The Tourist System • Provide and review findings of work toponymy System • set of interrelated elements that evolve

dynamically. Model • abstraction we use to better understand the system. We took into account only the most relevant or crucial. Systems theory • There is always a supra-system or framework: external factors and characterist ics that shape the reality (globalization, war, pandemics, technology) Synergy: Each party does not represent the whole. The total does not equal the sum of all the parties but is richer and more complex than the sum of all parties. • Systems theory 3. Continuous equilibrium: the system adapts to new circumstances through improv isation, changes and adjustments What they found out about the tourism system? According to the WTO system is made up of tourism • • Demand Supply 3. The geographical area in April. Market participants 1. Demand means all consumers, or potential consumers, of goods and tourism serv ices. 2. The offer: the set of products, services and organizations actively inv olved in the tourist experience. 3. The geographical space: physical basis which takes place the conjunction or between the supply and demand and where the resi dent population is located (this is not in itself a tourist element, but is cons idered an important factor of cohesion or disintegration, as the Commission took into account whether or not the planning of tourism) 4. Market participants: co mpanies and organizations whose main function is to facilitate the interplay bet ween supply and demand: travel agencies, transport companies and regular public and private agencies involved in the management and / or promotion of tourism. Propuestp by Leiper System Progress in Tourism, Recreation and Hospitality Management Tourists: main actors , tourism is a human activity generating tourists Region (source) Region Region transit or receiving tourist route (destination) Geographical elements Environments: human, socio-cultural, economic, technological, physical, politica l, legal, etc. Business tourism and regulators Tourist-generating region (source) • Market for tourism • There should be contact, warn, encourage and motivate tra velers • Tourists looking for information, activities and destinations selected, purchase tickets, make reservations and plan itineraries Region tourists receiving (destination) • The destinations are the essence and main components of tourism • Most tourism activities and experiences occur here Region or transit route • When and where the tourist has left home but has not reached the final destina tion • It may be a period of time or can be a path in space or a combination

Tourist System proposed by Roberto Boullón Infrastructure Demand Attractions Facilities superstructure A, E, I Offer Product and structure of tourism production Offer • Goods and services placed effectively in the market • Real as handicrafts, cof fee, souvenirs are sold through tourism, but in essence the tourist offer are se rvices Demand • Goods and services requested by consumers effectively • potential demand: good s and services that may be requested by consumers Product • Services, products and experiences that give satisfaction to consumers for a f ee Tourist Facilities • Attractions: raw material (natural, cultural, religious, sports, events and mo re.> Tourist inventory) • Equipment: hotels, restaurants, docks, trails, viewpoi nts, visitor centers, etc. • Infrastructure: dictates the terms (usually provide d by the State, except in enclaves) transport (air, land, water), education, hea lth, energy, water, garbage Superstructure • Influencing the communication between supply and demand • Includes external an d domestic institutions: INGUAT, Camtur, associations, unions • Monitors the qua lity of products and the consistency of tourist facilities? • Responsible for ov erall system performance Heritage Tourism Integration: • Infrastructure • Facilities • Tourist Attractions • superstructur e