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SCH4U MULTIPLE CHOICES EXAM REVIEW

11. For the equation, Zn(s) + HNO3(aq) Zn(NO3)2(aq) + NH4NO3(aq),

a. ammonium is reduced
b. zinc is oxidized
c. nitrogen is the reducing agent
d. zinc is reduced

12. In a reaction, an oxidizing agent

a. causes reduction
b. gains electrons
c. is oxidized
d. loses electrons

13.What is the oxidation number of nitrogen in the nitrate ion?

a. 2
b. 1
c. 0
d. +5

14.In the unbalanced equation Al(s) + Cl2(g) AlCl3(s),

a. aluminum chloride is the oxidizing agent


b. aluminum is the oxidizing agent
c. chlorine is the oxidizing agent
d. chlorine is the reducing agent

15.What happens to the pH when ammonium chloride is dissolved in water?

a. The pH is basic as the H3O+ ion donates protons, leaving OH ions in the solution.
b. The pH is neutral; the anion has no affinity for protons.
c. The pH is acidic as the water accepts protons.
d. The pH is neutral; the salt has neither H+ nor OH ions.

16. How are Ka, Kb, and Kw related?

a. Kb = Kw + Ka
b.
Kb =
c.

Kb =
d. Kb = Kw Ka

17.If pOH = 0.700 for a 0.100 mol/L solution of Ca(OH)2, what would its pH be?

a. 13.8

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b. 14.7
c. 14.2
d. 13.3

18. What is true about the association between the strength of an acid and the strength of its conjugate
base?

a. the strength of the acid does not matter


b. the weaker the acid, the weaker the conjugate base
c. the stronger the acid, the stronger the conjugate base
d. the stronger the acid, the weaker the conjugate base

19. Which of these bases is the strongest?

a. urea
b. sodium hydroxide
c. ammonia
d. arganine, an amino acid

20. Solution A has a pH of 5 and solution B has a pH of 8. Which has the greater concentration of OH

ions?

a. Solution B
b. Solution A
c. It depends on the percent ionization of A and B.
d. It depends on the molarity of A and B.

21. Identify the conjugate base for HA in the following equation.


HA + H2O A + H3O+

a. H2O
b. H3O+
c. A
d. None exists because hydroxide is not present.

22.What do Brnsted-Lowry acids do?

a. They accept electrons.


b. They donate electrons.
c. They accept protons.
d. They donate protons.

23.What happens when an acid is added to the following buffer system?

a. The acid shifts the equilibrium to the left, removing only a few H +(aq) ions, so the pH is
decreased.
b. The acid shifts the equilibrium to the right, producing H +(aq) ions, so the pH is decreased.
c. The acid shifts the equilibrium to the right, producing a few H +(aq) ions and maintaining
the pH.
d. The acid shifts the equilibrium to the left, removing H+(aq) ions and maintaining the pH.

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24. Nitrogen dioxide (brown) and dinitrogen tetroxide (colourless) are placed in a syringe. The syringe is
depressed to half its volume. What happens to the pressure in the syringe?
2 NO2(g) N2O4(g)

a. It will initially double, then decrease as the equilibrium shifts left (brown).
b. It will double, driving the reaction to the right (clear).
c. It will double, driving the reaction to the left (brown).
d. It will initially double, then decrease slightly as the equilibrium shifts right (clear).

25. How are the equilibrium constants for the forward and reverse reactions related?

a. They are independent of each other.


b. They are reciprocals; their magnitude depends on the position of the equilibrium.
c. They are exactly the same, as the equilibrium can be approached from either direction.
d. They have the same magnitude, but are opposite in sign to indicate forward or reverse.

26.The trial ion product, Q, when compared to the Solubility Product Constant, Ksp, will indicate if the
final products will be insoluble. The equilibrium will shift left if Q is

a. equal to Ksp
b. less than Ksp
c. 100 times less than the value of Ksp
d. greater than Ksp

27. The Ksp for an ionic substance is taken into consideration when studying

a. thermal energy
b. the release of anions and cations
c. the dissolving and forming of precipitates
d. the release of acidic and basic ions

28.What will the magnitude of the equilibrium constant indicate?

a. how concentrated the initial reactants were


b. the rate of the reaction
c. how concentrated the final equilibrium products were
d. the extent of the reaction

29. How does an increase in temperature affect the equilibrium of an endothermic reaction?

a. The equilibrium will shift to the right.


b. The equilibrium will not change.
c. The equilibrium will shift to the centre.
d. The equilibrium will shift to the left.

30. Methanol is a useful substrate for the production of esters, aldehydes, and other industrial chemicals.
Carbon dioxide is reacted with hydrogen to produce methanol.
H = 238.7 kJ/mol. Low temperatures will

a. have no effect on the equilibrium


b. favour the production of carbon dioxide and hydrogen
c. prevent the reaction from occurring

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d. favour the production of methanol

31.Which of the following equilibrium constant values best represents a reaction where the concentration
of products is almost equal to the concentration of reactants?

a. 3.4 106
b. 2.9 106
c. 9.8 101
d. 1.5 101

32. A homogeneous equilibrium involves chemicals that are

a. in the same state, solid, liquid, or gas


b. gases, liquids, or aqueous solutions
c. gases or aqueous solutions
d. gases only.

33. Consider the equilibrium reaction where carbon monoxide reacts with steam to produce hydrogen
and carbon dioxide. The equilibrium position occurs far to the right. This means that once
equilibrium has been established,

a. very little product remains


b. the reaction vessel would contain equal amounts of product and reactant
c. very little reactant remains
d. the reaction vessel contains high concentrations of reactant

34.The reaction represented by the equation

CH3OH(aq) + H+(aq) + Br(aq) CH3Br(aq) + H2O(l)

is thought to have the following mechanism:

CH3OH(aq) + H+(aq) CH3OH2+(aq)


CH3OH2+(aq) + Br(aq) CH3Br(aq) + H2O(l)

The rate law is experimentally determined to be rate = k[CH3OH][H+][Br].


Which is the rate-determining step?

a. the first step


b. the second step
c. all of the above
d. none of the above

35. A theoretical reaction is given below.

A + B2 + C AB + CB

The proposed mechanism for this reaction is as follows.

A + B2 AB + B (slow)

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B+C BC (fast)

Based on this mechanism, the rate law expression for this reaction is

a. rate = k[A][B2]
b. rate = k[A][B2][C]
c. rate = k[B2][C]
d. rate = k[A][C]

36. Acetone, CH3COCH3(l), reacts with bromine according to the reaction equation below.

CH3COCH3(l) + Br2(l) CH3COCH2(l) + HBr(g)

The reaction was carried out, and the following data were obtained:

Run Initial [CH3COCH3(l)] Initial [Br2(l)] (mol/L) Initial rate (mol/(L s))
(mol/L)
1 0.0250 0.0500 2.25 106
2 0.0250 0.1000 2.25 106
3 0.0500 0.1000 4.50 106

What is the rate law for this reaction?


a. rate = k[CH3COCH3][Br2]2
b. rate = k[CH3COCH3]2[Br2]
c. rate = k[CH3COCH3]
d. none of the above

37. If the rate constant has units of s1, what is the order of the reaction?

a. 2
b. 0
c. 1
d. none of the above

38. If the rate law for a reaction is determined to be rate = k[X]1[Y]2[Z]0, then doubling the initial
concentration of Y will

a. quadruple the rate of the reaction


b. double the rate of the reaction
c. halve the rate of the reaction
d. have no effect on the rate of the reaction

39. If the rate law for a reaction is determined to be rate = k[X]1[Y]2[Z]0, then the order of the reaction is

a. 0
b. 1
c. 2
d. 3

40. A catalyst increases the reaction rate by

a. providing an alternative, low-energy pathway for the reaction

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b. increasing the kinetic energy of the reactant molecules
c. increasing the number of collisions between reactant molecules
d. colliding with the reactant molecules, increasing their energy, and adjusting their
orientation

41. Copper metal will react with silver nitrate solution to produce silver metal and blue copper(II) nitrate
solution. Which of the following will affect the rate of this reaction?

a. changing the concentration of one of the silver nitrate solution


b. cleaning the surface of the copper with steel wool before the reaction
c. changing the temperature of the system
d. all of the above

42. Temperature will affect the reaction rate of a reacting system. If the temperature of a system is
decreased from 40 C to 20 C , what is the reaction rate most likely to do?

a. increase by a factor of four


b. decrease by a factor of four
c. double
d. halve

43. One way to increase the rate of a heterogeneous reaction is to increase the surface area of one of the
reactants. Which of the following examples demonstrates this?

a. Sugar dissolves in warm water more quickly than in cold water.


b. Sugar dissolves in alcohol more quickly than in water.
c. One gram of sugar dissolves more quickly in 1 L of water than in 250 mL of water.
d. Sugar dissolves in water more quickly if it is stirred.

44. From the reaction equation 2 SO2(g) + O2(g) 2 SO3(g), if the average rate of appearance of sulfur
trioxide gas is 0.025 mol/L s, what is the average rate of disappearance of sulfur dioxide gas?

a. 0.050 mol/(L s)
b. 0.0125 mol/(L s)
c. 0.025 mol/(L s)
d. 0.075 mol/(L s)

45.The following data were obtained for the reaction represented by the equation
2 SO2(g) + O2(g) 2SO3(g)
Time (s) [SO2(g)] (mol/L)
0 0.1000
10 0.0078
15 0.0053
20 0.0040

What is the average rate of disappearance of sulfur dioxide gas, SO 2(g), for the first 15 s?
a. 0.0005 0 mol/(L s)
b. 0.0063 mol/(L s)
c. 0.0070 mol/(L s)
d. 0.10 mol/(L s)

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46. Butane is the liquid found in lighter fluid. If it reacts with oxygen, it can undergo a combustion
reaction represented by the following equation:

C4H10(l) + O2(g) 4 CO2(g) + 5 H2O(l)

Use the enthalpy of formation data below to determine the enthalpy of this reaction.

Compound Hf (kJ/mol)
CO(g) 110.5
CO2(g) 393.5
H2O(l) 285.8
H2O(g) 241.8
C4H10(l) 125.6

a. 2657 kJ
b. 1745 kJ
c. 2241 kJ
d. 3127 kJ

47. Which of these is a formation reaction?

a. Hg(l) + O2(g) HgO(s)


b. H2O(g) H2(g) + O2(g)
c.
2 Fe(l) + O2(g) Fe2O3(s)
d. Ag+ + OH AgOH(s)

48. Find H for the reaction below, given the following reactions and H values:
N2O4(g) + 2 NO2(g)

2 NO2(g) 2 O2(g) + N2(g), H = 33.9 kJ


2 O2(g) + N2(g) N4O4(g), H = 4.8 kJ

a. 39 kJ
b. 29 kJ
c. 39 kJ
d. 29 kJ

49. Use the graphs below to determine the enthalpy of reaction for the conversion of butane, C 4H10, to
butanol, C4H9OH.

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a. 169 kJ/mol
b. 169 kJ/mol
c. 5594.8 kJ/mol
d. 5594.8 kJ/mol

50. Hydrogen peroxide is clear solution that can be used as a bleaching agent or for cleaning. Hydrogen
peroxide will decompose readily to produce water and oxygen gas. Estimate the enthalpy of the
reaction using the given bond energies.

H2O2(aq) H2O(l) + O2(g)


Bond Average bond
energy (kJ/mol)
a. 349 kJ/mol OH 467
b. 349 kJ/mol
OO 146
c. 101 kJ/mol
O=O 495
d. 101 kJ/mol
CC 347
51. Determine the amount of heat released when 5.0 g of C=C 614
ethane are combusted. CO 358
(Hc = 1423 kJ/mol) C=O 745
a. 280 kJ C O 1072
b. 240 kJ CH 413
c. 7100 kJ CCl 339
d. none of the above CF 485
HCL 427
HF 565
FF 154
52. Suppose a 2.0 g sample of copper metal at 100.0 C is HH 432
placed in a beaker containing water at 25C. What
will happen?

a. The thermal energy of the water will decrease.


b. Thermal energy will flow from the water to the metal.
c. Thermal energy will flow from the metal to the water.
d. The thermal energy of the system will increase.

53. Suppose 15.0 kJ of energy are added to a 0.100 kg sample of water. What will happen to the
temperature?
(cwater = 4.18 J/(g C))

a. increase by 35.9 C

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b. decrease by 35.9 C
c. decrease by 6.27 C
d. increase by 6.27 C

54. What quantity of heat is required to raise the temperature of 2.0 g of iron by 5.0 C?
(cFe= 0.444 J/(g C))

a. 2.2 J
b. 4.4 J
c. 0.44 J
d. 0.89 J

55. A chemical reaction is carried out in a coffee cup calorimeter. The temperature of the water changes
from 25.2 C to 19.8 C. Which statement is correct?

a. The water loses energy, so the reaction is exothermic.


b. The water gains energy, so the reaction is exothermic.
c. The water loses energy, so the reaction is endothermic.
d. The water gains energy, so the reaction is endothermic.

56. To conduct an experiment, a scientist places a small piece of aluminum in a test tube and adds
sodium hydroxide solution. Bubbles of gas are produced and the outside of the test tube becomes
hot to the touch. Which of the following is true?

a. The reaction is endothermic, and the system gains energy from the surroundings.
b. The reaction is exothermic, and the system loses energy to the surroundings.
c. The reaction is endothermic, and the system loses energy to the surroundings.
d. The reaction is exothermic, and the system gains energy from the surroundings.

57.What is the IUPAC name for the following compound?

a. 3-propylbutanoic acid
b. 3-methylhexanoic acid
c. 4-methylhexanoic acid
d. 4-propylbutanoic acid

58.What is the IUPAC name for the following compound?

a. methoxybutane
b. methoxyhexane
c. 1-ethoxypropane
d. ethoxyhexane

59.The following compound represents what type of


alcohol?

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a. a secondary alcohol
b. a tertiary alcohol
c. a primary alcohol
d. none of the above

60. Alcohol is produced in the reaction shown here. What type of reaction is this?

a. a substitution reaction
b. a multiplication reaction
c. a hydrogenation reaction
d. a hydration reaction

61.Which diagram represents the compound 4-methyl cyclopentene?

a.

b.

c.

d.

62. Many alcohols are made by the addition reaction of what two types of compounds?

a. alkanes and alkenes


b. water and alkenes
c. esters and ethers
d. water and alkanes

63. A benzene ring (minus one hydrogen atom) that behaves as a substituent group in an organic
hydrocarbon is known as a

a. hydroxyl group.
b. carbonyl group.

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c. phenyl group.
d. benzyl group.

64.What is the name of the following molecule?

a. toluene-1,2-diol
b. hexen-1,6-diol
c. benzene-1,2-diol
d. none of the above

65.What is the IUPAC name for the following compound?

a. 2-ethoxypropene
b. 2-ethoxypropane
c. 2-methoxyethene
d. 2-methoxyethane

66. An alcohol that has 2 hydroxyl groups includes which of the following in its name?

a. -ene
b. -diol
c. -triol
d. -ane

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67. Hydrohalogenation involves the reaction of an alkene with which of the following?

a. water
b. a hydrogen halide
c. a halogen
d. hydrogen

68.Which of the following account for the non-polar nature of alkanes?

a similar electronegativity of the carbon and hydrogen atoms


b saturated carbon bonds
c weak Van der Waals forces
d all of the above
In .69. In a hydration reaction, an alkene is converted to what type of compound?

a an amide
b an alkyne
c an alcohol
d an aldehyde

70. Which rule or principal states that orbitals of equal energy fill with one unpaired electron
each before electrons begin to pair up?

a. Hunds rule
b. aufbau principle
c. Pauli exclusion principle
d. Heinsenbergs uncertainty principle

71. The electronic configuration of the element whose atomic number is 26 is:
a. 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s0 3d8
b. 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d6 4s2
c. 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d6
d. 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d4 4p2
e. none of the above

72. The orbital with quantum numbers n=3 and quantum number l=0 must be
a. 1s
b. 3s
c. 2p
d. 4d

Answers:

11b 12b 13d 14c 15c 16c 17d 18d 19b 20a

21a 22d 23d 24d 25b 26d 27c 28d 29a 30d

31c 32c 33c 34b 35a 36c 37c 38a 39d 40a
41d 42b 43d 44c 45b 46c 47a 48d 49b 50d

51b 52c 53a 54b 55c 56b 57b 58c 59b 60d

61d 62b 63c 64d 65b 66b 67b 68a 69c 70a

71c 72b