PROBLEMS PROBLEMS GLOSSARY OF PROBLEMS Air 12345678910111213141516171819202122232425262728293031Retención PROBLEM Dizzy or Veiled Bleeding Blistering Chemical Stains Tizado Desigualación

Chip Color P owder Contamination Cracking Fisheye wrinkling Map tarnishing peel Orange Peel B eteado Needle Hole Blasting Powder Rail Sanding Scratches Marks Sucieza Movie So ft Trim Shrug Yellowing Solvent Escape Trademark Transparency Masking Tape wrink ling Watermarks ALTERNATE TERMS Bubbles, Crater Milky Discoloration, Discoloration Fog, Acid Rai n Money, Small Shelling Spots Break Film Finishing Dust Pollution Wax and / or s welling Silicone, Burnt Opacity, nuanced texture Mancha, LACK OF delaminated Bub bles, Excess Air Paint Scratches, scratches, sanding marks Slow drying of the putty spots Boiled Little Plastic covering power, Translucent AIR RETENTION (Entrapment, craters) Small Crater-like holes in or on the paint film. _________ ___________________________________________________________________ CAUSA______________________________________________________ Air pockets trapped or buried in the wet paint that rise to the surface, and "ex plode" causing craters. Lack of atomization is due to air trapping and can be pr oduced to one of the following causes: (A) Movement of the gun too slow. (B) Gun too close to the surface of application. (C) Air pressure too low. (D) wrong pl acement of the parts of the gun. REPARACIÓN__________________________________________ (A) (2) Sand with 1200 or finer sandpaper, then polish with the right product fo r shine. Fine sand and re finished. PREVENCIÓN__________________________________________ (A) (B) (C) (D) Keep the gun moving at the right speed. Keep the proper distance from the gun to the panel. Use the recommended air pressure. Use the relevant p arts of the gun depending on the application. (Needle, nozzle and so on.) retention of air may have the • Note: Some cases of pollution or dust. Nouna app earance solvents parecidadea air leaks, however, retention usually occurs when t he film is still wet remove with procedures allowing it to shine. However, solve nt leaks occur after the film dries on the surface (touch), and when sand holes are small needle. The dust pollution it will emerge as the film drying but still a little wet. These craters, under good examination, will have a speck of dust in the middle. Gronde demasiodo Drops Air suhe pelécula and out of, leaving us a little ciat. BLEEDING (Discoloration) A yellow or red discoloration on the basis of color. ___________ _________________________________________________________________ CAUSA_____________________________________________________ (A) Solvents dissolve in the new film of the original finish dyes allowing them to leak to refinish fading. Wait for the color to cure, then isolate with two co

mponent products such as the GBP Fill or Ultra II. Remove the original finish an d repaint. Isolate the finish prone to bleed two-component sealants such as Fill Ultra II. Allow to dry according to product recommendations, then apply the fin al finish. REPARACIÓN______________________________________________ (1) (2) (A) PREVENCIÓN______________________________________________ White Pigment Red Pigment Solvent Old New OCAB OCAB Rosy Old pigment is incorporated into the finish nine AMPOLLA LIES (Aqua Atrapoda) Small areas supported in the final finish that seem warts usuall y appear months after application. _____________________________________________ _______________________________ CAUSA_____________________________________________________ (A) Moisture trapped under the film due to: a) short time of drying after wet sa nding. 2) contaminated air lines 3) The application under conditions of high hum idity. (B) Using a thinner / reducer weak or rapid evaporation. (C) Solvent trap ped by applying wet film with little drying time between coats. (D) Drying inapp ropriate between undercoats (fillings / sealants) and topcoats (paint / clear). (E) Paint on fats, oils and rust. REPARACIÓN______________________________________________ (A) (2) Remove the affected area and work again. In extreme cases, should lead t o the veneer and refinish. PREVENCIÓN______________________________________________ (A) If wet sanding is preferred,€sufficient time for all moisture to evaporate. If possible, avoid wet sanding acrylic fillings. Remove from water and humidity of the compressor and air lines frequently. Allow extra time for drying or use a retarder when the conditions are very wet, or try to work when the humidity is low. Choose the thinner / reducer for all types of application. Apply the materi als according to your instructions. Sufficient time between coats. Allow underco ats (fillings / sealants) to dry thoroughly before applying the topcoats (paint / clear). Clean and prepare the substrate using the recommended products for thi s. (B) (C) (D) (E) can be found in the sections on "Supply • Note: Additional mixing" and "Repair P rocedures." Air "," Recommendations Aqua trapped Final Finishing Fund The Aqua grows and expands, pushing the paint film sifting. Anteed (Fading, Oxidation) A whitish appearance on the surface of the paint film. _____ _______________________________________________________________________

CAUSA_____________________________________________________ (A) (1) (2) (3) (4) (1) (2) The pigment I is not wrapped in and protected by the resin, resulting in low surface brightness pulverized due to: natural aging pai nt film; Misapplication of the painting; the use of solvent / reducer and / or g eneric catalyst in the paint; The overuse of the hands of fog with a single laye r metallic finish. Polish to remove oxidation and polish to restore gloss. Or, f inish sanding reomover "spent" and refinish. REPARACIÓN______________________________________________ PREVENCIÓN______________________________________________ (A) A weekly washing and occasional polishing or waxing will remove an oxidation of the finish. If possible, prevent the finish is exposed to sunlight for times prolonguidos. Fully shake all products. Use the solvent / reducer and catalyst recommended and measure correctly. When painting a metallic finish moncapa, fog aplicque hand pane by pane while the paint is still wet. (B) (C) (D) • Note: Additional Infromación can be found in the "Recommendations Mixing." Pigment Cscamo Clear Resin The pigment and are pnotegidus Escoma the clear resin. When the chlorinated resin wears away, the pigment and exposed ESCOM ombreinte a e half and deteriorate quickly. CHEMICAL STAINS (Acid rain, Discoloration) irregular discoloration of the film. ________________ ____________________________________________________________ CAUSA_____________________________________________________ A chemical reaction occurs when air pollutants such as acid rain, tree sap, asph alt etc. remain on the long finish. REPARACIÓN______________________________________________ (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) Wash the vehicle with soap and warm water, rinse and dry . Wipe surface with a suitable solvent. Wash with baking soda and water. (One ta blespoon of baking soda per quart of water). Polish and shine to the affected ar ea to restore luster. Wet sanding with sandpaper 1500-2000. Then polish and shin e. If needed refinishing, sanding with the appropriate paper to remove the affec ted area, wash with sodium bicarbonate solution and paint again. In severe cases , lle vars must finish the sheet metal. PREVENCIÓN______________________________________________ (A) (B) (C) (D) Remove water-soluble contaminants frequent washing with soap and clean water. Shine and wax regularly. Avoid parking under trees or in industrie s with chemicals. Apply a urethane finish to provide the best protection. * When you sand the basecoat / clearcoat, a minimum thickness of 2 mils is requi red to pro vide adequate protection against ultraviolet rays. If solving the pro blem requires removing more than 0.5 mils of the film, we recommend applying a n ew topcoat.

Chemical staining Acid Raindrops Painting Painting Damage caused by rain ócida. HITS BY LANDSLIDE (Descascaración) Small detachments of the film due to death with rocks or sharp objects. _______________________________________________________________________ _____ CAUSA_____________________________________________________ (A) Loss of adhesion of the paint film to the body caused by blows from rocks or sharp objects. REPARACIÓN______________________________________________ (1) Sand and condition the area. Apply the finish again. PREVENCIÓN______________________________________________ (A) (B) Use undercoat / topcoat of two components.€Use an agent flexibilizing in places prone to flaking. COLOR DESIGUALACIÓN The original finish and the repaired area have different colors or shades when v iewed under the same lighting conditions. ______________________________________ ______________________________________ CAUSA_____________________________________________________ (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) (F) (G) (H) (I) (J) The original finish has moved off the ma nufacturer's standard. The original finish has rusted or discolored by sunlight. Excess or absence of solvent at the time of application. Inappropriate applicat ion methods. Mala homogenization of color. Was not mixed properly. Poorly fittin g gun application. Poor mixing of the paint formula. Painted panel instead of a "blending." Evaluating color under a light is not recommended for these cases. S ome lights hide certain dyes. It requires full-spectrum natural light. Setting a color before being applied or adjusting the basecoat before applying clearcoat. REPARACIÓN______________________________________________ (A) (2) If the color is close enough to make the blending: (a) condition the pan el adjacent to the blendeo, then (2) blendee color to adjacent panels. If the co lors should be adjusted with dyes: (1) tintee color to the point where puedablen dear, (2) condition the panel adjacent to the blendeo, then (3) blendee color to adjacent panels. PREVENCIÓN______________________________________________ (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) (F) (G) (H) (I) (J) Check the alternate coloring book "Alter nate Color Guide" for color variations. Choose the color that allows blendeo alt ernative. All colors must be viewed with the same brightness. Brighter the area to be blended. Add thinner / reducer as product specifications. Follow the instr uctions for proper application of color. Mix all the colors, and metallic pigmen ts to ensure color uniformity. Use the needle, nozzle and so on. Proper gun acco rding to product specifications. Double check the color code, formula number and weight of the formula prior to mixing. Apply first on a test surface to determi ne if the blendeo necessary. Always use natural light to determine the exact col ors. All color must be applied. Clearcoats Basecoats must have on them. Check th e color from all angles, face 90 degrees and lateral (sidetones) to 20-60 degree s.

Cracking Cracks and / or lines of various sizes in the finish that resemble dried mud. __ __________________________________________________________________________ CAUSA_____________________________________________________ (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) (F) (G) Excessive film thickness of undercoat and / or topco at. Refinishing a surface that has these problems. Little hand drying or forced drying undercoats. Drying with air gun. Mixing incorrectly or using much hardene r. Paint products properly agitated or moved. Rupture of the surface by exposure to frequent temperature changes, lots of sunlight or moisture. Using reducing / generic hardeners. REPARACIÓN______________________________________________ (1) Remove all broken paint and refinishing. PREVENCIÓN______________________________________________ (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) (F) (G) Using the materials according to specifications. Com pletely removing the entire affected area before repainting. Undercoats not dry with air gun or forced methods. Mix materials according to the recommendations a nd in the right proportions. Mix all materials to ensure uniformity. Use product s of two components to ensure the best possible finish. Use the thinner / reduce r and hardener and mix according to appropriate proportions. • Note: Additional information can be found in the "Recommendations Mixing." Shrink film Final Finish Fundo DUST POLLUTION (Dust in finish) foreign particles in the final finish. ________________________ ____________________________________________________ CAUSA_____________________________________________________ (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) (F) (G) (H) Poor cleaning of the surface to be worked. Aroun d the area of paint with little cleanup. Pollutants in the area. Poor filtering incoming air to the cabin application. Workwear inadequate or dirty. Contents of dust and pollutants. Particulate air lines. Use masking tape of poor quality. D irty air gun. Taking the vehicle cabin before it dried up "free of dust." REPARACIÓN______________________________________________ (A) (2) Sand with 1200 or finer,€then polish and shine. Sand and apply again. PREVENCIÓN______________________________________________ (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) (F) (G) (H) Clean all joints and holes with air. Windows, mo ldings, doors, bonnet, boot and any slot that can collect dust. The wallpaper sh ould also be cleaned. Keep work area clean. Install air filters for. Repair any air leaks in the cabin, around here can get dust and pollutants. Use a dress tha t does not produce threads during application. Use materials appropriate wallpap er. The newspaper may release particles that are deposited in the paint. Repair or replace defective air lines. Keep clean your application equipment. The vehic le must remain in a clean, dry it until "free of dust." a surface in • Note: Powder solvents falling overdetermination "or may be trappe d ocurreacabado, creating a problem similar to" escape solvent pop. This especia lly when freshly painted vehicle is still wet out of the cabin and placed in ano ther location to dry. Pollution from fine particles may be removed by sanding an d then shining. Palva particles

Old New OCAB OCAB Dusty particles stick a wet or sticky suuficie Palva particles Base Color Clearcoat Dust particles on the surface enceuados Eshton wet or sticky. MAP Wrinkling of the edges of the repaired area. ___________________________________ _________________________________________ CAUSA_____________________________________________________ (A) The new application solvents penetrate the previous finish rising edges of t he area under repair. REPARACIÓN______________________________________________ (1) (2) (3) (4) Sanding the affected area. Lija final 400 or finer. Isolate the affected area with a first (or putty filling) of two components and repainting. Apply water-based filling, sanding and repainting. Apply thin acrylic filled wit h non-penetrating thinner, sanding and repainting. PREVENCIÓN______________________________________________ Check questionable finishes with a cloth impregnated with acrylic thinner. Sensi tive finishes will rise, or wrinkle in the presence of thinner. If any of these situations occurs, follow these recommendations: Use filled urethane, water base d or acrylic used in these cases a non-penetrating thinner on sensitive surfaces . Use 400 or finer sandpaper to feather edges, sanding Avoid topcoats (color or clear) insoluble, thus exposing the solvent-sensitive finishes. (A) (B) (C) • Note: Additional information can be found in the "Repair Procedures." Solvent New Fund OCAB Ocebado Insoluble Soluble Viejo Solvent New Fund OCAB Ocebado Insoluble Soluble Viejo Edges *** Ugan when a swell old finish soluble under a MuVo insoluble substance. FISH EYE (Pollution wax and / or silicone) small circular craters that appear during or s hortly after the film applied. _________________________________________________ ___________________________ CAUSA_____________________________________________________ (A) (B) (C) Apply color based on areas contaminated with wax, silicone, oil, gre ase etc. The use of thinner / reducer in places where you should use a cleaning solvent. Applying color based on previously repaired areas unadorable elim conta ining a fisheye. REPARACIÓN______________________________________________ (1) (2) (3) Remove the wet film with solvent, clean and refinish. Add the fish-e

ye remover and apply for the affected area. If the fish eye appears in the basec oat, allow it to dry normally take time between coats and then apply a thin film of paint on the affected area. Do not use fisheye eliminator in basecoats and u ndercoats. If the film and dried, lightly sand the area with the fish eye and re apply. (4) PREVENCIÓN______________________________________________ (A) (B) (C) (D) Clean the area carefully repaired with soap and hot water. Then with an appropriate solvent. Dry thoroughly before applying. Use fish-eye remove r that is recommended for the topcoat to be used. Install a filtering system to trap oils and moisture that can cause fish eye. Keep a supply of clean air. Clea n the compressor and lines regularly. Additional information can be found in the section "Procedures for Repair" and "Air Supply." • Note: Silicone Oil Old New OCAB OCAB Fisheye WRINKLES (Swelling€Quemado) swells the existing finish, wrinkle or burning while applying new finish. ___________________________________________________________________ _________ CAUSA_____________________________________________________ (A) a new product applied 23Solventes attack the existing finish finish causing it to rise and / or wrinkling due to: refinishing enamels or urethanes that had not dried completely. Exceeding the allowable time to implement other hands, or excessive coats of paint. Refinishing a basecoat / clearcoat where the amount of clearcoat is insufficient. REPARACIÓN______________________________________________ (1) Remove the affected areas and refinish. PREVENCIÓN______________________________________________ Check the finish by rubbing with a little acrylic paint thinner in a place not v isible. The finishes are likely to soften up to apply the acrylic thinner. If th is occurs, the following recommendations should be considered: Do not exceed the time of application of the product during or after application. Allow any ename l or urethane dry thoroughly before attempting repairs. Avoid applying undercoat s or topcoats excessively wet. Avoid using acrylics on air dried enamel. When in soluble products (enamel / urethane) have been applied to soluble products (lacq uers): 1 - avoid sanding through the finish and present soluble materials, two f illings or sealants applied two components as a barrier between the old finish a nd the new. When applying two component undercoats, the full panel should be cov ered. (F) Use water-based undercoats to repair extremely sensitive finishes. (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) New OCAB OCAB Viejo Solvent

Old New OCAB OCAB LOSS OF BRIGHT (Opacity, nuanced) a dull shine as dry as the paint finish or older. ___________ _________________________________________________________________ CAUSA_____________________________________________________ (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) (F) (G) (H) (I) Topcoats and applied too wet. Insufficient d rying time between coats. Thin the topcoat or clearcoat. Insufficient drying tim e between undercoats and topcoats. Using a thinner / reducer of bad class and / or too fast. Poor cleaning of the substrate. Insufficient air movement during an d after applications. Applying products on a soluble substrate damaged or withou t a suitable sealant. Normal wear and tear due to weather. REPARACIÓN______________________________________________ (A) (2) Allow sufficient time finish to thoroughly dry, polish and shine. Sand a nd refinish. PREVENCIÓN______________________________________________ (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) (F) (G) Apply the topcoat according to the instructions in i t using the correct air pressure and gun set incorrect. In the time between coat s. Apply hands needed to get a proper film thickness. Sufficient time for underc oats to dry before applying the topcoats. Select the thinner / reducer according to the appropriate temperature, humidity, air movement and size of repair. Clea n the substrate thoroughly before and after sanding. Sometimes air drying: 1-All ow the hood of the car run for about 40 minutes after applying the paint. 2-Open the doors of the cab when the finish has dried to the point dust-free. 3-Mainta in a temperature of 15.5 degrees Celsius or more in the cabin, especially if you leave the vehicle overnight. (H) For longer life, apply an undercoat of two com ponents. (I) Wash and watch the finish of your vehicle with relative frequency. (J) Use a topcoat or clearcoat ensure high quality brightness longer. BETEADO A look of striped or spotted in the metal finish. ______________________________ ______________________________________________ CAUSA_____________________________________________________ (A) 1 2 3 4 5 (B) (C) An unbalanced distribution of metal particles due to: Use a gun where the spray pattern is unbalanced. Bad spray application techniques, s uch as tilting the gun to apply the paint causing accumulation of paint on the t op or bottom of the fan. Apply with the gun too close to the surface. Poor spray pattern. Overspray. Omitting or misapply the thin layer. Too much thinner / red ucer. The very low color. Applying the clearcoat to a topcoat that still has not dried between coats. REPARACIÓN______________________________________________ (1) (2) (3) In the single stage systems (one stage) to level the metal, apply a thin layer under high pressure€panel by panel, while the finish is still wet. Al low paint to dry between coats and apply a thin layer at low pressure. The finis hes are dry should be sanded and refinished. Caution: Large areas of basecoat cl earcoat must have before being sanded. Small areas such as dust and small scratc hes can be removed from the wet basecoat lijándolo and concentrating on the repa ir area. Apply to the area sanded basecoat before applying clearcoat. PREVENCIÓN______________________________________________ (A) Use the recommended gun. This includes adequate control of fluid and air noz zle (air cap) for the material used. Always adjust the controls spray gun prior to application. Use the proper amount of thinner / reducer. Let the basecoat dry between coats before applying the clearcoat. Follow the application instruction s for basecoats.

(B) (C) (D) • Additional Note: InformaciónReparaciones. "can be found in the sections of" Mi xed "and" Procedures Unbalanced spray Patíon New OCAB Unbalanced distribution of metal particles cause streaks or mottled areas. Orange Peel (Texture) The film is uneven, has a texture as if it were an orange peel. ______ ______________________________________________________________________ CAUSA_____________________________________________________ (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) Low reduction of the painting or application at low pressure . The thinner / reducer evaporates too fast for existing conditions. Thickness o f paint or excessive accumulation of layers of paint. Poorly fitting gun. Poor a pplication techniques. REPARACIÓN______________________________________________ (A) (2) (3) Polish and shine to reduce surface texture. 1200 Sand, polish and sh ine. Sand and refinish. PREVENCIÓN______________________________________________ (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) Use the appropriate reduction ratios and implement with the recommended air pressure. Select the thinner / reducer suitable for temperature, humidity, air flow and the size of area to be repaired. Avoid applying thick ha nds. Use the air nozzle (air cap), and gun control fluid for the work to be done . During the application, hold the gun perpendicular to the surface. Adjust the travel speed of the gun, the amount of overlap and the distance from the gun to the surface. • Note: Additional information can be found in the "Mixed" and "Air Guns". Smooth Orange Peel Peel (Delaminating) loss of adhesion or separation of the paint film on the painted s urface. ________________________________________________________________________ ____ CAUSA_____________________________________________________ (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) Poor surface preparation. Ignore or apply an undercoat incom patible with a specific surface (eg aluminum, galvanized tola, plastic etc.) Sho rtly drying time between coats or too dry between coats. Thin undercoat or topco at. Clearcoat finishes: 1 - Somewhat thick clear film, 2 - Clean the base with a solvent before applying the clear, 3 - Sanding the base before applying more ba se or clear, 4 - Basecoat applied too dry, 5 - Clearcoat applied very dry, 6 - c omplete drying of the base before applying the clear, 7 - Using fisheye eliminat or at the base, 8 - Use a clear incompatible, 9 - Using incompatible BLES adhesi on promoters, 10 - Thickness excessive basecoat film, 11 - Too much or little re duction or use of a thinner / reducer abuse. REPARACIÓN______________________________________________ (A) (2) Remove the finish in the affected area, sand and reapply the paint. Take

the metal and refinish. PREVENCIÓN______________________________________________ (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) (F) Clean and prepare the entire base product as recommended . Use the proper filler according to the basecoat to be used. The plastic parts may require a flexible additive. Apply the paint within the limits of high and l ow drying time between coats. Apply sufficient layers to reach the required thic kness. Follow the instructions for the application of basecoat / clearcoat and o nly use products recommended and / or compatible. The adhesion promoter should b e used only when recommended for the particular job. NEEDLE HOLES Small holes or fillers and / or Ferres. ________________________________________ ____________________________________ CAUSA_____________________________________________________ (A) Air bubbles trapped in the caulk or it ferre to be mixed or when applied. Wh en the surface is sanded,€are small holes where air was trapped. The air can bec ome trapped when: 1 - ferre and catalyst are mixed in a mixing (circular motion) . 2 - Excess catalyst. 3 - very thick coats produce much heat, causing gas bubbl es into the mixture while it heals. REPARACIÓN______________________________________________ (1) Apply a thin layer of polyester putty catalyzed and mixed properly. Sand and continue with the painting process. PREVENCIÓN______________________________________________ (A) (B) (C) Mix ferre and / or the putty with the catalyst using a method of "cr ushed" to get the air to be trapped. Apply in thin layers. Do not exceed the man ufacturer's recommendations. Follow the manufacturer's recommendations for the p roportions of catalyst and putty or ferre. Note: Additional information can be f ound in "Ferre." • Plastic Putty Bubbles Metal substrate Pin on points When sanding the putty plastic exposed quedun small@@@ RAIL DUST Small rust marks in the paint. _________________________________________________ ___________________________ CAUSA_____________________________________________________ (A) When the cars are transported on trains, the friction of train wheels and tr acks produce small metal particles that are deposited in the vehicle's finish. W hen these are oxidized are embedded in the vehicle's finish. REPARACIÓN______________________________________________ (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) Use a 30x power magnifying glass to check rail dust. Be careful not to cause more damage than already exists. Wash the vehicle with soap and water, rinse and dry. Wipe surface with a suitable solvent. Use a dust remo ver acid base rail as recommended by the manufacturer. Rinse with cold water and inspect the area again. If dust still remains, repeat step 3. If the finish has

holes, sand with 1200 to remove the injury, then polish and buff to restore shi ne. Sand and refinish. PREVENCIÓN______________________________________________ Unfortunately, this damage occurs during transportation of the vehicle and there is not much we can do to prevent this. When finished sanding and polish of base coat / clearcoat, a minimum of 2 mils thick film is necessary to maintain adequa te protection against ultraviolet rays. If to remove the imperfection is require d to remove more than 0.5 mils is recommended refinish the surface. Rail Dust Painting Painting Rail Dust Damage after tratomiento acid. 10X SPRAY (Excess of paint, blasting) paint that does not adhere uniformly to create drops or blast marks on the finish. _________________________________________________ ___________________________ CAUSA_____________________________________________________ (A) Excess reduction and / or a thinner / reducer slow evaporation. (B) Applicat ion of products without the time required for drying in between coats. (C) Appli cation of excessive layers and wet due to: 1 - Holding the gun too close to the surface. 2 - slow motion gun during application. 3 - Double application. (D) low air pressure during application. (E) setting controls the gun wrong. Incorrect spray pattern. (F) The surface temperature or cold applied material. REPARACIÓN______________________________________________ (1) (2) (3) Remove the wet paint with solvent, clean and refinish. Remove excess paint, once dry, sanded with 1200, polish and shine. Remove excess paint, once dry, sanded with 1200 and refinish. PREVENCIÓN______________________________________________ (A) Mix according to manufacturer's recommendations. Select the appropriate solv ent for the application taking into account the temperature, humidity, air movem ent and size of repair. Apply semi wet hands and of sufficient drying time betwe en coats. Set the controls spray gun. Hold the gun perpendicular to the surface to paint and check the spray pattern. Adjust the speed of movement of the gun an d distance from the panel. Adjust the air pressure (at the base of the gun) as r ecommended by the product. Use proper gun, including the fluid tip and air cap. Wait for the paint and panel to reach room temperature before applying. Addition al information can be found in the "Mixed" and "Air Guns". (B) (C) (D) (E) (F) • Note: New OCAB Old OCAB SANDING MARKS

(Scratches) dark marks on the finish.€__________________________________________ __________________________________ CAUSA_____________________________________________________ (A) Particles of metal / mica distorted or scratched near the surface due to: 1 - sanding or single stage metallic finishes before applying the clearcoat. 2 - S anding single stage metallic finishes before polishing. REPARACIÓN______________________________________________ (1) Wait until the finish dry completely, sand and refinish. PREVENCIÓN______________________________________________ (A) (B) Avoid sanding the basecoat finishes before applying the clearcoat. If sa nding is necessary, apply more color following the instructions of the product. When lijen single stage finishes, sanding concentrated in small areas limited to imperfections. Use 1200 or finer. 10X RAYON Streaks visible on the finish, these follow the pattern of sand .. _____________ _______________________________________________________________ CAUSA_____________________________________________________ (A) (B) (C) (D) 12 (E) Sand with coarse sandpaper. Insufficient drying time befo re sanding undercoat and apply the topcoat. Refinish on soluble finishes. Use a thinner / reducer of poor quality or causing rapid evaporation: The filling bypa ss on the scratches. The topcoat is a film about scratches swell trapping solven t sensitive substrates. Use a strong solvent to clean the surface or using thinn er / reducer as a cleaner after sanding. REPARACIÓN______________________________________________ (A) (2) Wait for the finish to dry completely, sand, shine. Sand and refinish. PREVENCIÓN______________________________________________ (A) (B) (C) (D) Sand with sandpaper suitable for every occasion. Let the underco at dry completely before sanding and applying the clearcoat. Rub a small area of the old finish with a rag and thinner acrylic. If the old finish is soluble or cure missing, apply the sealant necessary. Select the thinner / reducer for the job depending on temperature, humidity, air movement and size of repair. Avoid " puentiar" scratch using filler in thin layers. Allow proper drying between coats . Use designated cleaning solvents for lacquers (soluble) or enamel / urethane ( insoluble). * For best results, use two-component system. (E) Soluble Bridge Fund Fund Old OCAB The formoción of bridges, or "puentior" ol punishment immediately using a solubl e substance without solvent or solvent enough demosiado fast drying. Streaks of sand Soluble OCAB OCAB Old New Fund The slow soventes refinish the bottom reblondecen soluble. Soluble OCAB OCAB Old New Fund Scratches appear on the bottom refinishing cuaudo softened finally fills lijel s tripes on the old finish. POLLUTION

Insoluble solid particles embedded in the finish. ______________________________ ______________________________________________ CAUSA_____________________________________________________ (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) (F) Material badly shaken. Do not filter the product before application. Use of date products. Use thinner / reducer generic. Use thinner / reducer or hardener contaminated. Use products made from contaminated water. REPARACIÓN______________________________________________ (A) (2) Remove the film wet with solvent, clean and refinish. Sand and refinish. PREVENCIÓN______________________________________________ (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) (F) (G) Mix all products to ensure a good blending of pigmen ts and resins. Filter all undercoats and topcoats before applying. Do not use ma terials that can not be filtered or homogenized. Caution: Too much filtering wil l not remove all the particles. Use the thinner / reducer and hardener in the pr oportions appropriate and adequate. Mix only the amount to use. The rest is dama ged and will have to throw it away. Use the products as soon as possible. Close lids tightly after use. Do not let the thinner / reducer contact with water-base d products. • Note: Additional information can be found in the "Mixing Recommendations." 20X Insoluble particles Old New OCAB OCAB OCAB contaminated SHRINKING The repaired areas or sanding marks are hours, days or weeks after the repair. _ ___________________________________________________________________________ CAUSA_____________________________________________________ (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) (F) Apply the topcoat before the undercoat is completely dry . The excessively wet undercoats applied without adequate drying time between co ats.€Undercoats bit low. Use a thinner / reducer of poor quality or very rapid e vaporation. Finishing on the ferre that has not dried properly. Use a very stron g cleaning solvent or thinner / reducer as a cleaning solvent. REPARACIÓN______________________________________________ (A) (2) Wait for the affected area dry thoroughly, sand and refinish. If necessa ry to fill out more, apply filler, sand and refinish. PREVENCIÓN______________________________________________ (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) Let the undercoat dry completely before sanding and applying the topcoat. Reduce undercoats according to product specifications. Apply thin and wet hands allowing it to dry between coats to avoid "bridging." Select the t hinner / reducer for the job depending on temperature, humidity, air movement an d size of repair. Follow the recommendations of drying the product manufacturer. Use an appropriate cleaning solvent soluble finishes (lacquers) or insoluble (e namels or urethanes) • Note: Additional information can be found in the "Mixing Recommendations." New OCAB Solvent

Soluble Fund Old OCAB Talk Putty Sustroto The pelécula shrinks to evaporate solvents SOFT FILM (Slow Dry) The paint film is soft to the touch and mark with your fingers or wit h water hours / days after being applied. ______________________________________ ______________________________________ CAUSA_____________________________________________________ (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) (F) Implementation of the undercoat or topcoat too wet. Insu fficient drying time between coats. Ventilation and / or incorrect temperature w orkshop. Add a lot or a little hardener to the paint. Use of thinner / reducer i ncorrect for the application. Omission of the desiccant in the enamel and uretha ne topcoats. REPARACIÓN______________________________________________ (1) (2) (3) Allow more time for drying. Keep the temperature of the workshop on 20 degrees celcius. Forced air dry. Remove the soft paint and refinish. PREVENCIÓN______________________________________________ (A) Use the recommended gun. This includes adequate control of fluid and air noz zle (air cap) for the material used. Always adjust the controls spray gun prior to application. Allow sufficient drying time between coats. Keep the temperature of the workshop on or about 20 degrees celcius. Use the recommended hardener an d in the correct proportions. Selecting the thinner / reducer for the job depend ing on temperature, humidity, air movement and size of repair. Allow extra dryin g time between coats when applied under high temperature / high humidity and low temperature / high humidity. Add the exact amount of drying which establishes t he formula. (B) (C) (D) (E) (F) • Note: Additional information can be found in the "Mixing Recommendations." ESCAPE OF SOLVENTS (Solvent Pop) Small bubbles, or needle holes in or on the film. ________________ ____________________________________________________________ CAUSA_____________________________________________________ (A) Solvent (thinner / reducer) are trapped in the paint film due to very rapid drying of the upper layer, preventing the solvents evaporate into the atmosphere . The solvents that evaporate into the paint film leave bubbles, holes and small craters needle according to this escape and "break" the surface due to: very fa st evaporation of thinner / reducer for application conditions. Little drying ti me between coats. Excessive film thickness. Excessive air movement causing the u pper layer to dry before they have time to evaporate solvents. Too drying time b etween coats before the final drying of the paint. 12345 REPARACIÓN______________________________________________ (A) (2) Wait for the finish to dry / cure completely, sand and refinish. Where t

he escape of solvent is excessive, it will be necessary to remove the affected a rea, filling, sealing and refinishing. PREVENCIÓN______________________________________________ (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) Select the thinner / reducer for the job depending on temper ature, humidity, air movement and size of repair. Allow sufficient drying time b etween coats. Avoid applying consecutive wet hands. Control the movement of air over the areas to be implemented. Avoid excessive drying between coats before fi nal drying. across the fresh • Note: Sometimes, small dust particles can caerde solvents. "H owever, complete,€creating an effect very similar to "escape these dust particle s can be removed by sanding and polishing the surface, but the escape of solvent after grinding and polishing still leaves holes in the surface of the film. Solvent Old New OCAB OCAB The closing Superfisie The chisel slovents petículo bubbles in the paint and surface to pasaclo compens ation. 30X YELLOW (Spots of Plastic Putty) A yellow-brown discoloration that appears in the topcoa t over areas repaired with ferre or putty. _____________________________________ _______________________________________ CAUSA_____________________________________________________ (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) Use too much / little hardener in the mix of ferre or putty. Insufficient mixing of the components of the putty / ferre. Implementation of a sealer, topcoat or filler before the filler / ferre to heal completely. Impleme ntation of the undercoats and / or topcoats excessively wet. Apply clear to whit e or light without using a ferre not yellow. REPARACIÓN______________________________________________ (A) (2) Wait for the finish to dry / cure completely. Sand the affected area, is olate the area with two component undercoats and refinish. PREVENCIÓN______________________________________________ (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) (F) Use the correct amount of hardener in the ferre / putty. Mix the ingredients well. Allow ferre / caulk cure completely before applying t he topcoat. Apply undercoats and / or topcoats in the hands of semi-wet to wet a llowing sufficient drying time between coats. Use ferre non yellowing especially when applying light colors. Apply a two component sealant over areas that are s uspected to have yellowish ferre .* Allow to cure as recommended by the manufact urer and then refinish. * Fillings and acrylic urethane sealant two components c an be used to prevent yellowing most Ferres. Both should be allowed to be comple tely free to ensure resistance to yellowing. However, for 100% security against amarillantamiento, use a non yellowing ferre. • Note: Additional information can be found in the "Procedures for Reparations" and "Plastic Putty or Ferre." Solvent Base Color Clearcoat OCAB Old Fund Putty Plastic Substrate Component unreacted

Spotted Orea Base Color Clearcoat OCAB Old Fund The so manclra cuaudo Clearcoat components as putty reascionodos not talk Migron noci Onita the bottom and the base color. MASKING TAPE MARKS A brand textured dry paint caused by the use of masking tape. __________________ __________________________________________________________ CAUSA_____________________________________________________ (A) (B) The finish was not dry before you put the masking tape making solvents c aught between finishing and masking tape. Use a non-automotive masking tape for multi-color finishes. The colors of the finished filter into the masking tape an d then the bottom color. REPARACIÓN______________________________________________ (1) (2) (3) Pula to remove the texture. Sand with 1500-2000 and buff to shine. S and and refinish. PREVENCIÓN______________________________________________ (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) Allow the finish to dry completely before placing the maskin g tape. Use automotive masking tape of good quality. Determine if it is safe to apply masking tape in a finish just finished placing a small piece of masking ta pe on an inconspicuous area for about 10-15 minutes. Remove a bit of glue before placing masking tape on the surface. This is done by sticking masking tape on t he pants or belt going between the toes. Remove the masking tape as soon as poss ible after applying the colors. TRANSPARENCY OR LACK OF COVERAGE (Just covering power, translucent) The original finish is through the new finish . ____________________________________________________________________________ CAUSA_____________________________________________________ (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) The color was not fidgety homogenized enough. The color was too small. The substrate is not uniform in color. The color of the undercoat is not the right choice. Insufficient applied layers of color. REPARACIÓN______________________________________________ (A) (2) Apply additional color hands until it hides transparency. Sand and apply the color indicated in the undercoat. PREVENCIÓN______________________________________________ (A) (B) (C) (D) Shake the paint material ensuring that all pigments are in suspe nsion. Reduce the recommendations of the product.€Use a sealer to ensure a unifo rm color before applying the topcoat. Use an undercoat that is similar in color to the topcoat. WATER MARKS Circles or white patches uploaded edges appear on the surface of the painting. _ ___________________________________________________________________________ CAUSA_____________________________________________________ (A) (B) Allow water to come into contact with the finished surface before it is completely dry. Wash the finish in direct sunlight. REPARACIÓN______________________________________________ (1) (2) (3) (4) Wipe with a damp cloth to shine. Brille. Sand with 1500-2000, to shine. Sand and refinish. PREVENCIÓN______________________________________________

(A) (B) (C) Do not allow water in contact with freshly painted surfaces. If a re cently completed finishing gets wet, dry immediately with a soft cloth. Wash new finishes in the shade and dry with a soft cloth. WRINKLES The finished surface has wrinkles and undulations that resemble a raisin. ______ ______________________________________________________________________ CAUSA_____________________________________________________ (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) Excessive film thickness. Place a freshly applied finish to the sun. Using acrylic thinner to reduce synthetic enamel. Apply in extreme cond itions, high temperatures and humid. Little reduction or the use of a thinner / reducer evaporating too fast for existing conditions. (F) low air pressure durin g application. (G) forced drying enamel without the recommended additives. REPARACIÓN______________________________________________ (A) (2) If the damage is minimal: Sand the surface, allow to cure and refinish. If the damage is severe: Remove the affected area and refinish. PREVENCIÓN______________________________________________ (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) (F) (G) Avoid excessive thickness of the film. Sufficient dr ying time between coats. Keep recent finishes outside the direct rays of the sun until completely dry. Use the recommended reducer for the topcoat to be applied . Use the reducer, additive and / or suitable delay based on temperature, humidi ty, air movement and size of repair. Select the thinner / reducer for the job de pending on temperature, humidity, air movement and size of repair. Use the right proportion of reduction and proper air pressure. Select the recommended additiv es under the conditions of application. Solvent Oxygen The soventes in the layers below solir puedera not when it closes demosiadi capi domente surface. The area is shrinking while the layers below are blondes. 10X