French Revolution Environment Pre-Revolutionary End of the century.

XVIII France was in a deep crisis Social • Bourgeoisie • People dissatisfied overloaded • Nobility and clergy privileged Economic • Poor agricultural modernization • Competition and loss of English colonies Financial • Expenditure on the army • Expenses • No court fees (on the privileged) Policy • Inability of the king to solve the problems The Beginning of the Revolution May 5, 1789 3rd State (People) They open the States General demanded a fair vote (Per Capita) Nobility and clergy refuse the proposal Given that the 3rd state carries out the 1st Revolutionary Act constituting the National Assembly in June 17, 1789 The End of the Old Regime June 14 Bastille • Prison where opponents of the regime were arrested • It is a symbol of oppress ion and absolutism of the ancien regime Cause: • violent reaction of the people despite the shortage of bread • violent reactio n to the attitude of the king who commanded the presence of soldiers at the gate s of Paris August 4, 1789 National Constituent Assembly abolishes the feudal rights and pri vileges The August 26 is created in the Declaration of Rights of Man and Citizen It was now necessary to create a constitution The Constitutional Monarchy 1791 is hereby established the Constitution been instituted constitutional monar chy Changes: • The king sharing power with the House and the courts • The Bourgeoisie won the right to vote and obtain the abolition of corporations and free trade • However the little folks and women only get their status as citizens The Convention and the Radical Republican 1792 France is invaded by the armies of other countries to recover the power of Louis XVI The revolution became radicalized: the National Assembly is dissolved and the co

nstitutional monarchy abolished. It created the Convention proclaimed the Republ ic. Girondins Highlanders Highlanders Had great importance in death by guillotine of Louis XVI. • Girondins are remove d • Convention becomes more radical • It begins the period of "terror" during wh ich thousands of French people are tried and beheaded. 1793 Come the sans-culottes Popular revolutionary radicals and hotheads who urged Members to take action fav orable to the third state July 27, 1794 Robespierre is guillotined The more radical phase of revolution came to FIM The Directory - 1795/1799 1795 The convention concludes a new constitution A new phase of the Revolution: The D irectory Ledgerbait Took the opportunity to legislate in their favor and strongly suppress outbreaks of insurrection Internal instability Intend to keep: • Order; • Peace; • Power; • Profits. The most lucid people equate the benefits of military dictatorship Napoleon Bonaparte - the ideal man to carry this mission The Consulate (1799/1804) and the Empire (1804/1814) Napoleon abolishes the directory (with the support of the Government High Bourge oisie Period - 2 phases 1st phase - the second phase of the Consulate - the Empi re He shared power with two consuls Ruled alone with the title of Napoleon I Napoleon Pacified the country expansionist policy in Europe Policy Centralization adminis trative and judicial Their governments have consolidated power (the bourgeoisie) Economic Policy 1806 - Napoleon declared the Continental Blockade 1815 - Napoleon was finally defeated at Waterloo 1814/1815 - Country winning the war against Napoleon

Gathered at the Congress of Vienna to restore absolutism and reset the European borders The Achievements of the French Revolution • End of absolute regimes • End of Inequality in Society Orders • Establishment of the Constitutional Monarchies and Republics of curries liberal • Recognition of the nation's sovereignty by voting and guaranteed by the Constitution • Trium ph of individual freedom and economic • Influenced the Revolutions of the Libera ls Europe and was independent movements in Latin America The French Revolution because of its importance, serves as a frame of separator between the Contemporary and Modern Age (news)