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com by Gerardo Sanchez DURANGO STATE GOVERNMENT DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION EDUCATIONAL SERVICES SECRETARIA T FOR MANAGEMENT OF BASIC EDUCATION "A" DEPARTMENT OF TECHNICAL SECONDARY EDUCAT ION Head of Technology Education Technical High School No. 62 Ponciano Arriaga s / n Col. Benito Juárez Tel 8130734 FIELD OF ADMINISTRATIVE SERVICES TO SUPPORT THE PRODUCTION WORKSHOP COMPUTERS TE CHNICAL REGIONAL STAGE Sheet name: FLAT PANEL MONITOR Author: Rodrigo Alonzo Date: October 2008 Advisor: Gerardo Sánchez Nájera 1 http://puntadiamante.blogspot.com by Gerardo Sanchez CONTENTS TITLE PAGE HISTORICAL SOCIAL ASPECT ORIGIN ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... . .. ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... .... DEVELOPMENTS ........... ...................................... ......................................... ......... ............. SOCIAL IMPACT .......................................... ...... .................................................. . . IMPLICATIONS ..... ............................................ ................................... ............... . May 3 August 8 SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL ASPECTS 1. PURPOSE FUNCTIONALITY FOR WHAT WAS BUILT .................................... ....... .......... POSSIBLE USES AND SCOPE ..................................... ....... ...... UTILITY FOR USE IN CONNECTION WITH THE SATISFACTION OF THE NEED 2 . STRUCTURE IDENTIFICATION OF THE PARTIES TO OBJECT comprising ................. . GRAPHICAL REPRESENTATION ................................................ .... .......................... CHARACTERISTICS OF MATERIALS ... ... ... ... ... ... .... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... .... ORIGIN OF MATERIALS ... ... ... ... ... .. .. ... ... ... ... .... ... ... ... ... ... GENERAL PROPERTIES ... ... ... ... . .. ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... .. MANUFACTURING PROCESSES .. ............................................. ............................. MAIN TOOLS USED IN THE MANUFACTURE .................. 3. EXTERNAL OPERATION ........ ....................................... ............................. STRENGTH A ND TYPES OF ENERGY TO DO THE WORK SCOPE ..... .................................. ............. Innovation proposals ......................... 12 12 13 9 9 10 10 10 11 11 8 8 8 2 http://puntadiamante.blogspot.com by Gerardo Sanchez -EL-FLAT PANEL MONITOR History-Social Aspect ORIGIN. The plasma display was invented in 1964 at the University of Illinois by Donald L. Bitzer, H. Gene Slottow and student Robert Willson for the PLATO Comp uter System. The original screens were monochrome (orange, green, yellow) and we re very popular in the early 70 because its hardness and needed neither memory n or circuitry to refresh the image. In the late '70s there was a long period of d

eclining sales due to the semiconductor memory made CRT displays a cheaper than plasma screens. However, its relatively large screen size and shallowness of the ir body made them suitable for placement in lobbies and stock exchanges. In 1983 , IBM introduced a monochrome screen of 19 inches (483mm) that was able to show four simultaneous terminal sessions of the IBM VM 3270. This factory was transfe rred in 1987 to a company called Plasmaco which had been recently founded by Dr. Larry F. Weber (a student of Dr. Bitzer), Stephen Globus, and James Kehoe (who was the IBM plant manager.) In 1992, Fujitsu established the first screen of 21 inches (533mm) color. In 1996, Matsushita Electrical Industries (Panasonic) purc hased Plasmaco, its technology and its American factory. In 1997, Pioneer starte d selling the first plasma television to the public. Current plasma screens can be seen regularly at home and are thinner and larger than their predecessors. Th eir small thickness allows them to compete with other devices such as projectors . The screen size has grown from that 21-inch display 1992. The largest plasma s creen in the world has been shown at the Consumer Electronics Show 2008 in Las V egas (USA) and is a 150-inch screen created by Panasonic. 3 http://puntadiamante.blogspot.com by Gerardo Sanchez Until recently, higher brig htness, its faster response time, large color gamut and wide viewing angle (comp ared to LCD) screens were a plasma technology for HDTV viewing most popular. It was long believed that LCD technology was suitable only for small television and could not compete with plasma technology at larger screens (particularly 42 "an d up).€However, after this, changes and improvements in LCD technology have made the difference smaller. Its light weight, low prices, highest resolution availa ble (which is important for HDTV) and often low power consumption to LCD screens made in tough competitors in the market for televisions. In late 2006, analysts noted that LCD screens were reaching the plasma, particularly in the important segment of the screens 40 inches or more where plasma had enjoyed strong dominan ce a couple of years earlier. Today, LCD and Plasma compete with segments 50 and 60 "where there is almost as much variety in both technologies. On the other ha nd, the cost of the public has been reversed since the demand for LCD Plasma is high and is watching down prices below its competitor. Another industry trend is the consolidation of manufacturers of plasma screens with around fifty brands a vailable but only five manufacturers. 4 by Gerardo Sanchez http://puntadiamante.blogspot.com EVOLUTION The following ima ge shows the evolution of the company Apple Monitor: LCD • 1888: Friedrich Reinitzer (1858-1927) discovered the liquid crystalline nature o f cholesterol extracted from carrots (that is, discovers the existence of two me lting points and generation of colors), and published his findings at a meeting of the Chemical Society Vienna on May 3, 1888 (F. Reinitzer: zur Kenntnisse of C holesterins, Monatshefte für Chemie (Wien) 9, 421-441 (1888)). • • 1904: Otto Lehmann publishes his work "Liquid Crystals." 1911: Charles Mauguin d escribes the structure and properties of liquid crystals. 5 http://puntadiamante.blogspot.com by Gerardo Sanchez • 1936: The Marconi Wireless Telegraph company patents the first practical applica

tion of technology, "The Liquid Crystal Light Valve." • 1962: The first major publication in English on "Molecular Structure and Propert ies of Liquid Crystals", by Dr. George W. Gray. • 1962: Richard Williams of RCA found that liquid crystals had some interesting el ectro-optical characteristics and realized electro-optical effect by generating stripe-patterns in a thin layer of liquid crystal material by applying a voltage . This effect is based on a hydrodynamic instability forming what is now called "Williams domains" inside the liquid crystal. • 1964: In the fall of 1964 George H. Heilmeier, while working at the RCA laborato ries on the effect discovered by Williams realized the switching of colors induc ed realignment of dichroic dyes oriented by liquid crystal homeotropically. The practical problems with this new electro-optical effect made Heilmeier continue work on the effects of scattering in liquid crystals and, finally, the realizati on of the first liquid crystal display operations on the basis of what he called the dynamic scattering mode (DSM). Applying a voltage to a DSM device changes i nitially transparent liquid crystal layer in a milky, turbid state. DSM devices could operate in transmission and reflection mode, but require a considerable fl ow of current to operate. The pioneering work in liquid crystals was made in the 1960s by the Royal Radar Establishment in Malvern UK. The team at RRE supported ongoing work by George Gr ay and his team at the University of Hull who ultimately discovered the cyanobip henyl liquid crystals (which had good properties and temperature stability for a pplication in LCDs). • 1970: December 4, 1970, the patent on the twisted nematic field effect in liquid crystals was made by Hoffmann-LaRoche in Switzerland (Swiss patent No. 532 261) with Wolfgang Helfrich and Martin Schadt (who worked for the Central Research L aboratories ) containing about 6 by Gerardo Sanchez http://puntadiamante.blogspot.com inventors. Hoffmann-La Roch e then licensed the invention gave it to the factory Swiss Brown Boveri & Cie, w ho produced devices to watch during the 1970s and also the Japanese electronics industry which soon produced the first wristwatch digital quartz with TN, LCD sc reens and many other products. James Fergason at Kent State University filed an identical patent in the U.S. 22 April 1971. In 1971 the company of Fergason ILIX CO (now LXD Incorporated) produced the first LCDs based on the TN effect, which soon replaced the poor quality of DSM rates due to improvements in lower operati ng voltages and lower power consumption . • 1972: The first screen active matrix liquid crystal produced in the United State s by T. Peter Brody. A detailed description of the origins and complex history of liquid crystal disp lays from the perspective of an insider from the early days has been published b y Joseph A. Castilian in "Liquid Gold, The Story of Liquid Crystal Displays and the Creation of an Industry" The same history from a different perspective has b een described and published by Hiroshi Kawamoto (The History of Liquid-Crystal D isplays, Proc. IEEE, Vol 90, No. 4, April 2002), this document is publicly avail

able on the IEEE History Center. DLP Digital Light Processing (in Spanish, "Digi tal Light Processing) is a technology used in projectors and projection televisi ons. The DLP was originally developed by Texas Instruments, and remains the only manufacturer of this technology, although many market approved products are bas ed on their chipsets. In DLP projectors, the image is created by microscopic mir rors arranged in a matrix on a semiconductor chip, known as Digital Micromirror Device (DMD). Each mirror represents one pixel in the projected image. The numbe r of mirrors corresponds to the resolution of the projected image: arrays of 800 × 600, 1024 × 768 × 720 and 1280 are some of the common sizes of DMD. These mir rors can be repositioned rapidly to reflect light through 7 by Gerardo Sanchez http://puntadiamante.blogspot.com lens or on a heat sink (cal led discharge light in Barco terminology). SOCIAL IMPACT. The impact on society has been the emergence of the monitor was very important since it was invented b ecause without it, the use of a computer would be almost impossible because one would not have visual contact with it. The emergence of the flat screen resulted in a better definition and more energy efficient than a conventional monitor. M onitor applications have had a major impact in a variety of fields such as commu nication because television is a medium large and important. IMPLICATIONS. In th e future, monitors, probably will be smaller, you may experience many changes ov er time, currently these changes can be seen emerging as plasma and LCD screens, there may arise the possibility that wireless monitors. Cybernetic automation i s progressing as may be required human intervention in a fraction for a specific job. Continue and will be an important link in education and at work. Scientific and Technical Dimension FUNCTIONALITY. The main function of a flat screen monitor is to allow us to mana ge in a much simpler computer. Possible Uses and Scope. Application Example 8 by Gerardo Sanchez http://puntadiamante.blogspot.com Home Office Business School s In all these areas the monitor is used with the computer to have a proper mana gement of it. Utility or Frequency of Use in Relation to the satisfaction of Need This technic al object is in direct proportion to the satisfaction of the need is increasing, because every human being has in their homes, schools, offices, etc., At least one computer therefore also has flat screen monitors for the use of this. STRUCT URE. IDENTIFICATION OF THE PARTIES up the object. As stated above the monitor is basically a cathode ray tube and then shows the structure of this. N 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 PART elctrodos screen dielectric layer coating of magnesium oxide plate gl ass rear electrode dielectric layer Pixel Address glass faceplate Graphic representation. 9 http://puntadiamante.blogspot.com by Gerardo Sanchez CHARACTERISTICS OF THE MATERIALS. Source Materials. Materials Aluminum Glass Ino rg. x x Org. Renov. Not to renew. Animal Vegetable Mineral x x x x PROPERTIES OF MATERIALS USED. General Properties The properties depend on the total amount of matter in the body are called gener al properties, among them are the shape, size, weight, temperature.

General Property Mass Volume Definition Amount of matter contained in a body. It is measured in (kg) place or area occup ied by a body in space. It is measured in (m). The volume not only depends on th e amount of material, but also temperature gravitational force that Earth exerts on all bodies. Is proportional to the mass 3 Where the monitor says Weighing in a scale. Place the monitor in space. Weight It is the force of gravitational attraction exerted by earth on the monitor. It says the move or when Inertia Quality that have the bodies of 10 http://puntadiamante.blogspot.com by Gerardo Sanchez preserve the state of rest or motion in a straight line until it found an extern al force acting on them Impossibility of two bodies occupy the same space simult aneously with the bodies Property to split into ever smaller pieces is at rest. Impenetrability Aluminum is impenetrable. Divisibility Improprobable that may damage or break somewhere with normal treatment. No poros ity for aluminum, its atomic structure is very dense. Porosity Property of matter that is to present pores or voids MANUFACTURING PROCESS. Manufacturing Systems and Techniques. System Union Coating Technique Bolt Assy Painted Enamel Which expresses Assemble all parts of the monitor. Screw some parts of the monitor. Whole object is painted to give technical presentation. It is covered with enamel paint appl ied throughout to polish and protect paint Tools used in the manufacture of the object. No Description Features An electric metallurgical tools. and

Function Cut and prepare the glass the internal parts of the screen or flat panel monitor . 11 by Gerardo Sanchez http://puntadiamante.blogspot.com OPERATION. The monitor is r esponsible for translating the image signals from the graphics card. Its interio r is similar to a conventional television. Most of the space is occupied by a ca thode ray tube in which an electron gun located. This gun shoots an electron bea m steadily against the screen, which is coated with phosphor (material that ligh ts up when in contact with electrons). In color monitors, each dot or pixel of t he screen is composed of three small phosphor dots: red, blue and green. Illumin ating these points with different intensities, can get any color. This is the wa y to show a dot on the screen, but how do you fill the entire screen gets points ? The answer is easy: the electron gun turns on the first point on the upper lef t corner and quickly enable the following points of the first horizontal line. T hen he continues to paint and filling the other lines on the screen until you re ach the final and the process begins again. This action is so fast that the huma n eye can not distinguish how points are activated separately, perceiving the il lusion that all pixels are activated simultaneously. The xenon and neon gas in a plasma television is contained in hundreds of thousands of tiny cells between t wo glass screens. The electrodes are also "sandwich" between the two panes in th e front and back of the cells. Some electrodes are placed behind the cells, alon g the rear glass panel and other electrodes, which are surrounded by an insulati ng dielectric material and covered by a protective layer of magnesium oxide, are located in front of the cell, to along the front glass panel. The circuit charg es the electrodes that intersect at each cell creating voltage difference betwee n the rear and the front and cause the gas to ionize and form plasma. Later, whe n gas ions rush to the electrodes and collide, photons are emitted. In a monochr ome display is possible to maintain the ionized state by applying a low voltage to all vertical and horizontal electrodes, even when the voltage ion has been re moved. To erase a cell all voltage is removed from a pair of electrodes. This ty pe of screen has a memory 12 by Gerardo Sanchez http://puntadiamante.blogspot.com inherent and do not use mat ches. Add a small amount of nitrogen to neon to increase hysteresis. In color di splays, the back of each cell is covered with a match. The ultraviolet photons e mitted by the plasma excite these phosphors emit light and color. The operation of each of the cells can be compared with that of a fluorescent lamp. Each pixel is composed of three separate cells (sub-pixels), each with different colored p hosphors. One subpixel has a match with red light, another phosphor subpixel has a green light and one subpixel has it light blue. These colors blend to create the final color of the pixel in a similar way to what is done in the "triads" of shadow masks for CRT.€By varying the pulses of current flowing through the diff erent cells thousands of times per second, the control system can increase or de crease the intensity of each subpixel color to create billions of different comb inations of red, green and blue. Thus, the control system is capable of producin g most of the visible colors. Plasma displays use the same phosphors than CRTs, which explains the extremely accurate color reproduction. Forces and Types of energy that causes the function object. ENERGY ELECTRICAL DEFINITION Electricity is called the form of energy that results from the existence of a po tential difference

Which expresses The energy used to run the monitor and there is the process of operation. 13 http://puntadiamante.blogspot.com by Gerardo Sanchez between two points, which allow an electric current between them-when you put th em in touch through an electrical conductor, and obtain employment. Innovation Proposals Proposal New and advanced Possible Application It could be a monitor that would bend to occupy less space and easy portability. 14 http://puntadiamante.blogspot.com by Gerardo Sanchez If you liked the work and you feel that more people may be helped by this ... .. . Share with other friends by introducing them to the following web address: http://Puntadiamante.blogspot.com Scribd or page which is how much of puntadiama nte http://www.scribd.com/people/view/139290-gerardo-snchez-n-jera If you want t o share similar jobs you can send to the following addresses: mmassters@yahoo.co m.mx puntadiamantes@yahoo.com.mx 15