Step by step development of charts in Excel using the Chart Wizard.

Running grap hics standard, custom type. Graphics from external images. Proper use of charts and Line Graphs XY chart single and double entry, line, parabola, and quadratic functions. This work was developed in two parts, a purely theoretical explanatory, concerne d with the implementation of graphic Graphics Wizard and a second part related t o the practical development examples and corresponding images, refer to the expl anation of their development. Gr cos aphids With Microsoft Excel can create grap hics to a wide range of standard chart types, each with its corresponding Sub ty pe. You can use graphic images to represent the values instead of bars or lines, you can use overlapping lines and bars. All this range of charts with custom in clusion of such, provides a myriad of graphic capability. This paper will explai n all the steps necessary to perform the graphics with the use of the Chart Wiza rd that contains Excel. Cr Gr eación a f ic To create a chart is started by sele cting a cell for data containing the values you want plot, or the full range of cells. Where to represent ranges are not contiguous, you can select noncontiguou s ranges set by holding down the Control key when selecting each block Step 1 1 - Selecting the type of graph Click the Chart Wizard button Returns a dialog box where you should select: a) chart between Standard and Cust om b) Type of plot: You must select from a list of examples can be seen an examp le of each type of graph with the values you want to graph, pressing and holding the button in the lower right with the name Press to see a sample custom chart type, is the type of graph self-created, as well as certain graphics package. St ep 2 2 - is for the Wizard step 2 of the Data Range tab ------ This step tells E xcel to present data. Within the dialog box is displayed: a) represent data rang e to be confirmed, so that Excel creates the chart right, which happens if the r ange was selected before starting the Chart Wizard. b) How to represent the grap h by rows or columns usually Excel interprets the idea represented by rows or co lumns, since it implies that the graph contains more points than series. In the dialog box Excel displays the chart for assessment. Series tab Click on the Seri es tab to verify that the correct name and rank for each series. The names of ea ch series appearing on a list to the left of the dialogue. To check the values o f each series, select the series and check cells to the right of the dialog box, the location of the cell where the name, to change the name of the series in th at picture. If data is not included in the headers of columns or rows of names t hat identify the data series, Excel uses the name of Series 1, Series 2, ... etc . In this case can be replaced with the desired name in the name box, and also i f there is a name you want to change, automatically moving to the graphic repres entation. Table Series, has in its bottom two buttons that allows clicking Add, Enter a new number or clicking Remove, reverse. Finally dialog box contains a ce ll at the bottom left where you dump the rank for verification, with the title a xis labels (X) Step 3 3 - is for selecting the graph options dialog box in step 3 includes 6 cards. These records relate to: Title-EjesLíneas-division-Legends-D ata Labels Data table. Tab Title: Allows you to assign a title to the chart, a d escription for each axis. The titles are ordinary text box, so you can format, c hange position, align etc.. Axle specs: By clicking this tab, the dialog box presents a series of check boxes for each a xis, select or clear as the corresponding axis, is present or deleted. According to the chart, in some cases by their representation, it should delete any of th eir usual axes. Pie charts do not use axes so that the axis tab is not displayed when you select a graphic of that type. If the data category axis are dates, Ex cel automatically applies a time scale axis. The time scale is available on line graphs, columns,€bars and two-and three-dimensional areas. Sheet Gridlines: Gri dlines are vertical and horizontal lines that help to clarify the graph with res pect to the scale of its axes. Pressing the Gridlines tab to enable or disable G ridlines main and secondary lines of division for the category axis (X) and Axis values (Y. Pie charts do not use division, so the Gridlines tab does not appear

to select one of these types of graphics. Generally Legend tab, Excel has a leg end on the right side of the graph. The dialog box to enable or disable the plac ement of the legend and, if activated, the choice of location by 5 positions. Ab ajo, corner, Up, Right, Left. You can change the position of the legend after yo u run the graph, dragging with your mouse. You can also format the Data Labels t ab to add data labels, you must press Data Labels tab. A graphic by circular sec tors identified by percentage. a column chart, a line chart can have labels indi cating the value of each point and so on. The dialog box presents the option to turn: None if taken not to include labels, or activate a series of markings depe nding on the characteristics of the graph. Finally the dialog box contains a las t option to add Legend key next to label. Data Table Tab Clicking this tab, you can activate the Show option data table with the values represented in the graph , and a second option to Show legend key. Step 4 4 - Excel chart location can pl ace the graphic in the existing spreadsheet is activated as object, or in a sing le chart sheet is active in a new sheet. If you enter the chart as an object, in an existing sheet, you create a chart with a predetermined size. Owing dragged with the mouse to adjust the position and size same. If you enter the chart in a separate chart sheet, Excel creates the chart with a standard size. IM ON PRE SI DE GR AFIC S To print a graph running on an individual sheet for the graphic, with vast activ ate the worksheet and follow the steps of printing. To print a chart inserted as an object in a spreadsheet there are two ways. a) The graph only, select only the graphic and give the print command from the F ile Menu. b) The graph and data found in the shared spreadsheet, select any part of the blade is not the graph, and select Print from the File Menu PROTECTION OF GRAPHICS The graphic can be protected through the Tools menu, sele ct Protect, blocking the spreadsheet containing the chart. So other users can no t modify the sheet and hence the graph. Using the Menu and Toolbar When you sele ct a graphic Graphic executed automatically replaces Excel Data Menu by Menu Gra phic, and Graphic Toolbar. By activating the menu graphics, displays a series of commands type of graph-Source Data-Options-Add Graphics-Location Data-Add Trend line This allows changing the type of chart, press Chart Type and adopting anoth er. Add titles to the axes, select chart options. In the same way using any of t he other orders TOOLBAR contains a series of buttons, and everything you need to improve the presentation APL PRA CTIC ICA TION OF THE T OR ST exposed EORI Index GRAPHICS 3D-effect 1-2-3 4-5 - 6 - 100% T T T T T T Graphics ipo is round columns per Customising T UBOS ipo ipo Column is round wit h Upad gr ipo ipo lines per batch is customized by columns and Ar eas ipo Column is round (ipo is round columns with ef ecto Cir piladas D) 7 - T sectioned with Cir cula cula r --- r and 3D defect 8 - T ype per Customising cones Cylinders ---- OS 9 - Graphics a c ouple of images and Xtera tir nas 10 - Gener-to-peer ar tir g Rafic external ima ge in f or ma nas wing gada 11 - Gener-to-peer ar tir g Rafic external image in f or ma nas to pilada 12 - E mployment to cor rec line of Rafic g XY or 13 - Gr aphicides a tr r ect to birds of a single bla ta pub ada 14 - Gr aphicides a par able to Avé s tr a single pub bla ta ada 15 - Gr quadratic aphicides of f unctio ns, by double-bla ta ent rada

Graphics Conf ection using the graphics Asis TENTE torque The difference in values, or the change in value over time, it can be shown more clearly by means of graphs, whose data are extracted from a spreadsheet or data base.€Therefore we must first have a data sheet that reflects variations in whic h we plot. To be developed step by step all the possibilities offered through Ex cel chart the development of a spreadsheet, drawing up a referring to a dealersh ip selling cars with the following quarterly ABCDEF 1 Total 1st 2nd 3rd 4th Annu al 2 ° total Units sold 108 72 360 3 99 81 Model 1 49 32 44 37 162 4 Model 2 38 25 35 28 126 5 Example 3 21 15 20 16 72 6 Income from sales 1,330,556 967,677.35 1,451,516.02 , July 35 1,088,637.02 4,838,386.74 Cost of sales 1.079.303,83 719 .535,89 989.361,85 809.477,88 3.597.679,45 8 Gross Margin 372.212,19 248.141,46 341.194,50 279,159, 14 1,240,707.29 September 1910 sales staff 10000.00 10000.00 10000.00 10000.00 40000.00 11 commission sales 2721.59 3326.39 3628.79 2419.19 12095.97 22000.00 22 000 12 Advertising, 00 22000.00 22000.00 88000.00 13 fixed Cotos 261.272,88 174.181,92 239.500,14 195.954,66 870.909,61 14 Total cost 296.9 01,67 208.601,12 274.826,53 230.676,26 1.011.005,58 15 16 48482.88 66367.97 3954 0.34 75310.52 Profit 229,701.71 17 profit margin 5.19% 4.09% 4.99% 4.45% 4.75% 1 8 You use the entire form, for chart the development of it. In the first case to go coming in, it takes a simple graphic on the range A1: E2, ie vehicle sales p er quarter. 1 Implementation Step 1 - Select the template within the range A1: E 2 2 - Click on Chart Wizard that is on the standard toolbar 3 - The Graphics Gallery deployed, standard rates, we choose the type of graphic s, Graphic column Step 2: Click next and get the sample of the graph in the second step Step 3: Cl ick Next to advance to the third step of the graph where we have various options at the top. Degrees: We offer three options, chart title, we can keep the title that I adopt in this case Excel, or replace it, add something that interests et c. In this case we opted for the Excel. Category axis (x) add quarters. Category axis (y) axis we leave no title like this. So category axis (x) and Automatic, which are those adopted by Excel. Gridlines we Axis of values (Y) labeled main G ridlines Legend Show Legend demarcated in this case does not make sense because the legend indicate there is only one element that makes up the graph which mean s quantities sold. Mark Data Labels Show Data Table value left unchecked The result is shown in the picture below Step 4: Click Next, which corresponds to step 4, in this case is to point out wh ere to put the graphic in a new sheet or as an object in it. Choose the latest a nd check the last option getting the next image Press the end obtained the graph, which must be located and diagrammed their siz e. Click with the mouse pointer over any part of the chart and then drag to plac e the graphic where desired. You can see them eight squares around it, this is t he handles on the same graph allows the mouse pointer to the desired size. To ch ange the size of the graphic later without altering their proportion height / wi dth, hold down the Shift key while moving any of the drivers that are in the cor ners. After double-clicking with the mouse pointer over any component allowed to enter graphic format, and make the necessary changes that are created, size of numbers, letters, bold colors of the bars, change the background color and so on . All the operations carried out step by step we obtain the following graph How to modify the data series. 1 - Click the right mouse button on any column. 2 - Select the Source Data command 3 - In the Data Range tab shows the range that was originally selected, but if you want to locate the specific range that defi nes the series, select the Series tab. In this case indicates that the cell is t

aken that name and rank values. If you want to correct some of these definitions , we can write the new address in the box provided and click the Collapse button and select the range directly on the form, and return to the dialog box by clic king on Expand How to add and plot a data series 1) In paragraph 3 above series with the flip open. 2) Click on the Add button 3) Click on Collapse of the Name box and select cell in the spreadsheet. 4) Press Expand 5) Press Collapse of the box and select Settings, select the range in the spreadsheet.€6) Click Expand 7 ) When you click OK you have plotted the new series. As we have seen so far, wit h the use of the Chart Wizard and the realization of the four steps are plotted data from an Excel spreadsheet. From here on, always running the 4 steps mention ed above, variants that showed Iran by more measures to graph elements. First, u sing the same data from the previous graph, and using the wizard offers variatio ns can change the characteristics of them, grasping more striking. As mentioned, the four steps should always, in this case, the one step, using types instead o f standard, custom types, so we press on it. Graphics Gallery custom type that i s displayed is as follows We choose in the list of Custom Types, Pipes. It then made the same steps execut ed by the previous graph achieving the following graphic. As you can see it has changed the direction of the elements, from vertical to ho rizontal, with the addition of tinted fund that offers that kind of graphic elem ents discussed so here are the steps that are repeated with variations offered b y Excel, for make the graphics that are running on the payroll Iran exposed as s uch Graph representing total sales by model Select the range A1: E1 and holding the ctrl key., With the mouse pointer to select range A3: B5. In Step 1 select the S tandard Types, with effect 3D Clustered Column 3 Step in the Show legend check b ecause in this case should be differentiated models. It should be noted that the complete graph allows you change the angle of visual perspective by clicking on a corner of it with the mouse pointer, changing its angle at will by dragging t he mouse. With the above we obtain the following graph. Total sales by model 50 40 30 20 10 0 1 ° 2 ° 3 ° 4 ° Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Quarter Another variant of the type of graph, consists of an opt-in list types Paso stan dard lines. In Step 3 Mark Axis Axis category (x) tick value axis (y) Axis Gridl ines category (x) Mark Axis Gridlines major category (and) main Gridlines Mark M ark Show Legend Legend Banner Flag Law Flag Display data value applied double-cl ick the mouse on the plot area adopted a white background. Applying double-click on the area of graph adopted Applying gray double-click Input adopt white legen d Total sales per quarter and model 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 49 38 32 21 25 15 44 35 20 37 28 16 Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Quarter plot area graphic area Legend Entry

How to modify the plot area can resize the plot area by selecting it and moving one of its drivers, also amending scales to maintain the harmony of the graph pl otting Continuing the partial parts of the template, in this case Gross Margin g raph, consisting of sales revenue and Cost of Sales chart component the range A1 : E1, A6: E8. You start by selecting the ranges mentioned by holding down the ct rl key., And select the range with the mouse pointer. Then start the wizard step by step 1 Step Type Graphics Custom Types and areas Columns 2 Step 3 Step Title s Titles Gross Margin of the graph line of categories (x) Quarters On Show Legen d Legend (active Excel) Down On Data Labels On Show Value Once located the graph ic and finished in the size, scale etc, makes a correction. The echo of Data Lab els activate "Show value, makes it simple graph with the values, therefore the i nterest is to have the value of gross margin, therefore, by double clicking with the mouse pointer and then the Delete key, the rest are eliminated from the val ues, obtaining the following graph. Graph representing the percentage composition by quarters of the total costs ran ge A10: A13, F10: F13 is performed with the Ctrl key and mouse pointing, selecti ng Paso ranks a standard Type Graphic Type Columns (100% Stacked Column with 3D effect) 2 Step 3 Step Chart Title Costs Titles category axis (x) Quarters On Axi s Axis category (x) On the value axis (z) Axis Gridlines Category (x) Gridlines On main line of values (z) Activate main Gridlines 4 Step Finish chart locates a nd adapts its size as seen leaving the following box Graphic that represents the annual percentage cost impact We understand the rang e of the graph, with the Ctrl key pressed., Selected with the mouse range A10: A 13, F10: F13 1 Step Standard Model Type Pie pie with 3D effect 2 Step Step 3 Tit les annual percentage cost impact Enable Show Legend Legend Data Labels On Displ ay On Display percentage Guide Lines 4 Step Finish By locating the graph, it adj usts its size, letters etc. As previously noted, and mouse pointer over the area of fixed costs, the sector is dragged apart, achieving the goal as the graph sh own. Separate a portion 1) Click with the mouse over the portion to be separated. Suc h points appear over the entire cake. 2) Make a second click. Such points appear only on that portion. (Two clicks are separated not together) 3) Hold down the mouse button, drag the portion and separates the distance. Options view charts w ith 3D effect you can adjust them as to their effects. To produce this operation , click on the graphic with the mouse right button and choose the command menu i n the 3D view, the dialog box 3D View has buttons that allows you to move separa tely. 1 - To produce an effect of higher elevation, raising the prospect that in this case the rear, press the upper lift, and lower if you want a flatter effec t. 2 - If you want to rotate the graph to go right turn by pressing the left tur n, if not on the right. Each step must click Apply to see the effect on the grap h. If you want to return to the previous state of the graphic, click Default gra ph representing earnings per quarter Execution Select the Ctrl key. press A1: E1 , E16: E16 a step-type custom type of graph-Cones 2 step 3 step Titles On column title graphic quarterly profit line of series (Y) Axis Turn Quarters category a xis (x) On line of series (y) Axis Gridlines category (x) Gridlines On main line of series (y) Activate main Gridlines On Data Labels show value Change the format of the graphic representation of cones to cylinders clicking o n each cone 1Doble 2 - Select Forms 3 - Ways of the column cylinders choose -------Generate graphs from external images All graphics are made based on basic geometric shapes. Excel offers an option to generate graphics using images from other programs is needed for this chart wit h images from the base of a graph, run along the lines explained so far, therefo re, parts of the chart base run, which represents the units sold per quarter, wh

ich was conducted using custom-type tubes. Its implementation is running in the same way, that is taken for execution. Once obtained the graph, the steps are as follows. 123456789Sobre one of the horizontal bar, click the right mouse button Serial Data Format Select Fill Effects ------- Select Image Image Program Files -Microsoft Office-Clipart-Popular-Auto Insert Format ---- Stack --- ------- OK O K Shows After the operation step by step the graph obtained as follows Now we will generate another chart with external images, using the total yearly sales by model, using different images for each model. As in the previous case w e must start with a base graphic. Select Range A3: A5, F3: F5 Chart Wizard Step 1 Types chart type bars custom rustic Step 2 Step 3 Total annu al sales Titles Gridlines model category x axis Activate main Gridlines On Data Labels show value with what made you get the following graph The next step is to replace each bar on a different model. On bar 1 Step Model 3 perform two-click the mause, but separate, first click which select the three b ars, the second click selects only the Menu bar 2 Step Model-Insert-Picture-Sele ct-looking car clipart , and then select the Insert Select model (with Excel 200 0 you must get the CD image) The same steps must be performed for bars Model 2 a nd Model 1, obtaining the following graph Generate graphs from external images in elongated Is plotted the energy consumption incurred in the production of drinking water f or residents to 2.3044 million beams of supply€produced by 61% for operating wel ls and 39% for water treatment plants according to the following table. A Ground Source BCD Pozo Total Supply Cost Kw M3 Cons months Kh 8,187,805 573.146,35 $ 5 .340,88 12,897,422 1.610.000,65 $ 15.002,83 21,085,227 2.183.147,00 $ 20.343,71 20 21 22 23 Implementation As in the case of the above examples, the graphic image runs from the base of a plot executed first, in this case, selecting the range (A21: A22) , (C21: C22), we start from a standard graph , type of column chart. 123456789So bre a column, click the right mouse button Serial Data Format Select Fill Effect s ------- Select Image Image Program Files-Microsoft Office-Clipart-People-Lux ---- Insert Format - Stretch ------- OK OK Shows After the operation step by step the graph obtained as follows Consum or Kw 1.800.000,00 1.600.000,00 1.400.000,00 1.200.000,00 1.000.000,00 80 0.000,00 600.000,00 400.000,00 200.000,00 Well Cons 573,146.35 1.61 million kW P lant , 65 Generate graphs from external images as stacked Running the same operation last year, only changing the format option, Stack by Stretch. With this modification we obtain the following graph. Consum or Kw 1.800.000,00 1.600.000,00 1.400.000,00 1.200.000,00 1.000.000,00 80 0.000,00 600.000,00 400.000,00 200.000,00 Cons Kw Plant 573,146.35 Well 1,610,000.65 Proper use of charts or graphs XY Line This example provides the correct way to use one or the other graph. First, acco

rding to the marketing of e annual sale of vehicles is as follows A Year 2002 271 422 570 D Model 3 72 1 March 2 May 4

vehicles, you create a spreadsheet showing the film th by model, based on sales in 2002. The return to graph 2005 2007 2008 Model B 1 162 348 543 732 C Model 2 126 155 241 325

The common way to represent the values of the table is using a line graph, ie-Ty pe Standard Types of plot-lines. On the horizontal axis are the years and with a line graph with different color for each vehicle model. It arises from the fore going, the following graph. 0 As you can see the graph is not correct, because the distance between years are evenly spaced, with irregular date, ie three years between 2002 and 2005, two ye ars between 2005 and 2007 and 1 year between 2007 and 2008. Therefore to obtain a correct graph, one should adopt an XY graph, ie the type o f graph that should be used when the variable X, ie that shown on the horizontal axis represents time, distance etc. Therefore we must adopt standard-type graph -type XY (Scatter) Getting the following box. Graph a line through a simple table entry Straight Y = aX + b 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 In a X b X -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 And B 5 -4 2 -18 -13 -8 -3 2 7 12 17 22 27 32 37 C D E F G H Implementation For the line according to the equation Y = aX + b, you must enter the following five cell Cell B1 = B2 = B3 =- 4 Cell 2 Cell Cell B5 A5 = X = Y P osition values in column A from: A6 = -4 to A 17 = 7 cell B6 = B1 * B2 + B3 then have to create Table 1 - Select the range A6: B17 2 - Open Data menu, choose Ta ble 3 - cell entry (column), select the cell B2 4 - OK, getting the Value range B6: B17 5 - the graph is created by selecting the range A5: B17 6 - Choosing XY type, taking the X coordinate values of the first column and the Y coordinate of the second column 7 - Adopt-Scatter with data points connected by smoothed lines below the graph i s complete with familiar steps Graph of a parabola through a simple table entry

Parabola equation Y = a * X ^ 2 + b 1 2 18 19 20 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 Implementation A to X B 10 -4 C D E F G H b X -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 40 And 200 130 80 50 40 50 80 130 200 290 400 530 For the parable according to the equation a * x ^ 2 + b, you must make some chan ges to the previous graph, changing some values and the respective formula, acco rding to the following Cell Cell B1 = 10 B2 B3 =- 4 Cell Cell B6 = 40 = B1 * B2 + B3 The rest of the st eps to run the graphics are the same, or modified in the previous graph data obt ained from the same graph parable Graph of quadratic functions, using a double entry table To achieve this graphic you need a lot of mathematical function values. We will generate these values using a table, allowing its representation through a 3D gr aphic A 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 B 3 4 25 -7 -6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 C D E F G H I J K

L M N O P Q -7 98 85 74 65 58 53 50 49 50 53 58 65 74 85 98 -6 85 72 61 52 45 40 37 36 37 40 45 52 61 72 85 -5 74 61 50 41 34 29 26 25 26 29 34 41 50 61 74 -4 65 52 41 32 25 20 17 16 17 20 25 32 41 52 65 -3 58 45 34 25 18 13 10 9 10 13 18 25 34 45 58 -2 53 40 29 20 13 8 5 4 5 8 13 20 29 40 53 -1 50 37 26 17 10 5 2 1 2 5 10 17 26 37 50 0 49 36 25 16 9 4 1 0 1 4 9 16 25 36 49 1 50 37 26 17 10 5 2 1 2 5 10 17 26 37 50 2 53 40 29 20 13 8 5 4 5 8 13 20 29 40 53 3 58 45 34 25 18 13 10 9 10 13 18 25 34 45 58 4 65 52 41 32 25 20 17 16 17 20 25 32 41 52 65 5 74 61 50 41 34 29 26 25 26 29 34 41 50 61 74 6 85 72 61 52 45 40 37 36 37 40 45 52 61 72 85 7 98 85 74 65 58 53 50 49 50 53 58 65 74 85 98 For this table, enter the following values and formula. B1 B2 = 3 Write = 4 and B5 C4 -7 value Select cell C4 and hold down the control key. and stretching, pre ssing the selector to the cell Q4 with the value 7. The same procedure with cell B19 to cell B5 This data has been prepared to make the crosstab. 1 - Enter the formula in cell B4 = B1 + B2 ^ 2 ^ 2 2 - Select the range B4: Q19 3 - Open-DATA Menu 4 - Choosing and Table dialog box appears 5 - input cell (row ) put $ B $ 1 6 - On cell entry (column) set $ B $ 2 7 - OK getting shown Table 3D surface plot Run 1 - Select range C5: Q19 2 - Graphic Type 3D-surface-area shows trend of val ues in two dimensions along a continuous curve. Each point on the table (XY) rep resents a height (Z axis). Excel produces the union of each point, forming small flat, which together make up the total. Variation Graph By modifying the formula in cell B4, changing the sign to add one of subtraction , ie: Cell B4 = B1-B2 ^ 2 ^ 2, gives the following values in the template and th

erefore automatically graph chair A 1 2 3 B April 3 C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 -7 -7 -6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 -7 0 13 24 33 40 45 48 49 48 45 40 33 24 13 0 -6 -13 0 11 20 27 32 35 36 35 32 27 20 11 0 -13 -5 -24 -11 0 9 16 21 24 25 24 21 16 9 0 -11 -24 -4 -33 -20 -9 0 7 12 15 16 15 12 7 0 -9 -20 -33 -3 -40 -27 -16 -7 0 5 8 9 8 5 0 -7 -16 -27 -40 -2 -45 -32 -21 -12 -5 0 3 4 3 0 -5 -12 -21 -32 -45 -1 -48 -35 -24 -15 -8 -3 0 1 0 -3 -8 -15 -24 -35 -48 0 -49 -36 -25 -16 -9 -4 -1 0 -1 -4 -9 -16 -25 -36 -49 1 -48 -35 -24 -15 -8 -3 0 1 0 -3 -8 -15 -24 -35 -48 2 -45 -32 -21 -12 -5 0 3 4 3 0 -5 -12 -21 -32 -45

3 -40 -27 -16 -7 0 5 8 9 8 5 0 -7 -16 -27 -40 4 -33 -20 -9 0 7 12 15 16 15 12 7 0 -9 -20 -33 5 -24 -11 0 9 16 21 24 25 24 21 16 9 0 -11 -24 6 -13 0 11 20 27 32 35 36 35 32 27 20 11 0 -13 7 0 13 24 33 40 45 48 49 48 45 40 33 24 13 0 Héctor Gonzalo Fernández Buenos Aires Province Argentina gonzalo@fernandez.sh