Discharge of stormwater An exhaust system of stormwater include: - gutters (eaves), where waters converg e from the slopes of the

roof and floor plans of coverage - the rain, vertical c olumns of discharge, receiving, at the top, the water from gutters or flat slabs - the exhaust manifolds, which connect the rain at the base, converging towards the outlet end, which may be a surface watercourse or sewerage in urban white-w ater or water mixed and never have to enter sewers intended for sewage. To dispo se of the rainwater, the architectural design of buildings, must have roofs, flo or plans and roof terraces with slopes intermediate slopes on gutters and downpi pes. These slopes, never less than 0.5%, should be appropriately increased in ar eas of high rainfall or snow, to avoid accumulation of snow or overloading subst rates. Sizing Section rain be attributed to a rain cover that part of a building is determined by the surface of the roof (or the projection on the horizontal p lane of water) that converges on it. In Italy it is customary to give an effecti ve area of rain: 3 1 cm2 per m2 of roof when the vertical paths of rain are mate rial to the base of the columns can be realized shock, overpressure and elastic phenomena that produce noise, causing danger of breakage or however rapid wear. In these points it is necessary to prepare the wells function as shock absorbers as well as siphoning, to block backflow of unpleasant odors from collectors. Gu tters or eaves tiles are semicircular or rectangular, but in any case, the cross -section area useful for the passage of water Sg to be approximately 1.5 times t he sum of sections of rain fed Σ p. In the case of semi-circular gutter section shall be: g = g = 1.5 x Σ p half of a circular section of diameter D = 1.5 × π × D2 × Σ 2 4 from which it derives the diameter of the gutter: n π Φ i2 × 1.5 × 8 × Σ = Σ where Σ D = 4 π i = 1 where Φi is the diameter of the rain-th ower. In the case of a semicircular gutter that feeds a single rain diameter Φ will, after sim le ste s: D = 3 × Φ The gutters should have a constant slo e to the rain, no less than 0.5%. They exhaust manifolds are located on the ceiling o f the cellar or basement floor and at an altitude higher than the free surface o f munici al sewage water white (or mixed), or other contact surface (oceans, str eams, rivers, etc.) to allow the natural flow of sewage. If this is not ossible there should be a collection tank, a system of lifting water to the final detai ls. The collectors are made of circular i es with a diameter less ro ortionate to the number of rain that they fall and slo e feasible, that in no case shall be less than 1%. Referring to regions with rainfall of u to 10 cm of water er hour, Geberit (co m any in the field of sanitation), recommended for rain, the gutters and collect ors the following minimum diameters de ending on the surfaces of roofs : urface of the roof rojection. horizontal u to 8 9 to 25 m2 26 m2 50 m2 75 m2 51 to 7 6 to 140 m2 to 170 m2 141 m2 171 to 230 231 to 335 336 m2 to 350 m2 to 500 m2 35 1 m2 501 to 1000 mm Downs out 50 50 50 75 75 100 100 125 125 150 175-200 mm semi circular gutters 80 100 100 100 125 125 150 150 200 200 250 Collectors mm 40 50 70 70 80 80 100 100 125 125 150

or more rainfall, the sections of exhaust manifolds, like any other com onent o f the rain, be ro ortionately increased. idebar: The amount of water for the d esign of the i eline rain de ends on the following factors: 1) rainfall intensi ty (i ), varies from region to region and is ex ressed in cm/ora/m2 or l/s/m2. T he rainfall intensity are commonly used: 10 cm/ora/m2 l/min/m2 = 0.027 = 1.66 = 2.50 l/min/m2 cm/ora/m2 l/s/m2 15 = 0.041 l / s / 20 m2 = 3.33 cm/ora/m2 l/min/m 2 = 0.055 l/s/m2 2) from all the ex osed surfaces (if) the rain, as determined b y horizontal rojection, 3) the slo e and the nature of surfaces ex osed, ex res sed by the reduction factor K (Table). This is inter reted as a factor behind th e water flow from the surface of the roof at the out ut of u take due to roughne ss and / or absorbent surfaces ex osed to rain .. The calculation formula is as follows: Water flow (l / s) = i. (l/s/m2) x s.e (m2) x K Kind of surface ex osed to itched roofs with tiles, corrugated lastic, cement,

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lastic sheets for roofs with lastic or similar roofs covered with concrete sl abs or similar o en squares, avenues, etc., with roofs covered with hard coating gravel o en squares, avenues, etc., with gravel or similar earth-covered roofs (roof garden) reduction coefficient K 1.00 0.80 0.60 0.30 Discharge of waste water The term used water means waste water, ie water or black stool, soa y water or w hite water and fat to be eliminated as a result of the use of medical devices. T he drainage water used must be inde endent of stormwater drainage systems and li quid ollutants (discharges from laboratories, waste oil from garages, large kit chens discharges, etc.) The exhaust system com rises: - branches exhaust i es t hat connect sections of the tra s of sanitation equi ment to the vertical column s of discharge. - Drain i e, collect water from several branches and bring them to collectors. - Exhaust manifold, convey the water from the columns to the sew erage system. An exhaust system is not sufficient alone to ensure hygienic conditions in envir onments free from ollution, es ecially in terms of odor. Make sure that among lants faecal closed environment is always inter oses a ca lumbing, clean water (si hon), which revents the odors that accom any the use of water access in th e rooms themselves. This is accom lished with a s ecific lant that ventilation, which is designed to dis erse the odor is resent in the network, is to elimina te the drainage system determines eddies that could undo the ca s of water rese nt in the tra s. The si hon is made is close to all radio networks that health. The sewage may be: - single si hon (or recess) rovided near the connection betw een collector and faecal sewerage external - to si hon multi le, wides read, inv olving the installation of a tra at the base of each column faecal first access to collectors. izing of drainage networks. or sizing of drainage networks, using the method o f giving discharge unit (U. .). Is defined as: 1 U. . = The discharge flow rate of sink or bidet with exhaust i e = 32 mm = 28 l / min (= 0.06 L / s) values of U. . other medical equi ment were calculated for com arison. The i es shall be determined by the number of units and exhaust connected to th e robability of their simultaneous use. or branches: or columns of discharge:

Calculated the diameter of the column is maintained for its entire length from b ase to to . or collectors: The collectors must be installed with a slo e as to maintain the flow rate withi n a redetermined range. The minimum s eed is about 0.6 m / s to avoid the se ar ation of solids drag. The maximum s eed is com atible with the ty e of material which make u the i e to revent the occurrence of abrasion (see table below). The ro ortions of drainage networks can follow the following rocedure: 1) Plot the drawing of the suggested 2) Give the connection at each intensity discharge or the discharge unit. 3) Draw onto the network gradients and intensity dischar ge affecting them 4) Return the data read on the scheme now being ro osed. Qt Qr U. . To account for the simultaneous o eration of different users, the real intensity discharge is obtained from the theoretical Qt through the following formula, su

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ggested by Geberit: Houses a artments: Qr = Qt 0.5 Great restaurants, hotels, ho s itals , clinics, community Qr = Qt 0.7 industries, laboratories, etc.: Qr = Qt 1.2 EXAMPLE Ventilation rimary and secondary By the end of a ventilation exhaust system includes the installation of i es wh ich allow the assage of the necessary quantity of air to exit the tra s of sani tary a liances, industrial and laboratory. This lant is divided into: - rimar y ventilation - ventilation secondary. The rimary ventilation system, consistin g of a ventilation column obtained from the extended drain water faecal u over the last floor, above the highest oint of the building and finishing with a hat exhale (this gun) . The rimary ventilation of the s ill out of gas bombs in th e i eline, without access environments.€This is ensured by the fact that there is fecal column atmos heric ressure equal to that which is exercised at the sid e of the tra environment. In the absence of rimary ventilation, however, a body of water downward would b e a real liquid iston, utting in some de ressed sections of the network and r oducing i ed water resent in the si hons, driven by atmos heric ressure rese nt in the environment where the health unit is located. In other arts of the ne twork the liquid iston, however, would create com ression, or ressure on the f ree surface of the si hon, first column, greater than that existing in the envir onment where it is located on the fixture, with the outward ush of the constitu ent mass hydraulic ca . Ventilation rimary hook is used when multi le devices are installed, and is cre ating a s ecific rod arallel to the ventilation exhaust atmos here that connect s the end oints of all the stretch of Branch. Below we ro ose a articular lant hook, which a lies in cases in which they a re arranged in series ot, tub and sink. Auxiliary ventilation ventilation secondary consists of a riser arallel to the fecal, which connects with the base of the si hon at the foot stool, and the to is connected to the rimary ventilation column, above the user with a higher r o ortion of faecal . In this column are connected to the tra s of all equi ment installed. The diameters of ventilation networks should be defined when com ared to the dia meters of the drainage networks. The rimary ventilation is achieved with tubes of the same diameter of the to of the stool. The internal branches have diamete rs on the ty e of equi ment served (see Table 1) The columns have diameters of ventilation set on the basis of the diameters of f ecal and total vertical develo ment (see Table 2)

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