STRUCTURE CALCULATION REPORT Second Floor Extension Carrera 38 No. 2-92 Barrio Jorge Gaitán Bogotá D. Cortes C. CONTENTS 1. Project 2.

Standardization Sector 3. Location of seismic hazard in April. Design Paramet ers 5. Specifications of Building Materials in June. Evaluation of Seismic Loads Analysis 7. Definition of Structure 8. 8.1 Analysis Methods load combinations u sed automatic processing 8.2 List of Irregularities 8.3 9. Modeling the total 10 . Calculation of Foundation 11. Design mezzanine plate 12. Design of foundation beam 13. Design of nonstructural elements STRUCTURAL ANNEX BOGOTA D. C., April 23, 2007 1 1. DRAFT Structural Project includes the construction of an extension of the second floor of the dwelling house located in the Race to Thirty Eight (Cra 38 A) of the nom enclature of Bogota Urban D. C., on the current building, owned by Mr. Hardy Nav arro. All the expansion will consist of a concrete slab that will close the seco nd floor, which will be held on the third floor of the house. The building will be built for use in homes, and will consist of a bedroom with closet, a bathroom and a balcony. The extension is outlined in constructive structure constituted by Gates in reinforced concrete structure in the two orthogonal directions, that will rise from ground level to complete the height of the second and third floo rs, and closing the archways by a tile deck . The plate on the third floor mezza nine for expansion, will be solid slabs 18 and 20 centimeters thick 3000 psi con crete and finished in stucco and paint. Contain the extension one (1) lateral ac cess stairs to the third level, two (2) intermediate landing stage with blisters , precast reinforced concrete 1.00 meters wide, which will built on the side wal ls. The brick masonry shall consist of common baton clean, and building block fo ur (4) partitions. The new foundation will be built in reinforced concrete, and will consist of eight (8) square blocks of 1.20 meters x 1.20 meters, built on a foundation floor to 0.80 meters from ground level, which will support the eight (8) columns of 0.25 x 0.40 that will rise to the original archways with a heigh t of 4.60 meters and beam interception, and will continue until its closing thir d floor at a height of 6.90 meters with superior trapping beams, which are insta lled on the roof tile closing of the planned extension. Enlargement is expanding the category of residential construction HOUSING primary use, according to the area of enlargement and the height of the same (third floor). We attended the NS R-98 standard seismic zoning, earthquake resistant design and construction. 2. Industry standards Jorge Cortes Gaitan El Barrio, where is located the Expansion Project of housing , is a three layer Barrio (E - 3) according to the bedding plane of the Capital District, is currently approved Zonal Planning Unit 40 UPZ Forest City, Code 9, permitted floor area for sectors A and I use to a residential area with limited land areas of trade and services. 2 3. SEISMIC LOCATION OF THREAT Decree 074 of January 30, 2001 by which identifies the limits of seismic micro z oning and design spectra taken to Bogota D. C., and according to Article 2. of t his decree, you get: Seismic Risk Zone 3 Peak acceleration = 0.20 g East Lake A It is composed mainly of soft clay deposits with depths over 50 meters. Deposits may appear casual mobs and / or intermediate thick sand bass. It presents a pre -consolidated surface layer of variable thickness not exceeding 10 meters. For s eismic risk zone within which the structure is located in evaluation, soil type

is S3, and the coefficient of the site is 1.5. The liquefaction potential of thi s soil is zero. According Microzonation map of the city, the study site correspo nds to a micro seismic zone 3 Lake A, with Sa = 0.588 which indicates a medium t hreat of earthquake movement. On the outskirts of Bogotá, there is no active fau lts, and therefore not expected to have very near earthquake epicenters. The nea rest active fault is located on the east side Quetame Massif. 4. Earthquake-resistant DESIGN PARAMETERS The following are the parameters which define the earthquakes, according to seis mic zoning, soil profile and use group,€obtained from the recommendations and ap proaches to soil survey: To Tc TL Am An Aa Fa Fv TR α = 0.25 = 0.30 = 1.00 = 32. 48 = 2.5 = 0.20 = 0.45 seconds = 5.00 = 1.00 = 1.00 = 0.588 3 = 0.50 = 3.00 = 5.71 I (Use Group I) S S

C p city Energy Dissip tion R te of S3 site = BMD = 1.50 Ro (Coef. energy dissip tion) = 5.0 Port ls resist nt moments with moder te c p city for Energy Dissip tion

CONTAINMENT BEAMS - In gener l, cont inment be ms re constructed in reinforced concrete. The reinforcement of the cont inment be ms should be rooted in the ter min l ends with hooks 90 ". The tie be ms re emptied directly onto the structur l w lls th t border. Dimensions - The minimum width of the tie be ms should be equ l to the thickness of the w ll . In requiring veneer be ms, the width specif

   

 

5. CONSTRUCTION SPECIFICATIONS MATERIALS - MINIMUM SPECIFICATIONS - The following re the minimum specific tion s est blished for m teri ls used in construction: ( ) Concrete - Concrete must h ve compressive strength t 28 d ys, f 'c, equ l to or gre ter th n 21 Mp , wh ich will be used in the subfloor bo rds, columns, cubes, be ms nd mezz nine bo rds. The Concrete for the piles will be pl ced with type Tremie eleph nt trunk nd the resist nce t 28 d ys is 21 MP . The wheelb se of piles sh ll be three (3 ) di meters. (B) Steel reinforcement - The longitudin l reinforcing steel m y be smooth or corrug ted. In ny c se, the reinforcing steel m y h ve yield stren gth, fy, less th n 240 MP . It m nd ted the use of steel of 60,000 psi, n ming P DR - 60 for the steel reinforcement b rs Nos. 4, 5, 6, 7 nd 8 nd PDR - PDR 40 for No. 3 b rs. The underl yment bo rd will electro welded mesh 6.0 mm. The pilo ts h ve rmor in the middle of its length s indic ted in T ble No. C.15-1 of th e NSR rules 98. COLUMNS OF CONTAINMENT-GENERAL-In gener l, the columns of cont i nment will be constructed in reinforced concrete. The columns of confinement mus t be nchored to the found tion nd c n be used for overl p joints t the b se o f the spine, nd must checkm te nchoring the reinforcement in the upper cl mpin g be m. When column h s two levels, you c n m ke splice overl p t e ch leve l. The columns of confinement should be emptied fter elev tion of the w lls nd directly g inst them. Dimensions - Cross section of the tie columns should h v e n re not less th n 20 000 mm2 (200 cm2), with the thickness of the w ll th t confines them. (15 x 15 in this c se). Boost Minimum - Minimum reinforcement c ont inment of the column should re d: ( ) longitudin l reinforcement - should no t be less th n 4 b rs N ° 3 (3 / 8 ") or 10M (10 mm) or 3 b rs No. 4 (1 / 2") or 12M (12 mm). (b) Strengthening cross-tr nsverse reinforcement should be used co nsisting of minimum di meter closed stirrups No.2 (1 / 4 ") or 6M (6 mm), sp ced t 200 mm. The first six stirrups should be sp ced t 100 mm in re s dj cent to the horizont l elements of mooring. 4

   

 

   

 

 

 

 

   

   

 

 

 

   

 

 

   

   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   

     

 

   

   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

     

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

   

 

 

 

     

 

 

 

 

 

 

       

       

 

5 6. ANALYTICAL EVALUATION OF SEISMIC LOADS STRUCTURE LOADS Pl te Height P rtition w lls mezz nines = = Finished = DEAD LOAD LOAD LOAD VIVA F. TOTAL SEISMIC LOAD S. Wu COVER CHARGE TOTAL DEAD LOAD LIVE LO AD FS WUC = = = 0.125 Ton / M2 = 0.040 Ton / M2 = 0.165 Ton / Ton 0.250 1.50 M2 / M2 = = = = 0.20 meters kg/m2 0.150 0.400 Ton / M2 0.400 Ton / M2 = 0.004 Ton / Cm = 0.200 Ton / M2 = 0.002 Ton / Cm 0.100 Ton / M2 = 0.001 Ton / Cm = 0.700 Ton / M2 = 0.010 Ton / Inches 1.5 ( ver ge) 0.85 Ton / M2 = 0.0085 Ton / Cm STAIRS: 1.00 meters wide st irc se DEAD LOAD LIVE LOAD TOTAL CHARGES FS WUC = = = = 0.300 0.300 Ton/M2 Ton/M2 = 0.600 Ton / Ton 0.900 1.50 M2 / M2 7. DEFINITION OF THE STRUCTURE The structure is defined s g tew y in reinforc ed concrete, rmed nd c lcul ted in two directions, with fully integr ted desig n for steel nd concrete, obt in ble from the s me interf ce used to cre te nd n lyze the model. The structure is divided into columns nd concrete be ms, rr nged in rect ngul r cross sections me suring 25 cm by 40 cm columns nd tie be ms of the found tion of 30 inches by 30 inches, second floor be ms 25 centimeter s by 30 centimeters nd be ms end to cover 20 centimeters by 25 centimeters, s ppropri te, in the two orthogon l directions f st to nd fro in the initi l nd termin l lines. 6 Mezz nine bo rds re c lcul ted solid six inches thick (18 cm) in one m in direc tion. The third floor p rtition w lls, r ised in light block No. 4 pl stering n

   

ied c n be reduced by up to 75 mm, s long s its height incre ses, so th t the cross section l re not less th n 15000mm2 (150 cm2). Loc tion - Must be v il ble to form tie be ms closed rings in horizont l pl ne, we ving the structur l w lls in two m in directions to form di phr gms or using the mezz nine deck. mo orings should be loc ted t the following loc tions: ( ) A found tion level - th e system is the first found tion level of horizont l tie. (b) A mezz nine level of the system. The tie be ms c n be embedded in the mezz nine sl b. If used so lid sl b of thickness less th n 75 mm c n be dispensed from the r fters moorings in the re occupied by this type of sl b, pl cing the reinforcement required f or the be m within the sl b. (c) A c libr tion m rk level deck - two options re presented for the loc tion of the tie be ms nd configur tion di phr gm. • leve l horizont l be ms lintels over l shings s the culmin tion of the butts. • hori zont l tie be ms in the w lls without he ds combined with Sloped tie be ms, form ing the tops of the butts. In this c se, must be verified ccording to E.2.4.1, whether or not cl mping t the level of lintels. Boost Minimum - Minimum reinfor cement of the tie be ms should be s follows: ( ) longitudin l reinforcement - T he longitudin l reinforcement of be ms tie must h ve symmetric lly bout the xe s of the section, t le st two rows. The longitudin l reinforcement should not b e less th n 4 b rs N ° 3 (3 / 8 ") or 10M (10 mm)€ rr nged in rect ngle for be m widths of less th n 110 mm. For widths less th n 110 mm, nd in c ses in whic h the mezz nine is solid sl b, the minimum reinforcement b rs should be two No . 4 (1 / 2 ") or 12M (12 mm) with yield limit, not less th n f to 420 MP . For t he c se w s decided 2-5 No. 5 b rs (5 / 8 ") pl ced in symmetric l m nner, in ccord nce with the solicit tions. (b) Strengthening cross - Considering how lig ht the sp ce between tie columns loc ted on the xis of the be m, or between str uctur l w lls tr nsverse to the xis of the be m, you must use b r stirrups No. 3 (3 / 8 ") or 6M (6 mm), sp ced t 100 mm in the first 1000 mm e ch end of the light nd sp ced t 150 mm in the rest of the light. were v il ble str pping 3 / 8 ", sp ced 10 cm in the first meter of the be m edges neighborhood, nd the r est in strips sp ced 15 cm.

   

 

 

 

     

       

 

 

   

 

   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   

 

     

   

 

     

 

 

 

       

     

 

       

   

     

 

   

 

 

 

 

 

 

     

 

 

 

 

       

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

           

     

   

 

 

 

 

   

 

   

 

   

     

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   

                                       

   

 

 

     

 

 

 

 

   

 

   

 

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

     

     

The ch r cteristics nd dimensions of structur l elements th t re p rt of e rth qu ke-resist nt system, n mely: be ms, columns nd structur l w lls. c) The ch r cteristics of the m teri ls used in the v rious structur l elements. d) e) The vertic l lo ds th t will support the different elements. Horizont l lo ds (horiz ont l seismic forces) of the building h ve, for this specific c se, using the me thod of the horizont l force equiv lent. 7 8.1 LOAD COMBINATIONS USED Concrete structures, their components nd their found tions should be designed s o th t their design strengths exceeding the effects of f ctored lo ds in ccord nce with the following combin tions: D = De d Lo d W = Wind lo d H = Lo d Pressure (E rth, hydrost tic.) Live Lo d L = E = T = temper ture Seismic Lo d 8.2. CONDITIONS FOR THE USE OF THE METHOD OF EQUIVALENT HORIZONTAL FORCE. This method is referred to in section A.4 of the NSR-98 st nd rds nd is require d for its use: ) Th t the building is regul r or irregul r nd is in low seismi c h z rd zone. b) Th t the building,€regul r or irregul r use within the group I nd is loc ted on seismic h z rd zone in between. c) Th t the building is less th n 20 regul r levels or 60.00 m in height me sured from the b se, the lesser, in ny seismic h z rd zone, except buildings loc ted in re s of soil profile S4 with periods of vibr tion gre ter th n 0.7 s . d) irregul r buildings with no m ore th n six levels or 18.00 m. me sured from the b se, lower. e) Flexible struc tures supported on rigid structures which comply with Section A.3.2.4.3 of NSR-9 8 8 8.3. Seismic forces CALCULATING THE METHOD OF EQUIVALENT HORIZONTAL FORCE. For horizont l equiv lent seismic forces t e ch level must be ssessed for e ch of them, the tot l m ss is pl ced t this level nd is equ l to the m ss corres ponding to the structure, plus the m ss of those elements such s w lls dividers , p rtitions nd finishes, in short ll th t m kes up the de d lo d; in cell rs nd w rehouses must lso be included 25% of the m ss corresponding to the elemen ts of the floor live lo d. Fund ment l Period (A.4.2.1.) (A.4.-2) Ct = 0.08 for reinforced concrete fr mes nd steel with ecce ntric di gon ls. Ct = 0.09 for structur l steel fr mes. Ct = 0.05 for other type s of seismic resist nce system Seismic She r t the b se (A.4.-5) where S is the v lue of the cceler tion s fr ction of gr vity viewed in the spectrum de fined in A.2.6 for the period T of the building. horizont l seismic force. At ny level x. (A.4-6)

   

d p inting the b lcony in t blet b ton veneers, refined gr nite st irc se, with the pl ting b th. The met l fr mes correspond to the nodized luminum window fr mes. The woodwork for doors nd closets, wood t bler d nd m deflex for close ts. The found tion will be formed in ccord nce with the recommend tions of the study of soils, isol ted footings, which will be tied with tie be ms. According to the ch r cteristics of structure (fr me) nd type of m teri l (Reinforced Con crete) cl ssify the constructive exp nsion project in their c p city s MODERATE Dissip tion (DMO). 8. STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS constructive enl rgement The superstr ucture w s n lyzed using the computer progr m SAP2000 V10 Non Line r, which n lyzes the combin tions of lo ding: de d lo d, live lo d, me ning n e rthqu ke, e rthqu ke effect in Febru ry, nd live lo ds embody combin tion of the lo d , nd e rthqu kes represent orthogon l directions of rriv l, which will provide the following p r meters set: ) b) The geometry of the exp nsion (Topology)

 

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

     

 

 

 

 

 

       

 

 

 

 

             

     

 

 

 

       

 

   

 

 

 

 

     

 

 

 

                             

 

 

 

                 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

       

   

 

 

 

         

 

   

 

           

   

 

 

 

 

       

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   

 

 

 

   

   

 

 

 

   

 

       

       

 

 

 

 

     

 

 

 

   

 

 

 

         

   

 

 

 

     

   

 

   

 

       

(A.4.-7) for T <= 0.5 s. k = 1 for 0.5 <T <2.5 s. k = 0.75 + 0.5T for T> 2.5 s. k = 2.0 9 8.4. PARAMETERS FOR DETERMINING THE SEISMIC LATERAL FORCE Step 1 LOCATION AND LEVEL OF THREAT SEISMIC Bogotá is loc ted in n re : (5) St ep 2 intermedi te seismic risk of e rthqu kes DEFINITION OF DESIGN ) pe k ccel er tion EFFECTIVE A = 0.20 (P ge A-12 NSR-98) DAMAGE THRESHOLD Ad = 0.04 b) THE TYPE OF SOIL PROFILE IS ARRANGE A: S-3, S = 1.5 (Section A.2.4, T ble A.2.3) c) RATE OF IMPORTANCE: GROUP I, I = 1.0 (Section A.2.5, T ble A.2.4) Step 3 DEFINI TION OF THE FEATURES OF THE STRUCTURE AND THE MATERIAL EMPLOYEE d) g ntry system : reinforced concrete, Ct = 0.08 e) f) dissip tion MODERATE CAPACITY ENERGY: DMO Ro = 5 (T ble A.3.3) fund ment l period, T = 0.34 (A. 4.3.2) T <= 0.5 then 0.5 > T <2.5 then T> 2.5 then k = 1 , 00 k = 1.09 k = 2.00 in br ced fr mes is: g) SPECTRUM OF DESIGN MAXIMUM SPECTRAL ACCELERATION EXPECTED: T <To To <T <Tc T <Tc S = (Am + Am / To) (2.5F - 1) T) I = 2.5AmF I S S = AnFvI / Tα Step 4 degree of irregul rity of the structure: degree of irregul rity in pl nts : 1P Type Di phr gm Irregul rity Fp = 0.9 (Fig. A.3.6) DEGREE OF FAULT IN HEIGHT : Type 1A Ap rtment flexible F = 0.9 (Fig. A.3.7) 10 Step 5 design seismic forces: energy dissip tion COEFFICIENT: Ro = 5 (T ble A.3. 3) RATE REDUCED energy dissip tion: R = 4.05 (A.3.1) S x S y = 0588 = 0588 = 374 5 S Rc / R = <= R (A.2.7) 0157 IF NO INFORMATION IS AVAILABLE ORIGINAL DESIGN: R '= 3.04 (A.10.3.2.3.c.) Fo HORIZONTAL SEISMIC FORCE FOR EACH LEVEL IS OBTAINED FROM: TOTAL WEIGHT OF THE STRUCTURE: W = 72.70 Ton HORIZONTAL SEISMIC SHEAR IN THE BASE: S xgx Vs = Vs = 0.588 x M gx 7.40 Vs = 4. 36 ton (A.4.5) MODULE OF ELASTICITY OF CONCRETE Ec = 217 371 kg/cm2 (C.10.5.1) ( Eq C.8.2b) Using the formul s, p r meters, vertic l lo ds nd ccording to the design of th e structure, c lcul te the horizont l equiv lent seismic forces on e ch floor c cording to the St nd rd NSR-98, whose d t nd results re summ rized in the fol lowing t ble: PORTICO lph betic. NUMBER. 486 972 Fx Fy 80,160,306,306 i 3 2 1 0 FIRST SECOND THIRD LEVEL i hi 2.30 2.30 2.30 10.00 2.30 4.60 6.90 Hb My 4.120 0.680 2.600 7.400 My [Hi] k 9.476 5.980 1.564 17.020 Cvi 0.557 0.092 0.351 1.000 Fi (Kg) 2430 400 1530 Vi 2430 2830 4360 4360

 

 

       

 

             

 

 

 

 

   

   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

             

 

 

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

 

   

         

 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

11 Step 7

In n lyzing the structur l model conformed to the bove d t , before designing the v rious structur l elements, we check the limit of drift ccording to the NS R-98 St nd rd Section A.6.4.2 nd T ble A.6-1, seeing th t compli nce with this st nd rd (drift <= 1.0%. h): If the drift is> = 1.0%. h stiffen the structure is necess ry for n ccept ble drift to the St nd rd. 1 - EVALUATION OF THE MAXIMUM DRIFT: The m ximum drift floor t ny point i, is obt ined s the difference between the m ximum tot l horizont l displ cements of the spot on the floor i nd the m ximum tot l horizont l displ cements of poi nt loc ted in the s me vertic l xis i-1 floor, through the following equ tion: Δ i m x = Σ (δ j = 1 2 total i, j i -1 - δ total€j) 2 Maximum rift will be establishe for the seven (7) en s of the buil ing as well : Profile A - 2: hpi = 4.60 meters - 6.90 meters No e #: 65 (3p), 73 (Cu), N u o 73 65 UX cms UY cms X Δimáx cms Δimáx Y cms Drift Limit 0.01 2.30 4.60 O. hpi cms K. O. K. 0.00381 3 0.00075 0 1 0.00220 0.00093 0.00306 3 0.00075 0 9 0.00126 0.00220 Profile C - 2: hpi = 4.60 meters - 6.90 meters Node #: 64 (3p), 72 (Cu), N udo U X cms UY cms

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nd 8 TRAVEL AND HORIZONTAL DRIFT LIMIT:

         

   

X Δimáx cms Δimáx Y cms Drift Limit hpi 0.01 cm 12 72 64 0.00182 0.00287 0.00089 0.00033 6 7 6 1 0.00093 0.00160 0.00093 0.00160 0 0 Prof ile B - 4: hpi = 4.60 meters - 6.90 meters Node #: 68 (3p), 76 (Cu), UX cms 4.60 2.30 O. K. O. K. Udo 76 68 N UY cms X Δimáx cms Δimáx Y cms Drift Limit 0.01 2.30 4.60 O. hpi cms K. O. K. 0.00475 5 0.00073 5 0.001118 0.00073 0 0.00402 0 0.00073 5 0.00038 8 0.00073 0 Profile A - 1: hpi = 4.60 meters - 6.90 meters Node #: 66 (3p), 74 (Cu), N udo 7 4 66 UX cms UY cms X Δimáx cms Δimáx Y cms Drift Limit 0.01 2.30 4.60 O. hpi cms K. O. K. 0.00475 5 0.00355 0 0.00385 0 0.00073 6

0.00120 5 0.00355 0 0.00073 0.003114 6 Profile B - 1: hpi = 4.60 meters - 6.90 meters Node #: 69 (3p), 77 (Cu) 77 69 N udo UX cms UY cms X Δimáx cms Δimáx Y cms Drift Limit 0.01 2.30 4.60 O. hpi cms K. O. K. 0.00732 5 0.00134 5 0.00160 1 0.00107 9 0.00598 0 0.00134 5 0.00132 4 0.00107 9 2 - 1P IRREGULARITY 13 The torsion l irregul rity exists when the m ximum floor drift from one end of t he structure, computed including ccident l torsion nd h lf perpendicul r to given xis, is more th n 1.2 times the ver ge drift of the two ends of the st ructure, comp red with the s me reference xis. The m ximum drift sh ll be consi dered floor for e ch of the profiles corner of the structure, for which we det ermined the m ximum drift, like this: Profile A - 2: hpi = 4.60 meters - 6.90 me ters Node #: 65 (3p) 73 (Cu), Nudo UX cms UY cms X Δimáx cms Δimáx Y cms 73 65 0.00381 3 0.00075 0 1 0.00220 0.00093 0.00306 3 0.00075 0 0.00220 0.001269 M ximum X- xis derived from floor level = 0.003063 ver ge drift cover the ends

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

 

 

Profile C - 2: hpi = 4.60 meters - 6.90 meters Node #: 64 (3p), 72 (Cu), Nudo UX cms UY cms X Δimáx cms Δimáx Y cms 72 64 0.00182 6 0.00093 0 7 0.00160 0.00287 .00093 .00089 6 0 0.00160 0.000331 14 M ximum X- xis derived from floor level = 0.001826 ver ge drift cover the ends of the structure +0,0001826 = 0.000930 / 2 = 0.001378 Torsion l Irregul rity = 1 .2 ≤ x 0.001378 = 0.001653 0.001826 No M ximum floor there is derived from 3rd xis Y = 0.002877. ver ge drift fl t ends of the structure +0,000331 = 0.0016 / 2 = 0.0009655 Torsion l Irregul rity = 1.2 ≤ x 0.0009655 = 0.002081 0.002877 The re For section B - 4, A - 1 nd B - 1, no c lcul te the m ximum floor drift xis X nd Y, nd torsion l drift, which due to very low v lues of Ux nd Uy c lcul ted, corrobor ting the bsence of torsion l irregul rity. 8.5 LIST OF AUTOMATIC ANALYSIS PROCESSING The following is the origin l list produced by the progr m SAP2000, for the cond itions of dr ft 15 16 9. TOTAL STRUCTURE MODELING The enl rgement of the third floor of the house w s modeled s second closure pl te floor supported by eight (8) columns, be ms stiffened by org nizing modeli ng porches rigidify tot l. The third floor for its p rt, continues to columns, w hich re linked by tie be ms, rchw ys gener l modeling, where the cover will re st on the third floor tiles. Floor nodes 46, 47, 48, 49 40, 51. 52 nd 53. The k nots of closure pl te second floor: 62, 63, 64, 5, 66, 67, 68 nd 69. And the kn ots of cover: 70, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75, 76 nd 77, 17 Units of Structure exp nsion

     

of the structure = 0.003063 + 0.00075 / 2 = 0.0019 Torsion l Irregul rity = 1.2 x 0.0019 = 0.00228 ≤ 0.003063 No M ximum floor there follows Y = 0.0022 3rd. ve r ge drift fl t ends of the structure +0,001269 = 0.0022 / 2 = 0.001735 Torsion l Irregul rity = 1.2 ≤ x 0.0001735 = 0.0022 0.002081 No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

     

 

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   

Be ms nd columns of the structure of extension 18 Be ms nd pl tes HEIGHT: Pre-dimensioning of the found tion joists, be ms third floor nd roof be ms, nd pl tes of third floor. According to T ble C.9-1 ( ) the minimum thickness to use, so no need to c lcul te deflection of be ms nd sl bs, prestressed not working in dilección, for he r work lights project re s follows: Sh ft A - A nd C - C, with consecutive li ghts of 3.30 meters nd 3.52 meters; xis B - B with light of 3.52 meters; xes 1-1 nd 4-4, with consecutive lights of 3.83 meters 3.43 meters€ nd Axis 2-2 wit h light of 3.43 meters. The be ms nd sl bs will be rmed in one direction, nd solid pl te embedded in the perimeter be ms, ll with reinforcement with yield s trength of 420 MP . For both continuous support, the minimum thickness is given by: hmínimo = L / 14 L / 5 nd L / 19

Light b se 3.83 meters 3.43 meters 3.52 meters 3.30 meters 3.83 meters 3.43 meters 3.30 met ers be m (L/14) be m (L/14) be m (L/14) be m (L/14) pl te (L/19) pl te (L/19) pl te (L/19) hmínimo1 28 cms 26 cms 25 cms 24 cms 18 cms 20 cms 17 cms For be ms 3.83 meters length, 3.52 meters nd 3.43 meters high be m t ken s d = 30 cm. Although this v lue is slightly higher th n st nd rd, it is ssumed so b ec use the be ms nd columns moored found tions th t h ve height of 4.60 meter s. As to the pl te nd ≥ L / 19 give v lues th t re consistent with the directi on in which the pl te is c lcul ted, in this c se in the shortest length. It is gener lly used pl tes thickness 18 cm, except in the d sh for the b throom where l l pl te h s thickness of 20 centimeters. 10. DESIGN OF THE FOUNDATIONS 1 The be ms h ve e = 30 cm. 19 s hmínimo 25 inches, except in the light of 4.40 meters to t ke

dmissible σ Σ Pi 8% Pi Area Net Area = 23 Tonfa / M2 = 30.00 Ton = 0.08 x 30.00 = 2.4 Ton = Σ Total = BXL Total Σ = 32.40 M2 = 1.42 Ton admi ible σ L = 1.20 m B 1.42 / 1.00 = 1.20 m

net σ = Σ Pi

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B = 1.20 meter

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L = 1.20 meter

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

       

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

     

 

 

 

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

               

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

           

 

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/ Breal x L = 32.40 / 1.2 x 1.20 = 22.50 Tonfa / M2 ≤ 23 Tonfa / M2 O. K. Mb = σ net x L x (B - bo) 2 / 8 Mb = 22.50 x 1.20 x (1.20 to 0.25) 2 / 8 Mb = 3.05 ton - m De ign Time: Vcc υ = Vc / (B xd) = 16 200 kg / (120 d) = 1.1 υ concrete (for fo ndation ) = 0.35 √ 0.35 √ f'c = 210 = Vcc pecifically υ d real d K

= 16 200 kg / (120 x 5.07) = M / bd2 = 305 / 120x30x30 = 0.0028 ρ = 0.0020 Home A mo : As = Ρ x B x d = 0.0020 x 120 x 30 As = 6O = 7.20 cm2 ½ " 1ø ½ "w / 20 inches = 7.20 cm2

= Ρ x B x d = 0.0020 x 120 x 30 As = 6O ½ " 1ø ½ "w / 20 inches 11. DESIGN OF PLATE Mezzanine e = 0.18 m. 20 App aisal Boa d LOADS 0.480 Ton / Ton 0.090 Finishes ML / ML Pa titions 0.150 To n / ML DEAD LOAD TOTAL LOAD LIVE LOAD = 1.5 x 1.04 W = W = L = 3.43 m M = 2.30 T on - K = ML ρ = 0.0030 0.640 0.010 Ton / ML 0.400 Ton / Ton 1.04 ML / ML 1.56 To n / Ton 1.56 ML / ML

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Shea

einfo cement: As

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= 5.07 Kg / cm 2 = 26.62 centimeter

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As = 4.50 cm2 1 Ø ½''c / 20 cms 12. CALCULATION OF BEAM FOUNDATION L = 3.83 mete s Total = 1.0 Ton W / m = WM = w L2 / 12 = 1.0 ton x (3.83) 2 / 12 = 1.84 Ton - m V = WL / 2 = 1.0 tons / mx 3.83 / 2 = 1.92 Ton υc = V / (bxd) d = V / (υc xb) = 1920 Kg / (5.07 x 25) Defa lt = 30 cm - 3 cm = 27 cm = 16 dmínimo = 27 cms M c = 0.5 x fc x J x K x B x d2 = 0.5 x 117.60 x 0.88 x 0.38 x 30 x 729 = 4.32 T on - m 21 Mact atne ton = 1.00 x (5.27 / 2) = 2,635 Ton - m A = B = 5.27 / 2 = 2635 Ton Mact ante = 1.0 ton / mx (5.27) 2 / 12 = 2.31 Ton - Ton = 2.31 Mact ante m - m ≤ M C Ton = 4.32 - m Ms = As x fs x J xd As = 2310 / (Fs xjxd) As = 2310 / (2100 x 0.88 x 0.27) = 4.63 CMS2 As EST IBOS: υc = V / (bxd) = 2640 / (25 X 27) = 3.91 Kg / cm2 Δυ = 5.48 - 3.91 = 1.57 Kg / cm2 s = fs x Av / b (υ = 2100 x Av / (30 x 1.57) = 44.5 Av = 44.5 x 0.71 = 32 cm s1 = (υ x X / υc = 1.57 Kg / cm2 x 100 c m / 4.44 Kg / cm CMS2 = 23 S = s1 + d = 24 + 27 = 51 cm = 4 No. of sti ps sti ps = S / s1 = 51 / Ma ch 23 0. K. ø 5 / 8 " (+) y3 ø 5 / 8 " (-) 1 ø 3 / 8 "eve y 20 cm 13. NO ST UCTU AL ELEMENTS (Based on Technical B lletin No 58 - J ne 2002 AIS - Colombian Association of Ea thq ake Enginee ing) SOLICITATION OF EA THQUAKE Whe e: F = Fo ce in the non-st ct al element of the element m = mass a = accele ation nonst ct al floo conside ation F = mx a

SEISMIC SHEA IN THE BASE: Vs = Sa g M Whe e: Vs = Shea seismic base, kN Sa = spect al accele ation coefficient. g = a ccele ation d e to g avity (9.8 m / s2) M = total mass of the b ilding st ct e weight

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P oceed to calc late fo the enti e p ope ty and the accele ation of each floo the following p oced e: 22

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3 d. 2nd floo . 1st Floo . Plant C. M. Kg / / M2 800 800 800 A ea 51 51 47 M2 COL (T) 6.62 6.62 6.62 VIG (T) 4.32 5.40 6.48 Weight (T) 155.70 50.70 53.00 52.00 Weight (KN) 5.20 5.30 5.07 15.57 Pe iod of St ct e: Ta = C thn Whe e: Ta = Pe iod of the st ct e Ct = coeffic ient that depends on the const ction system hn = height in mete s, meas ed f o m the base, p to the top floo of the b ilding Ta = h = 6.90 m Ap il 3 0 .. 3406 s Coefficient of Impo tance: I = 1.00 SPECT AL ACCELE ATION COEFFICIENT G o nd accele ation coefficient: x = C Vs vx x g ≤ 2SA Whe e: Σ (mxhxk) = ma x floor where i located the = 1 = n mber of floor of the b ilding n C vx = m xhx k mx n 23 k hx Floor height = x, with re pect to the ba e of the b ilding = i taken according to the period when T ≤ 0.5 k = 1 if 0.5 ≤ T ≤ 2.5 k = 0.75 + 0.5 T if T> 2.5 k = 2 = hear ei mic at the ba e, in kN = acceleration d e to gravity (9.8 m/ ec2) = 1.00 x ≤ 2 a

tr ct ral element in Mg x

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To calc late the inertial force which ndergoe a tr ct ral element doe not, imply m ltiply yo r ma time the acceleration of the floor. CHECK NO TRUCTURA L ELEMENT 1. Wall non tr ct ral ei mic de ign force: h = e = L = Level = VOLUM E = MA DEN ITY = WEIGHT = = ax = Performance Rating Gain Coefficient Red ction

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Coefficient p Rp de ign ei mic force Fp = ax ⋅ ⋅ ap p gM Rp Fp =

≥ 0.55 0.55 WIND FORCE : kN > 0.44 kN 24

Mmax = 0.55 0.275 0.275 0.32 kN-m DUE TO ACTION BY WALL OFF ET DRIFT HORIZONTAL COMPONENT 0.0230 m Mmax vmax = = 0.03 kN 0.02 kN-m 0043 VERTICAL COMPONENT 4318 4.32 Total effort: Mmax = 0.71 kN-m Vmax = 0.61 kN nmax = 4318 kN The e effort and / or internal force corre pond to every inch of wall, mea re d longit dinally 0.0235. REVI ION OF THE DIMEN ION OF THE WALL (allowable trai n) f'm = 5 MPa WALL capacity: 5 ⋅ 3 ⋅ fa + fb ≤ 1 f 'fa = ⋅ Re fm fb = 0.035 MPa 0.410 MPa (compre ive tre ) ( tre ten ion) (minim m) 25 h 'Re = 1 3 OK 40t 0.2844 Re = 0.90 ≤ 1

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the axial load i very mall, it can be a

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A the wall in proce and de ign i an interior wall, i not bject to charge by the action of wind INTERNAL FORCE MODEL (Depend on the condition of the wa ll pport) Action d e to inertial force

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For the gro p I e i allowed to .5 aa ⋅ I ⋅ p 2 gM kN

e a level of performance nder (N R98) 1.0 1

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Height Length Thickne

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2.25 mt

mt 0125 mt March 1000 Mg/m3 0.29 1.50 m3 0.44 4.32 Mg 0.52 kN

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a beam and i not nece ary to check the ten ion on the board . C tting capacit y i Fv = 40 fm ' + F (admi ible) (acting) Fv Fv = 0.0904 MPa = 0.0090 MPa OK

incerely,

Civil Engineer R bio v. VALENTIN CA TELLANO c. C c ta 13'251 637 M. P. 68 202 - 04 624 TD Tel ephone: 74 84 J ne 1979 - December 19 310 343 26

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IZE OF i t the : 1 ø 3 , m t

ANCHOR The wall it directly on the concrete lab. The anchor m t re maxim m hear of 0.61 kN = 226.80 MPa Fv Av = 2.70 mm2 / m Reinforcement / 8''every 2.30 meter if the length of the wall i le than 2.30 meter be applied ø 3 / 8 ''at the end of the wall.

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