MARMORA REFERENCE MANUAL Recommendations for Safety and Health at Work President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva Minister

of Labor Carlos Lupi Fundacentro President Executive Director Technical Director Director of Administ ration and Finance MARMORA REFERENCE MANUAL Recommendations for Safety and Health at Work São Paulo 2008 Data Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication (CIP) Coordination of Documen tation and Libraries - CDB / FUNDACENTRO São Paulo - SP 1234567Marmorarias: refe rence manual: Recommendations from 1234567890segurança and health / Alcina Meigi kos 1234567890Anjos the Saints ... [Et al.]. - São Paulo: FUNDACENTRO, 12,345,67 8,902,008. 123456789040 P. : Il. 1234567890Patrocínio and support: SITIMAGRAN-SP -SP FETICOM. 1234567890Colaboração to: City of São Paulo, 1234567COVISA, SIMAGRA N-SP, SEBRAE, SESI SENAI. 1234567890ISBN 978-85-98117-30-0 12,345,678,901. Marbl e - Risk professional. 2. Marble - 1234567Segurança and health. I. Santos, Alcin a 1234567Meigikos of Angels. CIS Fuko Fuko Yhai The UDC 679.854.8 +613.6 679.854 .8 +614.8.084 CIS - Classification of the "Centre International d'Informations de Sécurité et d'Hygiene du Travail" CDU - Universal Decimal Classification Participating agencies of the Technical Group of Marmora FUNDACENTRO Alcina Meigikos Santos1 of Angels, 4 Ana Maria Tibiriçá Bon1, 3 Vlad imir Vieira2 Antonio Eduardo Algranti2 Elizabete Medina Coeli Mendonça2 Erica Lu i Reinhardt2 Francisco Kulcsar Neto1 Irlon of Angelo's Cunha1, Leila Cristina Al ves Lima1 3, 4 Roberto Valle Delhi Giuliano4 Vanda de Souza Teixeira1 Municipali ty of São Paulo Municipal Health Secretariat of Sao Paulo Reference Centers in O ccupational Health Rosa1 Golda Edna Aparecida Schwartzman2, 4 Jefferson Benedito Pires de Feitas2, 4 Manuel Ramos Adacio Paulo1, 3 1 February 3 Imprint Social Service Industry - SESI Bedrikow1 Bernardo, 3 Industries Workers Union of Marble, Granite and Ornamental Stones of Sao Paulo - Aristotle SITIMAGRAN Magal hães1 da Silva, 3 Adverb Balkiunas2 Industries Union of Marble and Granite State of São Paulo - SIMAGRAN / SP Tarcisio Sevegnani1 Miguel, 3 National Service of Industrial Learning - SENAI Eleno Rodrigues5 Gilmar de Paula Silveira5 Ministry of Labor - MPT iros Losso2 Reichmann, 3 Preparation of the text "Marble - Reference Manual" Collaboration in defining th e text "Marble - Reference Manual" Preparation Checklist 4 Collaboration in Revi ew Checklist 5 Collaboration in the development of studies at the Center for Mar ble and Granite - School Mario Amato SUMMARY INTRODUCTION ................................................. ................. ................................. .............................................. .... ..... 7 1.OBJETIVO .............................................. ......... ......................................... ...................................... ............ .................. 9 2. INTRODUCTION .............................. ................... .................................................. .........

......................................... ..... 9 3. CONTROL OF EXPOSURE TO DUST ............................................. ................................. ................. .... 12 3.1 Control Measures Collective ...................... ...................... .................................................. ...... ......................... ............................................. 12 3.1.1 Humidification .................................................. ............. ..................................... ........ 12 a) for use of pneumatic tools .......................................... ..................................... ............. .............. 13 b) to use power tools .......................... ................ .................................................. ............ ......... 14 c) Water supply ............................................ ...... ............................................ ................................... .. 15 d) Runoff water ............................................ ............. ..................................... ........................................ A nd 16) Decanting the mud and water reuse ....................................... . ............................................. 16 3.2 Administrative Control Me asures and Personal .......................................... ................. ................................. ... 17 a) Personal Protective Equipment ...... ..................................... .......................................... ........ ............. 18 b) Clean the area of production ...................... .................... ........................................................... ............ .... 20 c) organization and storage ............................... ............. .................................................. ............... .............. 20 d) A warning sign ............................................ .................................................. ............................ .... 21 e) Personal Hygiene ............................................. ...... ............................................ ................................... ............... 22 3.3 Disposal of blasting Ornamental ......................... ................. ............................................... April 22. CONT ROL OF EXPOSURE TO NOISE ............................................. ......... ......................................... .. May 23. CONTROL OF EXPOSURE TO OTHE R RISK FACTORS .......................................... ........... 24 5.1 Ris k of Accidents ............................................. ................... ............................... ................................................ .. 24 5.2 Chemicals .............................................. ............. ..................................... .......................................... ........ ... 24 5.3 Vibration hands and arms ................................... ........ .................................................. .................... ................. Ergonomic Risk .............................................. 25 4.5 .................................................. ...................... ......................... June 26. MONITORING AND CONTROL MEASURES OF EXPOSURE O F WORKERS ........................................ ............................. ..................... .. July 27. CONTROL OF MEDICAL HEALTH WORKER ............. ............................... ....................... 27 8. COURSE FOR WORKERS .............................................. ................................ .................. ........... BIBLIOGRAPHY .................................... ............ 28 .................................................. ............. ..................................... ....... 29 LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRON YMS ............................................ ............................... ................... ................ 32 APPENDIX: CHECKLIST .................... ........................ .................................................. .... ................. 33 PRESENTATION This manual provides technical recommendations for the prevention and control of major hazards present in marble. These recommendations were developed by the Te chnical Group of marble National Program for Elimination of Silicosis, aiming to support the activities of social actors responsible for the improvement of work ing conditions and health of workers in this branch of economic activity. The ac tivity of final processing of ornamental marble is held in almost all the nation

al territory by about 7,000 companies employing over 50,000 workers. In this act ivity, workers are exposed to environmental agents such as silica dust and noise , which can cause diseases like cancer and silicosis and noise induced hearing l oss (NIHL), and accident hazards and ergonomic. In Brazil, several actions aimed at health and safety marble were developed in States of São Paulo, Santa Catari na, Minas Gerais and Espirito Santo. Among these actions stand out from the Offi ce of the State of São Paulo (mPsP), initiated in 1996. In the period 1998-2002, the carvers mPsP coordinated the project in partnership with the Centres of Ref erence in Occupational Health of the City of São Paulo (CRST), with participatio n FUNDACENTRO and Heart Institute (INCOR). In late 2001 the mPsP released the re sults indicated that poor working conditions, cases of silicosis and hearing los s induced by occupational noise. In August 2004, created the Technical Group of marble (GT-marble) under the National Programme for Elimination of Silicosis, se eking to integrate the actions of various institutions and suggest measures to r educe workers' exposure to environmental agents, with emphasis in the control of dust containing crystalline silica in the business of marble. To make this manu al, the GT-marbled was based on data and information obtained through evaluation studies of worker exposure to environmental agents, dust, noise and vibration m ade by FUNDACENTRO in the period 2002 to 2006, studies from other institutions s eminars, lectures and meetings.€Studies have indicated that the most effective m easure to control exposure to dust is the humidification of operations in the fi nishing stage of the production process in marble. To complement the recommendat ions of TSS, the GT-marbled developed a checklist for monitoring the implementat ion of recommended control measures. The Checklist is in Appendix of this manual . Bernardo Bedrikow 7 1 PURPOSE Provide technical recommendations, for the prevention and control of major risks to health and safety of marble. 2 INTRODUCTION The workshops produce parts of various forms of rare beauty and of great economi c importance that are applicable in construction. Are used in the production roc ks like granites, slates, marbles and also manufactured products such as Silesto ne and Limestone. The processes and procedures used in marble involve transport of plates, polishing, cutting and finishing. For the development of these activi ties are risks to workers due to the generation of dust, noise, vibration, and a ccident hazards and ergonomic problems. In the dry finish, the most dangerous op erations are thinning and sanding, because they generate high concentrations of dust. In environments without adequate measures to control dust can cause respir atory diseases. If this dust contains crystalline silica, the problem is more se rious. Workers exposed to dust containing crystalline silica may acquire a doFig . 1: Crystal Quartz in granite curric called pulmonary silicosis. Silica is a mi neral found in nature and is present in most rocks, the quartz being the most co mmon type of crystalline silica. R R 9 The amount of crystalline silica present in each type of ornamental stone may va ry. Crystalline silica is found in great quantity in the sandstone, quartzite, g ranite and slate. The marbles are the rocks that contain a lower amount of cryst alline silica. In manufactured products, such as the Silestone, the amount of cr ystalline silica can reach 95%. Silicosis is an incurable lung disease caused by the buildup of dust containing crystalline silica in the alveoli. This dust, ve ry fine and invisible attacks the lung tissue leading to its hardening and diffi cult breathing. The development of silicosis depends on the amount of dust conta ining silica in the place of work and time that the worker is exposed. Early in the disease most workers do not feel anything, but if exposure to dust continue, symptoms such as cough, weight loss and shortness of breath when performing eff

orts, can appear quickly. R Figure 2: Lung and healthy lung with silicosis (Source: Brochure "Prevent Against Silicosis" - CEREST-Joinville/SC) There is no cure for silicosis, but it can be avoided! Silicosis can be prevente d by avoiding exposure of the worker through the adoption of control measures to eliminate or reduce to very low levels the amount of dust containing silica pre sent in the workplace. 10 Apart from occupational exposure to dust containing silica, workers may be expos ed to other chemicals, such as those present in adhesives, in clay, wax and in p roducts used to standardize the surface of the plates and to perform cleanup act ivities in general. The solvents from glues, for example, styrene monomer, methy l ethyl ketone, because they are ototoxic, may contribute to hearing loss of wor kers, central nervous system diseases, diseases of the respiratory system, skin and eye irritation and burns. Another agent that impacts the health of workers i s the noise generated mainly by cutting saws and motorized hand tools used in fi nishing processes. Noise exposure can result in a g rave problem that is induced hearing loss (NIHL). This hearing loss is irreversible and has been observed va da a high amount of workers who work in the productive sector. Noise can also ca use other health problems such as tinnitus, cardiac and digestive disorders, fat igue, headache and decreased concentration. In finishing operations in marble us ing powered hand tools such as grinders or angle sanders, grinders and saws stra ight-marble, exposes workers to vibration in hands and arms. Prolonged use of th ese tools during the workday and over the years can cause problems in the vascul ar, neurological, osteoarticular, muscular, among other effects. Besides the ris ks mentioned above, there are problems with the survey,€transport and handling o f plates and heavy parts as well as attitudes, work organization and inadequate quarters. In these environments can also result in accidents involving falls fro m plates and parts, projection of particles and electric shock due to disability and improvisation in the electrical installation. 11 3 CONTROL OF EXPOSURE TO DUST There are several types of measures that can be adopted for the control of occup ational exposure to dust. Measures can be of collective character, related to th e site and the work process, and the administrative and staff. In general, it is necessary to adopt a set of them to prevent silicosis. The main collective meas ures are: changes in production processes, the machines and tools, and implantat ion of humidification in the operations that generate dust; installation of loca l exhaust ventilation, isolation or enclosure of sources of dust; deployment mai ntenance program, among others. The main measures are administrative and persona l medical exams; guidance to employees; implementation of safety procedures and good work practices, implementation of respiratory protection program, use of pe rsonal protective equipment, maintenance organization and cleanliness; signaling warning, among others. 3.1 Control Measures Collective Studies by FUNDACENTRO indicated that among the measures to control the collecti ve technical solution most appropriate and best result for reducing exposure to dust is the change of dry finishing process for the wet finishing process. 3.1.1 Humidification The cutting and finishing of ornamental marble should be conducted in the humid, with the use of tools and machines that work with continuous supply of water, f or example, sanders, grinders, saws, marble, bolas and cutters. 12

Figure 3: Situation Finishing Cleaning Figure 4: Situation of the wet finishing For the implementation of humidification in the finishing process is necessary a daptations in the marble yard facilities for the use of pneumatic tools or elect ric with continuous supply of water. All systems must be designed, remodeled, en larged, repaired and inspected to ensure the safety and health of workers. In th e case of electrical installations should be meet the requirements and procedure s of the Regulatory Standard NR-10 - Security in Facilities and Services in Elec trical and NBR 5410 - Low Voltage Electrical Installations (ABNT, 2004). a) For use of pneumatic tools Must be installed compressors, pipes and hoses that allow the air supply clean, dry, lubricated, pressure and volume appropriately scaled to the size of marble is the number of machines to be used. Compressors must be enclosed or isolated f rom the production area where the noise is harmful to workers or to the neighbor hood. Pneumatic tools should be compatible with existing installations, preservi ng the features of protection and compliance with the manufacturers recommendati ons. 13 Figure 6: pneumatic sanders & accessories Figure 5: Compressor isolated and cloistered Figure 7: pneumatic sander with dis c thinning b) To use power tools Power tools used in places with wet process should be designed for this purpose, have double insulation and are strictly enforced within the manufacturers' reco mmendations. Adjustments should not be allowed irregular. Insulation and groundi ng should be appropriate to plant, machinery, tools and other devices to prevent electric shock, especially in wet operations. 14 Should be used only equipment, electric tools and devices compatible with the ex isting installation, preserving the characteristics of system protection and sec urity for users. Figure 9: electric sander with continuous feeding of water Figure 8: Electrical installations, lines of pressurized air and water 10: Serra electric with manual continuous feed of water c) Water supply The water supply lines should provide adequate flow and pressure characteristics of the tools used. Points shall be installed to supply water in sufficient quan tity and near the benches. 15 d) Disposal of water Caneletas must be constructed with guardrails to allow drainage of water used in the task of polishing, cutting, finishing and cleaning. The floor must be regul arly and encourage the flow of water into the channels. Fig€11: Flow of water through channels with grids on the floor e) Decanting the mud and water reuse The water used in the process, along with the mud, must follow to settling ponds

. This material should never go into the common sewer or rainwater untreated. Th e mud deposited in both flow channels as in the settling ponds still wet should be removed and stored for proper disposal, as relevant legislation at the federa l, state and municipal levels. Design and installation of a water treatment and its reuse in the production, must be made by an expert. 16 Water reuse, when used in the process, must submit quality that does not involve risk to the health of workers. Figure 12: Component parts of the system settling 3.2 Measures to Control Administrative and Personal The humidification significantly reduces worker exposure to dust, however, due t o the use of raw materials with high silica content crystalline marble, there is still some risk of exposure. Therefore, additional measures should be taken of the administrative and personnel integrated health programs and corporate securi ty, as provided by law. 17 a) Personal Protective Equipment The company shall provide to employees for free, the personal protective equipme nt with Certificate of Approval (CA) issued by the competent Health and Safety a t Work of the Ministry of Labor and Employment, as the Regulatory Standard NR-6 - Personal Protective Equipment - EPI. Respiratory Protection Workers should use respiratory protective equipment (respirators / masks) in all activities carried out in marble, as Table II Normative Instruction No. 01 of 1 1.04.1994, the following situations: 1. while the humidification in the finishin g process not yet fully implemented and operations are carried out to dry, shoul d be used-type respirator full face mask with P3 filter, 2. after implantation o f humidification and when the monitoring of exposure indicate that concentration s of crystalline silica present in the water mist formed in the process exceed t he action level, corresponding to half the `occupational exposure limit may be u sed respirator-type part semifacial with P3 filter respirator or a piece of type semifacial PFF3 filter type (mask disposable). Figure 13: Type Respirator full face mask with P3 filter Figure 14: Type part semifacial Respirator with filter 15: P3 Respirator type di sposable part semifacial PFF3 18 The company shall provide respiratory protection equipment to enable the best fi t to the face of each operator (full face mask, disposable mask or semifacial) s o as to provide a proper seal and therefore the necessary protection with this t ype of control measure. The use of respirators should be part of a respiratory p rotection program, which must contain at least the following items: - technical criteria for selection of respirators - fit testing; - factors that influence th e seal of the respirator, such as use in conjunction with safety glasses, ear pl ugs like shell, caps, and other accessories - policy on use of beard - rules or procedures for distribution to users of respirators; - procedures for the storag e and replacement of respirators; - guidance to users. Importantly, the items re lated to Respiratory Protection Program (RPP) must be contained in the Programme for Risk Prevention Program (PPRA) of the company. Clothing for protection against moisture The company must provide the waterproof security suite for protecting the torso,

upper and lower limbs moisture from water operations, composed of cloak or coat , overalls or trousers and jacket, gloves and boots with toe. Eye Protection The company must provide safety glasses, preferably of the type wide vision and anti-mist for eye protection against impacts of particles multidirectional, obse rving the compatibility of use with other PPE used. 19 b) Clean the area of production Wash the floors, walls, work areas and other areas where the mud may have accumu lated, so as to keep the environment clean by preventing mud dries. If so, it sh ould be wet before being removed. Figure 16: Clean by washing c) Organization and conservation Keep all work areas free of obstacles to avoid accidents and not disrupt the pro duction, circulation and clearing the site.€Remove from desktops all materials d estined for disposal, such as scraps of sheet metal, cans and used sandpaper, an d place in appropriate containers for collection, preferably near the production area. Figure 17: Containers collection 20 Identify and label all chemicals used in marble, such as glues, solvents, waxes, polishes, among others. These products must be handled in places with good vent ilation and should be stored in an appropriate manner that does not pose a risk. Keep the tools that are not being used in an appropriate location such as shelv es, work bench, brackets or cabinets. Position the worktops so as to allow free movement of workers and moving parts. Provide immediately, the repair of irregul arities in floors, walls, plants and benches. d) A warning sign The work areas should be marked with warning signs containing, for example, the following words: DANGER AREA SILICA WORK ALWAYS WORK WITH A HUMID AVOID THE FORMATION OF DUST CAR E IF THE MUD DRY WET DUST She turns the mud before removing it DO NOT USE BROOM OR COMPRESSED AIR 21 e) Personal Hygiene In addition to care for the environment, workers should be counseled about the f ollowing personal hygiene habits - no shaking, brushing or blow dust from work c lothes - take a shower and change clothes before leaving the workplace - do not take the dirty clothes to wash at home because the company is responsible for wa shing uniforms or work clothes - saving work clothes separate from clothes in co mmon use double closets provided by the company - washing hands and face before eating - eat meals, coffee and water in a clean and separate from the production area - no smoking. 3.3 Elimination of blasting Ornamental The abrasive blasting with sand, both for operations carried out dry and the wet is prohibited by Ordinance No. 1999, 19/10/2004, Department of Health and Safet y at Work - DSST / MTE amending Annex Paragraph 12 of the Regulatory Standard NR -15. In marble, should not be held blasting operation of ornamental with any kin d of abrasive, as the ornamental may contain high levels of crystalline silica.

22 4 CONTROL OF EXPOSURE TO NOISE Considering the features and technology present in the production process in mar ble, the use of hearing protectors is an important control measure in the preven tion of noise induced hearing loss, along with other actions that should be impl emented to control exposure. The company must: - provide hearing protectors to a ll workers exposed to noise - to offer employees options to choose from differen t types of protective covering aspects of comfort and efficiency of mitigation, so as to provide a commitment to continuous use over shifts - provide suitable l ocations for care and cleaning, free from dust or other contaminants - to guide the placement of employees on the correct way of protecting the ear, especially for the type of insertion and care about its handling and hygiene - guidance to workers about the importance of continued use of the Guard along the journey, or where the worker is exposed to noise - keep a doctor on the actual hearing loss of workers and their evolution through program Medical Control of Occupational Health that plans to carry out regular hearing tests - providing cutting discs w ith silent soul for the cutting process with wet saws, aimed at reducing noise g enerated in this type of operation, - guiding employees on the procedures and ot her aspects related to control of noise exposure. It is for workers to follow th e guidelines and procedures provided by the company and use correctly the hearin g protector continuously throughout the workday. The items listed above are reco mmended actions in Hearing Conservation Programs (PCA) and one must be present i n the Programs Risk Prevention Program (PPRA) of companies. Important note about the use of PPE: if the worker fails to use the hearing protection device for an hour during your workday, it is as if the protection offered by the same reduce d close to half. 1 Also called Program for the Prevention of Hearing Loss (PPPA). 23 5 CONTROL OF EXPOSURE TO OTHER RISK FACTORS Beyond the control of exposure to dust and noise, other risk factors should also be observed. 5.1 Accident Risks In the field of marble, accidents can be caused by adverse situations and enviro nments found in the work process, including aspects related to the type of const ruction, type of physical arrangement and maintenance of machinery and equipment . Among the main measures to control the risk of accidents can include: - instal lation of protective devices for the moving parts of machinery and equipment - t he adequacy of facilities and electrical grounding to prevent electric shock, ac cording to the requirements of NR-10 and NBR 5410 - establishment of procedures for the safe storage and handling of flammable materials - installation of fire extinguishers and instruction for proper use of them - define procedures for the safe use of machinery and hand tools and benches - adequacy of the physical arr angement of marble quarrying and clearing work areas - adequacy requirements of Annex I of item 11.4.1 of the NR-11: "Technical Regulation on Procedures for Han dling, Storage and Handling Sheet Marble, Granite and other Rocks ". 5.2 Chemicals To control exposure to chemicals found in glues, on clay, the wax and the produc ts used to standardize the surface of the plates and to perform cleanup activiti es in general, it is recommended: - replace, where possible, and adhesive masses plastic solvent-based adhesives for volatile organic solvents with water-based; 24

- Perform the operations of pasting in a well ventilated - to handle the chemica ls as directed on the labels contained in Form and Safety Information (MSDS) pre pared in accordance with the recommendations in the NBR 14725 (ABNT, 2001) - alw ays keep closed when not in use, the containers containing chemicals - use only the products in original containers with labels to allow their identification an d verification of expiration date - do not reuse containers for storing chemical s any other material - to keep chemicals in a well ventilated and away from igni tion sources such as electricity boards, torches, solar radiation, among others - use chemical filter respirators, gloves and clothing appropriate for handling chemical products - no smoking. 5.3 Hand and Arm Vibration Workers should be instructed about the effects of exposure, care and procedures needed to minimize exposure to vibration in hands and arms and seek medical help whenever they feel tingling, numbness or intense pain in hands continuously. Th e replacement of the finishing process to dry the wet finishing, the use of pneu matic tools supplied with water, lighter, balanced and accessories with good qua lity, contributes to a reduction in exposure to vibration. Among the actions aim ed at controlling exposure to vibration should be: - use tools in good repair perform maintenance on tools, especially those with eccentric shaft - grinding w heels or discs replace worn or defective - replace discs or grindstones when the new operator to realize that they produce excessive vibration - fit the type of tool, the accessory used and the speed of rotation to perform the operation so as to minimize exposure to vibration '; 25 - Take breaks without exposure to vibration, during operations, at least 10 minu tes every hour of work with power tools - to avoid carrying out the thinning ste adily throughout the working day, interspersing them with operations generate lo wer vibration level as fine finishing and polishing, or others that show no expo sure to vibration - centralize accessories and abrasive discs with the tools, wi th special attention to ceramic discs coupled to the plate sanders by Velcro. 5.4 Ergonomic Risks Among the ergonomic hazards that are present in the marble industry, deserve men tion those related to biomechanical factors, such as those due to lifting, trans porting and unloading of plates and manual parts overweight. Working conditions, postures and positioning of workers in their jobs also pose health risks and ac cidents. The main causes of these risks are inadequate work benches, machines an d tools they require effort from workers to perform activities. For the eliminat ion or reduction of major ergonomic risks observed in the field of marble,€is re commended: - adequacy of jobs based on an ergonomic analysis that takes into acc ount the adjustment of working conditions to the psychophysiological characteris tics of workers (benches, brackets, fasteners, etc.) as provided in NR-17; - rep lacement of benches and makeshift easels - suitability to the requirements of An nex I of NR-11, as mentioned in item risk of accidents, for shipping and handlin g slabs of marble, granite and other rocks in the marble yard, - improving organ ization of work with the introduction of modern tools and machinery in the produ ction process, the introduction of safe procedures and guidance to employees; 26 - Definition of safe procedures for operating machinery and tools, taking into a ccount the attitudes of workers, such as operation manual grinders, saws, drills and cranes - adequacy of general lighting and additional work environments the type of activity - placement of seats for the rest of the workers during breaks, because most activities in the marble is held upright. 6 MONITORING AND CONTROL MEASURES OF EXPOSURE OF WORKERS 6 The monitoring of control measures and exposure of workers must be accomplished through qualitative and quantitative assessments of risk agents present in the m

arble industry, aiming to demonstrate the effectiveness of control measures impl emented, according to the schedule that shall be provided in the Prevention Prog ram Environmental Risk PPRA (NR-9). The PPRA should include changes in the finis hing process to dry the wet finishing process with the establishment of prioriti es and goals for the implementation of the recommendations contained in items 3, 4 and 5 of this manual. A record of all information and data generated by monit oring should be kept by the company, structured and entered into the technical a nd administrative history of the PPRA. 7 CONTROL OF MEDICAL HEALTH WORKER The health of any worker who is exposed to dust containing silica and other agen ts in a marble yard must be accompanied by admission examinations, periodic, ret urn to work, change of function and demissional as NR-7: Control Program Occupat ional Health Medical (PCMSO). 27 The medical examination on admission should be made before the worker takes his activities. The periodic medical examination should be performed annually or at shorter intervals at the discretion of the physician coordinator of PCMSO as wel l as additional tests. In case of removal, the medical examination of return to work should be performed on the first day back at work the employee absent for a period equal to or greater than 30 (thirty) days due to illness or accident of occupational nature or not. The medical examination of a change of function shou ld be performed before the change and demissional medical examination should be performed when the worker is off the company. The company must ensure that worke rs performing specialized tests laid down in legislation and exams as required m edical criteria. The occupational physician will assess, in addition to occupati onal diseases, health risks to the worker related to the production process in m arble. 8 COURSE FOR WORKERS The company shall promote travel to guide employees on process change with the i ntroduction of humidification as a measure of collective control. The course mus t have a schedule of at least eight hours, be updated every year and address the following issues: - the main risks in marble and its effects on health (silica, noise, vibration, ergonomic, accidents, etc.) - History of why the change in th e finishing process to dry the wet finishing - information on the possible limit ations of protection and the importance of measures of collective and individual control and its correct usage - guidelines for adapting the work environment: u se and reuse of water - work procedures to produce less dust; - procedures relat ed to the use of machines and tools that work with continuous supply of water the rights and duties of workers and employers. 28 BIBLIOGRAPHY BRAZILIAN ASSOCIATION OF TECHNICAL STANDARDS. NBR 14725: Information security of chemicals: MSDS. Rio de Janeiro, 2005. BON, A. M. T. Occupational exposure to s ilica and silicosis among workers in marble, in São Paulo. 2006. 322 f. Thesis ( Doctorate in Public Health), School of Public Health, University of São Paulo, S ão Paulo, 2006. Available at: <http:// www.fundacentro.gov.br / domains / CTN / teses_lista.asp? CTN = D & C = 447 & menuAberto = 215>. Acesso em: 14 abr. 2008. BRAZIL. Ministry of Labor and Employment. Ordinance No. 99, October 19, 2004. P rohibits the working process of sand blasting using dry or wet abrasive applicat ions. Available at: <http://www.mte.gov.br/legislacao/portarias/2004/p_20041019_ 99.asp>. Accessed: 09 January 2007. ______. Ordinance No. 3214 of June 8, 1978. Approves the regulatory norms - NR, Chapter V, Title II of the Consolidation of Labor Laws relating to safety and occupational medicine. Available at: <http://w ww.mte.gov.br/legislacao/portarias/1978/ p_19781008_3214.asp>. Accessed: 09 Janu ary 2007. ______. NR 4: specialist services in safety engineering and occupation al medicine (104000-6). Available at: <http://www.mte.gov.br/legislacao/normas_r

egulamentadoras/ nr_04b.pdf>. Accessed: 09 January 2007. ______. NR 6: personal protective equipment: PPE. Available at: <http://www.mte.gov.br/ legislacao/norm as_regulamentadoras/nr_06_.pdf>. Accessed: 09 January 2007. ______. NR 7: Progra m of medical control of occupational health (107000-2). Available at: <http://ww w.mte.gov.br/legislacao/normas_regulamentadoras/nr_07.pdf>. Accessed: 09 January 2007. 29 ______. NR 8: buildings (108000-8). Available at: <http://www.mte.gov.br/legisla cao/ normas_regulamentadoras/nr_08.asp>. Accessed: 09 January 2007. ______. NR 9 : program of prevention of environmental risks (109000-3). Available at: <http:/ / www.mte.gov.br/legislacao/normas_regulamentadoras/nr_09.pdf>. Accessed: 09 Jan uary 2007. ______. NR 10: safety facilities and services to electricity. Availab le at: <http:// www.mte.gov.br/legislacao/normas_regulamentadoras/nr_10.pdf>. Ac cessed: 09 January 2007. ______. NR 11: transportation, handling, storage and ha ndling of materials (111000-4). Available at: <http://www.mte.gov.br/legislacao/ normas_regulamentadoras/nr_11.asp>. Accessed: 09 January 2007. ______. NR 15: Un healthy activities and operations (115000-6). Available at: <http:// www.mte.gov .br/legislacao/normas_regulamentadoras/nr_15.pdf>. Accessed: 09 January 2007. __ ____. NR 17: Metrology (117000-7). Available at: <http://www.mte.gov.br/legislac ao/ normas_regulamentadoras/nr_17.asp>. Accessed: 09 January 2007. ______. NR 25 : industrial waste (125000-0). Available at: <http://www.mte.gov.br/ legislacao/ normas_regulamentadoras/nr_25.asp>. Accessed: 09 January 2007. ______. Ordinance No. 43, March 11, 2008. Prohibits the process of cutting and finishing of ornam ental and dry alters the wording of Annex 12 of the Regulatory Standard No. 15. Diário Oficial [da] Federative Republic of Brazil, Brasília, 12 mar. 2008. Secti on 1, p. 99. ______. Secretariat of Labor Inspection. Ordinance No 56, September 17, 2003. Endorses and includes the NR-11 Regulation Technical Procedures on Ha ndling and Storage Sheet Granite, Marble and Other Stones. Available at: <http:/ /www.mte.gov.br/ legislacao/portarias/2003/p_20030917_56.pdf>. Acesso em: 22 abr . 2008. 30 CUNHA, I. A. Occupational exposure to vibration in hands and arms in marble in S ão Paulo: proposition of an alternative measurement. 2006. 153 f. Thesis (Ph.D. in Engineering), Polytechnic School, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, 2006. A vailable at: <http://www.fundacentro.g ov.br/dominios/CTN/ teses_lista.asp?D=CTN &C=447&menuAberto=215>. Acesso em: 14 abr. 2008. JOINVILLE. Reference Center for Occupational Health. Take precautions against silicosis. Available at: <http:// www.saudejoinville.sc.gov.br/_downloads/_guvs/cerest/folderSilicose.pdf>. Acesso em: 14 abr. 2008. Kulcsar NETO, F. et al. Silica manual worker. São Paulo: Fund acentro, 1995. SANTOS, A. M. A. Occupational exposure to dust in marble: particl e size characteristics. 2005. 191 f. Thesis (Ph.D. in Metallurgical Engineering and Mines) School of Engineering, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horiz onte, 2005. Available at: <http:// www.fundacentro.gov.br/dominios/CTN/teses_lis ta.asp?D=CTN&C=447&menuAberto=215>. Acesso em: 14 abr. 2008. SAO PAULO (state). Prosecutors. Sector Environment and Accident Prevention. Promoter of Justice of Industrial Accidents. Carvers Project: preliminary report on the Register of Wor kers. 2001. Paper presented at the Workshop About the National Program on Elimin ation of Silicosis, Brasília, 2001. Torloni, M. et al. Respiratory protection pr ogram: selection and use of respirators. 3. ed. São Paulo: Fundacentro, 2002. __ ____. Table II: Recommendations for EPR silica crystallized. In: ______. Respira tory protection program recommendations, selection and use of respirators. 3. ed . São Paulo: Fundacentro, 2002. p. 95. 31 LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMS ABNT ASO AC CONAMA CRST CTPS DSST PPE MSDS FUNDACENTRO GT-marbled INCOR mPsP MTE NBR NR PAIR PCMSO PCA PPR PPRA SST SVLE Brazilian Association of Technical Stan dards Occupational Health Certificate of Approval Certificate of the National Re

ference Center for Environmental Occupational Health Portfolio Work and Pensions Department of Social Security and Health at Work Personal Protective Equipment Safety Information Sheet Chemical Jorge Duprat Figueiredo Foundation for Occupat ional Health and Safety Technical Group Marble Heart Institute of the Public Min istry of São Paulo State Department of Labor and Employment Brazilian Standard R egulatory Standard Noise Induced Hearing Loss Control Program Medical and Occupa tional Health Program Hearing Conservation Respiratory Protection Program Preven tion Program Environmental Health Risks and Safety Local Exhaust Ventilation Sys tem 32 APPENDIX: CHECKLIST This list was compiled based on documentos1 transferred to the GT-marbled, and a ims to support the surveillance authorities, companies and workers during inspec tions and verifications of implementing the recommendations of TSS to marble and contained in this publication does not exhaust all aspects related to Safety an d Health at Work. SURVEY OF TERMS OF SAFETY AND HEALTH OF WORKERS IN THE FINAL PROCESSING OF MARBL E AND GRANITE Marble I - IDENTIFICATION Company Name :_______________________________________________ ________________________________ CNPJ: _________________________________________ ___________________________________________ CNAE: ______________________________ _____ Grade :_____________________________________ Risk II - ADDRESS :__________ ____________________________________________________________________ Logradouro Neighborhood :__________________________________________________________________ ________________ UF :_____________________________________________ City :_______ __________________________ Phone / Fax :_________________________________ Email :__________________________________________ III - HOURS OF OPERATION OF THE COMPANY ________________________________________ _________________________________________________ 1 a) Checklist prepared by FETICOM-PR and PR-SIMAGRAN b) checklist developed by Pr oject marble Health Department of the Municipality of São Paulo. 33 IV - IDENTIFICATION OF TECHNICAL INSPECTION TEAM _______________________________ __________________________________________________________ _____________________ ____________________________________________________________________ V - DATE OF INSPECTION ___________________________________________________________________ VI - N ° NUMBER OF WORKERS EMPLOYED Production - Polishing Industry - Sector Cut ting - Finishing Industry Placement Administration Total VII - REGISTRATION OF P ORTFOLIO OF WORK AND PENSION SOCIAL All workers have the CTPS register? Yes () N o () How many do not register? _____________________________________ VIII - Ther e are contract workers outsourced work? How many? ______________________________ _________________________ No () Yes () There are casual workers? No () Yes () Ho w many? _______________________________________________________ MEN WOMEN MINORS TOTAL

34 IX - BOARDS OF VERIFICATION 35 36 37 NA: Not applicable NR: Regulatory Standard ABNT-NBR: Brazilian Association of Te chnical Standards - CONAMA Brazilian Standard: National Council on the Environme nt CLT: Consolidation of Labor Laws 38 About the manual Composed in Garamond 12/13, 9 on offset paper 120 g/m2 (kernel) and board supreme 250 g/m2 (cover) in the format 21 x 21 cm Edition: 3,000 copi es Graphics: Flamboyant 1st Edition - 2008 Team achievement: Supervision editori al: Elisabeth Rossi Standards: Erika Alves dos Santos Illustrator: Hamilton Vian a1 Photographer: Leordino Gomes Novaes2 Cover: Hamilton Viana1 Graphic Design / Publishing kernels: Nedilson Calasans de Camargo February 1 Social Service Industry - SESI Jorge Duprat Figueiredo Foundation for Occupation al Health and Safety - FUNDACENTRO