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ACareerinOffshoreSurveyinginthe
Oil&GasIndustry

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Introduction WhatdoestheEnergyIndustrydo?
WhatisOffshoreSurveying? TheEnergyIndustryusesgeomaticstogather,analyseand OilProducts
interpretimportantinformationthroughoutvarioussectorsofits
business.

ThispresentationwillfocusontheimportantrolethatOffshore
Surveyingplayswithinthedevelopmentofdatabasesandmaps,
andprecisepositioningofequipmentandfacilitiesthroughoutthe
OffshoreSurveyingisconcernedwithmeetingthe OilandGasIndustrylifecycle. Exploration&Production
surveyrequirementsoftheoffshoreindustry.Broadly
speaking,theseare:
thepositioningofvessels,drillingships,platforms,etc
OtherBusiness
thesurveyingofseabedandsubseabedfeaturesprior Activities
totheinstallationofrigs,platforms,pipelines,etc i.e.Wind,Wave,
Hydrogenand
theongoinginspectionofinstallations FuelCell.
Chemicals Gas&Power

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Oil&GasLifeCycle Exploration

OffshoreSurveyingplaysamajorcontributionintheexplorationandappraisalfor,development Locatingoilandgasviaseismicacquisition processisreliantonvariousformsofoffshore


of,andproductionfromoilandgasfieldsaroundtheworld: surveyandpositioning:

2Dseismicsinglestreamer
3Dseismicmultiplestreamer
4Dseismictimelapsesurvey

Exploration Appraisal FieldDevelopment Production Decommissioning

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Exploration Appraisal
Shootingseismictoimagethesubsurfaceprecisepositioningisvital: ExplorationandAppraisalDrillingtheprecisepositioningofrigsandanchorsinthecorrect
places

MarineVesseltowingstreamersthatcontain Mobilerigscompriseoftwotypes:
hydrophones:Airgunsemitsignalstravelthrough
waterintotheEarth throughstratareturnto
hydrophonesrecordedasseismicdata

Jackuprigs: Semisubmersiblerigs:
Shallowwater(<100m) Usedindeeperwaters
Theseismicdataisthenusedtoimageandmapthesubsurface

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Appraisal Appraisal
Video:RigPositioning
SeabedsurveysDesign,AcquisitionandReporting:

Whatarethemajorhazardsforpositioningarig,structureorpipeline?

Howflatistheseabed?
ShallowGeoHazards

Howhardistheseabed? Obstacles/Debris?

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Appraisal FieldDevelopment

EnvironmentalSensitivityIndexingOffshoreSurveyorscarryoutvariousformsof FromPlantoReality requiresmanyformsofsurveyandprecisepositioning:


environmentalanalysisduringtheappraisalstageofthelifecycle

SubseaDevelopment

PlatformInstallation

FloatingProductionDevelopment

Pipelay

E.g.ClassifyingenvironmentalsensitivitiesinBruneifor
oilspillresponse

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FieldDevelopment Production
Video:StructureInstallation Inspection,RepairandMaintenance(IRM)surveyorsplaykeyroleintheintegrityof
equipmentandfacilities:

Acousticpipelineinspection
RemoteOperatedVehicle(ROV)pipelineinspection
ROVstructuralinspection
Inshorepipelineinspection
Diverrepairs

ROVInspection

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Production Decommissioning
Video:ROVInspection Whatisdecommissioning?
a
Decommissioningistheprocessbywhichoptionsfor
thephysicalremovalanddisposalofstructuresatthe
endoftheirworkinglifeareassessedaplanofaction
isformulatedbytheoperator,approvedbygovernment
andthenimplemented.

Theoveralltimescaleforthisisseveralyears,asit
needstotakeintoaccountmanydiversefactorsand
involvesmanyorganisations.
b

BrentSpar:
ThedecommissioningofSouthernNorthSeafixedplatforms a) towedtoshore,
b) partofanewdock
construction

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Decommissioning NewTechnologies
OffshoreSurveyorsareinvolvedwiththefollowingactivities: OffshoreSurveyingisadynamicdisciplinedrivenbyinnovation&technologicaladvancement

Installations: PipelinesandCables:
Positioningandnavigationsupport Positioningandnavigationsupport
Predecommissioningsurveys Monitoringadjacentinfrastructureintegrity
Hazardnotification Postdecommissioningsurveyinspection
Postdecommissioningsurveys Updatingofinfrastructuredatabases
Updatingofinfrastructuredatabases

ConocoPhillipsUK
MaureenPlatform:
beingtowedtoshore
anddismantled
HuttonTLP:beingtowedtoshore

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NewTechnologies NewTechnologies
SubseaSurveyscheaper,better,faster SubseaSurveyscheaper,better,faster

SSNorwaySankin1917

SideScanSonar(SSS)
Rockoutcropwithrock
dumpedpipeline

SSStechnology
MultipurposeAUV

Subbottomprofiler(SBP)showing
subseabedfaultsinpostglacial MultiBeamEchosounder(MBE)
marinesediments

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NewTechnologies NewTechnologies
Video:AUVSurvey WindfarmLocationsurveyorscanhelpfindsitesusing desktopstudiesandGISanalysis:

Windspeeds Protectedareas Power Lowflyzones


infrastructure

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EnteringtheIndustry EnteringtheIndustry
LandSurvey
TechnicianEntry: MatureEntry:
UnderdevelopmentinconjunctionwithOPITO(www.opito.net) viarelateddiscipline

GraduateEntry(UniversityCourses): CAD
Thefollowinginstitutionscurrentlyruncoursesrelatedtooffshoresurveying: Drafting GIS

UniversityofGlasgow
NewcastleUniversity
UniversityCollegeLondon Offshore
UniversityofEastLondon Surveying
UniversityofPlymouth
Armed Marine
Forces Industry

Cartography Dimensional
Control

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EnteringtheIndustry EnteringtheIndustry
AnindicativecareerpathforanOffshoreSurveyor
Majoremployersof RigandVessel
Positioning
TraineeSurveyor OffshoreSurveyors:

Acergy
Surveyor DeepOcean
Fugro
Gardline
SeniorSurveyor GeoCentury
Construction SeabedSurveys:
Geoconsult Support Site/Route
IntegratedSubsea
Services(ISS)
PartyChief
MarineOffshore
(inchargeofsurveywork)
Designers
NCS&iSurvey
Sonsub Saipem
ProjectManager Subsea7
Inspection

SeniorManagement

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Conclusions OffshoreSurvey&PositioningGroup
ReasonstopursueacareerwithinOffshoreSurveyingandPositioning:

Oil&GasIndustrysalariesbestforGeomaticsdiscipline
Surveyorsplaycriticalroleinallstagesofoilandgaslifecycle
Globalanddynamicindustrydrivenbytechnologicalinnovation
Expandingglobalmarketwithexcellentjobprospectsandsecurity
Goodcareerprogression,traininganddevelopment Thankyou

AnyQuestions?

Geomaticsisoneofthefastestexpandingglobalmarkets andatrulyworldwideprofession
(RICS,2007)
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