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5 Bricoficha Installing outdoor lighting LIST OF MATERIAL SAFETY LIGHT FRONT FACADE LIGHTING GARDEN LIGHTING GARDEN LIGHT ING GARDEN LIGHTING LIST OF MATERIAL EXTERIOR LIGHTING INSTALLATION Wire Strippers: These allow you to remove the insulating layer to an electric wi re without damaging the lead wires. DRILL: When buying, consider the following c riteria: presence of a power electronic speed change, with or without wire. SCRE WDRIVER: A model with several heads Swap ables so-fits-all tip or screws. ClNTA METRIC: A model with reverse button and automatic locking is very interesting. LONG pliers: Choose a model with protective covers. We act to bend the ends of t he cables. STEEL WIRE: Allows you to pass different wires through a PVC pipe. PALA: preferably hardened steel. The blade can be pul gives one side or both sid es. ELECTRICITY DETECTOR: Small screwdriver allows you to detect the presence of voltage (eg a plug). UNIVERSAL CUTTER: Thanks to the disposable blades, always has a sharp instrument do. Hacksaw: The Odecu tool for sawing metal and plastic. INSTALLATION OF EXTERNAL SECURITY LIGHTING PROTECTION: The letters IP followed by two numbers indicate the level of protect ion of electric lamps. The first number indicates the material's resistance to d ust. In electric lamps for outdoor use must make at least the number 4 (the maxi mum is six). The second issue concerned and the degree of tightness of the devic e. It can not be less than 3, which ind ca rain protection against a not very st rong. From April the material is already resistant to the force of running water . Materials can even level 7 dive. Choose one of at least IP 44. GROUNDING: Devices with metallic elements should be protected from risk of causi ng electrical shock. The class II have a double insulated and do not require gro unding. Lamps Class I if need to ground (yellow / green). CIRCUIT BREAKER: The largest outdoor humidity increases the risks. All the more reason then to take double precautions, such as outdoor installation connecting to a 30 mA differential circuit breaker is not used for any other electrical dev ice. FACADE LIGHTING / GARDEN: A facade lighting can serve several objectives: protec t against intruders, lighting your deck or you can work in the shadows. If you w ant to create a particular atmosphere in your garden, placed in different locati ons of lighting devices powered by an underground cable. FACADE LIGHTING EXTERIOR LIGHTING INSTALLATION INCANDESCENT LAMPS: Most light fixtures is fitted with a socket for incandescent "standard" (E27). In general these models on a globe or lamp that you can be eq uipped with 75 lamps or 100 watts or reflector lamps (integrated). HALOGEN LAMPS: Unlike ncandescentes lamps that give a soft light rather to facil itate night traffic halogen lamps spread a bright light and intense, very suitab le for example to discourage intruders. HEIGHT OF LIGHTING DEVICES: If you really want to use lighting as a deterrent, y ou must place a certain height (which also contribute to its effectiveness) so t

hat it is inaccessible without the help of a ladder. For similar reasons, the sw itches must be installed inside the house. DRILLING: Avoid as much as possible the presence of visible wires on the facade, which is not only unsightly but also unsafe. The cable should come out of the w all in the exact spot where the dispasitivo placed lighting. Use a masonry drill with a diameter slightly greater than the electric wire. CABLES: If you put the wires to protect them from inserting an external insulati ng sleeve (IRO), rigid and secure to wall with a special pipe clamps. Lighting FACADE EXTERIOR LIGHTING INSTALLATION CONNECTIONS: Strip the ends of the wires and attach them to the fixture. In some cases you will need a power strip. One of the threads of the same color. If the lamp contains metallic elements, do not forget to connect the ground wire (yell ow / green). WATERPROOF FRAME: The frame is guaranteed waterproof usually by a rubber ring in sulation placed between the fixture and the globe. If this is not the case,€the device is s do so designed that water can penetrate it out of the lamp as soon as possible without coming into contact with live parts. BIPOLAR SWITCH: Set switch inside if possible. This avoids having to leave the c old to turn the light procu If you can not re place a waterproof switch. Must ne cessarily be bipolar (ie, disrupting both the neutral and the driver phasic). PHOTOELECTRIC CELL: You can choose a lamp with a photoelectric cell: when the ce ll senses a decrease in outdoor lighting, lighting turns on automatically. At da wn the lights going out on the same principle. Motion Detectors: These devices are equipped with an infrared radiation device t hat detects a movement in a given area makes n turns on the lighting. The detect ion system is more sensitive to side movements: do not forget this when selectin g a location for placement (and height). Lighting LIGHTS GARDEN OUTDOOR INSTALLATION The installation plan: Build a first plane that indicates the place where the li ghting devices and switch, as well as going underground cables, the connection t o the ground and feeds the path of the electrical training . There should always seek the shortest way to connect devices including lighting. It is not worth de stroying the lawn to save a few meters of cable: it is sometimes preferable to f ollow the path of such a garden path, leaving the grass intact. TYPE OF CABLE: c rcuito power must take place with stiff wire U 1000 R 02 V. UNDERGROUND CABLES: For underground cables, is required to place them in a bag ( IRO) Orange (ICD). Also use the accessor I connection (bends, sleeves) to obtain a continuous sheath. MESH SAFETY: After installing the cover, place a safety net in red to show where the power cord goes where reopening of the groove. DEPTH: Bury the wire to 60 cm. deep and 1 meter below the lanes through which pa ss any cars. Do not place wires in a swampy or sandy soil and unstable! It is of ten advised to dig to a depth of 70 cm. to put the cable on a layer of sand 10 c m. to offset the tens ones. GARDEN LIGHTING EXTERIOR LIGHTING INSTALLATION

DRILLING: Use for drilling, as for facade lighting, a bloc whose diameter is a l ittle higher than cable. After you insert the cable into the hole, carefully fil l with putty. This is essential if the hole is below ground level to prevent fur ther leaks. SERIES CONNECTION: Do not make ground connections. If you want to connect severa l of iluminac dispos tive ion between them, do so at the level of the fixture, p rovided that the devices have been designed for such connections. Junction box: If the devices do not perm ten by connecting this type, will have no choice but to install a junction box. Place it above the ground level on the front and then from an underground cable was becoming d Sposito of ilum vo nat i on. WATERPROOF BOX: The junction box must be necessarily waterproof. The water resis tant ity is ensured by a rubber ring at the height of the box and a concentric p lugs (cut to fit the diameter required at the time of installation) where you en ter and leave the tubes. However, these boxes are not designed to resist a dip! CONNECTION: Proceed to the connection, either using the terminals of the box or med to peel strips wires No more than necessary and avoid at all costs, damaged cables. GARDEN LIGHTING EXTERIOR LIGHTING INSTALLATION ALlMENTATIÃ N: Like inside the house, you can connect up to eight lamps on the sam e circuit Use a cable with a diameter of 1.5 mm2 (with a 10 A circuit breaker) f or a lighting circuit, or 2.5 mm2 ( with a circuit breaker of 16 A) if you also install plugs. ANCHORAGE: The lamps are very exposed to wind will have to be firmly fixed on th e ground, for example in a concrete plinth. INDIVIDUAL GARDEN SPOTLIGHT: There are lights mounted on a pole to set on the fl oor, as well as portable lights equipped with a broad and stable support and a g rounding plug. Just plug them. WATERPROOF PLUG BOX IP 55: The lamps in stake pockets or laptops can connect to the network using sockets scattered around the garden. The latter may also be us ed to plug the mower or shears. Try to install in the house a switch that allows you to cut the full board.