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Example Trading (Pty) Limited
Forecast - Income Statement
www.excel-skills.com
Mar-2013 Apr-2013 May-2013 Jun-2013 Jul-2013 Aug-2013 Sep-2013 Oct-2013 Nov-2013 Dec-2013 Jan-2014 Feb-2014 Year 2014
Turnover 300,000 340,000 320,000 321,000 305,000 320,000 315,000 300,000 320,000 330,000 328,000 310,000 3,809,000

Cost of Sales 195,000 217,600 208,000 205,440 192,150 201,600 198,450 189,000 201,600 207,900 206,640 195,300 2,418,680

Gross Profit 105,000 122,400 112,000 115,560 112,850 118,400 116,550 111,000 118,400 122,100 121,360 114,700 1,390,320
Gross Profit % 35.0% 36.0% 35.0% 36.0% 37.0% 37.0% 37.0% 37.0% 37.0% 37.0% 37.0% 37.0% 36.5%

Expenses
Accounting Fees 2,000 2,000 2,000 2,000 2,000 2,000 2,000 2,000 2,000 2,000 2,000 2,000 24,000
Advertising & Marketing 5,000 5,000 10,000 5,000 5,000 25,000 5,000 5,000 43,000 13,000 5,000 5,000 131,000
Bank Charges 250 250 250 250 250 250 250 250 250 250 250 250 3,000
On
On this
this sheet:
sheet:
Cleaning Expenses This 500 500 forecast monthly
800 800 800 860 860 860 860 860 860 860 9,420
This sheet
sheet includes
includes the
the forecast monthly incomeincome statement
statement and and cash
cash flow
flow statement.
statement. TheThe monthly
monthly
Computer Expenses turnover
-
turnover amounts,
amounts, - gross
gross profit
profit -percentages,
percentages, expenses,
3,800expenses, shareholders'
-
shareholders' contributions,
-
contributions, capital
-
capital - - - - 4,200 8,000
Consumables expenditure
expenditure
1,250 and
and loan
- amounts
loan amounts need
need
- to
to be
be entered
entered
- on
on this
this sheet
sheet and
2,300 and all
all the
the other
780 other amounts
200 are
amounts are - - 759 - - 5,289
Electricity & Water automatically
automatically
1,000 calculated.
calculated.
1,000 Rows that
that require
Rows1,000 require user
1,000input
user input are
are highlighted
highlighted in
1,000 yellow
yellow in
in1,200 in column
1,200 A.
column A. Note
Note 1,200 1,200 1,200 1,200 1,200 13,400
that
that you
you can
can add
add additional
additional expense
expense accounts
accounts if if required
required and
and you
you can
can also
also use
use the
the template
template for
for 12,000
Entertainment - - - - - - - - - - - 12,000
service
service based
based businesses
businesses by by simply
simply entering
entering aa monthly
monthly gross
gross profit
profit percentage
percentage of of 100%.
100%. TheThe
Equipment Hire -
monthly - - - 18,000 - - - - - - - 18,000
monthly reporting
reporting periods
periods are
are based
based on on the
the start
start date
date that
that is
is specified
specified in in cell
cell B5
B5 on
on the
the
Insurance 2,000 2,000 2,000 Assumptions2,000
Assumptions sheet.
sheet.2,000 2,000 2,300 2,300 2,300 2,300 2,300 2,300 25,800
Legal Fees - - - 74,000 - - - - - - - - 74,000
Motor Vehicle Expenses - - - - - - 1,800 - - - - - 1,800
Postage 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 1,200
Printing & Stationery 300 300 300 300 300 300 300 300 300 300 300 300 3,600
Professional Fees - - - - - - - 32,000 - - - - 32,000
Rent 10,000 10,000 10,000 10,000 10,000 10,000 10,000 10,000 10,000 10,000 10,000 10,000 120,000
Repairs & Maintenance - - 800 - - 780 - - 4,300 - - - 5,880
Salaries & Wages 22,850 22,850 22,850 22,850 22,850 22,850 22,850 22,850 22,850 22,850 22,850 22,850 274,200
Security 325 325 325 325 325 325 325 325 325 325 325 325 3,900
Subscriptions - - - - - 3,200 - - - - - - 3,200
Telephone & Fax 2,510 2,510 2,510 2,510 2,510 2,510 2,510 2,510 2,510 2,510 2,510 2,510 30,120
Training - - - - - - - 12,000 - - - - 12,000
Uniforms - - - - - - 2,530 - - - - - 2,530
Total Expenses 48,085 46,835 52,935 124,935 67,435 72,155 52,225 103,695 89,995 56,454 47,695 51,895 814,339

Depreciation 13,333 13,333 14,167 14,167 14,167 15,417 15,417 15,417 15,417 15,417 15,417 15,417 177,083

Profit / (Loss) before Interest & Tax 43,582 62,232 44,898 (23,542) 31,248 30,828 48,908 (8,112) 12,988 50,229 58,248 47,388 398,898

Interest 7,792 7,847 7,902 7,958 8,723 8,770 8,833 8,895 8,958 9,022 9,085 9,150 102,935
Taxation 10,021 15,228 10,359 (8,820) 6,307 6,176 11,221 (4,762) 1,128 11,538 13,766 10,707 82,869

Profit / (Loss) for the year 25,769 39,157 26,637 (22,680) 16,218 15,882 28,855 (12,245) 2,902 29,670 35,397 27,532 213,093

Page 3 of 22
Example Trading (Pty) Limited
Forecast - Cash Flow Statement

Mar-2013 Apr-2013 May-2013 Jun-2013 Jul-2013 Aug-2013 Sep-2013 Oct-2013 Nov-2013 Dec-2013 Jan-2014 Feb-2014 Year 2014
Cash flows from operating activities
Profit / (Loss) for the year 25,769 39,157 26,637 (22,680) 16,218 15,882 28,855 (12,245) 2,902 29,670 35,397 27,532 213,093
Interest 7,792 7,847 7,902 7,958 8,723 8,770 8,833 8,895 8,958 9,022 9,085 9,150 102,935
Taxation 10,021 15,228 10,359 (8,820) 6,307 6,176 11,221 (4,762) 1,128 11,538 13,766 10,707 82,869
Adjustment for non-cash expenses:
Depreciation 13,333 13,333 14,167 14,167 14,167 15,417 15,417 15,417 15,417 15,417 15,417 15,417 177,083
Changes in operating assets & liabilities
Inventory (17,258) (24,075) 13,591 (3,458) 16,240 (7,621) (2,794) 12,956 (15,581) 339 1,016 (7,730) (34,375)
Receivables (40,323) (49,677) 30,323 (11,323) 25,839 (14,516) (5,323) 24,677 (29,677) 645 1,935 (14,724) (82,143)
Payables 7,622 14,596 (5,959) 38,929 (39,582) 6,856 (7,125) 16,289 4,171 (17,884) (4,848) 9,361 22,426
Cash generated from operations 6,956 16,408 97,020 14,773 47,912 30,964 49,083 61,227 (12,682) 48,746 71,769 49,712 481,889
Interest paid (7,792) (7,847) (7,902) (7,958) (8,723) (8,770) (8,833) (8,895) (8,958) (9,022) (9,085) (9,150) (102,935)
Taxation paid - - - - - (39,271) - - - - - (43,598) (82,869)
Net cash from operating activities (836) 8,561 89,118 6,815 39,189 (17,077) 40,251 52,332 (21,640) 39,724 62,683 (3,036) 296,084

Cash flows from investing activities


Purchases of property, plant & equipment - - (50,000) - - (75,000) - - - - - - (125,000)
Net cash used in investing activities - - (50,000) - - (75,000) - - - - - - (125,000)

Cash flows from financing activities


Proceeds from shareholders' contributions - - - 500 - - - - - - - - 500
Proceeds from loans - - - - 100,000 - - - - - - - 100,000
Repayment of loans 7,792 7,847 7,902 7,958 6,671 8,770 8,833 8,895 8,958 9,022 9,085 9,150 100,884
Net cash from financing activities 7,792 7,847 7,902 8,458 106,671 8,770 8,833 8,895 8,958 9,022 9,085 9,150 201,384

Increase / (Decrease) in cash equivalents 6,956 16,408 47,020 15,273 145,861 (83,307) 49,083 61,227 (12,682) 48,746 71,769 6,114 372,468

Cash & cash equivalents at beginning of year 21,000 27,956 44,364 91,385 106,658 252,518 169,211 218,295 279,522 266,840 315,585 387,354 21,000

Cash & cash equivalents at end of year 27,956 44,364 91,385 106,658 252,518 169,211 218,295 279,522 266,840 315,585 387,354 393,468 393,468

Page 4 of 22
Example Trading (Pty) Limited
Forecast - Income Statement
www.excel-skills.com
Mar-2014 Apr-2014 May-2014 Jun-2014 Jul-2014 Aug-2014 Sep-2014 Oct-2014 Nov-2014 Dec-2014 Jan-2015 Feb-2015 Year 2015
Turnover 350,000 320,000 345,000 354,000 347,000 310,000 315,000 350,000 338,000 362,000 357,000 353,000 4,101,000

Cost of Sales 220,500 201,600 217,350 223,020 218,610 192,200 195,300 217,000 209,560 224,440 221,340 215,330 2,556,250

Gross Profit 129,500 118,400 127,650 130,980 128,390 117,800 119,700 133,000 128,440 137,560 135,660 137,670 1,544,750
Gross Profit % 37.0% 37.0% 37.0% 37.0% 37.0% 38.0% 38.0% 38.0% 38.0% 38.0% 38.0% 39.0% 37.7%

Expenses
Accounting Fees 2,000 2,000 2,000 2,000 2,000 2,000 2,000 2,000 2,000 2,000 2,000 2,000 24,000
Advertising & Marketing 5,000 22,000 5,000 5,000 5,000 39,000 5,000 5,000 5,000 47,000 5,000 5,000 153,000
Bank Charges 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 6,000
Cleaning Expenses 920 920 920 920 920 920 920 920 945 945 945 945 11,140
Computer Expenses - - - - - 1,285 - - - 890 - - 2,175
Consumables 543 - - 875 567 357 - 5,778 - - - 644 8,764
Electricity & Water 2,700 2,700 2,700 2,700 2,700 2,700 2,700 2,700 3,200 3,200 3,200 3,200 34,400
Entertainment - - - - - - - 22,000 - - - - 22,000
Equipment Hire - - - - - - - - - - 33,000 - 33,000
Insurance 2,300 2,300 2,300 2,300 2,300 2,300 3,200 3,200 3,200 3,200 3,200 3,200 33,000
Legal Fees - - - - - - - - - 12,340 - - 12,340
Motor Vehicle Expenses - - - 12,300 - - - - - - - - 12,300
Postage 140 140 140 140 140 140 140 140 140 140 140 140 1,680
Printing & Stationery 420 420 420 420 420 420 420 420 420 420 420 420 5,040
Professional Fees - 7,510 - - - - - - - - - - 7,510
Rent 12,400 12,400 12,400 12,400 12,400 12,400 12,400 12,400 12,400 12,400 12,400 12,400 148,800
Repairs & Maintenance - - - 2,100 - - - - - 2,320 - - 4,420
Salaries & Wages 35,400 35,400 35,400 35,400 35,400 35,400 35,400 35,400 35,400 35,400 35,400 35,400 424,800
Security 378 378 378 378 378 378 378 378 378 378 378 378 4,536
Subscriptions - - - - - 3,670 - - - - - - 3,670
Telephone & Fax 3,420 3,420 3,420 3,420 3,420 3,420 3,420 3,420 3,420 3,420 3,420 3,420 41,040
Training - - - - - - - - 8,520 - - - 8,520
Uniforms - - - - 900 - - - - - - - 900
Total Expenses 66,121 90,088 65,578 80,853 67,045 104,890 66,478 94,256 75,523 124,553 100,003 67,647 1,003,035

Depreciation 13,715 13,715 13,715 13,715 13,715 13,715 13,715 14,215 14,215 14,215 14,215 14,215 167,083

Profit / (Loss) before Interest & Tax 49,664 14,597 48,357 36,412 47,630 (805) 39,507 24,529 38,702 (1,208) 21,442 55,808 374,632

Interest 9,215 9,280 9,346 9,978 10,038 10,109 10,180 10,252 10,325 10,398 10,472 10,546 120,138
Taxation 11,326 1,489 10,923 7,401 10,526 (3,056) 8,211 3,997 7,945 (3,250) 3,072 12,673 71,258

Profit / (Loss) for the year 29,123 3,828 28,088 19,032 27,066 (7,858) 21,115 10,279 20,431 (8,357) 7,898 32,589 183,236

Page 5 of 22
Example Trading (Pty) Limited
Forecast - Cash Flow Statement

Mar-2014 Apr-2014 May-2014 Jun-2014 Jul-2014 Aug-2014 Sep-2014 Oct-2014 Nov-2014 Dec-2014 Jan-2015 Feb-2015 Year 2015
Cash flows from operating activities
Profit / (Loss) for the year 29,123 3,828 28,088 19,032 27,066 (7,858) 21,115 10,279 20,431 (8,357) 7,898 32,589 183,236
Interest 9,215 9,280 9,346 9,978 10,038 10,109 10,180 10,252 10,325 10,398 10,472 10,546 120,138
Taxation 11,326 1,489 10,923 7,401 10,526 (3,056) 8,211 3,997 7,945 (3,250) 3,072 12,673 71,258
Adjustment for non-cash expenses:
Depreciation 13,715 13,715 13,715 13,715 13,715 13,715 13,715 14,215 14,215 14,215 14,215 14,215 167,083
Changes in operating assets & liabilities
Inventory (3,448) 9,823 (7,282) (10,568) 9,552 21,298 (7,750) (12,250) 367 (6,367) 2,500 (13,759) (17,884)
Receivables (6,567) 18,710 (13,871) (20,129) 18,194 35,806 (15,000) (23,710) 710 (12,323) 4,839 (32,730) (46,071)
Payables 6,262 7,156 (8,943) 15,036 (13,716) 5,533 (12,864) 19,719 (8,066) 26,326 (13,379) (3,894) 19,169
Cash generated from operations 59,626 64,001 31,975 34,466 75,374 75,548 17,608 22,503 45,927 20,644 29,617 19,640 496,929
Interest paid (9,215) (9,280) (9,346) (9,978) (10,038) (10,109) (10,180) (10,252) (10,325) (10,398) (10,472) (10,546) (120,138)
Taxation paid - - - - - (38,609) - - - - - (32,649) (71,258)
Net cash from operating activities 50,412 54,721 22,630 24,488 65,336 26,830 7,428 12,251 35,602 10,246 19,145 (23,555) 305,532

Cash flows from investing activities


Purchases of property, plant & equipment (75,000) - - - - - - (30,000) - - - - (105,000)
Net cash used in investing activities (75,000) - - - - - - (30,000) - - - - (105,000)

Cash flows from financing activities


Proceeds from shareholders' contributions - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Proceeds from loans - - - 80,000 - - - - - - - - 80,000
Repayment of loans 9,215 9,280 9,346 8,337 10,038 10,109 10,180 10,252 10,325 10,398 10,472 10,546 118,497
Net cash from financing activities 9,215 9,280 9,346 88,337 10,038 10,109 10,180 10,252 10,325 10,398 10,472 10,546 198,497

Increase / (Decrease) in cash equivalents (15,374) 64,001 31,975 112,825 75,374 36,939 17,608 (7,497) 45,927 20,644 29,617 (13,010) 399,029

Cash & cash equivalents at beginning of year 393,468 378,094 442,095 474,070 586,895 662,269 699,208 716,816 709,319 755,246 775,890 805,506 393,468

Cash & cash equivalents at end of year 378,094 442,095 474,070 586,895 662,269 699,208 716,816 709,319 755,246 775,890 805,506 792,497 792,497

Page 6 of 22
Example Trading (Pty) Limited
Forecast - Income Statement
www.excel-skills.com
Mar-2015 Apr-2015 May-2015 Jun-2015 Jul-2015 Aug-2015 Sep-2015 Oct-2015 Nov-2015 Dec-2015 Jan-2016 Feb-2016 Year 2016
Turnover 362,000 368,000 349,000 370,000 364,000 381,000 389,000 372,000 380,000 385,000 374,000 390,000 4,484,000

Cost of Sales 217,200 220,800 209,400 222,000 218,400 228,600 233,400 223,200 228,000 231,000 224,400 234,000 2,690,400

Gross Profit 144,800 147,200 139,600 148,000 145,600 152,400 155,600 148,800 152,000 154,000 149,600 156,000 1,793,600
Gross Profit % 40.0% 40.0% 40.0% 40.0% 40.0% 40.0% 40.0% 40.0% 40.0% 40.0% 40.0% 40.0% 40.0%

Expenses
Accounting Fees 2,000 2,000 2,000 2,000 2,000 2,000 2,000 2,000 2,000 2,000 2,000 2,000 24,000
Advertising & Marketing 5,000 54,000 5,000 5,000 65,000 8,000 8,000 8,000 32,000 18,000 18,000 18,000 244,000
Bank Charges 730 730 730 730 730 730 730 730 730 730 730 730 8,760
Cleaning Expenses 1,034 1,034 1,034 1,034 1,034 1,034 2,080 2,080 2,080 2,080 2,080 2,080 18,684
Computer Expenses - - 854 - - - - 1,070 - - - - 1,924
Consumables 1,250 655 3,556 - - 764 755 976 - - 455 987 9,398
Electricity & Water 3,800 3,800 3,800 3,800 3,800 3,800 3,800 4,100 4,100 4,100 4,100 4,100 47,100
Entertainment - - - - - - 29,000 - - - - - 29,000
Equipment Hire - - - - 29,000 - - - - - - - 29,000
Insurance 5,100 5,100 5,100 5,100 5,100 5,100 5,100 6,200 6,200 6,200 6,200 6,200 66,700
Legal Fees - - - 23,100 - - - - - - - - 23,100
Motor Vehicle Expenses - - - - 8,120 - - - - - - - 8,120
Postage 160 160 160 160 160 160 160 160 160 160 160 160 1,920
Printing & Stationery 610 610 610 610 610 610 610 610 610 610 610 610 7,320
Professional Fees - 2,300 - - - - - - 3,900 - - - 6,200
Rent 14,800 14,800 14,800 14,800 14,800 14,800 14,800 14,800 14,800 14,800 14,800 14,800 177,600
Repairs & Maintenance - 1,900 - - - 7,200 - - - - - - 9,100
Salaries & Wages 43,900 43,900 43,900 43,900 43,900 43,900 43,900 43,900 43,900 43,900 43,900 43,900 526,800
Security 421 421 421 421 421 421 421 421 421 421 421 421 5,052
Subscriptions - - - - - 4,020 - - - - - - 4,020
Telephone & Fax 3,890 3,890 3,890 3,890 3,890 3,890 3,890 3,890 3,890 3,890 3,890 3,890 46,680
Training - - 7,400 - - - - - - - - - 7,400
Uniforms - - - 710 - - - - - - - - 710
Total Expenses 82,695 135,300 93,255 105,255 178,565 96,429 115,246 88,937 114,791 96,891 97,346 97,878 1,302,588

Depreciation 11,431 12,797 12,797 12,797 12,797 12,797 12,797 12,797 12,797 14,381 14,381 14,381 156,950

Profit / (Loss) before Interest & Tax 50,674 (897) 33,548 29,948 (45,762) 43,174 27,557 47,066 24,412 42,728 37,873 43,741 334,062

Interest 10,621 10,696 10,772 10,848 11,456 11,526 11,608 11,690 11,773 11,856 12,153 12,235 137,233
Taxation 11,215 (3,246) 6,377 5,348 (16,021) 8,861 4,466 9,905 3,539 8,644 7,202 8,822 55,112

Profit / (Loss) for the year 28,839 (8,347) 16,399 13,752 (41,197) 22,786 11,483 25,470 9,100 22,228 18,519 22,685 141,717

Page 7 of 22
Example Trading (Pty) Limited
Forecast - Cash Flow Statement

Mar-2015 Apr-2015 May-2015 Jun-2015 Jul-2015 Aug-2015 Sep-2015 Oct-2015 Nov-2015 Dec-2015 Jan-2016 Feb-2016 Year 2016
Cash flows from operating activities
Profit / (Loss) for the year 28,839 (8,347) 16,399 13,752 (41,197) 22,786 11,483 25,470 9,100 22,228 18,519 22,685 141,717
Interest 10,621 10,696 10,772 10,848 11,456 11,526 11,608 11,690 11,773 11,856 12,153 12,235 137,233
Taxation 11,215 (3,246) 6,377 5,348 (16,021) 8,861 4,466 9,905 3,539 8,644 7,202 8,822 55,112
Adjustment for non-cash expenses:
Depreciation 11,431 12,797 12,797 12,797 12,797 12,797 12,797 12,797 12,797 14,381 14,381 14,381 156,950
Changes in operating assets & liabilities
Inventory 17,098 (8,839) 15,129 (16,129) 8,871 (8,226) (10,145) 14,500 (10,000) 3,710 5,323 (20,756) (9,465)
Receivables 27,892 (17,677) 30,258 (32,258) 17,742 (16,452) (20,290) 29,000 (20,000) 7,419 10,645 (41,513) (25,234)
Payables (6,484) 32,940 (31,604) 17,182 28,452 (34,808) 17,051 (23,289) 20,361 (12,739) (2,973) 15,977 20,066
Cash generated from operations 100,610 18,323 60,128 11,539 22,100 (3,514) 26,969 80,074 27,570 55,499 65,248 11,830 476,379
Interest paid (10,621) (10,696) (10,772) (10,848) (11,456) (11,526) (11,608) (11,690) (11,773) (11,856) (12,153) (12,235) (137,233)
Taxation paid - - - - - (12,535) - - - - - (42,578) (55,112)
Net cash from operating activities 89,989 7,628 49,356 692 10,644 (27,575) 15,362 68,384 15,798 43,643 53,096 (42,982) 284,034

Cash flows from investing activities


Purchases of property, plant & equipment - (82,000) - - - - - - - (95,000) - - (177,000)
Net cash used in investing activities - (82,000) - - - - - - - (95,000) - - (177,000)

Cash flows from financing activities


Proceeds from shareholders' contributions - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Proceeds from loans - - - - 75,000 - - - - - 30,000 - 105,000
Repayment of loans 10,621 10,696 10,772 10,848 9,917 11,526 11,608 11,690 11,773 11,856 11,537 12,235 135,078
Net cash from financing activities 10,621 10,696 10,772 10,848 84,917 11,526 11,608 11,690 11,773 11,856 41,537 12,235 240,078

Increase / (Decrease) in cash equivalents 100,610 (63,677) 60,128 11,539 95,562 (16,049) 26,969 80,074 27,570 (39,501) 94,633 (30,747) 347,113

Cash & cash equivalents at beginning of year 792,497 893,107 829,430 889,558 901,098 996,659 980,611 1,007,580 1,087,654 1,115,225 1,075,724 1,170,357 792,497

Cash & cash equivalents at end of year 893,107 829,430 889,558 901,098 996,659 980,611 1,007,580 1,087,654 1,115,225 1,075,724 1,170,357 1,139,609 1,139,609

Page 8 of 22
Example Trading (Pty) Limited
Actual Results - Income Statement
www.excel-skills.com
Mar-2013 Apr-2013 May-2013 Jun-2013 Jul-2013 Aug-2013 Sep-2013 Oct-2013 Nov-2013 Dec-2013 Jan-2014 Feb-2014 Year 2014
Turnover 298,700 335,243 319,070 321,090 315,642 319,030 342,080 337,070 387,010 362,098 365,209 345,100 4,047,342

Cost of Sales 194,752 215,226 208,991 210,635 205,799 207,370 217,563 214,039 243,429 224,863 231,908 214,307 2,588,882

Gross Profit 103,948 120,017 110,079 110,455 109,843 111,661 124,517 123,031 143,581 137,235 133,301 130,793 1,458,460
Gross Profit % 34.8% 35.8% 34.5% 34.4% 34.8% 35.0% 36.4% 36.5% 37.1% 37.9% 36.5% 37.9% 36.0%

Expenses
Accounting Fees 1,950 1,950 1,950 1,950 1,950 1,950 1,950 1,950 1,950 1,950 1,950 1,950 23,400
Advertising & Marketing 3,500 4,200 9,000 7,320 3,298 18,700 3,250 3,250 37,000 12,000 3,200 3,980 108,698
Bank Charges 180 180 180 180 180 180 180 180 180 180 180 180 2,160
On
On this
Cleaning Expenses - - 1,500 - sheet:
this sheet: - - - 3,100 - - 3,450 - 8,050
This
This sheet
sheet includes
includes thethe actual
actual monthly
monthly income
income statement
statement andand cash
cash flow
flow statement
statement results.
results. The
The
Computer Expenses -
monthly - - 5,200 - - - - - 3,860 - - 9,060
monthly turnover
turnover amounts,
amounts, gross
gross profit
profit percentages,
percentages, expenses,
expenses, interest
interest amounts,
amounts, taxation
taxation
Consumables 80
amounts, loan -
amounts and -
capital expenditure - amounts 1,239
need to be 89
entered
amounts, loan amounts and capital expenditure amounts need to be entered and all the other and all 120
the other - 109 900 - - 2,537
Electricity & Water amounts
1,390 are
amounts are automatically
automatically
1,390 calculated.
calculated.
1,390 Rows
Rows that
that require
1,390 user
user input
require 1,390 input are highlighted
highlighted in
are1,420 in yellow
yellow in
1,420 in 1,420 1,420 1,420 1,420 1,420 16,890
Entertainment column
column-A. A. Note
Note that
that you
you
- can
can add
add additional
additional
- expense
expense
- accounts
accounts- ifif required
required and - you
and you can
can also - use
also use the
the13,420 - - - - 13,420
template
template for
for service
service- based
based businesses
businesses by
by simply
simply entering
entering aa monthly
monthly grossgross profit percentage of
Equipment Hire - 900 - 13,500 - profit percentage
- of - - - - - 14,400
100%. The monthly reporting periods are based on the start date that is specified
100%. The monthly reporting periods are based on the start date that is specified in cell B5 on the in cell B5 on the
Insurance 1,950 1,950 1,950 Assumptions
1,950 1,950
sheet. 1,950 2,500 2,500 2,500 2,500 2,500 2,500 26,700
Assumptions sheet.
Legal Fees - - - 63,540 - - - - - - - - 63,540
Motor Vehicle Expenses - - - - - - - - 2,102 - - - 2,102
Postage - - - 1,200 - - - - - - - - 1,200
Printing & Stationery - - - 1,820 - - - - - - - 1,211 3,031
Professional Fees - - - - - - - 28,200 - - - - 28,200
Rent 9,780 9,780 9,780 9,780 9,780 9,780 9,780 9,780 9,780 9,780 9,780 9,780 117,360
Repairs & Maintenance - - 800 - - 710 - 3,100 2,900 - - - 7,510
Salaries & Wages 23,050 23,050 23,050 23,050 23,050 23,050 23,050 23,050 23,050 23,050 23,050 23,050 276,600
Security 389 389 389 389 389 389 389 389 389 389 389 389 4,668
Subscriptions - - - - - 3,200 - - - - - - 3,200
Telephone & Fax 2,509 2,652 2,701 2,390 2,457 2,489 2,490 2,432 2,673 2,561 2,543 2,539 30,436
Training - - - - - - - 11,200 - - - - 11,200
Uniforms - - - - - - 2,536 - - - - - 2,536
Total Expenses 44,778 45,541 53,590 120,159 59,183 63,907 47,665 103,971 84,053 58,590 48,462 46,999 776,898

Depreciation 13,000 13,000 14,100 14,100 14,100 15,400 15,400 15,400 15,400 15,400 15,400 15,400 176,100

Profit / (Loss) before Interest & Tax 46,170 61,476 42,389 (23,804) 36,560 32,354 61,452 3,660 44,128 63,245 69,439 68,394 505,462

Interest 9,167 9,048 8,929 8,809 9,437 9,305 9,172 9,038 8,902 8,766 8,628 8,489 107,690
Taxation 10,360 14,680 9,370 - - 4,940 14,640 - 8,350 15,250 17,030 16,770 111,390

Profit / (Loss) for the year 26,643 37,748 24,090 (32,613) 27,123 18,109 37,640 (5,378) 26,876 39,229 43,781 43,135 286,382

Page 9 of 22
Example Trading (Pty) Limited
Actual Results - Cash Flow Statement

Mar-2013 Apr-2013 May-2013 Jun-2013 Jul-2013 Aug-2013 Sep-2013 Oct-2013 Nov-2013 Dec-2013 Jan-2014 Feb-2014 Year 2014
Cash flows from operating activities
Profit / (Loss) for the year 26,643 37,748 24,090 (32,613) 27,123 18,109 37,640 (5,378) 26,876 39,229 43,781 43,135 286,382
Interest 9,167 9,048 8,929 8,809 9,437 9,305 9,172 9,038 8,902 8,766 8,628 8,489 107,690
Taxation 10,360 14,680 9,370 - - 4,940 14,640 - 8,350 15,250 17,030 16,770 111,390
Adjustment for non-cash expenses:
Depreciation 13,000 13,000 14,100 14,100 14,100 15,400 15,400 15,400 15,400 15,400 15,400 15,400 176,100
Changes in operating assets & liabilities
Inventory (16,000) (24,000) 15,000 (6,200) 16,200 (10,000) (13,000) 26,000 (18,000) - (5,000) 15,000 (20,000)
Receivables (40,300) (15,700) (9,000) (4,000) 17,998 (7,698) (32,190) 38,918 (23,015) (1,000) (3,119) 29,406 (49,700)
Payables 2,380 (12,379) (10,656) (10,692) 24,236 7,311 (22,970) 24,770 (22,800) 14,256 23,574 (13,043) 3,987
Cash generated from operations 5,250 22,397 51,833 (30,596) 109,094 37,367 8,692 108,748 (4,287) 91,901 100,294 115,157 615,849
Interest paid (9,167) (9,048) (8,929) (8,809) (9,437) (9,305) (9,172) (9,038) (8,902) (8,766) (8,628) (8,489) (107,690)
Taxation paid - - - - - (39,350) - - - - - (72,040) (111,390)
Net cash from operating activities (3,917) 13,349 42,904 (39,405) 99,657 (11,289) (480) 99,710 (13,189) 83,135 91,666 34,628 396,769

Cash flows from investing activities


Purchases of property, plant & equipment - - - - (102,000) - - (32,000) - - - - (134,000)
Net cash used in investing activities - - - - (102,000) - - (32,000) - - - - (134,000)

Cash flows from financing activities


Proceeds from shareholders' contributions - - 500 - - - - - - - - - 500
Proceeds from loans - - - - 90,000 - - - - - - - 90,000
Repayment of loans (14,205) (14,324) (14,442) (14,562) (15,848) (15,979) (16,112) (16,246) (16,382) (16,518) (16,656) (16,795) (188,069)
Net cash from financing activities (14,205) (14,324) (13,942) (14,562) 74,152 (15,979) (16,112) (16,246) (16,382) (16,518) (16,656) (16,795) (97,569)

Increase / (Decrease) in cash equivalents (18,122) (975) 28,962 (53,967) 71,809 (27,268) (16,592) 51,464 (29,571) 66,617 75,010 17,833 165,200

Cash & cash equivalents at beginning of year 21,000 2,878 1,903 30,865 (23,102) 48,707 21,440 4,848 56,311 26,740 93,357 168,367 21,000

Cash & cash equivalents at end of year 2,878 1,903 30,865 (23,102) 48,707 21,440 4,848 56,311 26,740 93,357 168,367 186,200 186,200

Page 10 of 22
Example Trading (Pty) Limited
Actual Results - Income Statement
www.excel-skills.com
Mar-2014 Apr-2014 May-2014 Jun-2014 Jul-2014 Aug-2014 Sep-2014 Oct-2014 Nov-2014 Dec-2014 Jan-2015 Feb-2015 Year 2015
Turnover 320,900 319,008 354,109 367,981 362,098 325,679 327,070 342,890 335,672 367,980 362,874 351,208 4,137,469

Cost of Sales 198,637 199,061 221,672 231,092 225,949 198,013 204,746 212,935 207,445 226,308 221,716 215,642 2,563,216

Gross Profit 122,263 119,947 132,437 136,889 136,149 127,666 122,324 129,955 128,227 141,672 141,158 135,566 1,574,253
Gross Profit % 38.1% 37.6% 37.4% 37.2% 37.6% 39.2% 37.4% 37.9% 38.2% 38.5% 38.9% 38.6% 38.0%

Expenses
Accounting Fees 2,100 2,100 2,100 2,100 2,100 2,100 2,100 2,100 2,100 2,100 2,100 2,100 25,200
Advertising & Marketing 2,900 17,654 3,987 4,200 4,100 34,500 10,800 13,200 7,203 38,652 3,260 4,230 144,686
Bank Charges 210 210 210 210 210 210 210 210 210 210 210 210 2,520
Cleaning Expenses - - - 1,890 - - - 3,540 - - - - 5,430
Computer Expenses - - - - - - - - - 4,180 - - 4,180
Consumables 890 - 87 - - 2,100 - - 3,289 - - 98 6,464
Electricity & Water 2,654 2,654 2,654 2,654 2,654 2,654 2,654 2,971 2,971 2,971 2,971 2,971 33,433
Entertainment - - - - - - - 23,982 - 800 - - 24,782
Equipment Hire - - - - - - 23,000 - - 12,000 - - 35,000
Insurance 2,760 2,760 2,760 2,760 2,760 2,760 3,070 3,070 3,070 3,070 3,070 3,070 34,980
Legal Fees - - - - - - - - - 11,900 - - 11,900
Motor Vehicle Expenses - - - 10,872 - - - - - - - - 10,872
Postage - - - 1,900 - - - - - - - - 1,900
Printing & Stationery - - - - - 3,420 - - - 1,890 - - 5,310
Professional Fees - 7,510 - - - - - - - - - - 7,510
Rent 11,340 11,340 11,340 11,340 11,340 11,340 11,340 11,340 11,340 11,340 11,340 11,340 136,080
Repairs & Maintenance - - - 1,290 - - - - - 3,109 - - 4,399
Salaries & Wages 32,100 32,100 32,100 32,100 32,100 32,100 32,100 32,100 32,100 32,100 32,100 32,100 385,200
Security 402 402 402 402 402 402 402 402 402 402 402 402 4,824
Subscriptions - - - - - 3,570 - - - - - - 3,570
Telephone & Fax 2,900 2,987 3,478 3,542 3,567 3,541 3,581 3,598 3,672 3,652 3,652 3,678 41,848
Training - - - - - - - - 239 1,987 - - 2,226
Uniforms - - - - - - - 863 - - - - 863
Total Expenses 58,256 79,717 59,118 75,260 59,233 98,697 89,257 97,376 66,596 130,363 59,105 60,199 933,177

Depreciation 13,700 13,700 13,700 13,700 13,700 13,700 13,700 14,200 14,200 14,200 14,200 14,200 166,900

Profit / (Loss) before Interest & Tax 50,307 26,530 59,619 47,929 63,216 15,269 19,367 18,379 47,431 (2,891) 67,853 61,167 474,176

Interest 8,349 8,208 8,066 8,423 8,271 8,119 7,965 7,810 7,654 7,497 7,338 7,178 94,878
Taxation 11,750 5,130 14,430 11,060 15,380 2,000 3,190 2,960 11,140 - 14,030 15,120 106,190

Profit / (Loss) for the year 30,208 13,192 37,123 28,446 39,565 5,150 8,212 7,609 28,637 (10,388) 46,485 38,869 273,108

Page 11 of 22
Example Trading (Pty) Limited
Actual Results - Cash Flow Statement

Mar-2014 Apr-2014 May-2014 Jun-2014 Jul-2014 Aug-2014 Sep-2014 Oct-2014 Nov-2014 Dec-2014 Jan-2015 Feb-2015 Year 2015
Cash flows from operating activities
Profit / (Loss) for the year 30,208 13,192 37,123 28,446 39,565 5,150 8,212 7,609 28,637 (10,388) 46,485 38,869 273,108
Interest 8,349 8,208 8,066 8,423 8,271 8,119 7,965 7,810 7,654 7,497 7,338 7,178 94,878
Taxation 11,750 5,130 14,430 11,060 15,380 2,000 3,190 2,960 11,140 - 14,030 15,120 106,190
Adjustment for non-cash expenses:
Depreciation 13,700 13,700 13,700 13,700 13,700 13,700 13,700 14,200 14,200 14,200 14,200 14,200 166,900
Changes in operating assets & liabilities
Inventory (18,000) 12,800 (11,030) (13,770) 11,100 13,700 (7,800) (3,000) 2,600 (6,900) (7,300) 15,260 (12,340)
Receivables (35,930) 17,341 (23,699) (19,100) 8,748 41,464 (8,687) (11,736) (19,901) 4,300 (14,177) 3,987 (57,390)
Payables (13,638) 44,851 (42,340) 4,963 15,217 5,050 2,992 (11,352) 4,340 (10,870) 4,030 14,810 18,053
Cash generated from operations (3,561) 115,222 (3,750) 33,722 111,981 89,183 19,572 6,491 48,670 (2,161) 64,606 109,424 589,399
Interest paid (8,349) (8,208) (8,066) (8,423) (8,271) (8,119) (7,965) (7,810) (7,654) (7,497) (7,338) (7,178) (94,878)
Taxation paid - - - - - (59,750) - - - - - (46,440) (106,190)
Net cash from operating activities (11,910) 107,014 (11,816) 25,299 103,710 21,314 11,607 (1,319) 41,016 (9,658) 57,268 55,806 388,331

Cash flows from investing activities


Purchases of property, plant & equipment (63,008) - - - - - - (23,980) - - - - (86,988)
Net cash used in investing activities (63,008) - - - - - - (23,980) - - - - (86,988)

Cash flows from financing activities


Proceeds from shareholders' contributions - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Proceeds from loans - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Repayment of loans (16,934) (17,076) (17,218) 41,864 (18,287) (18,440) (18,594) (18,748) (18,905) (19,062) (19,221) (19,381) (160,002)
Net cash from financing activities (16,934) (17,076) (17,218) 41,864 (18,287) (18,440) (18,594) (18,748) (18,905) (19,062) (19,221) (19,381) (160,002)

Increase / (Decrease) in cash equivalents (91,852) 89,938 (29,034) 67,163 85,423 2,874 (6,987) (44,047) 22,111 (28,720) 38,047 36,425 141,341

Cash & cash equivalents at beginning of year 186,200 94,348 184,286 155,252 222,415 307,838 310,712 303,725 259,678 281,789 253,069 291,116 186,200

Cash & cash equivalents at end of year 94,348 184,286 155,252 222,415 307,838 310,712 303,725 259,678 281,789 253,069 291,116 327,542 327,542

Page 12 of 22
Example Trading (Pty) Limited
Actual Results - Income Statement
www.excel-skills.com
Mar-2015 Apr-2015 May-2015 Jun-2015 Jul-2015 Aug-2015 Sep-2015 Oct-2015 Nov-2015 Dec-2015 Jan-2016 Feb-2016 Year 2016
Turnover 325,070 372,070 345,230 378,996 361,208 401,920 382,080 384,391 372,450 381,200 373,450 362,300 4,440,365

Cost of Sales 196,342 227,335 208,864 232,325 216,364 242,358 231,923 229,481 223,098 230,626 221,082 213,395 2,673,192

Gross Profit 128,728 144,735 136,366 146,671 144,844 159,562 150,157 154,910 149,352 150,574 152,368 148,905 1,767,173
Gross Profit % 39.6% 38.9% 39.5% 38.7% 40.1% 39.7% 39.3% 40.3% 40.1% 39.5% 40.8% 41.1% 39.8%

Expenses
Accounting Fees 2,450 2,450 2,450 2,450 2,450 2,450 2,450 2,450 2,450 2,450 2,450 2,450 29,400
Advertising & Marketing 4,380 42,300 4,200 4,400 57,400 7,630 9,760 7,300 31,200 32,980 10,230 13,400 225,180
Bank Charges 250 250 250 250 250 250 250 250 250 250 250 250 3,000
Cleaning Expenses - - - 4,200 - - - - 3,890 2,080 - - 10,170
Computer Expenses - - 7,620 - - - - - - - - - 7,620
Consumables - - 5,100 - - 76 - - - - - - 5,176
Electricity & Water 4,050 4,050 4,050 4,050 4,050 4,050 4,050 4,891 4,891 4,891 4,891 4,891 52,805
Entertainment - - - - - - 23,420 - - - - - 23,420
Equipment Hire - - - - 1,200 28,900 - - - - - - 30,100
Insurance 4,060 4,060 4,060 4,060 4,060 4,060 4,060 5,980 5,980 5,980 5,980 5,980 58,320
Legal Fees - - - 21,987 - - - - - - - - 21,987
Motor Vehicle Expenses - - - - 7,862 - - - - - - - 7,862
Postage - - - 2,170 - - - - - - - - 2,170
Printing & Stationery 155 - 211 - - 3,298 - 120 - 3,290 - - 7,074
Professional Fees - 12,090 - - - - - - 1,329 - - - 13,419
Rent 15,250 15,250 15,250 15,250 15,250 15,250 15,250 15,250 15,250 15,250 15,250 15,250 183,000
Repairs & Maintenance - 1,900 - - - 6,876 - - - - - - 8,776
Salaries & Wages 39,700 39,700 39,700 39,700 39,700 39,700 39,700 39,700 39,700 39,700 39,700 39,700 476,400
Security 456 456 456 456 456 456 456 456 456 456 456 456 5,472
Subscriptions - - - - - 4,120 - - - - - - 4,120
Telephone & Fax 3,987 3,645 3,590 3,765 3,710 3,688 3,965 3,290 3,871 4,102 4,008 4,209 45,830
Training - - 6,200 865 - - - - - - - - 7,065
Uniforms - - 210 - 539 - - - - - - - 749
Total Expenses 74,738 126,151 93,347 103,603 136,927 120,804 103,361 79,687 109,267 111,429 83,215 86,586 1,229,115

Depreciation 11,400 12,800 12,800 12,800 12,800 12,800 12,800 12,800 12,800 14,300 14,300 14,300 156,700

Profit / (Loss) before Interest & Tax 42,590 5,784 30,219 30,268 (4,883) 25,958 33,996 62,423 27,285 24,845 54,853 48,019 381,358

Interest 7,016 6,853 6,689 6,523 7,023 6,846 6,668 6,488 6,306 6,123 6,189 6,000 78,724
Taxation 9,960 - 6,290 6,650 - 2,020 7,650 15,660 5,870 5,240 13,630 11,770 84,740

Profit / (Loss) for the year 25,614 (1,069) 17,240 17,095 (11,906) 17,092 19,678 40,275 15,109 13,482 35,034 30,249 217,894

Page 13 of 22
Example Trading (Pty) Limited
Actual Results - Cash Flow Statement

Mar-2015 Apr-2015 May-2015 Jun-2015 Jul-2015 Aug-2015 Sep-2015 Oct-2015 Nov-2015 Dec-2015 Jan-2016 Feb-2016 Year 2016
Cash flows from operating activities
Profit / (Loss) for the year 25,614 (1,069) 17,240 17,095 (11,906) 17,092 19,678 40,275 15,109 13,482 35,034 30,249 217,894
Interest 7,016 6,853 6,689 6,523 7,023 6,846 6,668 6,488 6,306 6,123 6,189 6,000 78,724
Taxation 9,960 - 6,290 6,650 - 2,020 7,650 15,660 5,870 5,240 13,630 11,770 84,740
Adjustment for non-cash expenses:
Depreciation 11,400 12,800 12,800 12,800 12,800 12,800 12,800 12,800 12,800 14,300 14,300 14,300 156,700
Changes in operating assets & liabilities
Inventory (14,660) 7,800 9,900 (13,700) 7,800 (7,200) (16,500) 10,900 (4,000) 4,770 10,330 (14,330) (18,890)
Receivables (98) 10,407 (18,419) (13,700) 18,600 (5,000) (32,550) 18,950 (11,300) 9,982 (10,062) 14,880 (18,310)
Payables 11,040 (34,072) 23,062 7,130 (12,820) 2,650 14,040 22,160 (33,158) 2,823 9,090 (18,185) (6,240)
Cash generated from operations 50,272 2,719 57,562 22,798 21,497 29,208 11,786 127,233 (8,373) 56,720 78,511 44,684 494,618
Interest paid (7,016) (6,853) (6,689) (6,523) (7,023) (6,846) (6,668) (6,488) (6,306) (6,123) (6,189) (6,000) (78,724)
Taxation paid - - - - - (24,920) - - - - - (59,820) (84,740)
Net cash from operating activities 43,256 (4,134) 50,873 16,275 14,474 (2,558) 5,118 120,745 (14,679) 50,597 72,322 (21,136) 331,154

Cash flows from investing activities


Purchases of property, plant & equipment - (81,200) - - - - - - - (94,300) - - (175,500)
Net cash used in investing activities - (81,200) - - - - - - - (94,300) - - (175,500)

Cash flows from financing activities


Proceeds from shareholders' contributions - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Proceeds from loans - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Repayment of loans (19,543) (19,706) (19,869) (20,036) 58,765 (21,413) (21,590) (21,771) (21,952) (22,136) 7,293 (22,896) (144,854)
Net cash from financing activities (19,543) (19,706) (19,869) (20,036) 58,765 (21,413) (21,590) (21,771) (21,952) (22,136) 7,293 (22,896) (144,854)

Increase / (Decrease) in cash equivalents 23,713 (105,040) 31,004 (3,761) 73,239 (23,971) (16,472) 98,974 (36,631) (65,839) 79,615 (44,032) 10,800

Cash & cash equivalents at beginning of year 327,542 351,254 246,215 277,219 273,458 346,697 322,727 306,255 405,229 368,598 302,759 382,374 327,542

Cash & cash equivalents at end of year 351,254 246,215 277,219 273,458 346,697 322,727 306,255 405,229 368,598 302,759 382,374 338,342 338,342

Page 14 of 22
Example Trading (Pty) Limited
Forecast - Balance Sheet
www.excel-skills.com
Feb-2013 Mar-2013 Apr-2013 May-2013 Jun-2013 Jul-2013 Aug-2013 Sep-2013 Oct-2013 Nov-2013 Dec-2013 Jan-2014
Assets
Property, Plant & Equipment 800,000 786,667 773,333 809,167 795,000 780,833 840,417 825,000 809,583 794,167 778,750 763,333
Current Assets
Inventory 140,000 157,258 181,333 167,742 171,200 154,960 162,581 165,375 152,419 168,000 167,661 166,645
Receivables 250,000 290,323 340,000 309,677 321,000 295,161 309,677 315,000 290,323 320,000 319,355 317,419
Cash 21,000 27,956 44,364 91,385 106,658 252,518 169,211 218,295 279,522 266,840 315,585 387,354
1,211,000 1,262,203 1,339,031 1,377,971 1,393,858 1,483,472 1,481,886 1,523,670 1,531,847 1,549,006 1,581,352 1,634,752
Equity & Liabilities
Shareholders' Contributions 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,500 1,500 1,500 1,500 1,500 1,500 1,500 1,500
Retained Earnings - 25,769 64,926 91,563 68,883 85,101 100,983 129,837 117,592 120,494 150,164 185,561
Long Term Loans 1,100,000 1,107,792 1,115,639 1,123,541 1,131,499 1,238,171 1,246,941 1,255,774 1,264,669 1,273,627 1,282,648 1,291,734
Current Liabilities
Payables 110,000 117,622 On
On this
132,218 this sheet:
sheet:
126,259 165,188 125,606 132,462 125,338 141,627 145,798 127,913 123,065
This
This sheet
sheet includes the
the forecast
includes10,021 forecast andand actual
actual balance
balance sheets.
sheets. The forecast
forecast balance
The26,788 balance sheet
sheet
Provision for Taxation - 25,249 35,608 33,095 - 11,221 6,459 7,588 19,126 32,892
is
is calculated
calculated from from the
the values
values that
that are
are entered
entered onon the
the Assumptions
Assumptions sheet sheet and
and the
the
1,211,000
calculations
calculations on 1,262,203
on the
the monthly
monthly income1,339,031
income statement 1,377,971
statement and
and cash
cash flow1,393,858
flow statement 1,483,472
statement forecast.
forecast. No
No 1,481,886 1,523,670 1,531,847 1,549,006 1,581,352 1,634,752
user
user input
input isis required
required for
for the
the forecast
forecast balances
balances onon this
this sheet.
sheet. Most
Most of of the
the balances
balances on on
Days in month the
the actual28 balance
actual balance sheet 31 need
sheet need toto be
be entered
entered
30 by
by the
the user.
user.
31 Rows
Rows that
that30require
require user
user input
input
31 31 30 31 30 31 31
are
are highlighted
highlighted in in yellow
yellow inin column
column A. A. The
The monthly
monthly reporting
reporting periods
periods are are based
based onon the
the
start
start date
date that
that is
is specified
specified in in cell
cell B5
B5 on
on the
the Assumptions
Assumptions sheet.sheet.
Example Trading (Pty) Limited
Actual Results - Balance Sheet

Feb-2013 Mar-2013 Apr-2013 May-2013 Jun-2013 Jul-2013 Aug-2013 Sep-2013 Oct-2013 Nov-2013 Dec-2013 Jan-2014
Assets
Property, Plant & Equipment 800,000 787,000 774,000 759,900 745,800 833,700 818,300 802,900 819,500 804,100 788,700 773,300
Current Assets
Inventory 140,000 156,000 180,000 165,000 171,200 155,000 165,000 178,000 152,000 170,000 170,000 175,000
Receivables 250,000 290,300 306,000 315,000 319,000 301,002 308,700 340,890 301,972 324,987 325,987 329,106
Cash 21,000 2,878 1,903 30,865 (23,102) 48,707 21,440 4,848 56,311 26,740 93,357 168,367
1,211,000 1,236,178 1,261,903 1,270,765 1,212,898 1,338,409 1,313,440 1,326,638 1,329,783 1,325,827 1,378,044 1,445,773
Equity & Liabilities
Shareholders' Contributions 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,500 1,500 1,500 1,500 1,500 1,500 1,500 1,500 1,500
Retained Earnings - 26,643 64,391 88,481 55,868 82,991 101,100 138,740 133,361 160,237 199,466 243,247
Long Term Loans 1,100,000 1,085,795 1,071,471 1,057,029 1,042,467 1,116,619 1,100,640 1,084,528 1,068,282 1,051,900 1,035,382 1,018,726
Current Liabilities
Payables 110,000 112,380 100,001 89,345 78,653 102,889 110,200 87,230 112,000 89,200 103,456 127,030
Provision for Taxation - 10,360 25,040 34,410 34,410 34,410 - 14,640 14,640 22,990 38,240 55,270
1,211,000 1,236,178 1,261,903 1,270,765 1,212,898 1,338,409 1,313,440 1,326,638 1,329,783 1,325,827 1,378,044 1,445,773

Page 15 of 22
Example Trading (Pty) Limited
Forecast - Balance Sheet
www.excel-skills.com
Feb-2014
Assets
Property, Plant & Equipment 747,917
Current Assets
Inventory 174,375
Receivables 332,143
Cash 393,468
1,647,902
Equity & Liabilities
Shareholders' Contributions 1,500
Retained Earnings 213,093
Long Term Loans 1,300,884
Current Liabilities
Payables 132,426
Provision for Taxation -
1,647,902

Days in month 28

Example Trading (Pty) Limited


Actual Results - Balance Sheet

Feb-2014
Assets
Property, Plant & Equipment 757,900
Current Assets
Inventory 160,000
Receivables 299,700
Cash 186,200
1,403,800
Equity & Liabilities
Shareholders' Contributions 1,500
Retained Earnings 286,382
Long Term Loans 1,001,931
Current Liabilities
Payables 113,987
Provision for Taxation -
1,403,800

Page 16 of 22
Example Trading (Pty) Limited
Forecast - Balance Sheet
www.excel-skills.com
Mar-2014 Apr-2014 May-2014 Jun-2014 Jul-2014 Aug-2014 Sep-2014 Oct-2014 Nov-2014 Dec-2014 Jan-2015 Feb-2015
Assets
Property, Plant & Equipment 809,201 795,486 781,771 768,056 754,340 740,625 726,910 742,694 728,479 714,264 700,049 685,833
Current Assets
Inventory 177,823 168,000 175,282 185,850 176,298 155,000 162,750 175,000 174,633 181,000 178,500 192,259
Receivables 338,710 320,000 333,871 354,000 335,806 300,000 315,000 338,710 338,000 350,323 345,484 378,214
Cash 378,094 442,095 474,070 586,895 662,269 699,208 716,816 709,319 755,246 775,890 805,506 792,497
1,703,828 1,725,581 1,764,994 1,894,801 1,928,714 1,894,833 1,921,475 1,965,723 1,996,358 2,021,476 2,029,539 2,048,803
Equity & Liabilities
Shareholders' Contributions 1,500 1,500 1,500 1,500 1,500 1,500 1,500 1,500 1,500 1,500 1,500 1,500
Retained Earnings 242,216 246,044 274,132 293,164 320,231 312,373 333,488 343,767 364,198 355,842 363,740 396,328
Long Term Loans 1,310,098 1,319,378 1,328,724 1,417,061 1,427,098 1,437,207 1,447,387 1,457,639 1,467,964 1,478,362 1,488,834 1,499,380
Current Liabilities
Payables 138,688 145,844 136,901 151,937 138,220 143,753 130,889 150,608 142,542 168,868 155,489 151,595
Provision for Taxation 11,326 12,814 23,738 31,139 41,665 - 8,211 12,209 20,154 16,905 19,976 -
1,703,828 1,725,581 1,764,994 1,894,801 1,928,714 1,894,833 1,921,475 1,965,723 1,996,358 2,021,476 2,029,539 2,048,803

Days in month 31 30 31 30 31 31 30 31 30 31 31 28

Example Trading (Pty) Limited


Actual Results - Balance Sheet

Mar-2014 Apr-2014 May-2014 Jun-2014 Jul-2014 Aug-2014 Sep-2014 Oct-2014 Nov-2014 Dec-2014 Jan-2015 Feb-2015
Assets
Property, Plant & Equipment 807,208 793,508 779,808 766,108 752,408 738,708 725,008 734,788 720,588 706,388 692,188 677,988
Current Assets
Inventory 178,000 165,200 176,230 190,000 178,900 165,200 173,000 176,000 173,400 180,300 187,600 172,340
Receivables 335,630 318,289 341,988 361,088 352,340 310,876 319,563 331,299 351,200 346,900 361,077 357,090
Cash 94,348 184,286 155,252 222,415 307,838 310,712 303,725 259,678 281,789 253,069 291,116 327,542
1,415,186 1,461,283 1,453,278 1,539,611 1,591,486 1,525,496 1,521,296 1,501,765 1,526,977 1,486,657 1,531,981 1,534,960
Equity & Liabilities
Shareholders' Contributions 1,500 1,500 1,500 1,500 1,500 1,500 1,500 1,500 1,500 1,500 1,500 1,500
Retained Earnings 316,590 329,782 366,905 395,351 434,916 440,066 448,278 455,887 484,524 474,136 520,621 559,491
Long Term Loans 984,997 967,921 950,703 992,567 974,280 955,840 937,246 918,498 899,593 880,531 861,310 841,929
Current Liabilities
Payables 100,349 145,200 102,860 107,823 123,040 128,090 131,082 119,730 124,070 113,200 117,230 132,040
Provision for Taxation 11,750 16,880 31,310 42,370 57,750 - 3,190 6,150 17,290 17,290 31,320 -
1,415,186 1,461,283 1,453,278 1,539,611 1,591,486 1,525,496 1,521,296 1,501,765 1,526,977 1,486,657 1,531,981 1,534,960

Page 17 of 22
Example Trading (Pty) Limited
Forecast - Balance Sheet
www.excel-skills.com
Mar-2015 Apr-2015 May-2015 Jun-2015 Jul-2015 Aug-2015 Sep-2015 Oct-2015 Nov-2015 Dec-2015 Jan-2016 Feb-2016
Assets
Property, Plant & Equipment 674,403 743,606 730,808 718,011 705,214 692,417 679,619 666,822 654,025 734,644 720,264 705,883
Current Assets
Inventory 175,161 184,000 168,871 185,000 176,129 184,355 194,500 180,000 190,000 186,290 180,968 201,724
Receivables 350,323 368,000 337,742 370,000 352,258 368,710 389,000 360,000 380,000 372,581 361,935 403,448
Cash 893,107 829,430 889,558 901,098 996,659 980,611 1,007,580 1,087,654 1,115,225 1,075,724 1,170,357 1,139,609
2,092,994 2,125,036 2,126,980 2,174,109 2,230,260 2,226,092 2,270,699 2,294,476 2,339,250 2,369,239 2,433,524 2,450,665
Equity & Liabilities
Shareholders' Contributions 1,500 1,500 1,500 1,500 1,500 1,500 1,500 1,500 1,500 1,500 1,500 1,500
Retained Earnings 425,167 416,820 433,219 446,971 405,774 428,560 440,043 465,514 474,614 496,842 515,361 538,046
Long Term Loans 1,510,001 1,520,697 1,531,468 1,542,316 1,627,233 1,638,760 1,650,367 1,662,058 1,673,830 1,685,687 1,727,224 1,739,459
Current Liabilities
Payables 145,110 178,050 146,446 163,628 192,080 157,272 174,323 151,034 171,396 158,657 155,684 171,661
Provision for Taxation 11,215 7,969 14,346 19,694 3,673 - 4,466 14,371 17,910 26,554 33,756 -
2,092,994 2,125,036 2,126,980 2,174,109 2,230,260 2,226,092 2,270,699 2,294,476 2,339,250 2,369,239 2,433,524 2,450,665

Days in month 31 30 31 30 31 31 30 31 30 31 31 29

Example Trading (Pty) Limited


Actual Results - Balance Sheet

Mar-2015 Apr-2015 May-2015 Jun-2015 Jul-2015 Aug-2015 Sep-2015 Oct-2015 Nov-2015 Dec-2015 Jan-2016 Feb-2016
Assets
Property, Plant & Equipment 666,588 734,988 722,188 709,388 696,588 683,788 670,988 658,188 645,388 725,388 711,088 696,788
Current Assets
Inventory 187,000 179,200 169,300 183,000 175,200 182,400 198,900 188,000 192,000 187,230 176,900 191,230
Receivables 357,188 346,781 365,200 378,900 360,300 365,300 397,850 378,900 390,200 380,218 390,280 375,400
Cash 351,254 246,215 277,219 273,458 346,697 322,727 306,255 405,229 368,598 302,759 382,374 338,342
1,562,030 1,507,184 1,533,907 1,544,746 1,578,785 1,554,215 1,573,993 1,630,317 1,596,186 1,595,595 1,660,642 1,601,760
Equity & Liabilities
Shareholders' Contributions 1,500 1,500 1,500 1,500 1,500 1,500 1,500 1,500 1,500 1,500 1,500 1,500
Retained Earnings 585,104 584,036 601,276 618,371 606,465 623,558 643,236 683,511 698,620 712,102 747,136 777,385
Long Term Loans 822,386 802,680 782,811 762,775 821,540 800,127 778,537 756,766 734,814 712,678 719,971 697,075
Current Liabilities
Payables 143,080 109,008 132,070 139,200 126,380 129,030 143,070 165,230 132,072 134,895 143,985 125,800
Provision for Taxation 9,960 9,960 16,250 22,900 22,900 - 7,650 23,310 29,180 34,420 48,050 -
1,562,030 1,507,184 1,533,907 1,544,746 1,578,785 1,554,215 1,573,993 1,630,317 1,596,186 1,595,595 1,660,642 1,601,760

Page 18 of 22
Example Trading (Pty) Limited Report Period Feb-2014
Management Report - Forecast vs Actual YTD - Months 12
Month Year-to-Date
Income Statement Forecast Actual Difference Diff % Forecast Actual Difference Diff %
Turnover 310,000 345,100 35,100 11.3% 310,000 345,100 35,100 11.3%

Cost of Sales 195,300 214,307 (19,007) (9.7%) 195,300 214,307 (19,007) (9.7%)

Gross Profit 114,700 130,793 16,093 14.0% 114,700 130,793 16,093 14.0%
Gross Profit % 37.0% 37.9% 0.9% 37.0% 37.9% 0.9%

Expenses
Accounting Fees 2,000 1,950 50 2.5% 2,000 1,950 50 2.5%
Advertising & Marketing 5,000 3,980 1,020 20.4% 5,000 3,980 1,020 20.4%
Bank Charges 250 180 70 28.0% 250 180 70 28.0%
Cleaning Expenses 860 - On
On this
860 this sheet:
sheet: 100.0% 860 - 860 100.0%
This
This unique
unique management
management report
report enables
enables users
users toto compare
compare the
the actual account
account balances
actual4,200 balances- to to
Computer Expenses 4,200 - 4,200 100.0% 4,200 100.0%
the
the forecast
forecast account
account balances
balances by by simply
simply selecting
selecting the
the appropriate
appropriate monthly
monthly period
period from
from the
the
Consumables list
list box
box inin- cell
cell I1.
I1. The - includes
The report
report -
includes aa detailed
detailed income -
income statement,
statement, cash -flow
cash flow statement
statement and-and - -
Electricity & Water balance
balance sheet
sheet and
1,200 and can be
be used
can1,420 used to
to compare
(220) the
compare the monthly and
and year-to-date
(18.3%)
monthly 1,200account
year-to-date account balances.
1,420
balances. (220) (18.3%)
Entertainment All
All the
the calculations
calculations
- on
on this
- sheet
this sheet are
are automated
automated
- and
and nono user
- input
user input is
is required
required
- on
on this
this sheet.
sheet.
- - -
Equipment Hire - - - - - - - -
Insurance 2,300 2,500 (200) (8.7%) 2,300 2,500 (200) (8.7%)
Legal Fees - - - - - - - -
Motor Vehicle Expenses - - - - - - - -
Postage 100 - 100 100.0% 100 - 100 100.0%
Printing & Stationery 300 1,211 (911) (303.7%) 300 1,211 (911) (303.7%)
Professional Fees - - - - - - - -
Rent 10,000 9,780 220 2.2% 10,000 9,780 220 2.2%
Repairs & Maintenance - - - - - - - -
Salaries & Wages 22,850 23,050 (200) (0.9%) 22,850 23,050 (200) (0.9%)
Security 325 389 (64) (19.7%) 325 389 (64) (19.7%)
Subscriptions - - - - - - - -
Telephone & Fax 2,510 2,539 (29) (1.2%) 2,510 2,539 (29) (1.2%)
Training - - - - - - - -
Uniforms - - - - - - - -
Total Expenses 51,895 46,999 4,896 9.4% 51,895 46,999 4,896 9.4%

Depreciation 15,417 15,400 17 0.1% 15,417 15,400 17 0.1%

Profit / (Loss) before Interest & Tax 47,388 68,394 21,006 44.3% 47,388 68,394 21,006 44.3%

Interest 9,150 8,489 661 7.2% 9,150 8,489 661 7.2%


Taxation 10,707 16,770 (6,063) (56.6%) 10,707 16,770 (6,063) (56.6%)

Profit / (Loss) for the year 27,532 43,135 15,603 56.7% 27,532 43,135 15,603 56.7%

Page 19 of 22
Example Trading (Pty) Limited Report Period Feb-2014
Management Report - Forecast vs Actual YTD - Months 12

Page 20 of 22
Example Trading (Pty) Limited Report Period Feb-2014
Management Report - Forecast vs Actual YTD - Months 12
Month Year-to-Date
Cash Flow Statement Forecast Actual Difference Diff % Forecast Actual Difference Diff %
Cash flows from operating activities
Profit / (Loss) for the year 27,532 43,135 15,603 56.7% 27,532 43,135 15,603 56.7%
Interest 9,150 8,489 (661) (7.2%) 9,150 8,489 (661) (7.2%)
Taxation 10,707 16,770 6,063 56.6% 10,707 16,770 6,063 56.6%
Adjustment for non-cash expenses:
Depreciation 15,417 15,400 (17) (0.1%) 15,417 15,400 (17) (0.1%)
Changes in operating assets & liabilities
Inventory (7,730) 15,000 22,730 294.1% (7,730) 15,000 22,730 294.1%
Receivables (14,724) 29,406 44,130 299.7% (14,724) 29,406 44,130 299.7%
Payables 9,361 (13,043) (22,404) (239.3%) 9,361 (13,043) (22,404) (239.3%)
Cash generated from operations 49,712 115,157 65,445 131.6% 49,712 115,157 65,445 131.6%
Interest paid (9,150) (8,489) 661 7.2% (9,150) (8,489) 661 7.2%
Taxation paid (43,598) (72,040) (28,442) (65.2%) (43,598) (72,040) (28,442) (65.2%)
Net cash from operating activities (3,036) 34,628 37,664 1,240.6% (3,036) 34,628 37,664 1,240.6%

Cash flows from investing activities


Purchases of property, plant & equipment - - - - - - - -
Net cash used in investing activities - - - - - - - -

Cash flows from financing activities


Proceeds from shareholders' contributions - - - - - - - -
Proceeds from loans - - - - - - - -
Repayment of loans 9,150 (16,795) (25,945) (283.6%) 9,150 (16,795) (25,945) (283.6%)
Net cash from financing activities 9,150 (16,795) (25,945) (283.6%) 9,150 (16,795) (25,945) (283.6%)

Increase / (Decrease) in cash equivalents 6,114 17,833 11,719 191.7% 6,114 17,833 11,719 191.7%

Cash & cash equivalents at beginning of year 387,354 168,367 (218,987) (56.5%) 21,000 21,000 - -

Cash & cash equivalents at end of year 393,468 186,200 (207,268) (52.7%) 27,114 38,833 11,719 43.2%

Page 21 of 22
Example Trading (Pty) Limited Report Period Feb-2014
Management Report - Forecast vs Actual YTD - Months 12
Month Year-to-Date
Balance Sheet Forecast Actual Difference Diff % Forecast Actual Difference Diff %
Assets
Property, Plant & Equipment 747,917 757,900 9,983 1.3% 747,917 757,900 9,983 1.3%
Current Assets
Inventory 174,375 160,000 (14,375) (8.2%) 174,375 160,000 (14,375) (8.2%)
Receivables 332,143 299,700 (32,443) (9.8%) 332,143 299,700 (32,443) (9.8%)
Cash 393,468 186,200 (207,268) (52.7%) 27,114 38,833 11,719 43.2%
Total Assets 1,647,902 1,403,800 (244,102) (14.8%) 1,281,548 1,256,433 (25,115) (2.0%)

Equity & Liabilities


Shareholders' Contributions 1,500 1,500 - - 1,500 1,500 - -
Retained Earnings 213,093 286,382 73,289 34.4% 213,093 286,382 73,289 34.4%
Long Term Loans 1,300,884 1,001,931 (298,953) (23.0%) 1,300,884 1,001,931 (298,953) (23.0%)
Current Liabilities
Payables 132,426 113,987 (18,439) (13.9%) 132,426 113,987 (18,439) (13.9%)
Provision for Taxation - - - - - - - -
Total Equity & Liabilities 1,647,902 1,403,800 (244,102) (14.8%) 1,647,902 1,403,800 (244,102) (14.8%)

Page 22 of 22