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V Science 1

Best Primary School

II Semester Assignment

V Science


L-8 Force and Energy L-12 Soil Erosion and Conservation

L-9 Shadows and Eclipses L-13 Rocks and Minerals

L-10 Natural Disasters L-14 The Moon

L-11 Air and Water Support Life


L-13 Circulation of Blood

L-16 Look,Learn and Experience


1. Choose the correct options 12

2. Fill in the blanks 10
3. True or False 10
4. Name Them 10
5. Match the following 07
6. Answer in one or two sentence (any 8) 16
7. Answer in detail (any 3) 09
8. Shortnote (any 1) 03
9. Diagram 03
Total 80 Marks

Q1. Choose the correct options.

1 Two main gases present in natmosphere are

a) Oxygen and argon b) nitrogen and carbondioxide c) nitrogen and oxygen
2 Meteorides burn up in
a)troposphere b) Mesosphere c) exosphere
3. Atmosphere consists of 78 %
a) oxygen b) nitrogen c) argon
4. Distillation involves
a) evaporation b) condensation c) both a and b
5. During purification of water in water works department, germs are killed in this step
a) coagulation b) chlorination c) filtration
6. The main cause of soil erosion is
a) deforestation b) reforestation c) afforestation
7. To promote planting of trees, we observe
a) bal divas b) shanti divas c) Van mohotsav
8. The layer of soil rich in humus is the
a) topsoil b) subsoil c) rocks
9. Soil can be conserved by
a) cultivating same crop b) crop rotation c) planting only a few plants.
10. There are no plants on the Moon because
a) There is no sound b)There is no sunlight c)There is no atmosphere.
11. The Moon is a/an
a Artificial satellite of the earth
b Natural satellite of the Earth
c Space shuttle.
12. Weather satellite takes photographs of the
a Earth b)Moon c)Clouds.
13. Astronauts have to
a Undergo intensive training
b Just read a book
c Just get information from the internet.
14. The first human being to step on the Moon is
a Edwin Aldrin b) Michael Collins c) Neil Armstrong.
15. Which of the following organs is a component of the blood circulatory system?
a Stomach b) Heart c) Lungs d) Large intestine
16. What is location of the heart in the human body?
a Above foodpipe
b Below stomach
c Between lungs
d In the head
17. Which type of organ is small intestine?
a Digestive organ
b Respiratory organ
c Circulatory organ
d Skeletal organ

14. Which of the following organ is not a respiratory organ ?

a) Windpipe b) Lungs c) Nose d) Artery

15. Which of the following organ is not a component of blood circulatory system?

a) Lungs b) Heart c) Artery d) Vein

16. Which of the following substances become solid in winter when he weather is cold ?

a) Castor oil b) Milk c) Ghee d) Steam

17. What is the state of camphor?

a) Gaseous b) Solid c) Liquid d) Steam

18. What is the main natural resource of bricks used to make houses?

a) Animals b) Land c) Rain d) Plants

19. The solid state of which of the following substances is ice?

a) Milk b) kerosene c) Oxygen d) Water

20 he natural resource of which of the following things is plants?

a) Belt b) Pant c) Nail d) Water

21. The lava cools down and solidfies to from.

a) Igneous rock b) Sandstone c) Marble d) Limestone

22. The surface of the Moon looks

a) Green b) grey c) black d) blue

23. The Moon goes around our Earth once every______ days.

a) 28.4 b) 21.5 c) 27.3 d) 14

24. During the night , the dark part of the Moon gets.

a) Very cold b) light c) heavy d) very hot

Q2. Fill in the blanks:

1 The layer of air surrounding the Earth is called atmosphere.

2 The layer of atmosphere in which we live in is the troposphere.
3 Nitrogen is an important plant nutrient.
4 When there is more rainfall the water table gets higher.
5 Purifying water by passing through a filter paper is called filtration.
6 Roots of trees grow in the Subsoil layer of soil.
7 Underground water is collected on top of the layer of non-porous rocks.
8 The top soil layer is rich in humus.
9 Removal of vegetation is called deforestation.
10 Planting trees in large scale on an open land is called afforestation.
11 Process of planting trees in place of trees are cut down in an existing forest is called reforestation.
12 The wearing away of the soil by water or wind is called soil erosion.
13 Removal of vegetation is called deforestation.
14 Strong winds cause soil erosion.
15 Roots of plants hold the soil firmly together.
16 Proper drains to carry rain water helps in soil conservation.
17 The Moon takes 29.5 days to complete one rotation.
18 The Moon reflects the light of the Sun.
19 Each day, there are two high tides and two low tides.
20 The gravitational force on the Moon is 1/6 of that on the Earth.
21 The rise of water level is called high tide.
22 The Moon is the only heavenly body in space where man has landed
23 Weather satellites help to study weather patterns and forecast the weather.
24 Astronauts have to undergo intensive training.
25 Heart keeps the blood moving in our body.
26 The two organs present in our chest are heart and lungs .
27 Blood circulation means circulation of blood in our body.
28 The heart is located on the left side of the chest.
29 Artery and vein are two main types of blood vessels connected to the heart.
30 A doctor uses a stethoscope to hear the heartbeats.
31 Normal human body must have 72 to 75 heartbeats per minute.
32 Solids have definite shape and volume.
33 Liquid substance gets converted into gases when heated.
34 Coconut oil gets converted to solid state in winter.
35 The three states of matter are solid, liquid and gas.
36 Water when heated, gets converted into gases.

Q3. True or False :

1 Blood vessels are the organs of digestive system. False

2 Generally , pure blood flows in artery. True
3 The heart keeps the blood circulating in our body. True
4 The windpipe is connected to the heart. False
5 The heart is located slightly to the left between the two lungs. True
6 When heated , liquid gets convered into solid. False
7 When boiling water is covered by a plate, water drops get accumulated on the plate. True
8 Mercury is found in liquid state. True
9 When solids are cooied they get converted into liquids. False
10 Cooking gas is in liquid from in cooking gas cylinder. True.
11 Weather satellites help to study weather pattern and forecast the weather. Ture
12 There is almost no atmosphere on the Moon. True
13 The Moon takes one day to complete one rotation. False
14 There are winds blowing on the Moon. False
15 Chunks of rocks that dash into the Moon are called craters. False
16 The special clothes that the astronauts wear are called spacesuit. True
17 Exosphere is the first layer of the atmosphere. False.
18 Insoluble impurities completely mix with water. False.
19 Air exerts pressure. True
20 The energy of water is used to generate electricity. True
21 Soil is home to both plants and animals. True
22 Afforestation is the main cause of soil erosion. False
23 Trees help in reducing the force of wind. True
24 Forests are being cut to build houses and factories. True
25 The subsoil is carried away during soil erosion. False.

Q4. Name them:

1. Rocks that are formed from magma. Igneous rocks

2. Rocks that are formed from the layers of sediments. Sedimentary rocks
3. Rocks which have changed their due to heat and pressure. Metamorphic rocks
4. One non-metallic mineral. Diamond
5. One iron ore. Haematite
6. One fuel obtained from petroleum. Petrol
7. A piece of cork immersed in water . Buoyant force
8. A car running on road. Mechanical force
9. Earth moving on its axis. Gravitational force
10. Raising of hair when brought near a synthetic cloth. Electrostatic force
11. Lifting a chair with hands. Muscular force
12. The point on which a lever turns. Fulcrum
13. The object to be moved by a lever. Load
14. The force exerted on a lever. Effort
15. Two examples of renewable energy. Solar energy, Hydro power energy
16. Different types of forces. Gravitational force, Muscular force, Magnetic force, Elastic force,
Buoyant force.
17. Bouncing off light from a surface. Reflection.
18. A space which contain nothing not even air. Vaccum
19. Part of a shadow which is complete darkness. Umbra
20. Something that does not let light to pass through. Opaque
21. Blocking of heavenly bodies from veiw. Eclipse
22. Strong shaking in a part of Earths surface. Earthquake
23. The point under the Earth where an earthquake starts. Hypocentre.
24. The liquid mattter below the Earths surface. Magma
25. Hot melted rock that erupts from a volcano. Lava
26. The recordings made by a seismograph, especially of an earthquakes tremor. Seismograph
27. The envelope of air surrounding the Earth. Atmosphere
28. The layer of atmosphere in which space shuttles orbit. Thermosphere
29. A gas which we need for breathing. Oxygen
30. Wearing away of soil by water or wind. Soil erosion
31. Removal of vegetation. Deforestation
32. Protection of soil from erosion. Soil conversation
33. Planting of trees to restock and existing forest. Reforestation
34. A wall for keeping back water. Embankment
35. A hole or area of holes made in the Earth from which coal, gold silver or other thingsare taken: Mine
36. A large open hole or pit dug for mining stone, marble,gravel,etc. Quarry
37. Natural solid material which contains minerals: Ores
38. Chunks of rock that strike the Moon. Meteorites
39. The part of the Moon Visible to us. Phase
40. Periodic rise and fall of water caused by the gravity of the Moon and Sun. Tides
41. Satellites that send telephone , television and other electronic signals to and from different places on
the Earth. Communication
42. The special clothes that the astronauts wear. Spacesuit
43. Name any one artificial satellites. Navigation satellite
44. Name two blood vessels Artery, Veins.

Q5.Match the following

1 Filtration pass through filter paper

2 Sedimentation setting down of mud particles
3 Decantation pouring of clear water
4 Distillation boiling and cooling the steam
5 moon natural satellite
6 surface of the moon looks grey
7 big bowl shaped holes craters
8 the water level rises high tide
9 the water level falls low tide
10 artificial satellite circling the earth
11 Indias first artificial satellite Aryabhata.
12 the first man to land on moon Neil Armstrong
13 Heavenly body satellite
14 American spacecraft Apollo II
15 Military satellites detect the launch of missiles
16 chunks of rocks meteorite
17 heart keeps the blood flowing in the body
18 artery pure blood flows through it.
19 vein impure blood flows through it.
20 small intestine foods get digested.
21 gaseous state when liquid is heated.
22 liquid state mercury
23 steam water is heated.
24 solid state definite shape.

Q6. Answer in short.

Q1.What is gravitational force?
Ans. Gravitational force is a force which pulls all things towards the center of the earth.
Q 2.What is a pulley?
Ans. A pulley is a small wheel with a groove around its edge.
Q3.What is kinetic and potential energy?
Ans. Energy of motion is called kinetic energy and stored energy of a stationary object is called potential
Q4. Give two examples of renewable energy.
Ans. Solar energy and hydropower energy are examples of renewable energy.
Q5. State the law of conservation of energy.
Ans. The law of conservation of energy states that energy can neither be created nor destroyed.
Q6. What are the uses of solar energy?
Ans. Solar energy can be used to produce heat and electricity.
Q7. When are we able to see an object?
Ans. We are able to see an object when light that falls on the object bounces off and reach our eyes.
Q8. What is a luminous body?
Ans. An object that gives out light is called a luminous body. For eg Sun, stars, fire, candle, etc.
Q9. What are the characteristics of a shadow ?
Ans. 1. A shadow is always formed opposite to the source of light.
2. The shape of the shadow depends on the angle in which light falls on it
3. The size of the shadow decreases when the object is moved toward the screen. The size of the shadow
increases when the object is moved toward the light.
Q10. How does a solar eclipse take place?
Ans. A solar eclipse occurs when the moon comes in between the Sun and the Earth . The Moon casts its
shadow on a part of the Earth by blocking the Sun, so the Sun gets hidden from our view.
Q11. How does a lunar eclipse take place?
Ans. Lunar eclipse occurs when the Earth comes in between the Sun and the Moon .The Moon passes
behind the Earth such that the Earth blocks the Suns rays. Thus the shadow of the Earth fall on the Moon
and we are unable to see the Moon.
Q 12 Name the different layers of the Earths atmosphere.
Ans. Troposphere, stratosphere, mesosphere, thermosphere and exosphere are the layers of atmosphere.
Q13. How is ozone useful to us?
Ans. Ozone absorbs the harmful ultraviolet rays of the sun.
Q14. What is humidity?
Ans. The amount of water vapour present in the air is called humidity.
Q15. What is decantation?
Ans. The process of gently pouring clear water collected on top into another container after sedimentation
is called decantation.
Q16. Name the different steps involved in water treatment.
Ans. The different steps involved in water treatment are coagulation, sedimentation, filtration and
Q17. What is soil conservation?
Ans. Protection of soil from erosion is called soil conservation.
Q20 Name any two kinds of artificial satellites.
Ans. Communication satellites and weather satellites are artificial satellite.
Q21. What do you mean by the blood circulatory system ?
Ans. Circulatory system is the system comprising of the heart and the blood vessels.
Q22. Write the name of the organ of the blood circulatory system.
Ans. The circulatory system comprises mainly of the two components, the heart and the blood vessels.
Q24. Where is the heart located in the human body?
Ans. The heart is located slightly left between the lungs.
Q25. What is the function of the heart ?
Ans. The heart keeps the blood moving in our body. The heart keeps on beating constantly and pumps
blood to each part of the body however smaller it may be.

Q7. Answer in detail:

Q-1. What is frictional force? How is it important for motion?
Ans. Frictionl force is produced when two substance rub each other. Friction is important for motion. If we
walk on a very smooth surface like ice, we may slip or fall because there is very little friction between ice
and our feet. While some friction require a greater effort to make smooth.
Q-2 What is an inclined plane? Give two uses of it?
Ans. An inclined plane is a slope between higher level and lower level. It makes work easier. It reduces the
effort needed to lift the object.
Q-3. What is nuclear energy?
Ans. Matter is made of even tiny particles called atoms. The central part of an atom is nucleus. The
breaking of this nucleus or joining of two nuclei which produce lot of energy is called nuclear energy. The
energy is produced in the form of rays.
Q-4. How do earthquakes take place?
Ans. 1) The tectonic plates on the Earths crust float on mantle.
2) As these plates move slowly, they bump into each other or move away from each other.
3) The edges of these plates are stuck while rest of the plates keep moving.
4) Finally, when the plate moves far enough, the edges get released and form seismic waves.
5) It sends shivers through the ground making it quiver. Then there is an earthquake.
Q-5. What is Tsunami?
Ans. When an earthquake takes place under an ocean, it causes giant waves. These waves can travel
hundreds of kilometres through water before they hit the coast. Such waves are called Tsunami.
Q-6. What tupe of material is ejected by the volcano? How does it affect normal life?
Ans. The volcanos eject lava along with rocks in form of ash, cinders, pumica and gases. Lava flows very
rapidly burning forest, cities and everything that comes across it. Some volcanoes release clouds of
poisonous gas that cause ill health if inhaled.
Q-7. What are the causes and effects of a drought?
Ans. A period of very hot and dry weather due to lack of rainfall for a long time causes a drought. 1) Due
to drought, lake, wells and stream dry up. 2) There is shortage of drinking water. 3) Plants and crops wither
away and dry. 4) Animals suffer. 5) Forest fire occurs and spread rapidly.
Q8. Write in brief about the second layer of the Earths atmosphere.
Ans Stratophere is the second layer of atmosphere . Many jet aircrafts fly in this layer because there is no
distuerbance due to weather here.It contains ozone gas which help to absorb the harmful rays of the sun.
Q9. What are the properties of air ?
Ans. The properties of air are :

1. Air is colourless , tasteless and odourless.

2. Air occupies pspace .
3. Air has weight and exerts pressure.
4. Hot air expands and rises up.

Q10.. How does the atmosphere protect the Earth?

Ans. 1. The atmosphere is of great importance for the existence and continuation of life on Earth.
2. The presence of oxygen in the atmosphere makes respiration possible for living things and supports life .
3. Atmosphere absorb harmful ullraviolet radiation of the sun and protects life on Earth.
4. It absorbs energy from the Sun and recycle water.
5. It reduces temperature extremes between day and night.
Q11. What is water table?
Ans. Rain water falls down to the Earth. Some of it seeps though the layers of soil till reaches the layer of
non-porous rocks . It collects on top . The top of this underground water is called the water table.
Q12. What is chlorination?
Ans. Water may contain germs even after removing insoluble particles from it ,So chlorine gas is passed
through it to kill germs .This method is called chlorination.
Q13. What is the importance of the topsoil?
Ans. 1.The topsoil which is the upper of the soil is dark in colour and rich in humus .
2. Seeds germinate and roots of small plants grow in this layer .
Q14. What are the causes of soil erosion?
Ans. The causes of soil erosion are :

1.) Deforestation : The main cause of soil erosion is the removal of vegetation or plants from the
surface of the soil which is called deforestation .
2.) Soil erosion by water : Heavy rains and running water remove the top soil.
3.) Soil erosion by wind : Strong winds blows aways particles of soil with it.

Q15. What are the advantages of building embankmebments along river banks?
Ans.1. Building embankments along river banks and bunds around fields prevents soil erosion .
2. Bunds arounds field help water to seep into the soil and raise the water table.
Q16. How does felling of trees affect balance in nature?
Ans. 1. Forests are being cut down to build houses and factories as a result of over population.
2. Apart from causing soil erosion , deforestation results in loss of wildlife.
3. When forest wealth is endangered, the balance in nature is upset.
Q17.How are craters formed on the Moons surface?
Ans.The craters on the Moon are made by rocks that strike the Moon. The fast moving meteorites crash
into the Moon and dig craters in the Moons surface.
Q18. What are the effects of absence of atmosphere on the Moon?
Ans.1. There is almost no atmosphere on the Moon.Thats why there are no plants and animals.
2. Sunlight does not get scattered on the Moon because of the absence of air .so the sky looks dark and the
stars are visible even during day time and absence of air sound waves are not able to travel thats why no
sound on the Moon.
3. There is on wind to move the dust on the surface of the Moon. Sso the footprints of the astronauts will
be preserved for many years.
Q19. Why is the Moon not visible to us on the new moon night?
Ans. The Moon does not have its own light and it reflects the light of the Sun . On a new Moon night ,
when the Moon passes between the Earth and the Sun, the sunlight falls on the part of the Moon which is
turned away from us and so the Moon is not visible to us.
Q20. How are tides caused?
Ans. 1. Tides are periodic rise and fall of water caused by the gravity of the Moon and the Sun.
2. There is high tide when thye water lavel rises and low tide when the water level falls.
Q21. What do astronauts have to learn before going into space?
Ans. 1. Astronauts have to undergo intensive training to acquire all the skills and knowledge required on a
space mission.
2. They learn how to deal with emergencies , and learn about rocks and soil. They used latest computer
technology , thats why they have to be well educated and have strong technical skills.
Q22. How does the blood keep on circulating in our body?
Ans. The heart keeps on beating constantly and pumps blood constantly to different organs of the body.
After moving through the whole body the impuuuure blood comes back to the heart From here the heart
pumps pure blood towards the organs. This way blood keeps on moving in our body.
Q8. Short notes:

1. Filtration
Filtration is a method of purifying water by passing it through a thin cloth or filter paper. A
filter paper acts like a strainer. It allows the water to pass through it but holds back the solid
particles. A circular piece of filter paper is folded in to a cone and placed in a funnel. The water
along with its impurities is gently poured into the funnel with the help of a glass rod. The
insoluble particles settle on top of the filter paper and the clear water is collected in a container
kept below the funnel.
2. Distillation
The process of purifying water which involves boiling the water and then condensing the steam
is called distillation. It involves two processes evaporation and condensation of water. This
method is used to separate soluble impurities from water. Impure water is heated till it boils. On
boiling, water evaporates leaving impurities behind in the flask. The steam is passed through a
condenser which is kept cool by circulating cold water around it. The steam cools down in the
cool condenser and changes into water which is collected in another flask. This water is
absolutely pure.

Q9. Draw the diagrams:

1 Filtration
2 Structure of heart
3 Layers of soil.