(By K.

Muirakytan de Macedo - Professor of History of CERES - Campus Caicó) The cotton plant represented in so-called northern provinces, the only culture that contributed markedly to the sugar, in terms of exports to international markets . In the passage of the eighteenth century the following century, cotton has em erged of product consumed in the subsistence sector restricted the Northeast, th e commodity significantly embedded in Brazilian trade with the international mar ket. The Northeast agricultural non-sugar is reset, so the cotton. The reason th at leverage commercial and agricultural processes to the taste of the injunction s of the world market. Notably, we can see that its extroversion twice for the E nglish market is the counterpart of cyclical crises occurring in the United Stat es: first the American War of Independence (1776-1783) and following the Civil W ar (1860). In both cases, deprived of its main source supplier, Britain will hav e to find other markets for raw materials to supply the British textile park. Th is international scenario led to the creation of other agricultural areas in the northern provinces than those areas facing the sugar activity. In this sense, a dentrandose the hinterlands, this culture occupy spaces before targeted mostly f or cattle ranching. Unlike this, however, would feature unusual for this area, a gricultural production for overseas market. In the first outbreak emerged export er Maranhão largest producer of cotton in Brazil. In the second, was the expans ion of this culture and the territories sertanejos Agrestina North. Another feat ure that is underlined in both streams described above was poor continuity of pr oduction - to their extraversion for the foreign market. This fact denounced by the clear dependence of the behavior of the American political context: as soon as circumvented the U.S. crisis, cotton northeastern portrays itself, as the Eng lish textile park resumed its trade with the U.S.. This withdrawal did not mean, of course, the disappearance of cotton production. In the eighteenth century, w hen the slowdown occurred in this culture to the overseas market, it redefines i tself, occupying the niche reserved for food crops. Further, from the late ninet eenth century, though he had ceased all external demand, cotton has flared into the growing Brazilian textile industry. Thus "the development of the cotton text ile industry has ensured the permanence of the national cotton production as the agricultural sector weight in the economy of the Northeast" (Takeya: 1985, p.30 ). As point out the elements that worked so far, historically, the area north of Rio Grande do is founded on two bases: agriculture and livestock. The peculiari ty of this area failed to provide long, guided by only one farm in the sugar mon oculture in order to define perennially throughout the economy, is the captaincy , the province or state. This is due largely to a geographic feature that jumps out on the map North Rio Grande. The space Natal has only a small strip of land conducive to this activity sugar. The area for this crop was restricted to a sma ll portion of the east coast, while the livestock occupied the whole interior. I s this last point that the cotton will find ecological conditions, socio-politic al and economic to develop. (See "The cotton economy Seridó) Please quote as fo llows: MACà DO, M. K. de (1998). The cotton crop in Rio Grande do Norte. History o f RN n @ WEB [Online]. Available from World Wide Web: <URL: www.seol.com.br/rnna web/> References Takeya, D. M. Another Northeast - cotton in the economy of Rio Grande do Norte: 18,801,915. Fortaleza: BNB / ETENE, 1985. LIMA, L. M. & Takeya, D. M. Political and administrative history of farming in the RN -1892-1930. Hometown: FGV-CEPA-C PGDA, 1979. Clementine, M. L. M. The driver of cotton and the commercial capital . Natal: Ed University, 1986. ______________. Economy and urbanization - Rio Gra nde do Norte in the 70s. Hometown: CCHLA, 1995. SILVA, M. G. da. et al. The U.S. economy, Rio Grande and the crisis de29. Natal: Ed University, 1986. CARVALHO F ILHO, J. Rio Grande do Norte in prospective vision. Hometown: FJA, 1976. FARIA, J. L. de. Cotton in North Carolina. In: NATIONAL SOCIETY OF AGRICULTURE - FIRST CONFERENCE cotton. 1915, São Paulo. Annals ... São Paulo: s / e, 1915. The BIG mistake. The Seridó, 05/24/1918. Geographical and ETNOGRAPHICO DICTIONARY OF B RASIL.Rio de Janeiro: Imprensa Nacional, 1922.