Centro Universitário Augusto Motta Standards for the Preparation of Course Work Completion (TCC) Organization of text: Research

Coordination Research and content organization: P rof. Maria Auxiliadora Terra Cunha Prof. José Teixeira de Seixas Filho Prof. Dau phin Vera Cruz Aguiar Prof. Rita Borges Magellanic Amaral Supervision: Pro-Dean for Research and Graduate Studies Rio de Janeiro in August 2006 1. Presentation This paper presents a simplified manner the contents of the manuals for the prep aration of work Completion of course (CBT), existing courses in Physical Educati on and Biology, authored by professors Maria Auxiliadora Terra Cunha, Jose Teixe ira Delfim de Seixas Filho and Vera Cruz Aguiar respectively, and the teaching m aterial used by Professor Rita Borges Amaral Magellan in its classes in Research Methodology. Our goal here is not to further studies on the matters discussed i n the pages that follow, but to provide basic guidelines for the preparation of monographs, as regards the organization of content and presentation. Beyond that , we are beginning the process of normalization of TCC at the institutional leve l. Why you only want to serve as an initial guideline, this stuff certainly has many shortcomings. Therefore, it does not replace consultation with the further study of Research Methodology and scientific work in the works suggested at the end of this text. 2. Introduction This manual aims to establish basic guidelines for the preparation of academic p apers in undergraduate courses of UNISUAM. The standards presented here are defi ned by the Brazilian Association of Technical Standards (ABNT). ABNT is the body responsible for technical standardization in the country. It is a private, nonp rofit, and aims to develop and promote the use of technical standards in Brazil. The standards developed by ABNT can be purchased through the website of the ent ity (http://www.abntdigital.com.br), via special delivery or by e-mail. 3. Organization of Content TCC 3.1. Monograph On most courses UNISUAM as final work, students must prepare a mo nograph to present an objective and systematic results of a survey. The monograp h is a way of reporting the results of a systematic investigation on a well-defi ned theme. For students who are being initiated into the scientific literature, the ideal is that this type of study is literature, or to present a thorough rev iew of the major authors and works on the subject chosen. Another aspect of CBT, especially in graduate is the student has as its theme the training field or th e issues investigated in the research project where he developed or developing, their work in basic scientific research. The preparation of the monograph is thr ough six main phases, which are: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) Choose the theme bibliographi c research Outline of the monograph A Critical Review Organization of the Drafti ng final All scientific work is structured as the following basis: introduction, development and completion. The introduction aims to show the reader an overview of the process of research and development of the text being entered. The devel opment presents a theory which formed the basis for the study and discusses the results from that theory. It must be structured into chapters that present with logic and consistency throughout the process experienced by the student from pla nning the research to the results obtained. On completion the student must retak e the basic theoretical discussion and present the solutions of synthetic form. The student can also suggest new areas of research. 3.2. Scientific research The research is a reflective and critical procedure for seeking answers to problems not yet solved. The planning and execution of a search are part of a systematic process that is comprised of specific stages. It constitutes a set

actions proposed to find solution to a problem, which are based on systematic an d rational procedures. There are several ways to classify a scientific research - in relation to its nature it can be basic or applied - in relation to addressi ng the problem it can be quantitative or qualitative - in relation to their goal s it can be exploratory, descriptive or explanatory - in relation to the technic al procedures it may be literature, documentary, experimental, survey, case stud y, ex-post-facto, ethnographic or action research. 3.2.1. The theme and the prob lem of research Scientific research is, in general,€in a research planned and de veloped in accordance with the standards laid down by the methodology of science . It is the method of approaching a problem in a study that characterizes the sc ientific aspect of a search. For research problem one must understand a real dif ficulty, or theoretical question to which we are seeking solutions. Every resear ch problem is a specific focus, made by the researcher, within a broader theme. Both the problem and the subject of a study can be approached by various areas o f knowledge alone or in an interdisciplinary way. The formulation of the problem is the starting point of all research. She is the engine of the investigative p rocess. That is, the search does not begin from a theory or premise, she starts questioning in a difficulty that the researcher wants to face. Rules for formula tion of the problem in the formulation of the problem the student must be based on the available knowledge on the subject and its specific focus. Indeed, scient ific knowledge could be described as a conversation between several theoretical issues concerning the interests of all. Familiarity with the subject matter up w ith the existing literature and with people who accumulate experience on the sub ject much help in the task of formulating the research problem. In summary, form ulate a problem is to say explicitly clear, understandable and operational diffi culty with which we face and what issues we want to understand in this difficult y. Two basic rules should be considered by the student - the problem should be f ormulated on the way to question or interrogative proposition - that question or proposition interrogative must be raised in opposition or contradiction to a pr evious knowledge. 3.2.2. Objectives of the study According to Vergara (2000), while the problem fo rmulated is a question we seek to answer, goals are results that we want to achi eve. In scientific research we develop general goals and specific objectives. Ge neral objectives: broad definition of what is wanted. Specific objectives: defin ing what is wanted in every situation of the research. It is the application of the general situation of specific situations. The specific objectives are offsho ots of the general objective. 3.2.3. Rationale The justification is the foundati on, the reasons, the reasons that underlie the assembly of the research project which formed the basis for the preparation of the monograph. In this item the st udent must demonstrate the relevance of the theme and relevance of the problem f ormulated. The justification must demonstrate that the proposed study will fill a gap in the chosen subject, will bring contributions to the solution of the pro blem could be achieved in practice and bring benefits to society. 3.2.4. The stu dy questions the survey questions are questions that we wish to respond by devel oping the research proposal. The questions serve as a roadmap of research and sh ould be prepared from the specific objectives. 3.2.5. Delimit Delimitation of th e study is a study to establish theoretical limits for an investigation. This is the moment when the student explains to the reader what is inside the study and what is outside. That is, where will be defined in a clear and objective, the o utlines of the study with regard to the interval of time, space, profile of resp ondents, among others, who are the subjects studied. 3.2.6. Hypotheses The hypot heses are probable or possible answers to a problem. All research shows that ass umptions must be made so that we can confirm or deny the hypotheses. Hypotheses used to guide the reasoning of the researcher. Hypotheses should be simple answe rs to the problem and must be formulated so that they can be tested. They work o n the one hand, as initial explanations and, second, serve as guide in search of information to verify the validity of these explanations. According to Lakatos (1991), any hypothesis is supposedly a response, and likely temporary, and that

works as a sentence in the affirmative, the proposal for a problem that appears in the form of interrogative sentence. 3.2.7. Variables Variables are aspects, or properties of the problem investigate d possible factors to be measured or quantified. The variables are the elements of the problem which adjustments, changes, keep the answers you seek. A variable can be regarded as a classification or measurement, a quantity that varies; an aspect, property or factor, observed in a study problem, which is susceptible of measurement. Variables can be independent or dependent. Independent variable is one that influences determines or affects another variable;€is a determining fa ctor, condition or cause for certain result, effect or consequence, is a factor, usually manipulated by the investigator, in its attempt to ensure the relations hip factor with the research problem or answer to be discovered. Dependent varia ble is one whose change may be explained or discovered, by being influenced, det ermined or affected by the independent variable. She is the factor that appears, disappears or varies as the investigators introduces strip or modify the indepe ndent variable. 3.2.8. The methodology is the set of procedures that the student chose to find answers to the questions of his study. In other words, this part of the paper, the reactive materials, solutions, products, equipment, computer p rograms, tools etc.. - And the investigative techniques that were used in the re search. Any methodology must be designed from a theoretical choice and should be appropriate to the nature of the problem investigated. The best approach is alw ays the simplest and most used by several researchers of a problem. 3.2.9. Theor etical framework and review of literature is understood as the theoretical chapt er of the monograph that aims to present a review of existing literature on the subject or specifically on the problem being investigated. In this part of the t ext, the student must show knowledge of what has been written about the issues h e raised. The literature review is the theoretical basis for the proposed study. It is from that research is contextualized and gain consistency. It is in this chapter that the student must show their concerns and preferences, pointing to t he reader realizes that the gaps in the literature, the disagreements he has wit h her, or the points that it considers to be confirmed. According to Vergara (op . cit.) Review of the literature place allows a clearer presentation of the problem, facilitates the formulation of hypotheses, justifies the methodology and procedures for analysis of selected results. The bibliographical material necessary for the construction of the the oretical can be obtained from books, journals, theses, dissertations, research r eports and other written materials and in electronic media or even in conversati ons with other researchers. In the theoretical students must: • expose the subje ct concerning doing an analysis of key ideas or facts that support it; • present the ideas underlying the theme defending its validity through rational and logi cal evidence, citing the authors consulted to better sustainability at work • di scussing the issue by comparing it with the ideas and arguments presented by sev eral authors, who must be confirmed or disproved according to the interpretation . Organization of the format of the CBT 1. Component parts of the CBT The final papers are divided into three parts: pre-textual elements, textual and post-textual. 1.1 Elements pre-textual - Cover (compulsory) - Cover (compulsory ) - Sheet approval (mandatory) - Dedication (optional) - Acknowledgements (optio nal) - Epigraph (optional) - Summary in Portuguese (mandatory) - Summary (mandat ory ) - List of Illustrations (Optional) - List of Tables (optional) - List of T ables (optional) - List of abbreviations, acronyms or symbols (mandatory). Text 1.2 - Introduction: brief presentation of the problem, study objectives, rationa le, study questions, definition, hypothesis, variables and methodology. Developm ent: a literature review, objectives, rationale, methodology, presentation and discussion of results. - Conclusion. 1.3 Post-textual elements

- complete information from the text: - References (obligatory) - Attachments (o ptional). 2. Graphical presentation of work 2.1 Format The white paper, A-4 format (international standard) size 21x29cm is indicated by ABNT work for educational and scientific content and should be used only on one side and black ink. 2.2 Power is recommended to use font: Times New Roman or Arial in size 12 for text and size 10 for long quotations and footnote s. 2.3 Margins top and left margins are 3 cm and right and bottom is 2.5 cm. Par agraphs are 2cm from the left. 2.4 Spaces We can choose one of these options: a) double-spaced around the body of the text, b) 1.5 space around the body of the text, marking also the option spacing before and after the word AUTO. For titles and subtitles can choose these options: a) two double spaces before each new ti tle or subtitle, b) 1.5 space in the text,€marking the one spacing before and af ter: 18 pt. Paging 2.5 Hood, although mandatory, does not receive numbers. The p re-text pages should be counted sequentially from the cover sheet, and the numbe ring appears only registered after the second leaf at the bottom, in tiny Roman numeral. From the textual elements to restart the numbering in Arabic numerals w hich should come on top of the page on the right bank. But it is not viewed the numbering of the first pages of each chapter textual or post-textual. Having att ached pages must be numbered, continuing the numbering of the main text. 2.6 Sum mary The summary will be written in Portuguese, in plain text with no paragraphs , single space, occupying the third person singular verb in the active voice. A maximum of five hundred words divided into about fourteen hundred characters, co nstituting about twenty lines. The summary is intended to provide a brief descri ption of the problem studied and solutions found. Should contain the following i tems: the purpose of your exposure monograph; citation of methodology, presentation of key findings, conclusions. T he abstract should not contain aspects of work not described in the text, such a s tables, figures, formulas, references to other authors. Anticipating the summa ry, reference must come from a scientific paper submitted by the student. In the end, should be placed keywords work. 2.7 Keywords Word marks or expressions tha t summarize the main issues in the thesis. Examples In the following pages will give examples of pre-textual elements. Centro Universitário Augusto Motta Course (complete) Work of completion Title: Subtitle by Student Name Ontario (date) Centro Universitário Augusto Motta Course (completed) Completion of course work Title: Subtitle Academic work submitted to Course (course name) of UNISUAM as part of the requirements for obtaining a univ ersity degree in (course). By: Student Name Teacher-Adviser: Teacher's name: Visiting Professor: Teacher's name: Ontario (date)

NAME OF STUDENT TITLE OF WORK Examining Board composed for the defense of Thesis for the degree of BA in (name of course). Approved on: ______ of ___________ to _______ Teacher-Adviser: ____________________________________________ Visiting Professor : ____________________________________________ Ontario (date) SUMMARY Sheet Approval .............................................. .......... ..................................... ii Dedication ............................ .................... .................................................. ........ .. Acknowledgments ................................................ iii ........ .......................................... . Epigraph .......................... ...................... iv .................................................. ... ............. v Summary ................................................ ....... ........................................... ............... vi 1. INTRODUCTION ................................................. .............. ................................... 01 1.1. Background theme 1.2. Problematizati on 1.3. Objectives 1.4. Issues to investigate 2. LITERATURE REVIEW ............................................... ........... .................. 03 2.1. 2.2. 2.3. 2.4. 2.5. 3. METHODOLOGY OF THE STUDY ............................................... .... ..................... 18 3.1. Type of study 3.2. Population and Sample 3.3. Data Collection 4. ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF DATA ......................................... .... ... 20 5. CONCLUSION ................................................ ................. ............ 22 6. REFERENCES ................................................. ................ ............................... 23 7. ANNEXES ................................................. ................... ............................... ........ 24 List of Abbreviations and Acronyms List of Symbols Required element that is the drafting of the alphabetical list of abbreviations and acronyms used in the text, followed by the corresponding words or phrases sp elled words. When you are used few abbreviations or acronyms no need to draw up a list. In this case, the acronym or abbreviation should be spelled, then the en try in words and appearances following only the acronym or abbreviation. LIST OF ACRONYMS ABNT - Brazilian Association of Technical Standards FACNEC - Co llege Cenecista Itaboraí LDB - Law of Directives and Bases of Education STJ - Su perior Court STF - Federal Supreme Court ECA - the Child and Adolescent List of Symbols

Mandatory element that must be prepared according to the order presented in the text, with proper meaning. LIST OF SYMBOLS § - § @ - © Arroba - Copyright 3. Standards for writing the text 3.1 General One of the most important aspects to consider is the clarity and obj ectivity of the text. So do not try to show the erudition to write texts with th e order of the sentences reversed or the excessive use of archaic terms and peda ntic. The reading of the text should flow nicely, without being boring the reade r. The author must be clear, direct, concise and objective. It is obvious that t his simplicity should not compromise the quality of the text, nor justified the use of terms pimps, colloquial or even grammatically poor. It is also crucial th at the entire contents of the monograph in an organized way. Paragraphs should h ave a relationship with each other, ie should contain ideas that evolved from th e previous paragraph and prepare to read the following. The language of a scient ific text is impersonal and should be drafted in the third person verb in its de notative value, literal, avoiding the double meanings and figurative language. O bjectivity and clarity are essential to build their scientific text, using the d irect order and choosing the words to express what they want. 3.2 Title and part s of the text the way the subdivision of the textual elements of a scientific te xt is the subject of much controversy. Thus, it is very simple to standardize su ch subdivisions, especially considering the eclectic nature of the different kno wledge areas, including Humanities, Biological and Exact. What is proposed in th is paper is only a general standardization, with each area to establish addition al criteria that consider the characteristics and peculiarities. According to NB R 10719 of ABNT, the text should be divided into three basic sections: introduct ion, development and conclusion / recommendations. However, as mentioned earlier , each of these parts can be subdivided according to the nature of work. The tit le of a work is not your resume. They should therefore be avoided long titles, w hich must be objective and contain only the essential words, but without prejudi ce to the clarity and understanding of the nature of work. The introduction will house the reader to the work context. Must contain, for example, important hist orical facts and classic works by providing contextual motivations that led the author to conduct the work. It should offer a clear and simple vision of the wor k, stating reason for the choice and delimitation of the subject, nature and imp ortance of work, relationship of topic to the social context; objective of this work, definitions and concepts involved, and distribution of topics. The development varies widely depending on the type of work, but in any kind of research is important to present the work done by other researchers. The text sh ould present the main contributions of theorists who studied the issue. For ease of writing, a common option is to divide the literature review in subchapters a s the subjects. It is essential that the review of the literature has consistenc y with the proposed objective, that is, work submitted must be directly related to the theme of work. Also in this part of the work that the student presents an d discusses the results of their study, as well as the entire research process. In the discussion, students should keep in mind that this is not just a discussi on of the results, but a discussion of labor as a whole. Thus, should be discuss ed all its stages, ie the goal, literature, methodology and results. Results sho uld be discussed in two stages: first the student must explain the results and t hen to compare these results with those available in the literature read. The fi ndings, considerations and / or recommendations shall submit, objectively, the o utcome of the work from the results. It is always important to present the findi ngs of a relative, or trying to demonstrate that the researcher understands that its results are partial and can be refuted in subsequent studies. Students shou ld relate the goals to conclusions, that is, one must ensure that no conclusions have been cited that were not presented. 4. Quotes of documents: definitions and general rules

The college student develops the ability to use material collected in the scient ific literature through the literature to substantiate the achievement of academ ic works. When it is necessary to support strengthening the ideas it develops, i t makes use of the quote, what should be done sparingly, so that the text produc ed constitutes the result of personal development and not copy ideas from one or more authors surveyed. The quote is the mention in the text of information coll ected from another source. Citations should be indicated in the text by a number system or a system autordata. Either of the methods adopted should be followed throughout the document, keeping even a correlation with the reference list subm itted by the end of the work. In the numbering system used for the preparation o f these guidelines, the quotes are single and consecutive numbering throughout t he document, and every time a data is entered, the numbering should be revised. In the author-date system, references are made by the surname of the author or t he institution responsible, or even by way of entry (if the author not stated), followed the publication of the document, separated by commas and parentheses pl us the number of pages viewed (if known). Quotations can be of three types: (a) directly or word: faithful reproduction or transcription of the words of another , with all the features, (b) indirect or conceptual reconstruction of the text r ead free, keeping fidelity to the ideas of the author or (c) mixed: using only t extual expressions of the author consulted in the midst of text being produced. For any type of service is required the citation of where the material was remov ed. For subsequent citations of the same work, replace the names of the author a nd the work by the Latin phrase Ibid, followed by the corresponding page. If the citation concerns the same author, book and page, there is the expression Idem. If the sequence of quotations from a work is interspersed with quotations from other works, he resorts to the shorthand expression Op. cit. Then the author's n ame, indicating the page for each citation. 4.1 Rules for Citation of authors in the text the authors quote from the text in the body is regulated by ABNT, but many situations are not provided. In these cases, we will present a suggestion f or standardization of procedures. An author The authors should be written in the text only the first letter capitalized (eg, Guimaraes). If they are cited in pa rentheses, however, must be written with all letters capitalized (eg GUIMARÃES). Examples: In 1989, Guimaraes concluded that malnutrition is a major cause of in fant mortality; According to Guimarães (1989), malnutrition is a major cause of infant mortality, malnutrition is a major cause of infant mortality (Guimarães, 1989 ). If the two authors are authors in a sentence, should be separated by the conjunction and or the symbol &. Examples: In 1989, Guimaraes and Appolinaro co ncluded that malnutrition is a major cause of infant mortality; & Appolinaro Acc ording to Guimarães (1989), malnutrition is a major cause of infant mortality. I f the authors are in parentheses should be separated by, (point-colons). Example : Malnutrition is a major cause of infant mortality (GUIMARÃES; APPOLINARO, 1989 ). Three or more authors in this case indicates the use of the Latin word et al., A bbreviation of et alii (and other means). Examples: In 1989, Guimaraes et al. co ncluded that malnutrition is a major cause of infant mortality; According to Gui marães et al. (1989), malnutrition is a major cause of infant mortality, malnutr ition is a major cause of infant mortality (Guimarães et al., 1989). Over The au thors quote one or a number of authors should be mentioned subsequently, in alph abetical order. Examples: Malnutrition is a major cause of infant mortality (ALV ES; PENHA, 1989; GUIMARÃES, 1987, JONES et al., 1988) According to Guimarães (19 87) and Jones et al. (1988), malnutrition is a major cause of infant mortality, malnutrition is a major cause of infant mortality (Guimarães, 1987; JONES et al. , 1988). Special cases when the same author has two citations in the same year i s to add a letter after the year. Example: According to Guimarães (1989a, 1989b) , malnutrition is a major cause of infant mortality. When two authors have the s ame last name and the quote is from the same year is to add the initials of firs t name. Example: According to Guimarães, J.€(1989) and Guimarães, A. (1989), mal nutrition is a major cause of infant mortality. When you mention a quote from an

author that is contained in only one particular page of a book, that is not the book as a whole or one of its chapters, one must make mention of the page in th e text and not in the references. Example: According to Guimarães (1989, p.546), malnutrition is a major cause of infant mortality. Apud Apud The term is used to indicate a reference that was not read directly, and wa s cited by another author. Its use should be done sparingly, ie, fewer citations per paper, and only when access to the original work is difficult, for example, the former publication, journal or language often inaccessible. The apud should only appear in the text, is quoted in the reference work in which he was quoted . Example: The special theory of relativity was published in the early (EISTEIN, 1905 apud BRODY, BRODY, 1999). 5. Footnotes Are statements, comments or additions to the text made by the author, translator or editor. Constitute resource available to the author to indicate the sources of different types of service in the case of bibliographical notes. The explanat ory notes, however, are intended to record additional comments not reasonable in the text, or to refer the reader to other parts of the work or other works that treat the same theme. Both are presented in Arabic numerals and should be numbe red consecutively and only for the entire chapter or section. 6. Bibliographic Referencing The record of the references, ie, the standardized set of descriptive elements o f a document should be made according to ABNT norms in force since September 29, 2002 (NBR 6023). The referencing of documents found must contain essential elem ents for their identification by the reader of the text produced. Are closely li nked to supporting documentation, therefore varying depending on the type. Are c onsidered essential elements: the name of the author, title, edition number, pla ce of publication (city name which is situated the publisher), publisher, year o f publication. These data should be presented according to a standardized sequen ce. 6.1. Work considered in all a. Books SURNAME, forename abbreviations of the author. Title: subtitle (if any). Edition. Place of publication: publisher name, year of publication. Total number of pages or volumes, where the collection. LAKATOS, EM; MARCONI, MA Methodology of scientific research: basic procedures. 3 rd ed. São Paulo: Atlas, 1991. 241 p. b. Dictionaries SURNAME, forename abbreviations of the author / editor. Title: s ubtitle (if any). Edition. Place of publication: publisher name, year of publica tion. Total number of pages or volumes. (Collection or series). HOUAISS, A. (Ed.). New dictionary Sheet Webster's: English / Portuguese, Portuguese / English. São Paulo: Folha da Manhã, 1996.

c. Academic works (dissertations, monographs, theses, TCC) SURNAME, forename abb reviations of the author. Title: subtitle (if any). Date of defense. Total leave s. Thesis (Ph.D.) or Dissertation (Masters) - Institution, place and date. BRAZIELLAS, M.L.M. Coordination: a process of interpersonal relationships. 1981. 170p. Thesis (MA in Education) - Universidade Federal Fluminense, Niteroi, 1981 . d. Magazine, Special Issue, Supplement. TITLE OF THE JOURNAL. Title of the issue or topic of special issue. Place, publisher, details of volume number, date, to tal number of pages in the issue. CADERNOS CEDES. Participatory research and education. São Paulo: Cortez, No. 12, nov. 1985. 64 p. - Reprint SURNAME, forename abbreviations of the author. Title: subtitle (if any ). Place of publication: Publisher, year of publication. Total number of pages. offprint statement with the data as they appear in the publication. Transcript Schmidt, S. Systematizing the use of footnotes and bibliographic citations in th e texts and scholarly works. Brasília: UnB, 1981. 7p. Reprint of the Journal of Library, Brasilia, vol. 9, No. 1, p. 35-41, jan. / jun. 1981. e. Document access in electronic Includes databases, mailing lists, files on har d disk, BBS (site), programs, email messages, among others. In the case of elect ronic files, add the extension to the name assigned to the file. The messages th at circulate by electronic mail should only be referenced if it is not possible any other source that addresses the subject. Th e e-mail have an informal character, interpersonal, and passenger and for this r eason,€should not be used as scientific or technical information in a research. References should conform to standards specified for monographic docum ents in full, plus information on the physical descriptions of the electronic me dia. In works consulted online, is essential information about the electronic si gns appear between <> preceded by the words Available from: followed by expressi on and access to: (complete date, plus optional data for hours, minutes and seco nds ). Koogan, A.; HOUAISS, A. (Ed.). 98 digital encyclopedia and dictionary. Ge neral direction of André Koogan Breikmam. New York: Delta: Associated Press, 198 5. CD-ROM. ALVES, C. Slave ship. [S.l.]: virtual books, 2000. Available at: <http://www.ter ra.com.br/virtualbooks/freebook/port/Lport2/navionegreiro.htm>. Accessed: 10 jan .2002, 16:30:30. 6.2. Work considered in part a. The authorship of the party referenced is the sa me as work as a whole SURNAME, forename abbreviations of the author. Title of th e whole document: subtitle (if any). Edition. Place of publication (city): Publi sher, year of publication. MARCONI, MA; LAKATOS, EM techniques of research: planning and execution of resea rch, sampling and research techniques, preparation, analysis and interpretation of data. São Paulo: Atlas, 1982. 205p. Chapter 2: Sampling, P. 37-55. b. The authorship of part referenced is not the same as work as a whole SURNAME, forename abbreviations of the author of the part referenced. Title of part or c hapter etc.. In: SURNAME, forename abbreviations of the author of the whole docu ment. Title of the whole document: subtitle (if any). Edition. Place of publicat ion: publisher name, year of publication. Number of volume or total number of pa

ges of the whole document. Number of volume or part. Number of home-end of part referenced. LÜDKE, M. Learning the search path. In: FARM, Ivani (Org.). New approaches to ed ucational research. São Paulo: Cortez, 1992. 135 p. Chapter 3, p. 35-50. c. Periodical publication includes the collection as a whole, issue or number of magazine and newspaper, book in full, as well as existing materials into a numb er, volume or issue of a periodical, namely, articles, editorials, sections, art icles for magazines, newspapers. Taken from magazine SURNAME, forename abbreviat ions of the author of the article. Article title: subtitle (if any). Journal tit le, place of publication, volume number or issue, starting page number - end of the article, month and year of issue. TARGINO, M. G. Citations and footnotes: a guide for preparation. Science and Cul ture, Sao Paulo, vol. 38, No. 12, p. 1984-1991, dez. 1986. Extracted newspaper SURNAME, forename abbreviations of the author. Article title : subtitle (if any). Journal name, location, date (month abbreviated). Location of the subject (name notebook, section, page). PRIGOGINE, I. The mission of the university today. O Globo, Rio de Janeiro, 8 se t. 1991. Segundo Caderno, Books Section, p.7. 6.3. Event as a whole and presented work includes the set of documents grouped t ogether as an end product of an event. Among denominations, the highlights are t he minutes, proceedings, findings, proceedings. SURNAME, forename abbreviations of the author. Title of work. In: TITLE OF EVENT, number, year and place of achi evement. Title of document. Location: Editor / Publisher, year of publication. N umber of volume or total pages. Volume number where you can find the material re ferenced, starting page number - final. ANNUAL MEETING OF THE BRAZILIAN SOCIETY OF CHEMISTRY, 20.1997, Pocos de Caldas. Chemistry: academia, industry, society: book of abstracts. Sao Paulo: Brazilian Chemical Society, 1997. OLIVEIRA, B. Basic rules for the use of Latin phrases, quotations and references to legal documents. In: CONGRESS BRAZILIAN DE LIBRARIANSHIP AND DOCUMENTATION, P. 10, 1979, Curitiba. Anais. Curitiba: Paraná Library Association, 1979. 3 vol., Vol. 2, p. 633-655. 6.4. The free entry of NRB 6023/2002 is silent in case of referral for free. It was decided in this document, consider the same approach to reference in the doc ument. If the entry has authored or matter, is one of the volumes of the encyclo pedia, proceeding according to the orientation field whose authorship is distinc t from authorship of the whole (see this document). NAME OF ENCYCLOPEDIA. Locati on: publisher, year. Total volumes. Card, (volume number), initial page - final. location Barsa. New York: W. Benton, 1972. 16 vol. Education, vol. 5, p. 285-298.

6.5. Legal document Legislation In the case of constitutions and their amendment s, it is added,€between the name and jurisdiction of the title, the term constit ution, followed by years of enactment in parentheses. BRAZIL. Provisional Measur e No. 1569-9 of December 11, 1997. Diário Oficial [da] Federative Republic of Br azil. Executive Branch. Brasília, DF. 14 December. 1997. Section 1. p. 29 514. BRAZIL. Constitution (1988). Constitutional Amendment No. 9, November 9, 1995. G ives new wording to art. 177 of the Constitution, changing and inserting paragra phs. Lex: Federal law and marginalia. São Paulo, vol. 59, p.1966, out./dez.1995. Court includes, among other judgments, summaries, statements, judgments, sentenc es. JURISDICTION. Competent judicial body. Title (type of decision or the menu): sub title (if any). Parties (if any). Rapporteur. Place, date. Publication details a s the type of document. BRAZIL. Regional Court (5 th Region). Civil Appeal No 42 441-PE (94.05.01629-6). Appellant: Edile Mamede dos Santos and others. Name: Federal Technical School o f Pernambuco. Rapporteur: Judge Saints Nereus. Recife, March 4, 1997. Lex: juris prudence from the Supreme Court and the Regional Courts. São Paulo, vol. 10, No. 103, p. 558-562, mar. 1998. Doctrine includes technical discussions on issues and legal texts in monographs, journal articles, papers and more. SURNAME, forename abbreviations of the autho r. Title: subtitle (if any). Publication details as the type of document. BARROS, R. G. de. Prosecutors: their legitimacy facing the Consumer Code. Quarte rly Journal of Jurisprudence states. São Paulo, vol. 19, No. 139, p. 53-72, ago. 1995. 6.6. Works published by corporate bodies Works published by collective entities are referenced using this name in place of the author's name. If the entity has a generic name, your name is preceded by the name of the superior court or court decisions which geographically belongs. Fluminense Federal University. Pro-rect or for Academic Affairs / Próreitoria Research and Graduate Studies. Presentatio n of monographs of completion. Niterói, 1992. 59 p. BRAZIL. Ministry of Justice. Report of activities. Brasilia. DF, 1993. 28 p. If the entity is linked to a larger body that has a specific name that identifies t he entry is done directly by its name. In the case of duplicate names, it is sug gested to add in parentheses the geographical unit that identifies it. NATIONAL LIBRARY (Brazil). Report of the Directors-General: 1984. Rio de Janeiro , 1985. 40 p. 6.7. Other a) The referral of material without author stated get the title, grap hing only the first word in capital letters. Should the title be initiated by pa rticle (a, a, a, a) it must be placed after the title, in parentheses. CREDIT ed ucation: MEC warns schools. O Globo, Rio de Janeiro, 13 jun. 1993, Dossier The N ation, p. 4. CUSTOMER is always right (O). O Globo, Rio de Janeiro, 9 January 1994, p. 20. b) works which are featured contributions from several authors are referred to b y the responsible intellectual (organizer, coordinator, compiler), are highlight ed in the work, followed by the abbreviation of the word that characterizes the kind of responsibility recorded in parentheses: (Reg) (Coord.), (Comp.). TUBINO, M. J. G. (Org.). The university yesterday and today. São Paulo: IBRASA, 1984. 1 81p.

c) Other liability, such as a proofreader, translator, illustrator may be added after the title, as they appear in the document. CHEVALIER, J.; Gheerbrant, A. D ictionary of symbols. Translation Vera da Costa e Silva et al. 17. ed. rev. e au m. Rio de Janeiro: J. Olympio, 2002. Bibliography BRAZILIAN ASSOCIATION OF TECHNICAL STANDARDS - ABNT. NBR 6027. Summaries. 1989. São Paulo: ABNT, 1989. NBR 6024. Progressive numbering of the sections of a docu ment - ____________. procedure. 1989. São Paulo: ABNT, 1989. ____________. NBR 6 023. References. 2000. São Paulo: ABNT, 2000. ____________. NBR 6028. Abstracts. 2000. São Paulo: ABNT, 2000. ____________. NBR 6032. Abbreviations of titles of periodicals and serials procedure. 2000. São Paulo: ABNT, 2000. ____________. N BR 6822. Preparation and presentation of Brazilian standards. 2000. São Paulo: A BNT, 2000. ____________. NBR 10520. Presentation of citations in documents. 2001 . São Paulo: ABNT, 2001. ____________. NBR 10 524. Preparation of the title of t he book - procedures. 2002. São Paulo: ABNT, 2002. ____________. ABNT, 2002. NBR 10 719. Presentation of technical and scientific reports. 2002. São Paulo: ____________. NBR 14724. Information and documentation - academic work - present ation. 2002. São Paulo: ABNT, 2002. ____________. NBR 6023.€Information and docu mentation - References - preparation. 2002. São Paulo: ABNT, 2002. KEYS, M. A. R esearch project: a practical guide for monograph. Rio de Janeiro: WAK, 2002. LAK ATOS, E. M., MARCONI, M. A. Fundamentals of scientific methodology. 3rd ed. São Paulo: Atlas, 1998. MOURA, M. L. S. (Org.). Manual preparation of research proje cts. Rio de Janeiro: UERJ, 1998. PÉREZ, J. M. Methodology of academic work. Rio de Janeiro: Universidade Castelo Branco, 1996 (Instructional Materials). Rudi, F . V. Introduction to scientific research project. 30th. Ed. Petropolis, RJ: Voze s, 2002. SALVADOR, A. D. Methods and techniques of literature search. 9.ed. Porto Alegre: Sulina, 1981. 236p. SEVERINO, A. J. Methodology of scientific work. 19th ed. Sã o Paulo: Cortez, 1993. 252p. VERGARA, S. C. Projects and research papers on admi nistration. 3rd ed. São Paulo: Atlas, 2000.