process by which forces a substance, especially a metal or a thermoplastic, to p ass through a die, thus creating different forms of uniform

section used in indu stry, construction and ON extrusion There are two types of extrusion: • • Extrusion Cold Extrusion hot hot extrusion is more common. Some of the mater ials are subjected to this process are: Aluminium Magnesium Lead Tin EXTRUSION OF POLYMERS however, the engineering polymers has developed specific parameters for the plas tic, so that this process is studied apart from the extrusion of metal or other materials. The molten polymer (or rubberized state) is forced through a nozzle Given also c alled, through the thrust generated by the rotary action of a screw (Archimedes screw) rotating concentrically in a chamber at controlled temperatures called ba rrel with a millimeter separation between the two. The polymeric material is fed through a hopper at one end of the machine and due to the pushing action melts, flows and mixing in the canyon and get the other side with a ICA TR CN TEA EX U.S. S IO N OF Extrusion with a single screw extruders conventional or typical. Vented Extruder s (or vent) or outgassing. Extruders co-mixers. Screw extruders without pumps. D isk extruders. Multiple screw extruders Twin-screw extruders. Spindles that do not mesh. Spindl es which engage. Rotation in the same direction. Reverse rotation. Extruders wit h more than two planetary roller screws. 4 spindles (including construction for each machine). EXTRUDER SINGLE SPINDLE 1. Commonly has a rope. 2. Form channels in the gaps between the thread and the spindle. 3. Maintains the same diameter from the outside of the wire along the e ntire length of the screw in the barrel. DIVISI ON: 1. Feeding area. 2. Compression zone. 3. Range. 4. Mixing zone. "Twin-screw extruder" • Provide a push much higher. • material accelerations much higher. • High Shear and intensive mixing. • The color concentrates are made mostly in this type of extruders. "TYPES" "DONE" • The die is analogous to the mold in the injection molding process, it flows th rough the polymer extrusion out of the canyon and because it takes the desired p rofile. • It is considered as a consumer pressure since the end of the spindle p ressure is maximum, while the output as the pressure is equal COLOUR IN THE EXTRUSION • There are basically three ways to color a polymer extrusion: • 1. Use colored plastic that is needed (precoloreados). • 2. Use a natural colored plastic pigme nt mixed with powder or liquid dye. • 3. Use a natural colored plastic concentra te and mix it with color.

• The choice is cheaper and more efficient use of color concentrate (English Mas terbatch), which is designed with features consistent flow index polymer to be p rocessed with color concentrates can change from one color to another fast, simp le and clean • The most common processing issues regarding the color of a piece are: lines mo re or less intense color, a pigment that accumulates in the die, uneven distribu tion of pigment, bubbles, • Colors can be translucent, solid, pastel, metallic, pearlescent, phosphorescen t, fluorescent, etc. However, polymers such as ABS are more difficult to color b ecause of its high process temperature and the polyethylene yellowing