# Teacher: Laura Lopez Garcia UNIT 1 .- Drawing TECHNOLOGY - 2 º ESO AUTOCAD PRACTICES 1 .- What is AutoCad?

AutoCad is a program of computer-aided design (CAD). A CAD program is a powerful tool that allows us to draw and design by the computer using a series of comman ds. Some of the most notable applications of AutoCad in their volume of use are: Delineation comfortable, accurate and fast. technical project design in 2D and 3D. design changes. Delineation of the designs created. Calculation of physical properties of the elements. Generation Computer graphics and photo realistic images marketing 2 .- Coordinates The AutoCAD drawing area can be regarded as a role with infinite dimensions in w hich we find an origin of coordinates. We can introduce the coordinates of four ways: Absolute Cartesian coordinates: separated by commas are inserted in the order x, y. Are the distances to the point of origin for the x (horizontal) and y (verti cal). Relative or incremental Cartesian coordinates: the coordinates x, y are in troduced relating to the last point marked by prepending the @ symbol. (@ X, y) absolute polar coordinates: the distance from point indicate the origin of coord inates and angles formed by the positive X-axis with the line joining the point with the origin. Are introduced in the form module and argument separated by the symbol <. (30 <45) on polar coordinates or incremental: they are more used than before. Coordinates are marked on the last point, putting the @ symbol. (@ 60 < 90)

3 .- Order "Line" The command "line" allows us to draw a segment indicated the coordinates of the endpoints. Autocad Practices Page: 1 Teacher: Laura Lopez Garcia UNIT 1 .- Drawing Exercise: Draw the line joining po ints A and B, knowing that the absolute Cartesian coordinates of point A are (10 ,20) and point B are (50.40). TECHNOLOGY - 2 º ESO AUTOCAD PRACTICES Exercise: Draw the segment AB knowing the absolute Cartesian coordinates of poin t A are (20,20) and point B is 40 units from point A in the direction of axis x and 30 units in the y-axis (Cartesian coordinates on .) Exercise: Draw the segment AB is 50 units and which is inclined 45 degrees, know ing that the absolute Cartesian coordinates of point A are (20,20). Exercise: Develop the following drawing of a house using absolute Cartesian coor

dinates, Cartesian and polar on incremental. 4 .- Review of orders Autocad Practices Page: 2 Teacher: Laura Lopez Garcia UNIT 1 .- Drawing TECHNOLOGY - 2 º ESO AUTOCAD PRACTICES We review, then a series of orders that have been used when drawing the icon of the previous year: Delete: serves to delete objects in the drawing. Once we ente red the order requested to check the objects to be removed. There are three type s of designations: manual, window capture. Moves: Used to move or transport enti ties. After executing the command and designated entities to move, AutoCad ask u s a base point or displacement and the end point of displacement.

Exercise: Perform the following drawing of a table combining Cartesian and polar coordinates, both absolute and relative terms. 5 .- Order "circle" This is the command that you use AutoCad to draw circles. There are the followin g: CEN, RAD <for defecto> Page: Autocad Practices 3 Teacher: Laura Lopez Garcia UNIT 1 .- Drawing TECHNOLOGY - 2 º ESO AUTOCAD PRACTICES 3Point TTR: two objects are requested and then the tangency radius of the circle Command is widely used as adjunct to mark or reference. Exercise: Locate on the above drawing of the house three circular windows in the coordinates indicated. Exercise: draw the figure on the left using the three methods allows us to draw a circle. 6 .- Order "zoom" This command lets you enlarge or reduce areas of drawing, or drawing in its enti rety. Consider the following options:

Window: designating a display window by two points (the corners) and displayed a

s framed by that window. Previous: restores the previous view. All: adjusts the window size to the limits of your drawing. 7 .- Order "grid" This command creates an array of benchmarks that extends to the limits of the dr awing set with the command "limits." The options are: range (x), ACT, DES, Forzc oor, Appearance. Autocad Practices Page: 4 Teacher: Laura Lopez Garcia UNIT 1 .- Drawing TECHNOLOGY - 2 º ESO AUTOCAD PRACTICES 8.- Order "forzcoor" Generates an invisible grid whose step will set the cursor movement. (Note the w indow coordinates) Exercise: Draw only half of the house from previous years usi ng only the mouse and helping the orders "forzcoor" and "grid." It must take int o account all necessary coordinates are multiples of 10. 9 .- Order "symmetry" Generates a mirror image of a group of entities. Entities are selected and then two points which form the axis of symmetry. AutoCad Then ask if you want to dele te the objects reflected. Exercise: Using the symmetry order to complete the hou se last year. 10 .- Order "refent" Allows you to enter coordinates referring them to other entities and drawn point s: an intersection, a tangent to two arcs, the center of a circle or arc, etc. T he most important are: FIN: choose the closest endpoint of an entity INT: Select the intersecting point where two entities. MED: select the midpoint of an entity. PER: select a point that is perpendicular to the last point made regarding the entity of which it fo rms part. Reference modes can be used at the time that we request any point. Exercise: draw a triangle with sides 40, 50 and 60 units respectively. Think how you would perform with a ruler and compass (you must use circles and entity ref erences). Autocad Practices Page: 5 Teacher: Laura Lopez Garcia UNIT 1 .- Drawing TECHNOLOGY - 2 º ESO AUTOCAD PRACTICES 11 .- Order "ortho" The cursor will move in all directions, but when drawing entities will only be d rawn horizontally or vertically, or orthogonal. The option to enable drawing ACT

DES orthogonal and turn it off or F8 key. Exercise: draw the three characters o n the 6th ACTIVITY on page 24 of the Book of Technology. 12 .- Order "textodin" Allow us to enter text in your drawing. When enforcing the state's request appea rs in the text, the height, angle of rotation and the text will be drawn. 13 .- Order "tour" Rotates an entity or group of entities. Steps: 1 .- The designated entities to r otate. 2 .- It shows the base point of rotation. 3 .- Insert the angle of rotati on. We have two options: Enter the angle directly. Enter the angle indirectl y by reference. Exercise: building the next figure (symbol of the bulb) with ran dom measures, disabling the forced coordinates 14 .- Order "copy" Make a copy of one or more entities by following these steps: 1 .- To designate the entities to copy. 2 .- Indicate serve as a reference point when you insert t he copy. Multiple Choice allows multiple copying of all selected entities and th en indicates the base point of displacement 3 .- It shows the insertion point of the copy. 15 .- Order "polygon" Can draw a regular polygon sides from 3-1024. Steps: 1 .- Enter the number of si des. Autocad Practices Page: 6 Teacher: Laura Lopez Garcia UNIT 1 .- Drawing TECHNOLOGY - 2 º ESO AUTOCAD PRACTICES 2 .- It calls for the center of the polygon and then the radius of the circle in scribed in the polygon. Another option would be to indicate the measure of choic e side by side. Exercise: Draw a polygon with five sides and draw all the diagon als to obtain a 5-pointed star as shown in Fig. 16 .- Order "refine" It makes possible the drawings. The basic types of stage are: • • • HORIZONTAL: allows the dimension of a horizontal line. Autocad asks for the origin and end o f the reference line and then ask for the location of the dimension line and the text of it. VERTICAL: allows the dimension of a vertical line. Its use is ident ical to the option HORIZONTAL. IN LINE: to outline a line with any inclination t o Exercise: Draw the following figure annotations that appear in it: • LINEABASE: allows setting a successive demarcation point. By using this order us ing any of the above. Exercise: Draw the following figure with the annotations that appear in it. Use the kind of stage LINEABASE. • CONTINUED: This option allows to annotate continuous. By using this order using any of the above options (horizontal, vertical, aligned or rotated) to draw the first dimension, whose second point will be the first point of reference for suc cessive dimension lines.

Exercise: Draw the following figure with the annotations that appear in it. Use the kind of stage CONTINUOUS. Autocad Practices Page: 7 Teacher: Laura Lopez Garcia ITEM 1.- Drawing TECHNOLOGY - 2 º ESO AUTOCAD PRACTICES • ANGLE: This option allows the annotation of angles. When you run this option, Au toCAD pending the appointment of the first and second reference line. Once-desig nate asks for the location of the arc of the altitude. Then we introduce the dim ension text and its location. Exercise: Draw the following figure with the annotations that appear in it. Use the kind of stage ANGLE. Autocad Practices Page: 8