1 Paper - What is it and how Prof.

Sergio Enrique Faria 1 - Concept Paper The paper, position paper or personal position is a short scientific paper about a predetermined topic. Its preparation consists in the discussion and dissemina tion of ideas, facts, situations, methods, techniques, processes and results of scientific research (bibliographic, documentary, experimental or field), related to matters pertinent to a study area. In drawing up a paper, the author will de velop analysis and argumentation, with objectivity and clarity, and may also con sider expert opinion. for its small size and content, the paper differs from sci entific works and monographs, dissertations or theses. The paper should be writt en in strict compliance with the rules of cultural norms, objectivity, accuracy and consistency. should be avoided slang, colloquialisms and contain value judgm ents or adjectives unnecessary. You also need to avoid repetitive or unnecessary explanations, while it should take care that the text is not compact too much, which may impair your understanding. The definition of the title must match, as appropriate, content developed. 2 - Purpose of paper In general, the paper is produced to disseminate results of scientific research. However, this type of work can also be prepared for the following purposes: To discuss aspects of issues still poorly studied or not studied (innovative); 2 In depth discussions on subjects already studied and which require the achieveme nt of new results, study classical themes in contemporary approaches; depth or t o continue the analysis of survey results from new approaches or perspectives; R edeem or disprove controversial results or errors that characterized processes o f research, seeking a satisfactory resolution or explanation to the controversy generated. Beyond these objectives, the paper may discuss concepts, ideas, theor ies or hypotheses in order to discuss them or detail features. By producing the article, the student starts an approximation concepts and scientific language th at will need to develop at the time of preparation of the work of completion. Th e compilation of articles also stimulates analysis and critique of theoretical c oncepts and ideas from different authors, contributing to the student learns to synthesize concepts, make comparisons, formulate criticisms about a particular s ubject in light of theoretical or empirical evidence already systematized. 3 - P reparation of paper For the contents of the paper is well motivated and worked suggest that it has b etween 10 and 15 pages. As the paper should always be scientifically substantiat ed, we must use at least three authors in the research. Before you start writing the article, it is necessary that the author first meets the necessary informat ion and knowledge through books, magazines, articles and other documents of scie ntific value. Then, one must organize a skeleton or basic roadmap of ideas, star ting with the general presentation of the subject and purpose of the article, fo llowed by a description of the main parts of the subject and its subdivisions, a nd finally to highlight the aspects to be emphasized at work. 3 The preparation of this plan is useful, first, to systematize the communication to be made, avoiding that the author is lost during preparation. On the other ha nd, it also helps as an educational resource for reflection and logical organiza tion of ideas to be addressed; In accordance with procedures for writing a scien tific article, you must observe the purposes of the work to be developed. Howeve

r, regardless of having different purposes, the scientific article should presen t the basic structure which characterizes all types of scientific or academic: I ntroduction , Development and Conclusion. Introduction It is the first contact with the work of the reader. It should be i n it to make the reader understand clearly the context of research, didactic man ner. The introduction of the paper is generally€one or two pages and should add ress the following elements: subject / theme of the article and its objectives; Rationale of work and its theoretical or practical importance; Summary of method ology used in research; limitations on the extent and depth of work, as the arti cle is organized. Development (body of article) The development is the essential element of the re search, that is, your heart, and generally concentrates 80-90 percent of total p ages of the report. At this stage the student should divide the subject under di scussion to greater clarity and understanding by the reader. We must avoid, howe ver, the excess of subdivisions whose titles should be short and suitable for th e most relevant aspects of content, motivation for reading. It is noteworthy tha t the divisions, subdivisions, and article titles do not guarantee its consisten cy or relevance. We need these parties and their ideas are articulated in a logi cal, giving the whole its essential unity and homogeneity. 4 Development are presented in the study data, including exposure and explanation of ideas and researched material, theoretical (systematic presentation of concep ts based on the literature), discussion and analysis of information gathered and evaluate the results, the data obtained in confrontandose search and content ad dressed in theoretical frameworks. Conclusion The conclusion presents the inform ation that will finish the job searching to include all stakeholders discussed. It is the logical deduction of the study, in which we highlight the results, rel ating them to the objectives proposed in the introduction. May also include the limitations of this work, suggestions or recommendations for further research, h owever briefly and synthetic. In formal terms, the conclusion is a factual expos ition of what was investigated, analyzed, interpreted, is an annotated summary o f the essential ideas and key results, as detailed with precision and clarity. T hus, reading the conclusion should give the reader an understanding of all the w ork, the particular company's expected results in the implementation of the prop osed project. 4 The manner of presentation The paper is presented, usually seguindose the pres cribed standards for presentation of scholarly works, ressalvandose work prepare d for events or for purposes of publication in scientific journals, which should meet the criteria and models provided by their organizers and / or publishers. As academic work, specifically, the paper must be guided by the standards listed in the college handbook, which are certainly based on the norms of ABNT. Presen ting the paper, you must actually observe the guidelines prescribed in the manua ls, because if it does not happen, is a risk of compromising the approval of the article. 5 - Assessment 5 The paper can be judged on several criteria, derived from the objectives propose d by the teacher. Generally, scientific articles are written by students who are in the final stage of the undergraduate course, although nothing prevents the t eacher requests in the previous steps, adequandoo the possibilities and resource s already developed by their students. For the evaluation of scientific papers, then, can be described various criteria such as:

a) The Content: Clarity in the presentation of the objectives, rationale and imp ortance of the article, identifying the limits of article (defining the focus of the article and the issues not be addressed) Clarity in the units of analysis ( for example: individual, organization, society); demonstration of sufficient kno wledge on the subject; Theoretical framework clearly identified, consistent and appropriate to the purposes of the article; No scatter or redundancy of the info rmation / content; Presentation of assumptions (hypotheses) sustained in theorie s and beliefs considered true paradigm from which they originate; assumptions mu st be clear and justified;Consistency between the information and the glare of l ogical reasoning; No leaps of reasoning in the passage from one paragraph to ano ther or from one concept to another; Development of analysis and synthesis on th eoretical concepts like and / or divergent; Use appropriate examples further cla rify the meaning of the text; 6 Demonstration of arguments or evidence to support the findings; Linkages between suggestions or recommendations and discussions presented in the text; Originali ty and innovation of the subject; ethical stance in dealing with the theme of th e analysis and development (impartiality and balance). b) The shape: meet the objectives proposed, objectivity, accuracy and consistenc y in the written text; faithful use of the sources mentioned in the article with the correct relationship with the facts examined; use / selection of literature relevant to the analysis, accessible language; Unity and articulation of the te xt (logical sequence); transition elements between paragraphs appropriate to the meaning and logic of content; Affirmative unequivocal, without double meaning; Consistency and standardization of technical terms; compliance with the rules of cultural norms; Correct use of quotations duly referenced; Adequacy of the cont ent title, abstract rules clear and informative presentation techniques acadêmi cocientÍficos certain works are respected? The article can be rejected both by accumulation of small flaws on several crite ria regarding the excessive number of failures in the same criterion.