PLAN OF FITNESS FOR EMERGENCIES TABLE OF CONTENTS Program Fire Brigade NBR 14276/06 Synopsis and objective of the

course of fire b rigade in March 2003 Alarms sound system, lighting system 04 and Emergency door cuts fire procedures for firefighters contained in this book are based MANUAL FIRE FIGHTING IN INDUST RY - 1st Edition 2006 - Volume 5 - MCII - PMESP - CC, and the latest recommendat ions ABNT - Brazilian Association of Technical Standards No. 14.276/06, accordin g to Act 6514 of the Ministry of Labor in its Regulatory Standard NR 23. Escape route, meeting place and general recommendations, plan emergency response Fire a nd its elements composition of air and full oxygen combustion Combustion - Heat concept and types and effects forms of transmission of heat sources causing fire Classes of fire Types of extinguishing agents and fire extinguishers on wheels Director of Education - A. Magno A. Roriz Production Editor - Fabricio I. Mirand a Illustrations - Getty Images / Stock Photo / Taxi Images / Collection RESCUE T echnical Review - CLEI W. F. Santiago Layout: Romolo G. Albuquerque Methods of e xtinguishing fire hoses Inspection and maintenance of fire hoses and hydrants Pa ckaging Shelters hoses and fittings and evaluation exercises reaction Glossary F eedback and evaluation of the course Certificate 05 06 07 08 09 10 10 11 11 12 1 3 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 The Rescue Training, however, no guarantees and assumes no responsibility for ex haustion and effectiveness of information, procedures and recommendations contai ned in this work. Other additional security measures may be needed for particula r circumstances. RESCUE TRAINING LTD. Rua Dom Pedro II, 549 room 107 Ed Shopping Center Gloria Gloria Vila Velha - ES - Brazil - Cep 29122-300 Telefax (27) 3289-1973 Home Page on the Internet: Msn / E-Mail : PROGRAM FOR FIRE The fire brigade not, trained and ighting fire and BRIGADE is characterized by an organized group of people, voluntary or skilled to work in prevention, abandonment and a principle of f give first aid, within a predetermined area.

SYNOPSIS OF COURSE This program covers basic content and practices regarding the concept, technique s and procedures for the care given by the fire brigade, until the arrival of th e fire industry. OBJECTIVE Recognising a fire emergency, the characteristics of the burning process and rap id action in their beginning, thus preventing the continuation of the same, avoi ding taking larger proportions, preserving life and property. 03 FIRE ALARMS PLAN OF FITNESS FOR EMERGENCIES Fire doors The fire alarms can be manual or automatic. Smoke detectors, heat and tempera-tu re automatically trigger the warning. The alarm shall be audible throughout all sectors of the area covered by the security system. The checks on alarms need to be made periodically. The building should have an action plan to streamline the procedures for abandonment of the site, while engaging the alarm. Sound system and intercom Sound systems and intercom should be included in the plan to abandon the site an d should be checked and kept running.

The fire doors are suitable for isolation and protection of flight, slowing the spread of fire and smoke. They must withstand the heat for 60 minutes at least ( make sure the seal is affixed in accordance of ABTN). Every fire door is always open towards the exit of people. Your closing should be complete. Moreover, they should never be locked with padlocks or locks and should not be used shims, wed ges or other device to keep them open. Do not forget to constantly check the sta tus of the springs, latches, doorknobs and leaves the door. Corridors, stairs, r amps, walkways between buildings and twin outputs are escape routes and these sh ould always be kept clear and well signposted. The inspection of the doors must be performed weekly. EMERGENCY LIGHTING Emergency lighting, which comes into operation when no power, can be nourished b y the generator or accumulator battery (not automotive). Emergency lighting is r equired in elevators, do constantly review the lighting points. If possible, all week. 04 ROUTE OF FLIGHT Considered safer route by which they must evade the developers of the areas alre ady affected or likely to become rescue areas. These routes must be made known t o all, through the integration process. PLAN OF FITNESS FOR EMERGENCIES GENERAL RECOMMENDATIONS In case of fire or simulated adopt the following procedures: keep quiet, walk in order without overlapping; not run and do not push, do not scream and bluster, not stand in front of people in panic, if you can not calm them, avoid them. all employees, regardless of the position they occupy in the company, should strict ly follow the instructions of brigadier, and never come back to pick up objects; Leaving a place, close windows and doors without locking them; ROUTE OF FLIGHT MEETING POINT MEETING POINT does not deviate from the others and do not stop on floors; carry visitors who a re in your workplace, do not turn on or off lights, especially if you smell gas, leave the street and free entries for the action of firefighters and medical ca re; see how safe, local pre-determined by the brigade and await further instruct ions; In places with more than one deck: never use the elevator, not climbing, a lways look down, do not use the emergency stairs, always using the down side rig ht of the stairs, even if you're not jumping with burns or poisoning. 05 Local flagged, where he received further instructions on how the procedure will be adopted according to the type of emergency, return to the workplace or even a bandonment of the industrial area and should be counted the number of contributo rs to this site, and if possible the time arrival of all the site. PLAN OF FITNESS FOR EMERGENCIES Know the emergency plan of your work section, learn how to properly activate the service desk to emergencies. FACILITIES / EQUIPMENT FOR EMERGENCIES The Fire Department has several industrial firefighting units, equipped accordin g to the company's specific needs.

SHAREHOLDERS CENTRAL EMERGENCY The Medical Service also has equipped ambulances and trained personnel for atten ding to accidents and sudden illnesses. Identify yourself to be objective. Report: What happened (what type of accident) , the number of victims involved. The exact location (note road sign) and at lea st two known points of reference that location. Case is far from a branch, call directly from the phone to 3333-5190. 06 FIRE Fire is a mixture of gases at high temperatures, formed in exothermic oxidation reaction, which emits electromagnetic radiation in the bands of infrared and vis ible. Thus, the fire can be understood as an entity and gas emitting radiation d ue to combustion. COMBUSTION RANGE - O2 ELEMENTS OF FIRE Are three basic ingredients required to create a fire: Fuel Oxidizing - Oxygen H eat. 07 COMBUSTION Combustion or burning is an exothermic chemical reaction between a substance (th e fuel) and gas (the oxidizer), usually oxygen, to release heat. PLAN INCOMPLETE FITNESS FOR EMERGENCIES In incomplete combustion there is adequate oxygen supply for it to occur complet ely. The reactant will burn in oxygen, but can produce numerous products. When a hydrocarbon burns in oxygen, the reaction generates carbon dioxide, carbon mono xide, water, and various other compounds such as oxides of nitrogen. There is al so release of carbon atoms in the form of soot. Incomplete combustion is much mo re common than complete and produces a large number of byproducts. In the case o f fuel combustion in automobiles, these byproducts can be very harmful to health and the environment. SLOW The combustion is a slow form of burning that happens at low temperatures. The c ellular respiration and rusting are examples of slow combustion. TURBULENT The turbulent combustion is characterized by turbulent flows. It is the most wid ely used in industry (eg gas turbines, diesel engines, etc..) Because the turbul ence helps the fuel to mix with the oxidizer. COMPLETE In complete combustion, the reactant will burn in oxygen, producing a limited nu mber of products. When a hydrocarbon burns in oxygen, the reaction generates only carbon dioxide a nd water. When elements such as carbon, nitrogen, sulfur and iron are burned, th e result is the most common oxides. The carbon will generate carbon dioxide. Nit rogen will generate nitrogen dioxide. Will generate sulfur dioxide. Iron will yi eld iron oxide III. The complete combustion is normally impossible to achieve un less the reaction to occur in carefully controlled situations, for example, in a laboratory. SPONTANEOUS Self-heating substances capable of causing spontaneous combustion,€is caused by

the reaction of a substance with oxygen and heat is not dispersed quickly enoug h. Spontaneous combustion occurs when the rate of heat production exceeds the ra te of loss and self-ignition temperature is reached. 08 HEAT Form of energy that raises the temperature generated from the processing of othe r energy through physical or chemical process. PLAN OF FITNESS FOR INCREASE IN EMERGENCIES All bodies in nature are subject to this phenomenon, some more than others. Usua lly when any warm up the body, or any substance, this tends to increase its volu me (thermal expansion). And to cool the body or any substance that tends to redu ce its volume (thermal contraction). TEMPERATURE FLASH POINT: It is the temperature (one for each fuel), in which a fuel gives of f sufficient vapors to be ignited by an external source of heat, but not enough to maintain combustion. POINT OF COMBUSTION: Is the fuel temperature above which it gives off vapor in sufficient quantity to be ignited by an external source o f heat, and continue burning, even when removed this source of heat. IGNITION PO INT: Is the temperature required to ignite the vapors that are falling off of a fuel. CHANGE OF STATE AMENDMENTS FISIOLÃ CIAS Dehydration occurs when the s. It can be mild and cause gue, and can lead to death. n normal, forcing the heart ors call tachycardia. GLOW COMBUSTION IGNITION 09 METHODS OF TRANSMISSION OF HEAT Root causes of FIRE FRICTION ELECTRICITY CHEMISTRY ACCIDENT 10 CLASSES OF FIRE There are five classes of fire, identified by the letters A, B, C, D, K. PLAN OF FITNESS FOR EMERGENCY WATER EXTINGUISHING AGENTS body has enough water to perform its normal function symptoms such as weakness, dizziness, headache, fati Dehydrated individuals have a lower blood volume tha to increase the pace of your heartbeat, picture doct

Acts initially by cooling by absorbing heat when heated by fire, becoming fully into steam to about 100 ° C. Its action occurs by suffocation due to its proces sing capacity at a rate of 1 liter to 1,500 liters of water vapor. CLASS A Once identified the fire in common solid materials such as wood, paper, fabric a nd rubber. Leaves as waste ashes and embers. The most common method to extinguis h it used to be the cooling water. Using new technologies to combat ABC powder f ire class A. CLASS B Occurs when the burning happens in flammable liquids, grease, and combustibles. Leaves no residue. To extinguish it, you can drown, break reaction or promote co oling. Dry Chemical There are several songs after that, when applied over the fire, extinguemno, mai nly by breaking the chain reaction. The compositions are divided into type BC (f lammable liquids and electrical), ABC (multipurpose, multi-purpose, to fire in s olids, flammable liquids and electricity) and D (combustible metals). CLASS C It's the kind of fire in electrical equipment energized. The withdrawal must be done by extinguishing agent that does not conduct electricity. It is important t o remember that most of the class C fires, once eliminated the risk of electric shock, fire becomes a Class A. CLASS D It is the class of fire where the fuel is pyrophoric metal such as magnesium, se lenium, antimony, lithium, potassium, aluminum fragmented Zinze, titanium, solid uranium and zirconium. Burning at high temperatures. To erase it, you need spec ial post, which separate the fire from the air by smothering. CARBONIC GAS Also called (CO2) - Age by smothering and cooling on secondary action. It is an odorless gas that is colorless and does not conduct electricity. It is suffocati ng and so should avoid its use in small environments. CLASS K Classification of fire in oil and grease in the kitchen. The extinguishing agent in Class K fire control quickly, forming a protective layer on the surface on f ire. They have a cooling effect by water vapor and blanketing resulting from the formation of steam. 11 MECHANICAL FOAM First acts by smothering and secondarily by cooling, to be formed by a large amo unt of water. When the foam is like AFF, the drained fluid form an aqueous film on the surface of the fuel, making it difficult to reignition. It is ideal for e xtinguishing class B fire involving petroleum derivatives (heptane, kerosene, di esel oil, toluol, xylene etc.).. Wetting characteristics also make it effective in extinguishing Class A PLAYERS PORTABLE EXTINGUISHERS Easy to use,€generally have cargo capacity of up to 12 kg or 10 liters of mediu m. Suitable for fire fighting principles, are available with various extinguishi ng agents.

EXTINGUISHING AGENTS ON WHEELS (Cart) - With a capacity of 150 liters, these devices are larger and so mounted on the wheels. HALOGENATED COMPOUNDS Usually they are heavy to carry and use long hose to discharge the extinguishing agent. Chemical compounds formed by one of four halogen elements: bromine, chlorine, fl uorine and iodine. Cause breaking the chain reaction, but also act by smothering . SensÍveis.Atualmente not damage electronic equipment, to protect the ozone la yer, halogenated compounds most commonly used are called HCFCs. 12 METHODS FOR EXTINCTION OF FIRES The methods of fire extinction is to eliminate one or more components of the fir e triangle. In the absence of any of these three components, the fire will extin guish. FIRE HOSE Currently the Brazilian market has fire hoses that have the mark of conformity A BNT. COOLING This method consists of water on site we play on fire causing its cooling and th us eliminating the component "heat of the fire triangle .. It is a guarantee that the manufacturer meets the requisites of NBR 11 861 in fu ll. COOLING When quenching the fire, preventing the oxygen participating in the reaction. So to take away that element oxidizer (oxygen) of the triangle, also extinguish th e fire. It ensures that the hoses were hydrostatic tested individually by the manufactur er. So consumers need not make the initial hydrostatic test before putting them into use. Upon receipt of fire hoses, make sure that both ends contain the follo wing markup: Name of Manufacturer, Model, NBR 11 861 Type, Month and Year of man ufacture. INSULATION Separating the fuel from the other components of the fire, isolating it as the o pening of a track (acero) in the forest, for example, the fire is nothing preven ting that form the triangle. The lack of such marking at one end may indicate that the fire hose was tampered with. In this case the product has lost the manufacturer's warranty and the mar k of conformity of the ABNT. 13 SELECTION OF HOSE The correct choice of a fire hose is essential for adequate performance and dura bility of the product. The NBR 11 861 classifies the hoses in five types, accord ing to the application site and work pressure: Hose Type 1: It is intended to re sidential buildings. Hose Type 2: It is aimed at commercial buildings, industria l and Fire Department Hose Type 3: It aims at the naval area, industrial and fir e department. Hose Type 4: It aims at the industrial area, where it is desirable

for greater abrasion resistance. Hose Type 5: It aims at the industrial area, w here it is desirable to have a high resistance to abrasion and hot surfaces. Imp ortant Recommendations: Do not drag the hose with no pressure. This causes holes and creases. A fire hose must be used by trained hoses should be stored in cabi nets or shelters, away from sunlight. Do not use hoses for any other purpose, su ch as cleaning the garage or patio. INSPECTION AND MAINTENANCE OF HOSES Every hose when in use (in readiness for fire fighting), should be inspected eve ry 3 (three) months and hydrostatically tested every 12 (twelve) months, accordi ng to NBR 12779. These services should be performed by professional or company. DURING USE: Avoid the passage of the hose over sharp edges, sharp or pointed obj ects that could damage it. Do not bend sharply to end connected to the hydrant. This can cause the hose tie (union). Beware of water hammer in the line caused b y input pump or abrupt closure of valves and splash (according to the American s tandard NFPA 1962, the pressure may reach seven times or more, the static pressu re of work). That can break a tie or hose. When we can not prevent the passage o f vehicles on the hose should be used a device level crossing. We recommend the device suggested by the NBR in 2779. 14 PACKAGING OF HOSES Are ways of arranging the hose, depending on its use: ⠢ spiral: suitable for sto rage, due to the fact of presenting a smooth bend, causing little wear in the du ct. Inappropriate use of fire operations in order to extend it to the delay and inconvenience to launch it, which can cause damage to the joint union. Hydrants Column hydrants, installed on public sidewalks,€are endowed with union joints f or connecting hoses, pipes or mangueirotes. Its opening is made through a regist er drawer whose command is placed next to the hydrant. Has an expedition of 100 and two 63mm. Has, over the underground fire hydrants, the advantage of attracti ng larger volumes of water, and provide visibility and not easily obstructed. Sh ipments have caps that require a special key to remove them. The purpose of the hydrant of residential and industrial buildings is to allow the onset of fire by the users, before the arrival of firefighters, and also to facilitate the servi ce of repression in the water, especially in high rise buildings. The industrial fire hydrants can be supplied by elevated water tank or underground system, can be wall or column. The column of fire hydrants are installed on the floor and t he wall, in shelters or projected out from the wall. They can be single or multi ple, if they have one or more shipments. ⠢ Aduchada: it is easy to use, both in fire fighting, as in transport. The wear of the duct is small by having only one fold. Zigzag: Packaging itself to ready use of lines at the top of the car (in specifi c compartments). The wear of the duct is higher due to the number of folds. 15 Shelters STORZ CONNECTION Connection "Storz" (quick hitch) for firefighting equipment, according to the st andards of the Fire and IRB (Reinsurance Institute of Brazil), DIN, usable for h ydrant couplings (globe valve angle to the hose) Utilized to packaging materials such as hoses, nozzles and key Storz. The ideal is to have easy viewing of materials contained in, as well as listings of the sa

me in its inner area, it should be used only in case of accidents, your violatio n and / or unnecessary use can be considered as an act of vandalism and is subje ct to the penalties provided for in specific legislation, and penalties the comp any itself. KEY STORZ Splash Ideal for use in the system with hydrant couplings of fire hoses, nozzle and oth er accessories that have connection type Storz 1.1 / 2 "or 2.1 / 2" Drop Eases S torz type hose and connections with quick coupling. Drifting The nozzle is a device that enables the work with adjustable jet where the flow rate of release occurs at a pressure determined by adjusting the shape of the je t. When it does change the shape of the jet solid fog or mist for half full, the re is a change in flow and pressure, caused by the change in its discharge outle t. Used to divide the battle line in two more lines and can be closed for reloca tion of the line 1.1 / 2 "or 2.1 / 2, if necessary. 16 PRE TEST: 1. What color is the piping system of fire hydrants? 2. Name three elements that make up the fire tetrahedron: 3. What are the methods of extinguishing the fire? 4. What type of extinguisher in the building ideal for fire fighting class A? 5. What is the phone to drive the Industrial Fire Brigade? 6. The fire doors of a safety ladder can stay open? 7. What is the content of the shelters (fire)? 8. What forms of transmission of heat? 9. Name three types of combustion? 10. What kind of hose is suitable for the Industrial area? 17 GLOSSARY UNDER compartment designed for packaging of fire hydrant and fire fighting equip ment. ALARM fixture designed to produce sounds to alert occupants of a building during an emergency either. FIRE FIGHTING PUMP (BCI) Hydraulics especially desig ned to suppress water. AUXILIARY PUMP Hydraulics designed to meet particular pre ssure deficiency in a hydraulic installation of fire protection. FIRE PUMP HOUSE is a magazine aimed specifically under fire pumps and other auxiliary or supple mentary paraphernalia for its operations. PLUMBING tubes for conducting water to feed the fire fighting equipment. CASTLE WATER Reservoir high water and located generally outside the building, intended to supply a building or group of build ings. KEY HOSE is intended to complete the coupling and uncoupling of union join ts of hoses. BUILDING Building to house any human activity, materials or equipme nt. Ask Splash metal adapted to the end of the line of hose, designed to give sh ape and direction of the water jet. EXTINGUISHER FIRE-fighting equipment fire pr

inciple, there are various types, sizes,€models and operating procedures. Point hydrant water intake valve fitted to maneuver and union type quick coupler. URB AN hydrant COLUMN device exists in the public water network that enables capture of water for firefighting services. It has three expeditions to hose or hose co nnection and their height is between 500 and 760 mm, measured from the ground le vel. Hydrants WALL (HP) device installed in the hydraulic system of preventive b uildings to be used by people when the fire-fighting principles. Fire Hydrant IN DUSTRIAL (HI) device installed in the hydraulic system of preventive industries to be used by officials or fire department when the fire-fighting principles. Hy drants STRESSES (HR) device existing in the hydraulic system of preventive build ings for exclusive use by the Fire Department in order to repress or sucks water . HOSE Flexible Conductor for carrying water from the hydrant to the nozzle. Pre ssure device for the firing of automatic fire-fighting pumps. TECHNIQUE OF FIRE RESERVE (IRR) Volume of water tank, designed to allow the first fire, during a g iven time. RESERVOIR compartment designed to store water. REFINEMENT small piece of metal, conical shape, with wires threaded inside the base, for which they ar e fastened on the tip of the nozzle. Is the unit grader and trainer jet. Sprinkl er Systems (SPRINKLE) Hydraulic Fire Fighting, consisting of reservoirs, pipes, valves, several accessories for fighting fires by spraying water. PREVENTIVE WAT ER SYSTEM (HPS) Hydraulic land firefighting to be handled by the occupants of th e buildings until the arrival of the Fire Department. AUTOMATIC SHOWER (SPRINKLE ) Ask equipped device sensitive to temperature rise and designed to sprinkle wat er on the fire. UNION TYPE QUICK HITCH (JUNTA "STORZ") Ask for the connection of equipment by fitting ¼ (quarter) back. 18 DATE: NAME: NOTE: COMPANY: FEEDBACK OF PROOF ORGANIZATIONAL ASPECTS 1 - For the times: They were met? () Yes () was not favorable to their interests ? () Yes () No If NO, what days and times that you suggest: ____________________ __________________________ 2 - Regarding the workload of the course were Short ( ) Long () Enough () And the ranges? () () () Tip: ______________________________________________ 3 The classroom was: () Excellent () Good () Regular () Bad Why? ________________ ______________________________ 4 - How do you evaluate the organization of the c ourse? Excellent Good Fair Poor () () () () 5 - Evaluate (s) instructor (s) as ( o): Great Punctuality () () Technical Knowledge () () Curriculum () () Clarity i n Exposure ( ) () Clarification of Questions () () fulfilled the schedule () () () () () () () () () () () () () () Good Fair Poor 6 - Evaluate the quality of the teaching material used (those used to sign) Exce llent Good Fair Poor matter open () () () () Addressing topics () () () () Cases and Exercises () () () () Slides / Transparencies () () () () books or booklets () () () () Videos () () () () Other: () () () () 19