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com by Gerardo Sanchez DURANGO STATE GOVERNMENT DE PARTMENT OF EDUCATION EDUCATIONAL SERVICES SECRETARIAT FOR MANAGEMENT OF BASIC E DUCATION "A" DEPARTMENT OF TECHNICAL SECONDARY EDUCATION Head of Technology Educ ation Technical High School No. 62 Ponciano Arriaga s / n Col. Benito Juárez Tel 8130734 SCOPE OF SERVICES ADMINISTRATIVE SUPPORT TECHNICAL PRODUCTION WORKSHOP COMPUTERS The sewing machine Author: Antonio Serrano Hector Villanueva Advisor: Gerardo Sánchez Nájera Date : 28/10/2008 1 http://puntadiamante.blogspot.com by Gerardo Sanchez CONTENTS TITLE PAGE INTRODUCTION ................................................. ................. ................................. ... 2 HISTORICAL SOCIAL ASPECT ORIGIN AND EVOLUTION ............................................... ........... ................................. SOCIAL IMPACT ................................ ................ .................................................. .. IMPLICATI ONS ................................................. .......................... ........................ . 2 March 3 SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL ASPECTS 1. PURPOSE FUNCTIONALITY FOR WHAT WAS BUILT .................................... ....... .......... SCOPE ............................................... ....... ............................. UTILITY FOR USE IN CONNECTION WITH THE SATISFACTIO N OF THE NEED 2. STRUCTURE IDENTIFICATION OF THE PARTIES TO OBJECT comprising .. ................ GRAPHICAL REPRESENTATION ...................................... .......... .............................. CHARACTERISTICS OF THE MATERIALS ..... ......................................... .......... MANUFACTURING PROCESSES ... ............................................ ............................. MAIN TOOLS USED IN THE MANUFACTURE .................. 3. EXTERNAL OPERATION ......... ...................................... ............................. STRENGTH AN D TYPES OF ENERGY TO DO THE WORK SCOPE ..... APPLICATION OF PRINCIPLES OF SCIENC E ............................................ ...... .......................... ..................... Innovation proposals ......................... 9 10 10 11 5 6 7 8 8 4 4 4 2 http://puntadiamante.blogspot.com by Gerardo Sanchez HISTORICAL SOCIAL ASPECT 1. Origin The industrialization in the eighteenth century brought about the mechanization of spinning and weaving, but the ancient task of sewing was done by hand. The fi rst known attempt at a mechanical device for sewing was by the German born Charl es Fredrick Wiesenthal, who was working in England. He was granted British Paten

t No. 701 in 1755 for a double pointed needle with an eye at one end. This needl e was designed to be passed through the cloth by a pair of mechanical fingers an d understood by the other side by a second pair. This method of recreating the h and sewing method suffered from the problem of passing the needle through the fa bric, meaning the entire length of the thread had to do the same. The mechanical limitations meant that the wire had to be short, needing frequent stops to rene w the supply. In 1790 British Patent No. 1764 was awarded to Thomas Saint, a cab inetmaker of London. In the nineteenth century perfected the sewing machine, the first of many other machines to alleviate domestic work to develop further the garment industry. The key was a sewing machine needle with the eye near the tip that could pass a loop of thread through the fabric without having to enter the entire needle. It was invented by the German Balthazar Krems, operator of a knit wear factory, which in 1810 built a machine for chain stitch. The needle moved u p and down by turning a handle and a loop passing through the fabric, which was crossed by the following to hold. In 1830, the French tailor Barthélemy Thimonn ier built a machine similar to chain stitch which was a commercial success. He e stablished a factory in Paris with 80 machines to make uniforms for the army, bu t the machines were destroyed in 1831 by a demonstration of tailors who feared f or their livelihoods. By 1833, the American Walter Hunt (inventor of the safety pin), built a machine for stitching, powered by a crank. He used two threads, on e above the other under the fabric to form an interlock. A needle with an eye on the tip forming loops with the upper thread through the fabric, and a lower thr ead bobbin passed through the loops. Hunt sold his invention to the manufacturer Yorker George Arrowsmith in 1834, but lack of capital is not marketed. In 1845, €American Elias Howe built the model more practical. The fabric is secured with spikes protruding from the side of a metal strip. Hung vertically and the curve d needle, which slides back and forth on a lever moved by a crank, crossed the f abric horizontally, but once the shooting had moved its entire length (about 18 cm), had to re-attach the material to continue sewing. Boston's tailors William Grover and William Baker in 1851 had patented a sewing machine and founded a com pany to manufacture it. The same year, Benjamin Allen 3 by Gerardo Sanchez http://puntadiamante.blogspot.com Wilson of Michigan, had pat ented a rotating hook device to sew faster bonding. Formed a company with a manu facturer of buckles named Nathaniel Wheeler. In 1854, Wilson invented the toothe d bar located under the fabric to make progress regularly after each stitch. In 1851, New York mechanic Isaac Merritt Singer patented his invention machine stit ching was driven by a pedal. A sprocket advanced the cloth between each stitch, and a presser held the fabric in place. The needle is moved vertically. Singer's partner, attorney Edward Clark, started the installment sales system in 1856. B ought for cash, a $ 50 cost Singer, in installments, with $ 5 initial delivery a nd $ 3 a month, amounted to $ 100. In 1858 Singer produced the model light "Fami ly" and his previous machines had been heavy industrial designs. Singer opened f actories in Europe, where he received the same success and when he died in 1875, companies were valued at $ 13 million. The garment and footwear grew dramatical ly from 1860 and boosted the development of specialized sewing machines, such as who make buttonholes. The reduction in manufacturing time lowered the prices of clothing. In 1889, he introduced the electric motor, but it took to settle in t he domestic machines. The preferred industrial manufacturers lockstitch to great er speed: modern machines can get to 7,000 stitches per minute and use a much la rger thread spool to bobbin machines. But this point is inappropriate for domest ic use because if a wire could break loose across a seam. The most modern home m achine stitching is controlled by microprocessor circuit programmed by touch-sen sitive buttons. You can sew zigzag or backward, making buttonholes and sewing on buttons, darning, embroidery, make drafts and tucks 2. Evolution. The immense changes that technology has imposed on the length and breadth of eac h and every one of the industrial areas, and housework-the world, have been also present, could not be otherwise-in the very classic and business sewing machine

s. We will have to put aside all those memories to embrace a bygone historical p resent much more comfortable and functional work of using a device of this type should no longer be considered as a kind of punishment. From industrial sewing m achines to sewing machines for the home; toga range has been one hundred percent awesome revolutionized by technological advances. And with the final exchange i n this type of equipment has come to appear, obviously, a huge change in the for ms and techniques of manufacture, and repair-clothes. Mil-point types are differ ent today, an almost infinite range of variables and clothing aesthetic. Hundred percent automatic machines that allow the operator to work in a much more comfo rtable and released; specific functions that enable various combinations and des igns. A whole new world has come to flourish in this ancient industrial item. Le t's see, then, some of the most desirable models of sewing machines can be found on the market. 4 Gerardo Sanchez http://puntadiamante.blogspot.com by Mark Singer is, without any doubt, one of the most classic in this field. Since its construction model prim aveal straight (traditional sewing machine, of aesthetic form recognizable to al most everyone) to the newest FLORENCE 67, presents a range of products particula rly applicable to the housework. For example, the model FLORENCE 62 has the abil ity to work with several automatic modes, has the free arm function and is parti cularly suitable for work on stretch fabrics, has also (like the model 15 CH, wh ich is the most classic brand), a straight frame design, and is available in sev eral colors (though the easiest to find is white).€The model just mentioned FLO RENCE 67-spoke always of the same brand Singer-is, without doubt, an absolute je wel in the manufacture of this type of tool. While it is fully automatic feature s about 100 specific job functions, is designed to work over-almost-any type of material you can think of, is free and arm function has already incorporated dis cs, talking about a machine Sewing truly amazing: it is even able to sew carpets !; can also work with two needles and different colors of thread. The monster of Japanese industry Toyota is also a reliable choice when thinking about buying a sewing machine for home use. Although it has the same prestige that mark the ne wly Singer, Toyota has very competitive models that has nothing to envy his riva l just mentioned. His 7160 model has the ability to work with two needles, binds padded and able to work on a remarkable variety of fabric types, has 53 differe nt types of stitch design. The STF model 37 is, in this brand, the most advanced option, one hundred percent automatic buttonhole in a single regulatory functio n, capable of working with 1 and 2 needles, has presser and significantly facili tates the work on different tenors fabrics and thicknesses. From the perspective of industrial activity, the brand becomes SunStar undoubtedly the most commenda ble of the market. Its model line KM is able to work at a speed never seen befor e. The proper understanding of the roles that these tools has exceeded by far th e intention of this article. In all cases, we recommend, before purchasing, prof essional advice and detailed. So I will no longer be sewing, then the courageous work of sustained and women who resigned the rest of his life to the duties of the embroidery and clothing repair. From now on anyone who wishes to learn, quic k and easy way to handle a sewing machine. 3. Social Impact (which now has caused impact on our quality of life) When the s ewing machine was invented was a good thing because I did not have to be sewing with a needle all garments or fabrics to be unstitched and that was very tired a nd complicated. 5 http://puntadiamante.blogspot.com by Gerardo Sanchez 4. Impacts (Scope consecuen cias. or impacts in the future) In the future sewing machines will do more Techn ology and will be made of another material. These sewing machines are going to t ake to go away because no one is exceeded. SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL ASPECTS

FUNCTIONALITY 1. Purpose for which it was built or invented. Unites tissues using thread, yarn or other fabrics for sewing thread. 2. Possible uses and application areas. Industry Jobs Homes Schools Application Example To sew fabrics or garments that any stitching or broken parts. 6 http://puntadiamante.blogspot.com by Gerardo Sanchez STRUCTURE 1. IDENTIFICATION OF THE OBJECT Parties comprising the Quantity Description Unit Cost Characteristics 3 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 Unit Unit Unit Unit Unit Unit Unit Unit Unit Unit Unit Unit They are thin metal Son of metal are thin metal Son of metal are resistant rubbe r metal metal metal metal metal plastic They are thin and conform to a function has a small oval tubes are 10 cm long ar e round and roll is a thin tube bending is a large wheel that can be rotated are pairs of tubes are connected to crank big leagues are like revolving to operate the machine. They are thin and scratchy pointed to drag the fabric is a spinnin g wheel to power the machine. It is metal that crushes the fabric so that it doe s not move Total Cost $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ 7 http://puntadiamante.blogspot.com by Gerardo Sanchez 2. Graphical representation (in 2nd or 3rd dimension) the format is as follows 8 http://puntadiamante.blogspot.com by Gerardo Sanchez If you want to see more of the sewing machine you see this page: http://www.elco sturerodestella.org/2007/08/principales-partes-de-la-mquina-de.html 9 http://puntadiamante.blogspot.com by Gerardo Sanchez 3. CHARACTERISTICS OF THE MATERIALS. Features Source Materials Organic Inorganic Materials Renewable Non-renewable mineral Animal Plant Origin 3 mechanisms upper coil tensioner pulley thread take Crankshaft Crank Pulley Whe el Arrástratelas shuttle and bobbin needle presser X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X PROPERTIES OF MATERIALS USED

General Properties The properties depend on the total amount of matter in the body are called gener al properties, among them are the shape, size, weight, temperature. Gral Mass Volume Property Definition Amount of matter contained in a body. It is measured in (kg) place or area occup ied by a body in space. It is measured in (m3). The volume not only depends on t he amount of material, but also temperature gravitational force that Earth exert s on all bodies. Is proportional to the mass Where is manifested is is the place or space and is about 40 cm3 is the mass and volume of Weight 4. MANUFACTURING PROCESS MANUFACTURING SYSTEMS AND TECHNIQUES 10 http://puntadiamante.blogspot.com by Gerardo Sanchez System Coating Separation Union Formation Technique Stuck Bolt Assy Painted Laminate Filing Hacksaw Which expresses To join the parts of the sewing machine. In some parts of the sewing machine ins ide. To join parts of the sewing machine. To remove residue from metal sewing ma chine. To cut the parts of the sewing machine. To give presentation to the sewin g machine. In some parts of the sewing machine. 5. TOOLS USED IN THE MANUFACTURE OF AN OBJECT TECHNICAL. The main tools used to manufacture the object to be analyzed are: Graphic Rep No 3 Function Description Features Application that Is metal and is small but unite parts of the plastic parts. firm. order to have screws 1 Is metal It's small metal squeeze and cut Everywhere to tighten or cut. 11 http://puntadiamante.blogspot.com by Gerardo Sanchez OPERATION the weight that has the sewing machine and is about 10 kg it occupies on the planet or in space the sewing machine the gravitational force exerted by land on the object on the sewing machine.

1. External functions: Sewing Machine Bags Connect the sewing machine. You put the garment or fabric that you are sewing. Acabastes Already? NO Still sewing When storing your sewing machine 2. And types of energy forces that cause the object function. ENERGY ELECTRICAL DEFINITION This type of energy can be generated by a etc.. Who will feed all the devices that kinetic energy when the stored potential or moving a body, the energy released is dynamo, an electric heater, batteries, require this to work is converted into energy of a body is released, dropping directly proportional to its mass.

Which expresses By connecting the sewing machine to start working. When this sewing some fabric is moving causing kinetic energy. When this without KINETIC POTENTIAL 12 It is the energy stored due to a body Gerardo Sanchez http://puntadiamante.blogspot.com by moving or lifting a certain height and be turned into kinetic energy by falling energy causes energy to mov e MECHANICS This energy potential is very useful when dealing with motors, pulle ys, rollers , these stimulates an external power source may be electrical, human , solar, etc. and passing the device will be a force created by magnetic fields in the case of the engine or thrust or drag of a hand in the case of the pulley, the force would be able to modify the resting state of the object and begin to work for the purpose it was created 1 3. Applications of science. All compound machine is built for simple machines, in this case are as follows: inside. When connecting the internal engine starts to move and causes mechanical energy. Principle Slope Screw Lever Ohm's Law Wheel axles or springs Springs Which expresses Inside the sewing machine or axes. In the fabrics that are made to be sewn. Sinc e the sewing machine has a power circuit inside out When the needle to sew the f abric causes the lever. Adjustments have other mechanisms for leveling. The mech anisms or rotating parts of the sewing machine. In parts of junction of the sewi ng machine. In some interior parts of the sewing machine.

4. Proposals for innovation Proposal Serger scientific advances. Possible Application Make them more advanced technology or by means of a mixture electronica.es sewin g machine combined with 13