Core Generator: Urbanisation and Mobility (UM) DR2 - Urbanity and Rural Affairs (UK) Collection of documents (citations with small

indication of the links directing to the original page), drawn from surveys in the search engine "Google" and it i s intended to help decode the theme Urbanity and Rural Affairs (UR) Core Generat or : Urban and Mobility (UM) Reference Skills Key Secondary Level on the RVCC pr ocess under the New Opportunities Initiative. [Note: All Adults / Trainees should include in its PRA sources of all readings t hat have made and can not copy or plagiarize, risking expulsion from RVCC.] Good Reads ... Published on 17-10-2008 by adult / trainee - Cont @ ct page: 1 / 8 Agriculture At the core generator and Urban Mobility, at the DR2 - rural and urban, we will develop the topic AGRICULTURE so it will work every area - Society, Technology a nd Science - at different levels of complexity. Company Type I - Identify new wa ys of changing agricultural activities as a factor in regional development (eg o rganic farming or cultivation of traditional products that come into the shares of the Common Agricultural Policy of the European Union). Technology Type I - Id entify chemicals suitable for various operations (fertilizers, herbicides, fungi cides), agricultural equipment and related applications. Type III - Exploring th e production of new agriculture such as farming, transgenic products and / or ge netically modified, taking into account advantages and disadvantages. Science Ty pe I - Identify steps in the nitrogen cycle (nitrogen fixation by legumes, incor poration by plants, transfer to the animals, etc.).. Type II - Understanding the action of bacteria from the roots of leguminous plants and soil in the reaction s of transformation of nitrogen compounds. Published on 17-10-2008 by adult / trainee - Cont @ ct page: 2 / 8 Biotechnology and Agriculture When the first farmers, 10 000 years ago, began to save for the following years the seeds of plants that seemed to them more productive, vigorous, resistant and better adapted to local conditions, were in fact seeking to safeguard and incre ase its energy sources . In truth, I could say that there is improvement in its existence Agriculture. However, only in the century. with past studies of G. Men del on heredity were established the 1st s scientific basis of genetics. And is already at the beginning of the century. XX that these important discoveries are beginning to be used in breeding of cultivated plants. In subsequent years the trend has been very rapid. In the 30's break down the barriers of species. Triti cale, a result of crossing wheat with rye, is today a common culture. The corn p roduction increased from 1t/ha for more than 10 in just over 50 years. A similar situation occurred with the majority of agricultural crops, with the important contribution of the improvement. Continue to read one. Taking into account the e stimates of the values to be achieved by the world population in 2050, what role Genetic Engineering in the wider scope of modern biotechnology can play in solv

ing this problem (refer to the contributions of sustainable agriculture). The Portuguese Agriculture and the Common Agricultural Policy More than three quarters of EU territory is agricultural land (44%) or wooded (3 3%). However, over the past 40 years, its natural resources have been overexploi ted by agriculture, forestry and the commercial, in the name of increased produc tion. Similarly, technological and commercial reasons 8maximização profits and minimize costs) Published on 17-10-2008 by adult / trainee - Cont @ ct page: 3 / 8 have led to an intensification of agriculture. The CAP was then responsible for high levels of agricultural support prices, which favored intensive farming and increased use of fertilizers and pesticides. These practices have caused: Water pollution and soil, degradation of some ecosystems, changes in the landscape (de struction of hedgerows, stone walls, ditches and drying of wetlands contributed to the loss of natural habitat of many birds, plants and other natural species) Increased soil erosion. Read more. 1. Say what you mean by organic farming. 2. S etting out the reasons responsible for the high prices of organic products. 3.€ Relate the development of organic farming in the European Union and the growing concerns of the general population toward environmental protection. 4. Another s trategy sets (in addition to incentives for organic farming), in the text, which is being used to process the products of Portuguese agriculture. 5. How organic farming can contribute to regional development? The theories of Malthus The Malthusian theory states that the evolution of the human population is limit ed by the production of means of subsistence. The latter depends on the natural resources available on the planet and the productive capacity (technology) of me n. Malthus stated that population always grows faster than the production of mea ns of subsistence. Published on 17-10-2008 by adult / trainee - Cont @ ct page: 4 / 8 Why? As the population progresses geometrically, while production grows arithmet ic. The result is that when the population reaches the maximum number that the p lanet can sustain, its growth will be limited by "famine, plagues and wars." Thi s argument was indeed the basis of the first movements for the dissemination of contraceptive methods in the past century, as only controlling the population gr owth could prevent such catastrophes. Continue reading The Nitrogen Cycle Bacteria have a unique role in biogeochemical cycles, particularly in the nitrog en cycle, which only reactions mediated by bacteria can close, contrary to wides pread belief, which bases the whole atmosphere in the relations between animals and plants, the tissue of the ecological balance is based varied mainly in bacte rial metabolism. 1 - What is the importance of nitrogen for living organisms. 2 - Make a summary of the movement of this chemical element in nature. 3 - What is the role of bacteria in the roots of legumes and the soil nitrogen cycle. 4 - R efer to how humans can interfere with the natural cycle of nitrogen. 5 - What ar e the effects of anthropogenic alteration of the nitrogen cycle. http://efa-stc.

Published on 17-10-2008 by adult / trainee - Cont @ ct page: 5 / 8 GMO and GMO's Read in: Transgenic plants s.html A transgenic plant is one whose genome was modified by genetic engineerin g or to enter one or several genes or to modify the function of a gene itself. U pon completion of the insertion or modification of this gene is transmitted to t he offspring. As a result of these changes the transgenic plant reveal a new and desirable feature. You can then think that if the corn is genetically modified, then surely you'll have different aspect of the corn "traditional". But this do es not happen ... It is that genetic modification is performed in a run and only affect a small number of genes well known - as a result, GM crops do not differ much from non-transgenic varieties and have almost always features predictable. It is not often possible to determine whether a plant is transgenic or not obse rving only their external characteristics. For example if a plant is genetically modified to resist herbicides just grow the plant in the presence of the herbic ide - if it survives is because we are dealing with the transgenic variety, if n ot survive is because we are dealing with a variety of "traditional". Continue r eading: Published on 17-10-2008 by adult / trainee - Cont @ ct page: 6 / 8 NG6 DR2 - Urbanity and Rural Affairs Jurisdiction: Intervene in professional context s considering rurality or urbanity which concern them and looking derive benefit s for the socio-professional integration. The world suffers professional develop ments, resulting from economic change, social and political. Thus, also the rura l and urban areas reflect the same, characterized mainly by the exodus of reside nts from first towards second. The reason: demand for improved living conditions . Portugal has also experienced this reality, because there was an escape from t he interior to the coast or from small to large facilities, often in search of j ob opportunities, better health services, education and access to culture, etc.. Appreciated by the city in the rural uncivil. Today, fortunately, we have witne ssed a retreat from this situation. The perspective is different, it begins to u pgrade to the province, the ancestral and cultural roots of each, unlike some ye ars ago (re) values are (re) qualifies what once was despised,€particularly in terms of tourism. Associated with this development of identity Local / Regional also arise leisure, tourism and professional, which projects inside and outside the territory of which the best in each one. But also at the urban level there a re new forms of organization, promotion and dissemination of heritage. Criteria of Evidence: Culture: I can act in view of potential job opportunities resulting from the increased attention given by the local policies and rural heritage as a factor in urban development and qualification of the territories. Proposed Wor k: Reflecting on what had previously read, identify specific cases of Published on 17-10-2008 by adult / trainee - Cont @ ct page: 7 / 8 enhancement of local heritage and urban development, by creating new jobs and to urism-related activities, which previously were not associated with the countrys

ide or by the emergence of local development associations. Language: I can act i n different professional contexts regionally, identifying accents or regionalism , through the use of Portuguese and / or foreign language in order to better soc io-professional integration. Work proposal: Take a survey of some expressions or words characteristic of their region, which is a differentiating factor in the professional level and enabling a better fit at work. We suggest viewing of a fi lm's promotional beer Sagres where they take advantage of some accents that enri ch the national language, as well as reading and discussion of the text that fol low ... Communication: Know act, comparing literary texts and recent utility or other times in discussions that reinforce the interest in preservation, balance and dynamics of rural and urban areas, taking into account the historical evolut ion, current situation and thinking about the future. Work proposal: Given that some Portuguese authors in their literary productions, they call for the need to preserve the natural and cultural heritage of the country, indicating propomosl he and clarify how it is that they so alarmed by this attitude civic and profess ional . As an example we can cite two authors, Eca de Queiroz and Almeida Garret t and their respective texts: The Travel and More on My Land. Similarly, many cu ltural and tourist brochures are an example of this concern. So, from that kind of brochures, cite specific situations to illustrate those attitudes preservatio n, balance and stimulation of rural and urban spaces. Published on 17-10-2008 by adult / trainee - Cont @ ct page: 8 / 8