - Suggestions - Conta ct ......... Page 3 Foreword ........................................... Before You Begin page 5 ............................. Page 6 Theories and PowerPoint .. ...................... The Basics on page 7 a talk ............. On page 11 begi n production .................. Start the 19 page presentation ................. ....... Page 22 PowerPoint (finally) ................. Page 24 of Aesthetic Pres entation ................... Page 25 annotated No. ............................. .. Page 28 One of Two stupid ......................... Presentations page 29 BD DC ........................ Visit page 30 is a good short visit ................ ..... Page 33 Shyness, Fear Question ............... Page 35 notes ............. ................................. Page 41 4 PREFACE In this brief article I pompously call the "Lectures and PowerPoint - Techniques for public presentations and business meetings. - Edition Quick Consultation "y ou will find technical design, text formatting and images, notions of public spe aking, notions of logic, dialectic and a series of procedures that will produce a good presentation. Purpose of this article is not exhausted or even enumerate the various possible ways to use PowerPoint, the goal is to enable them to under stand the logic of using the program and how to use it effectively to make a pre sentation and lecture. And how can you have a good talk using some features of t he cognitive sciences, Gestalt, Philosophy, Dialectic and the old Common Sense. For details on how to use various features of PowerPoint see the video lessons a vailable at Blog Tikuman. Let's assume a hypothetical situation. Situation in wh ich you work in that particular company, its area is systems analysis, accountin g, secretarial, chemistry, etc., there is calm, caring for their life and sudden ly a moment that will have to make a presentation to the upper echelon or even t o his colleagues. It is customary to use PowerPoint and all you never had time t o learn anything about this, what do you do? If you have time now, learn to use the program, it will be useful in several ways. If you have opportunity, create

content, then hire a designer to produce a PowerPoint presentation, he will char ge out the nose and two front teeth, but if the professional is really good wort h much worth. With a decent PowerPoint presentation ready miss "only" part of th e display it publicly. Anyway, if you even have to do your powerpoint and presen t it this article will be of great use. 5 Before you start. This is just a fragment of the original text, the full contents of this article is divided, some parts are on there computer from home, computer work, on my lap top, and sites that host my emails. Someday everything together. This article, t utorial, this talk of cronies, the "finger of prose is written in attention to g roup members and powerpointsemanal Tikuman blog, you can visit the following lin k: http://www.tikuman.blogspot.com Since this article http://br.groups.yahoo.com /group/powerpointsemanal a conversation between friends, be indulgent and do not be offended for having glaring lapses in reference to the language learned, the rules for writing texts and required by ABNT no use of jargon and their own par adigms of the academic world. 6 Theories and PowerPoint So let's talk about the aid presentations using Microsoft PowerPoint. PowerPoint arouses hatred and passion. Some love it, others hate, I eat good miner, I am n ot for or against, quite the contrary ... is as ... understand? I do not think t hat one must love or hate a tool, its value depends on the competence of the cas ter. And when it comes to PowerPoint is no different. When I said I would write something about PowerPoint, some people sent me some articles suggesting that I follow the same line of reasoning, but most of them contained serious inconsiste ncies. The ideological bias is common in the types of articles that are "reviews " of using this program and were often based simply on ignorance of the subject. It is common to hear that PowerPoint is bad because it is a structure only "lin ear" presentation, ie you can only view the slides one by one, the first number and a mandatory after the slide number 2 and so successively. Obviously this is a gross mistake, you can view the slides in any order, first the number 8, after 1, 3, 23 ... etc, you only need to read, study, learn a little bit of the manua l use of the program and ready to "linear structure" magically becomes nonlinear . The discussion of PowerPoint walks (in the articles I read) to the side of cog nitive science and design of man-machine interface and most other theories, as i f the computer program were a living entity and has the power to influence your audience around. 7 Any student new to undergraduate who has read anything about cognition, for exam ple, Melvin Defleur, you know those old theories of strategy Psychodynamics: Can be a shock to some, but PowerPoint does not produce any persuasive message, those who produce is the human who operates the same thing to say that the penci l is responsible for writing ill children. The tool is not guilty of anything, o r the operator who uses or teaches 8 to use such a tool is that it produces benefits or problems. Some of the major c riticisms of the program PowerPoint show to be unfounded by simple motives, who complains does not seem to know the basics of public speaking, or elementary tec hniques for speaking in public. Take some criticism: PowerPoint strength "Save t ext." First, this has no foundation. You can put huge amounts of text in a Power Point slide, the limitation is only functional, resolution of the computer scree

n projector, screen, etc.. PowerPoint strength to a "sequential organization of the exhibition." The organization of the slides can be sequential or not enough to simply know how to use the program. And so is the style of criticism, all der ived from ignorance of how to use the program. There are things like "the appare nt inadequacy of verbal expression for PowerPoint and argument of ideas," but ho w can this be? PowerPoint is not a person, he does not discuss, much less argued , this task rests with the presenter of the lecture. I want to clarify that I'm not an advocate of PowerPoint or similar, quite the contrary, am totally against any education through image, used in regular education (primary or elementary, secondary and higher) is slides, films, tele-classes, tele-courses, video lesson s. The only concession is the use of films to teach mechanical procedures, such as the operation of any machine, software or other procedure merely repetitive. I am against the teaching through the image for several reasons, the most basic teaching is that the images using "stupefies" the person, the student also can n ot 9 develop abstract reasoning eventually atrophy him even more. However, it is know n that much of what a person learns is through the visual stimuli, or show a mov ie in one image helps people to get in mind what she is listening. Not mean that it seized, grasped the concept behind that image, that means it was built a men tal image and when that concept is required, such imagery is retrieved and displ ayed as if the concept itself. But this is a topic for another time. 10 The Basics You need to learn about a lecture. You are the most important part of the presentation of the lecture . Your laptop (notebook, laptop) is dispensable, PowerPoint is not "data show" is not necessary, all other elements are dispensable, es. So what really counts is what you importantly, "how you talk." or conference required, the are accessori talk and more

It is common to see that friend joke-teller, "tales," telling a story that we kn ow to be false opinion that speaks the truth, just as confident the way he speak s. Some theories say about this "Body language" body language, and actually it w orks. You need to get a posture that conveys confidence and security, because th en people will be listening to him give more attention to his words and will pro bably accept them. To do so the first thing to do is believe that you know will talk about what dominates the subject and is able to discuss with anyone. If you understand this and really knows the subject is just get to the presentation st and, braise the chest; Yes, even in daily life is your walk, for example, with t he back bent, during the presentation to change the attitude and look keep the c hest out and look a little above the horizon line. You need to make a conscious effort to do so, because it will appear that will be taking a very strange posit ion, for this look in a mirror or film or photograph your posture while doing yo ur workouts, whether 11 where it will be a presentation or even inside your room. Keep in mind that even with these changes you must "be yourself", some people create a character that incorporate during the presentation, the person changes the way you talk, walk, look. Try to be as natural as possible. Know what you are doing and why you're d oing. Understand the details of a public performance, for example, it is appropr iate to move from side to side of the auditorium, but at the same time avoid res emble a pendulum. Know that in the old plantation, the Colonels politicians clim bed on a mound and had to shout loudly that everyone around could hear them. Tod ay this kind of speech by shouting, some still insist, has no meaning, we have s ound equipment and microphones, then look for public speaking as if you were tal king to the person individually. This type of speech by shouting is only valid w

hen directed to a suffering people, needy, a crowd fickle and emotionally unstab le, not a cold and cerebral group CEO (Acronym for "Chief Executive Officers' Ex ecutive Chairman, Chief Executive Officer) of your company. Now that you know th en the most basic and already has a confident posture, chest out, look at the ho rizon, there is still the mindset. Is it still necessary to maintain a mindset s imilar to body posture, this means, as they say in the army, maintaining high mo rale, keep in mind the concepts of capacity and competence that can be expressed in sentences, which you repeat mentally: "I I'm more, "" I'll go in there and m unch, "" I know the subject, I prepared myself, and I'm heavy bar stifle general " 12 But then you might be thinking: - Okay, it's all very well, very beautiful, but the case is that I have not mastered the subject that I speak, my manager got th is presentation at the last minute, I do not have enough time to know and study the subject. I reply: - Stay cool little grasshopper. Give it a way. First, it i s really imperative that you master the subject on which he will talk to be give n a lecture with useful content. However there is a difference between speeches useful and what the public considers a "good talk". Can someone master a subject and give a bad speech and most interestingly, one does not know anything and to please the audience immensely. So let's consider what you're blown away with th e term, can not study and know the subject on which he will speak, how? Simple, follow the same procedure used when you master the subject. Remember that if som eone goes to a presentation, lecture, conference is because he wants to learn ab out it, that is, HE DOES NOT KNOW, DO NOT KNOW the subject, so you are in a posi tion of superiority, because people in the audience YOU is trained on the subjec t. Keep the chest of a lion (stuffed) and remember the song "Quiet Heart" by Wal ter Franco: "Everything is a matter of keeping / quiet the mind / a straight spi ne / heart and calm" and finish with "I'm more I'll drown and general. " In my e xperience in presentations, conferences and talks I can say the following: 33.3% of people who will assist you want to agree with you, other 33.3% are indiffere nt, there are stressed or have nothing better to do and just want all 13 finish as quickly as possible, and the other 33.3% are there to create problems of all kinds for the presenter, are those people who were forced to watch (offic ials "invited" to attend, students, etc.) and are suffering as they want divide the drama and make other people suffer together, pass this torture united or sim ply like to show their "culture and wisdom" of disagreeing with everything and e veryone. Your job as a presenter - dominate the theme or not - is to snatch the hearts and minds of the 33.3% undecided. The 33.3% of people against you, what y ou say, unlikely to be achieved. If you do a job well done winning the undecided you will have the most favorable and these silenciarão the Opposites. With a ma jority in its favor, the contrary will be forced to resign and not create proble ms during or after the presentation, but in their hearts continue to disagree wi th you and when you leave the auditorium, conference table, the place where the lecture was held continue to speak ill of you and your presentation. Conform wit h it, to modify the views of this group 33.3% of insensitive that you do not und erstand, you need a more detailed and more specific techniques to deal with the issue. Look again at Figure 1: 14 Persuasive message - change or triggers the cognitive factor Cognitive Factor Mo dels amended or triggers the overt behavior. It is here that enters the practica l application of theory in order to conquer and control the conduct of the 33.3% of people who are opposed to what you say. Now look at a practical example, loo k at Figure 2.

You probably saw the image as a large "X" or two intersecting lines, then formin g an x. But according to the theory is possible through education, or persuasive message, change and condition the way people see the world.It 'can change the m eaning and value that is given to a news story, image, event, lecture, simply "e ducate" the audience or receiver of the message. Let the practical example then. Look at figure 2 again, you'll probably see a big 'X'. Now follow the persuasiv e message or education needed to change their way of seeing the world change the way you see the image. 15 Between 1920 and 1940 a group of German psychologists developed an interesting t heory, Gestalt theory, translated into Portuguese gestalt pattern means, so we d eveloped the theory of the Standards. This theory suggests that human vision has the ability to see patterns in everything he sees. So when we look at an image, our mind makes the extraction of patterns that image and force the establishmen t or creation of any meaning to what is seen. The Gestalt theory has several rul es, the rules of symmetry, geometric shapes, proximity, similarity, continuity, etc.. At the time these theories seemed too fantastic and spectacular, just that today with the advancement of technology and research in the field of human vis ion is eventually to be proven that the "gestalt" were right. In Figure 2, the t heory of Gestalt and its rule of Continuity say that our perception tends to giv e continuity to the two lines intersect, one can see that even when there is an interruption (the lines are crossed) our perception of force a vision in which t he lines start and continue their careers come to an end. - Well, you've been pr operly educated in basic principles of Gestalt theory. Let us now turn to the pe rsuasive message: 16 Look again at Figure 2. If you pay attention you will not see a big "X" and yes, in fact, two letters "V " lying horizontally united by vertices. (> <) Now you've probably see beyond x "two V" in the image, but the perception that forces the first and see how domin ant X. This is because of our perception of the ability to prioritize capturing a sense of continuity. But now it is not important, what matters is that I wante d to demonstrate in a practical way, as you through the speech, you can change t he way people see the world, how they view the "reality". So understand that in a presentation the most important of all is you, what you say and especially "as you say." There are various techniques for presentation in public, you have to know them, training them to improve them and inevitably sometimes this will be i n contact with the public. 17 It is best, however, that before that train, practice, (as if staging a play) in a place that you feel confident and does not offer risks. 18 When starting the presentation. Never apologize. If, for example, being late. If you've made the rudeness of bei ng late, not delayed further with excuses and justifications Bestinha. Apologizi ng you are not being educated or polite, or is being boring and presumptuous. Pe rsonally I find unacceptable any delay and where possible come with a minimum of 1 hour prior to any meeting or lecture. And depending on the importance and pos sibility is always one person who can replace me if I can not attend because of some unexpected problem. The number one and number two "travel in different plan es" to avoid a simultaneous double disaster. Be polite and educated people will

be with you. Respect the public and will be respected. Things are simple. So, be ing in the place of presentation, begin soon have to do, arranging projectors, m icrophone, paper etc, shows disorganization, incompetence, lack of respect (is d oing things last minute), mental confusion and insecurity. Would you like to was te some time of your life or pay to hear what a person has to say disorganized, confusing, disrespectful, insecure and incompetent? Let everything ready beforeh and. The Yankees have a habit of getting some lecture saying, "I am John Doe and I will talk about it ... This habit has spread and is widely used, I suggest th e following, get someone to say who you are, what their credentials, and finally introduce you to the audience, done that you enter all Goldfish and pompous and "explodes the mouth of the balloon" . His psychologist may have already told th at the most important word for you the world is his name. May have 19 told that the most important is you, but believe me, he say that to everybody, s o nobody in the audience is interested in hearing from you what YOUR name and wh o you are. Arrange another person to do this work. If people in an auditorium no t know who the speaker is a bad sign, brace yourself. If this event there is nob ody to make the presentation of the speakers is an alarm bell ringing in full fo rce. If there is one person to simply say: "- And now the speaker with you So an d so", imagine what will be the care for the sound, lights, security ... God hel p us. Naturally, if a meeting of Parents and Teachers, Condominium, meeting in a nother department of your company, informal meetings, then the picture changes a nd it becomes even be a matter of education introduce yourself instead of coming and going directly speaking of theme. Any other excuses, even if they have grou nds (to you) should be dropped. If you did not have enough time to prepare a pre sentation for missing data or information that are not yet available, if the wor ld is evil and mistreat you, believe me, nobody wants to know, are there to list en, or not required to talk on a subject specific and not to hear whining and ex cuses. My theory for these situations is the following, when I am forced, forced , tortured to go to the supermarket with my wife, if she wants me orders ready a t 8 o'clock, at 7 I'm ready, ready and alert. The rationale is as follows, the e arlier you start the martyrdom, the sooner it will end. I believe the public in a speech following this logic, at least most of it, and if you follow as well, e veryone wins. So let the excuses aside and view a job in the best possible way f or 20 so the public is partly offset by faults which you want to apologize. Put anothe r way, instead of offering excuses in empty words, offer apologies ministering a n excellent talk. 21 Start (finally) the presentation. Greet the public. Personally I suggest you make a greeting and not a question. Okay? - How are You? - These are not compliments, are questions, just ask if yo u really want to hear a response and watch it. This is a matter of respect. - Go od morning! - Good Morning! - This may be what you want to others, something tha t supposedly waiting to happen. Innovate, be creative, get a really polite and g enuine way of greeting people, it is necessary to limit its effect to one or two words can be a sentence. Set the rules as will be the lecture. Explain that you r presentation will last for many minutes (and fulfill the promise) and question s can be noted and should be made at the end. Explain that the questions that ar ise can be clarified during the presentation, which will appear more elements to clarify possible questions and if they persist will open a space at the end to answer them. Opening the possibility to ask questions during the controversies t hat may arise explanation can remove him from the objective of the subject, and allow people who want to sabotage your presentation can do so easily. If during the presentation someone still insisting on having questions, answer the questio

n politely 22 (If a short answer and that does not cause controversy), and also politely but f irmly (or more harsh as needed), reinforces once again that questions should be asked at the end. Distribute any material (pamphlets, photos, reports) at the en d of the presentation. Keep reading and commenting on an audience with the neigh bor your notes and summaries, people distributing materials during your presenta tion and your presentation will have a tragic fate. In a business meeting or whe n essential support material, distribute it before the presentation and set stan dards on how it is used, you naturally will not say that standards are, but say they "wish" that the material for a better use of lecture should be used in such manner. So pass your instructions for use of the material distributed. 23 PowerPoint The most important items: (Finally) 1 - Learn to use the program. 2 - Learn to use the program. 3 - learn to use the program. 4 - "heaven's sake, learn to use the program. If there is nobody who w ill handle the computer for you, do not put shame, practice the basics before yo u will need to use the program during the presentation. After training and test everything, repeat the operation again. Remember, you will have many other thing s to worry about during his presentation, handling of equipment is a problem unl ess you have to learn to use them in advance. Often the presentation is flowing well, but for a blunder whole pace of the lecture and broken. If your paranoia m ode is on, confirm that the person responsible for handling the equipment even k now to use it, combine it will be like in advance with your presentation. It's l ike saying my wise old grandfather, The (man) Better safe than sorry and Warner is alive today. Try your PowerPoint presentation. Finished preparing all the sli des, now test your file has finished. If using your own computer to test the pre sentation in it, whether to send or take the file in a "stick" for use on other computers, 24 see which version of PowerPoint (1997, 2000, XP, 2003, 2007) is used, make sure that it will be compatible and run your presentation on your computer that will be used. Often the file, a presentation, "open" in different computer than you u sed to create it, but over a few slides you will see misaligned text, images or graphics that are gone and most other inconsistencies. Remember also that there are other programs similar to Microsoft PowerPoint, there is a "powerpoint" pack age BrOffice office and several other distributions (IBM, Linux, etc.) make sure the program you will use is compatible with the file you created. Appearance (d esign, aesthetics) Presentation. I wrote an extensive text about it but figured it looked like a CBT on the discipline of aesthetics, some philosophers say that beauty is symmetry, but others have disputed this, Plotinus (in my view) one of the splendors of the ancient world disagrees with the concept symmetry as funda mentally necessary beauty. And in Eneiades in the treatise on beauty, we can inf er that the classical beauty made of symmetry and so far, is not the measure of beauty as there are moral beauty, intellectual beauty, beauty that can not be me asured. The hybrid entity is beautiful, and beauty comes as a result of an imbal ance. Kant (in my view, the glory of modern philosophy) says about the Beautiful , "is that which pleases universally without regard to any concept." And so have the vision of Plato, Aristotle and many more, but to me the prevailing theory o f my wise old grandfather - is as ... understand? Varies, depends.

25 The gist of his presentation will depend on course for what kind of audience wil l be targeted. A rule that you can use it: The less the better. The less thing y ou have to slide better. Create your slide, you may be crammed with stickers, co lored text, graphics, when it's ready, after all his big work, it's time to see what you will pull away. See what can not be deleted will be missed. Let go, the re are people who see his presentation as a child, a son and have no defect, is not the case with their sweaty work, create your artwork, inevitably there will be things that will be left, cut mercilessly. Use images that are different from those common present together with the PowerPoint program. Search for "template s", templates used in large corporations, these people have anthropologists, psy chologists and a legion of people intended only to choose colors, shapes and tex t to use in their institutional reports. Use common sense and see what you can t ake to inspire. Innovate, but be careful, sound effects and animations only if s trictly necessary, you will not want things vying for the attention of the audie nce with you. Remember: who is to appear in a presentation is content, if any ma ybe even the speaker, but essentially what has to be etched in the minds of the assistants is the message you want to convey, transition effects, sound effects, filminhos, animated gifs, they are supporting, and if the adjuvant is remembere d is because the leading man is weak, flawed and was not the "main" does not ful fill its mission. The message being conveyed is the leading actor in a presentat ion, not to overshadow the supporting cast. 26 I understand that there are cases where the audience judges the submission by th e amount of graphics, animations and effects contained therein. There were situa tions where I did presentations for this kind of audience before beginning the l ecture, the computer has performed a presentation displayed in the "data show." I arrived, did some effects zapt-zum, tchananam, tininin a thousand fancy effect s, I demonstrated that I knew to use the program and view my portfolio e. .. hun g everything. And only then really started my lecture (I was young and impetuous ). Creating this kind of shock, is also a form (technique) to attract public att ention at the beginning of the presentation. Use sparingly. In conclusion then, the aesthetics of your presentation depends on thousands of factors, a format th at anyone could consider "tacky", ugly, may be appropriate for the target audien ce. A design refined, polite, sober, may be considered unsightly. Will depend on who is the object of the presentation, meet the tastes of your audience and cre ate the graphical environment relevant to each case. 27 Fingerprinting No. It is common, especially in seminars, workshops and the like, watching the prese ntations that are actually reading the rough of a "fingerprinting" done wrong an d sows. The fingerprinting of this was usually done once in "tokens" of paper. T he "Induviduo" go read a book and making a summary of the points considered as t he main. Today the practice persists mainly in academia, only instead of chips, if using PowerPoint. This creates the AA, Presentations aberrations, where someo ne makes a last minute fingerprinting, takes it to a lecture, sits down and begi ns to read the "resumão" that made it to the public. Sometimes the presenter him self shows up to surprise with what is written. So do not be a cattle farmer fro m AA. Be a person who respects people and prepare a decent presentation. 28 One of the two is dumb. When in a presentation the speaker turns his back to the audience and begins to

read your slide projected on the screen, there is someone stupid, or the present er or the audience to be subjected to that. If something is written on the slide is justified only read by the speaker if the audience is illiterate, but so wou ld be stupid presenter display text for the illiterate. The audience will hear a lecture to the speaker, just get to read a book or lecture material. So do not write books on their slides, be concise, brief, write only the core of the ideas you want to convey, you talking about and images of the slides interspersed wit h his words help to fix your message. Talking with you while showing a new slide , it creates a split of the attention of the audience, trading at kids, it's tir ing and fatigue produces confusion and rejection of the public. What do you say and what is displayed on the slides have to work so that one complements the oth er. There must be a team game between his voice, his expression and body slides, and not a game where the slide crammed with text and images you load on your ba ck. This is what happens when someone who is not properly prepared an exhibition gets to read all the time what is written on the slides. Only PowerPoint appear s, works and loads the "induviduo" on the back and still takes the blame and bad reputation for being in presentations. 29 Presentations BD DC Master the subject on which he will speak. Learn something about how to walk, ho w to move her hands, and voice intonation. Try to avoid sitting reading the slid es in complete boredom. - Nobody deserves! As I told Jú. There are several techn iques for a good presentation, if you do not know, or do not have a good command of them, do not take risks, do the basics: follow a linear structure with a beg inning, middle and end. Establish a line of reasoning for what is going to talk, which will present the slides and follow the same consistency in the use of col ors, shapes, images and other elements that will use the slides. Follow a Standa rd, (remember the Gestalt) the human mind likes standards, standardize the way t hat will speak and display and make sure that there is a link between them. In t he slides to make a clean design, use funds with colors that facilitate the read ing and viewing the data exposed. Use preferably only one font format for text,  even if he is delighted that he discovered a new source, use traditional sources , preferably sans serif. Learn what the best size for the font, remember that se eing the presentation on your computer with the eyes 70 cm away can be that ever ything is fine, but to get an audience and be projected on a screen "trocentos" inches, your presentation may be unreadable, a misshapen monster. Prevent, test your presentation in conditions that simulate the real environment. 30 When viewing a slide and is starting to talk call the audience's attention to hi mself by making the PowerPoint screen totally black or white. To do this press t he letter E on the keyboard, the whole screen will go black, pressing the C key the entire screen will become white, to resume the presentation where you left o ff simply press any key again. If you want to highlight something contained in t he slide you can literally underline or write in what is being displayed, simply click your right mouse button on the slide and choose "Pointer Options" then se lect a pen or a highlighter, so you can highlight any element the slide. By chan ging the slide will be asked if you want to save the changes you made. During th e presentation usually the order of slides is linear, because common sense sugge sts that they follow and be support for what you say during the lecture. But ult imately, when questions arise this linearity no longer meets the order of questi ons and answers and then you will need to wisely navigate through seas before na vigated only by those who study the program manual. Suppose that a question aris es and you need to go back to slide number one and when you're showing your last slide, for example, the number 20. There are a few ways to do this is simply a smart for two seconds while pressing the buttons left and right mouse button. Co ol - you think - but I want to see it jump, for example, the slide 12 to 45 of 4

5 for 7823, from 8 to 2 huh, huh? Simple - I reply - enter the slide number and press the Enter key, ready, will move between slides in the desired order. Yeah, but how will I know the number of each slide? - You may be thinking 31 Simple, have another computer with the presentation open so you can view the sli de and its number. Difficult? After your computer does not grow on trees? Okay, print a thumbnail of your presentation in PowerPoint program menu in the Print d ialog box, you can choose several ways to print the slides numbered and so make your life easier. 32 Good visit is short visit. This was the saying of old grumpy from above Paranaiba in Minas Gerais, for Powe rPoint but worth it, PowerPoint is good PowerPoint brief. Reduce the maximum num ber of slides, however that is charmed and fascinated with all the material prep ared with the figures and animations that so hard researched the Internet apart overnight, it was time for "delivery" it's time to go and share the slideshow re ally necessary and productive. Reduce the maximum amount that can slide. Taking the cue, presentation, good speech is short talk. I suggest a talk with a maximu m of 30 minutes of exposure, the total time can be extended from 30 minutes of e xposure itself even more time spent to answer questions. Included the presentati on and answered questions one can have a talk by one or two hours. What happens is that after 30 minutes with forced attention on a single subject (you mean) th e brain gets tired and starts to drift giving rise to parallel talks and rumbles . Remember the contrary, 33.3% of people who want to undermine your presentation , these are great moments of fatigue so that they convince the undecided to jump to their side and start to hate the show. Do not provide ammunition to the enem y. Brainwashing techniques is that they use the extremely long exposure to persu asive messages, this is overcome by the fatigue. 33 Speaking little, but consistently interesting and the end will come several ques tions that will help complement the subject. And that interact with the public w ill produce different modulations in his voice, his posture, his way of walking, and all this will help alleviate the strain upon the brain of the assistants wa s submitted. If you are afraid to speak little and in the end no questions and s o his presentation lasts 10, 20 minutes, so be it. See, if there was no question may be why nobody is interested in the subject, or worse, the presentation was not interesting. So do not extend a presentation zombie. Speak little, but speak well. 34 Shyness, fear of Questions and tachycardia. There are hundreds of techniques to deal with shyness, find them and study them, but I advance that dominates a subject who has no shyness or fear of public spe aking. I remember Ze Pedro, an old aloof, shy, Orange Lee's farm on one occasion a gang of the course of Veterinary appeared there to do some studies with anima ls from the farm, was a legion of teachers, doctors and people phd in with "istá ites. They spoke with Ze and you could barely hear his answer to such a low voic e was issued. The thing flowed well all day, until they started trying to pull a shoe a horse. Ze on one side, it looked quiet, the horse struggling to escape t he hands of those unknown and without skill, flying doctor to all sides due to k ick until Ze could not contain himself, puffed out his chest and went between th e class and said: - His scholarly're doing wrong. So it will hurt the animal. You must use the pliers to get the smallest nails, to put the other holds the pa w of the animal as well .... And what happened is that Ze Pedro talked and talke

d for 40 minutes, I noticed his voice strong, trust in words and body language. After all he was talking about a subject that completely dominated the daily wor k with farm animals. The usual shyness disappeared and appeared Zé Pedro a docto r in the chair of dealing with animals. When we know a subject well the fear and shyness to talk about it in public tend to diminish and even disappear. 35 For that dominates the subject on which he will discuss, search and search opini ons contrary to yours, to your project, list them and get arguments to refute th em. This mode of proceeding will give you several benefits, two of them: You bet ter know it and will not only learn a single point of view, one author talking a bout. Another big advantage is that the grenade will play 33.3% of Opposites. Ho w to do this? Arriving near the end of your presentation says something like: Some people ill-informed (not to mention fight stupids, stupid) might object tha t ... Then enumerate the objections to your project, your theme and then immedia tely destroy them all with his brilliant arguments. It is logical that need to u se persuasive arguments. Proceeding in advance so you disarm the 33.3% of Opposi tes. Usually some people will attend a presentation and not pay any attention to what is spoken. The creature spends all her time mulling a bombshell question t hat you want to strike at the end of the presentation or when a small opportunit y arise. So for that person who has triggered a question for you is a shock when you put the same question, or better yet, several questions, several objections to the project, developing the theme and states that these questions or doubts arising as a result of a ignorance, only a superficial knowledge of the subject. And so you then arises as insider of the issue and is there to bring light, tru th and wisdom to those poor little children. You probably feel like fall into br oad laughs and pointing the finger at the 33.3% of Opposites at the end of their spectacular presentation. 36 But it contains is, the battle never ends, and remember that the light and subtl e smile of Socrates is a thousand times more savage than the thunderous laughter of Aristophanes. The apparent humility is extremely annoying, people know insti nctively that the seeker looks and humility and modesty is far from it. Just to annoy people just look humble opinion, some unsuspecting people believe you, but most know (instinctively even) of their premeditated action intended, indeed, a nnoying. You could be justified on this way of proceeding to the end of his pres entation at the meeting with the coyotes that want to devour you, the poem Intim ate Verses Augusto dos Anjos: "... Man, that in this miserable world, Mora among beasts, feels the need to also be unavoidable beast ... "Clearly, however, that this kind of attitude is by people who live in a world of consumerism, and with out long-term vision. Doing so on a daily basis people eventually require therap y and tranquilizers. For a very simple reason, WE ARE NOT BEASTS, and are not ad apted to live in constant confrontation, the body panics, in sheer exhaustion, f ailure ee collapses. Tolstoy said: "There are those who pass through the woods a nd only see the wood for the fire" decidedly audience looking for you during you r presentation is not only wood, even among those cruel 33.3% of Opposites. Thin gs in life are circumstantial change with frequency and what looks bad today may actually be one thing we can take great lessons. The lesson for successful publ ic speaking, control the uncontrollable tachycardia when the pulpit is to know t hat 37 "Courage is the art of being afraid without anyone noticing." In a battle the wo rst kind of soldier is a soldier without fear and without fear to make you think before you act he endangers his life and the lives of his colleagues. The brave or that orator who speaks with ease and facility makes a wise thing, they dosin g and control your fear. Fear is there prowling and growling like a wild animal, but it is safe, held by a leash around his neck. If fear want to grow, just str angled with a collar and he quiets down and you show for yourself who is boss. D

ome his fear. Face the beast and win it. Now back again to the question of desig n and enumerate the objections to the subject you're discussing, note well, you proceed with this is how the throw grenades around you know what action to disar m them. For example, consider that listed possible objections to a project which presents its directors and other employees of a particular company: - this way (you talking all dapper) the fact of having reduced the number of units produced is not a problem, because the value of product was increased by 6% and as there was a reduction in spending with the raw material (produce fewer units), the fi nal profit was considerable. You did the nominee, has researched a possible obje ction and rejected it. But make sure that last a possible reprisal by the emerge nce of new objections, suppose that when finished exposing the previously mentio ned point someone said: - But how do you explain the fact that with the apprecia tion of the real and the falling dollar value of raw material that is imported w as very high and thus the profits actually tend to diminish? 38 Yes .. life is hard, always has some spoils pleasure to watch, so let's explore, let's see what philosophy has to teach us about this problem. A great philosoph er, George, George William Frederick, which the Germans call Georg Wilhelm Fried rich Hegel, we will abbreviate and call him George or Hegel then he wrote some r eally nice things, Well, the mighty Hegel already in spoke of the Dialectic, tha t using the part that concerns us here can be understood as a situation where he developed a thesis and a thesis and antithesis or opposite of the confrontation of these two extracts a Synthesis. Yes, you work with when looking for an objec tion dialectic (thesis) when you are talking about and then immediately submit a rebuttal (Antithesis), and finally presents the confrontation of two directors to its customers to assess your project, your proposal, the final formulation of its reasoning, you present the overview. But studying a little more what Hegel speaks, we see that this struggle between thesis and antithesis arises Synthesis , which starts to become a new thesis which may be placed a new antithesis and s o on. Thus be prepared to counter new questions if the Summary that you propose is wea k or 39 someone is wanting to know more or even create problems for you. Study at least two or three levels of confrontation between thesis and antithesis. Studying and playing Chess is great for developing this type of reasoning. Proceed with this chances are you "break the mouth of the balloon," display a great presentation. Following these procedures you will have a presentation BD DC - Good too often. Of course there is still a lot of details, not just these items, you need even more care and content for a presentation really BD DC. But it is a start. 40 Notes Augusto's Angels: Augusto Rodrigues de Carvalho dos Anjos (Cruz do Espirito Santo, Paraiba, April 20, 1884 - Leopoldina, Minas Gerais, Nov ember 12, 1914) He was a poet of Paraiba, often identified as a symbolist or Parnassian, but man y critics as the poet Gullar, agree to place it as premodern. It is known as one of the strangest poets of his time, and even today his work is admired (and hat ed) by both laymen and by literary critics. Augusto dos Anjos was born on the pl antation Pau d'Arco, the city of Cruz do Espirito Santo (Paraiba). He was educat

ed first letters by his father and studied at the Lycée Paraíba, where he is pro fessor in 1908. Early Brazilian poet, wrote the first verses to 7 years old. In 1903, he entered law school at the Law School of Recife, 1907.Em graduating in 1 910, married Esther Affiliated. According Gullar came into contact with literatu re that would shape their world view, expressed in his poetry. With the works of Herbert Spencer, he learned of the impossibility of knowing the essence of thin gs and understood the evolution of nature and humanity. Ernst Haeckel, he absorb ed the concept of monera as a principle of life, and that death and life are a p ure chemical fact, but that also did not dispute the essence espiritualistica to counterattack by mainly the idealistic materialists who rose in his time. Arthu r Schopenhauer inspired to realize that the annihilation of the will to live is the only way for humans. This philosophy, outside 41 the European context in which it arose, to Augusto dos Anjos, was a demonstratio n of the reality he saw around him, with the crisis of a mode of pre-capitalist production, bankrupt owners and former slaves in misery. The world would be repr esented by him, then as full of tragedy, with each being experiencing it from bi rth and death. He dedicated himself to teaching, moving to Rio de Janeiro, where he has taught at several schools. He died on October 30, 1914, at 4 o'clock in the morning to 29 years in Leopoldina, Minas Gerais, where he was director of a school group. The cause of death was pneumonia. During his lifetime he published several poems in newspapers, the first Saudade, in 1900. In 1912, he published his only book of poems, I. After his death, his friend Orris Smith organized an edition called Me and Other Poems, including hitherto unpublished poems by the a uthor. (From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.) See more at Wikipedia: http://pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Augusto_dos_Anjos Aristophanes: Aristophanes, in ancient Greek Ἀριστοφάνης, (c. 447 BC - c. 385 BC) wa a G eek playw g . I c de ed e g ea e ep e e a ve Old C medy. B A e a d al ug l e l le k w , w k ca be deduced a e a d a e educa . I a d a e ad w , w al ll wed a e ' ca ee . 42 W k w e ve y play , w c al l y va a d c al p e em. H e e de e d e pa ue , c v c v ue a d c al l da y. mp y, e decep , m ma ageme a d I a ge a e lue al gu e : p l , y u g ld, c p . Sca g all e mp a p c e day - e pa a, e me d educa , p l p c e y, e eme ge ce e m ddle cla (F m W k ped a, e ee e cycl ped a.) See m e a W k ped a: ABNT - Ac ym Tec cal S a da d B az l a CEO: A c a

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orces that men do not realize, but which are used to explain the movement of phy sical bodies. His interest in science also led him to propose in 1755 that the s olar system was created out of a gas cloud in which objects condensed due to gra vity. This hypothesis is widely recognized as the first modern theory of solar s ystem formation and is the forerunner of the current theories of star formation. (From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.) See more at Wikipedia: http://pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Immanuel_Kant 46 Melvin Defleur Melvin Defleur Lawrence (born April 27, 1923 in Portland, Oregon) is professor a nd scholar in the field of communications. His initial field of study was social sciences. He received his Ph.D. in social psychology from the University of Was hington in 1954. His thesis: Experimental Studies of Stimulus Response Relations hips in Leaflet Communication, drew from sociology, psychology, and communicatio n, to study how information diffused through American communities. (From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.) See more at Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Melvin_Defleur PowerPoint: Microsoft PowerPoint is a program used for editing and display of graphical pres entations on the Windows operating system. To create graphic presentations, prov ides word processing, outline, automatic layouts, models, drawings, assistants, graphics and various types of tools to express ideas in the presentations. Curre ntly the field of PowerPoint tool became essential, since a large number of pres entations on courses, schools, colleges and meetings using projectors to better illustrate the ideas presented by the speaker. Fortunately, its use is relativel y simple. (From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.) See more at Wikipedia: http://pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Microsoft_PowerPoint PowerPo int is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation. 47

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November 1910) was an influential Russian literature and politics of his country . Together with Fyodor Dostoevsky, Tolstoy was one of the great Russian literatu re of the nineteenth century. His most famous works are War and Peace and Anna K arenina. Member of the nobility between 1852 and 1856 held three autobiographica l works: childhood, adolescence and youth. Tolstoy served in the army during the wars of the Caucasus and during the Crimean War as a lieutenant. This experienc e would turn him into a pacifist. Associated with the current realistic, tried t o faithfully reflect the society they lived. Victim of pneumonia, died miserably in the iron, in 1910. In his later years after several spiritual crises has bec ome a deeply religious person, criticizing ecclesiastical institutions in the Re surrection, which led to his excommunication. Tolstoy tried to relinquish their property for the poor, but his family stopped him. He and his thoughts of Christ ian anarchism were a major influence on Mahatma Gandhi, who exchanged letters wi th him until his death in 1910. (From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.) See more at Wikipedia: http://pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liev_Tolstói Walter Franco: Walter Franco is a singer and composer from São Paulo, born January 6, 1945. 49 He did not participate in any cultural movement, music, like bossa nova and Trop icalia, but was always in the forefront at various times. Walter Franco was alre ady part of the vanguard of São Paulo, even before the phrase be coined for the generation of Arrigo Barnabé and Itamar Assumpção. He worked with arranger Roger io Duprat, and as Julio Medaglia, and was Head lyrics translated into English by Augusto de Campos. Despite not having the widespread name in the mainstream med ia, the composer has at least three fairly well-known songs: the very "Head", "w ill be done of the people" and "Sailing open", the latter being performed in spa rsely radio programs flash-back of MPB. (From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.) See more at Wikipedia: http://pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Walter_Franco Ze Pedro: Ze Pedro has no entry in wikipedia, does not like to take the picture, not sure of his age nor place of birth, says: "I do not remembereth Established rights" s o I do not know these details. If there lived in Greece around 435 BC would be a bud of Aristippus of Cyrene, lead a very good prose, as his deep wisdom for Eth ics and Living Well. 50 Tikuman - We Are Human Beings! Thickuns, ticuman tikuman is one word or language Borun, trunk Macro-Ge, a langu age spoken by the "Indians" who now inhabit Krenak Minas Gerais, also called by the Portuguese Borun, Aymoré by Tupi and being the self-Kren. Ticuman means "We are human beings" Visit the blog Tikuman. http://tikuman.blogspot.com 51