FORMS OF TAEKWONDO This section is divided in three parts: • Kicho: Basic Forms • Taeguks 2 1 Il Yang Sam Yang Yi Yang

3 4 5 Oh Sa Yang Yan g Yang Yuk • 6 8 7 Chil Pal Chang Yang Black Belt Forms 1 Kumgang Koryo 2 3 4 Py onwon Taebek Jitae 5 6 7 Chunwon ShipJin 8 9 Ilyo Hansoo Before the form: 1.-Breathe deeply and concentrate on the movements that are going to make every move 2.-Full cleanly before running the next. 3.-Relax and breath control during the execution of form. Breathe with your diaphragm instead of the chest. Only u se power when you finish each stroke, blocking, kicking, etc. Thanks to his trai ning and experience in basic techniques are the Taekwondo masters of the past ex ercises devised formal and archetypal patterns of combat practice. Its aim was t o provide a means of training to its students and to enable them carry out the b asic techniques in a continuous succession, so they were able to defend against more than one opponent in any direction, so as long as necessary without get tir ed. The practice of formal exercises to achieve balance, accuracy, concentration , coordination and endurance. These elements are essential for the implementatio n of Taekwodo, so the formal exercises are the foundation of art. Therefore it i s said that no forms no Taekwondo. Kicho: basic shapes The initial forms that make the beginner will be called Kicho. The Kicho consist of basic movements, which are characterized by their simplicity. The Taekwondo learn with the early hours of training these movements achieved only with practi ce Kicho developing very smoothly. The basis of the Kicho are the basic movement s, such as fenders (high and low, outdoor and indoor), basic strokes and at vari ous positions such as the ap kubi (forward position) and the tip kubi (lateral p osition). The Taekwondo must achieve absolute control over these forms, since as mentioned earlier, are the basis for advanced forms, as are the Palgwes, taeguk s and poomses. These basic shapes, will help the practitioner of Taekwondo, so t hat the following motions shall be provided, as the practitioner will begin to u nderstand their training and for what purpose is being conducted. The meaning wi th these forms, is to teach Taekwondo to make a fight against multiple opponents , because these forms are actually fighting 28 simulated positions because of this, blockades, kicking, etc. must be made with great force, as this will ensure the Taekwondo to victory if he were in actual c ombat. Il-BO Kiche Kicho los5 The steps are identical, the difference is that each used different d efense, as we see above in the image on the Il-BO Kicho a defense used is low. D EFENSE Kiche 1.-IL-2 .- I LO BO-BO-SAM MEDIA 3. EXTERIOR HIGH 4.-BO BO-SA-5 .- I NTERIOR MEDIA OH-BO POSITION IN FOREIGN MEDIA CAT 28 Il Bo Kicho Since bi Jhoon position: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Turn left 90 °, left low block (fr ont stance). Step on the right half punch (front stance) Turn right 180 °, right low block, (front view). Step, left half punch (front stance). Turn left 90 °, left low block (front stance). Step on the right half punch (front stance). Step , left half punch (front stance). 8. Step on the right half punch (front stance) - Kiyap!. 9. Turn left 270 °, left low block (front stance). 10. Step on the ri ght half punch (front stance). 11. Turn right 180 °, right low block (front stan ce). 12. Step, left half punch (front stance). 13. Turn left 90 °, left low bloc

k (front stance). 14. Step on the right half punch (front stance). 15. Step, lef t half punch (front stance). 16.Paso, the mean right punch (front stance) - Kiya p!. 17. Turn left 270 °, left low block (front stance). 18. Step on the right ha lf punch (front stance). 19. Turn right 180 °, right low block, (front view). 20 . Step, left half punch (front view) APR GUKS Taeguk IL YANG - means "GUON" which represents the principle of the universe. Taegeuk Il Jang Since bi Jhoon position: 1. Turn left 90 °, left low block (front stance). 2. St ep on the right half punch (walking stance). 3. Turn right 180 °, right low bloc k, (front view). 4. Step, left half punch (walking stance). 5. Turn left 90 degr ees, low block left and immediately right half reverse punch (front stance). 6.€ Turn right 90 degrees (moving the right foot) within the left block (walking sta nce). 7. Step on the right half reverse punch (walking stance). 8. Turn left 180 °, within the block (walking stance). 9. Step, left half reverse punch (walking stance). 10. Turn right 90 °, right low block left and center back punch (front stance). 11. Turn left 90 degrees (moving the left foot), left high block (walk ing stance). 12. Right front kick, right middle punch (walking stance). 13. Turn right 180 °, right high block (walking stance). 14. Left front kick, left middl e punch (walking stance). 15. Turn right 90 degrees (moving the left foot), left low block (front stance). 16.Paso, the mean right punch (front stance) - Kiyup! Taeguk I YANG - means "APR" which represents the external force tenderness insid e. Jang Taegeuk ee Since bi Jhoon position: 1. Turn left 90 °, left low block (front stance). 2. St ep on the right half punch (front stance). 3. Turn right 180 °, right low block (front stance). 4. Step, left half punch (front stance). 5. Turn left 90 degrees (moving the left foot), within half a block (walking stance). 6. Step to the le ft within the center block (walking stance). 7. Turn left 90 °, left low block ( front stance). 8. Right front kick, right high punch (front stance). 9. Turn rig ht 180 °, right low block (front stance). 10. Left front kick, left high punch ( front stance). 11. Turn left 90 degrees, left high block (walking stance). 12. S tep, right high block (front stance). 13. Turn left 270 °, within half a block ( walking stance). 14. Turn right 180 °, left within half a block (walking stance) . 15. Turn left 90 °, left low block (front stance). 16. Right front kick, right middle punch (walking stance). 17. Left front kick, left middle punch (walking stance). 18.Derecho front kick, right middle punch (walking stance) - Kiyup! Taeguk SAM YANG - means "YI" representing clarity and burning like a flame. Taegeuk Sam Jang Since bi Jhoon position: 1. Turn left 90 °, left low block (front stance). 2. Ri ght front kick, half double punch - right fist first (front position). 3. Turn r ight 180 °, right low block (front stance). 4. Left front kick, half double punc h - left fist first (front position). 5. Turn left 90 °, knifehand right to stri ke (left foot forward, walking stance). 6. Step, left knifehand strike (right fo ot forward, walking stance). 7. Turn left 90 degrees (moving the left foot), lef t knifehand a single block (back stance). 8. Move left foot into front stance (g rabbing motion with his left hand), right half punch. 9. Turn right 180 degrees (by moving the left foot), right knifehand a single block (back stance). 10. Mov e the right foot in the front position (grabbing motion with his right hand), th e left middle punch. 11. Turn left 90 degrees (moving the left foot in a standin g position) within the block. 12. Step on the left block (walking stance). 13. T urn left 270 °, left low block (front stance). 14. Right front kick, half double punch - right fist first (front position). 15. Turn right 180 °, right low bloc k (front stance). 16. Left front kick, half double punch - left fist first (fron

t position). 17. Turn left 90 degrees, low block left, immediate right center pu nch (walking stance). 18. Step, right under the block, left punch means (walking stance). 19. Front kick left (standing position), low block left, immediate rig ht half reverse punch (walking stance). 20.Patada front right (standing), right lower block, left reverse punch half (front view) - Kiyup! Taeguk SA YANG - means "China" represents the position with dignity and sublimit y . Taegeuk Sa Jang Since bi Jhoon position: 1. Turn left 90 °, double knifehand block (back stance) . 2. Step on the right throws with his left hand-side support block (front stanc e). 3. Turn right 180 °, double knifehand block (back stance). 4. Step, left, th rows with his right hand-side support block (front stance). 5. Turn left 90 °, k nifehand right to strike and left open hand high block (front stance). 6. Right front kick,€mean left punch (front stance). 7. The lower left, lower right, doub le knifehand block (left lateral view). 8. Turn left 270 °, left outside block ( palm, back posture). 9. Right front kick, return back to the same position, with in the block. 10. Turn right 180 °, just before the block (palm, back posture). 11. Left front kick, back to back same position within the left bloc. 12. Turn l eft 90 °, knifehand right to strike and left open hand high block (front stance) . 13. Right front kick front stance, right fist back to strike (front stance). 1 4. Turn left 90 °, within the block left, immediate right center punch (walking stance). 15. Turn right 180 °, within the block of right, left center punch (wal king stance). 16. Turn left 90 °, left block, double punch half immediately - ri ght fist first (front position). 17.Paso within the right block, double punch im mediate center - left fist first (front stance) - Kiyup! YANG Taeguk O - means "Son" that represents a mighty and strong like the wind. Taegeuk Oh Jang Since bi Jhoon position: 1. Turn left 90 °, left low block (front stance). 2. Left hand and quickly pull away the strike with the left hammer overhand grip (T position). 3. Turn right 1 80 °, right low block (front stance). 4. Quickly pulling out his right hand and overhand right to strike with hammer fist position (T). 5. Turn left 90 °, left block, within the block of right (left front position). 6. Right front kick, bac k fist right to strike inside the left block (front stance). 7. Left front kick, left back fist strike, within block (front stance). 8. Step, right back fist st rike (front stance). 9. Turn left 270 °, left knifehand single block (back stanc e). 10. Step off the position, right elbow strike. 11. Turn right 180 °, right s ingle knifehand block (back stance). Turn right 180 °, right knifehand single bl ock (back stance). 12. Step off the position, left elbow strike. 13. Turn left 9 0 °, left low block, immediately within the block (front stance). 14. Right fron t kick, right low block, left inside block (front stance). 15. Turn left 90 degr ees, left high block (walking stance). 16. Bottom right, left, right elbow to th e palm strike (front stance). 17. Turn right 180 °, right high block (walking st ance). 18. The lower left side, right to left elbow strike palm of the hand (fro nt stance). 19. Turn left 90 °, left low block, immediately within the block (fr ont stance). 20.Patada front right, back right fist to strike, jump and land in a fixed position X - Kiyup! YUK Taeguk YANG - means "GAM" represents a gentle flow of water, so it is import ant that the movements are soft and flexible in the implementation of this form. Taegeuk Yook Jang Since bi Jhoon position:

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Turn left 90 °, left low block (front stance). Right front kick, back to back st ance, left outside block (palm oil). Turn right 180 °, right low block (front st ance). Left front kick, back to back position just in front of block (palm oil). Turn left 90 degrees (moving the left foot), right out knifehand high block (le ft long position). 6. Right roundhouse kick, step left foot left out high block (palm, left leg below), mean right reverse punch (front stance). 7. Right front kick, punch half left (right front stance) 8. Turn right 180 °, right out of hig h-high block, left middle punch (front stance). 9. Front kick left, middle right punch (left front stance). 10. Turn left 90 degrees, crossing the fists overhea d and block parties ready position. 11. Step out with right foot to left high bl ock knifehand outside (right front stance). 12.Izquierda roundhouse kick - Kiyup ! Immediately turn right 270 °, right low block (front stance). 13. Left front k ick, back to back position just in front of block (palm oil). 14. Turn left 180 °, left low block (front stance). 15. Right front kick, back to back stance, lef t outside block (palm oil). 16.€Step back (moving the right foot) double knifeha nd block (back stance). 17. Step back (moving the left foot) double knifehand bl ock (back stance). 18. Right leg back riding 45 ° position, left palm block, imm ediately step ahead position, right half punch. 19. Left leg back 45 ° position on horseback, right palm block, immediately step forward stance, left reverse pu nch half. CHIL Taeguk YANG - means "GAN" which represents a decisive break with great ener gy in the movements. Taegeuk Chil Jang Since bi Jhoon position: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Turn left 90 degrees, right palm b lock (cat stance). Right front kick, left inside block, back to cat stance. Turn right 180 °, left palm block (cat stance). Left front kick, right inside block, back to cat stance. Turn left 90 °, under the double knifehand block, left leg forward (back view). Paso, double bass knifehand block, right leg forward (back view). Turn left 90 degrees, palm of the right hand wrist lock the left, turn le ft torso and break imaginary catch with his right wrist, right fist to strike ba ck (cat stance). 8. Turn right 180 °, left palm block supported by right fist, t urn right torso and break imaginary grab with his left wrist, left back fist str ike (cat stance). 9. Turn left 90 degrees, feet together, right fist in left pal m, push the voltage to the chin. 10. Step left forward position, double scissor block. 11. Step on the front right, double scissor block. 12. Turn left 270 °, p ivot on the right leg out a double block, palms facing out (front position). 13. Extend open hands to his head to grab the opponent's head. 14. Bring right knee , putting his hands on his knee, back at the waist, falling down cross-legged po sition, double upper cut punch. 15. Drop your left leg back into position before , low X-block with fists. 16. Turn right 180 °, pivot on the left leg out a doub le block, palms facing out (front position). 17. Extend open hands to his head t o grab the opponent's head. 18. Bring the left knee, put his hands on his knee, back at the waist, falling down cross-legged position, double upper cut punch. 1 9. Drop your right leg back into front stance, low X-block with fists. 20. Turn left 90 degrees, left side fist striking face level (standing position). 21. Cre scent kick right (open left just before the strike), right to left elbow strike (elbow pointed away from the body, left horse stance). 22. Front foot withdrawal s walking stance, right fist back to strike at the face (front view). 23. Left c rescent kick (open right hand side just before hitting), left elbow strike to th e right (elbow pointed away from the body, the right horse stance). 24. Single s trike knifehand moving upper body only (horse stance). 25.Paso in right horse st ance, right punch - Kiyup! PAL Taeguk YANG - means "KON" which represents the Earth, in other words, is the

basis for development of all beings in the universe. Taegeuk Pal Jang Since bi Jhoon position: 1. The support block off the back position (left fist knuckles, knuckles right f ist down), immediately step ahead position, right half punch. 2. Half right fron t kick, left high kick Kiyup! Land in front stance, left inside block, double pu nch right fist half first. 3. Step on the right half punch (frontstance). 4. Tur n left 270 ° in the reverse position in front, low block left right out of high block, while turning the head to the left. 5. Move the left leg front stance, le ft arm out (as if grabbing an opponent), right upper cut punch. 6. Step back (le ft foot crosses in front of right foot) to invest in the front position opposite direction block right low, left high block away, while turning the head to the right. 7. Move right leg forward stance, right arm out (as if grabbing an oppone nt), left upper cut punch. 8. Step left with right foot, turn 270 ° in right bac k stance, double block knifehand immediately step in front stance (left leg belo w)€half right punch. 9. Right front kick, back walking stance, step back with le ft leg, take the right (front) foot back into cat stance, right palm block (behi nd the head). 10. Turn left 90 °, double knifehand block (cat stance). 11. Left front kick landing in front stance, mean right punch, draw left leg back into ca t stance, left palm block. 12. Turn right 180 °, double knifehand block (cat sta nce). 13. Right front kick landing in the front position, the left half punch, d raw right leg back into cat stance, right palm block. 14. Turn right 90 °, under the support block (back stance). 15.Patada front left (keeping in the air), on the right jumping front kick Kiyup! Earth in the front position, immediately wit hin the block, one left center punch. 16. Turn left 270 °, left single knife han d block (back stance). 17. Left foot steps in front stance, right elbow strike, backfist strike right to his nose, left middle punch. 18. Turn right 180 °, righ t single knife hand block (back stance). 19. Right foot steps in front stance, l eft elbow strike, left backfist strike to level the nose, right half punch BLACK BELT FORMS Koryo (Korea): Koryo is the name of an ancient dynasty in the Korean peninsula. The country's name "Korea" comes from the name of the dynasty "Koryo" which is distinguished by the brave spirit of the people who stopped the assault mongolica. Poomsae "Koryo" is based on the spirit of Sonbae (Sonbi) that was in herited from Koruryo to Balhae and Koryo. Songae means strong martial art and ho nest spirit experts. Kumgang: The word "Kumgang" originally meant strong there to be broken. Also in Buddhism, those who break the mental agony to the combination of wisdom and virt ue is called "Kumgang". Poomsae "Kumgang" is named after Mount Kumgang, symbol o f solidity. "Kumgang" is also analogous of "diamond." TAEBEK "Taebek" is the ancient name of Mount Paekdu where the legendary Tangun f ounded a nation for the first time in the Korean peninsula 4.329 years ago on sc hedule Tangun (1996 Tangun DC = 4329 years). Poomsae "Taebek" takes its principl es of evolution of the word "Taeback" which means being who is respected as a Sa cred . PYONGWON "Pyongwon" meaning "large plains." The plain is a source of sustenance of human life and, moreover, a great plain that stretches endlessly gives us a s ense of majesty that is different from that we feel with a mountain or the sea. An application for extension of a Down is one that is blessed with abundance and the infinite grace and vastu in the practice of Taekwondo Poomse Pyongwon which is the (plain).

SHIPJIN: Shipjin means 'decimal system' that exists as a symbolic figure of 10 i nfinite meanings develop and grow in a systematic order. In the Poomse Shipjin, stability is seen in every change of movement. JITA: According to Oriental belief, all living things come from the earth and re turn to it (Jitae is derived from the meaning of the earth). The land is then th e origin and termination of life. Living things and natural phenomena are part o f the land. Poomsae "Jitae" is the movement that provides these features to the land. CHUNKWON "Chunkwon" means the sky. Since ancient times the Orientals have believ ed and worshiped the sky as ruler of the universe and human beings. The infinite sky vastu can be a mysterious and profound world of imagination in the eyes of countless human beings. Chunkwon Poomsae consists of movements full of vitality. HANSOO: Poomsae "Hansoo" derives from the word 'water' is typical of its fluidit y and adaptability which is as manifest in water nature. Ilyë "ilyë" means integridad.En Buddhism the state of spiritual cultivation is c alled "ilyë" (integrity), in which body and mind, I (subject) and you (object), spirit and substance are united into one . The ultimate ideal of Taekwondo lies in this state of ilyë. The ultimate goal of Taekwondo pursues a discipline in wh ich we concentrate our attention at all times, eliminating any thoughts without clarity and obsessions. In this state, any ego disappears and Taekwondo lives as part of a whole, understanding . Source: http://www.geocities.com/udtkd/formas.html