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Activity 10 revision

**1. The distance between two vertical poles is 60 m.
**

The height of one of the poles is double the height of the other. The angles of elevation of the tops of the poles from the middle point of the line segment joining their feet are complementary to each other. Find the heights of the poles.

**2. A bird is perched on the top of a tree 20 m high
**

and its angle of elevation from a point on the ground is 45 0 . The bird files off horizontally straight away from the observer and in one second the angle of elevation of the bird reduces to 35 0 . Find the speed of the bird.

3. Prove that:

1 1 1 1 − = + sec A − tanA cos A cos A sec A + tanA

4.

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5.

6.

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7.

8.

Calculate the area of the shaded part in the diagram alongside.

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**15. The equation of the line L 1 is 4x - 3y + 12 = 0. L 1
**

cuts the coordinate axes at A and B respectively. L 2 is a line passing through B and perpendicular to L 1 . L 2 cuts x-axis at C. L 3 is a line parallel to the line L 2 and passes through the origin. Find : (i) the coordinate of A and B (ii) the equation of the line L 2 (iii) the equation of the line L 3

9. 10. A (a + b , a - b) , B (2a + b , 2a - b) and C (a - b ,

a + b) are three of the four vertices of a parallelogram ABCD. Find the coordinates of the vertex D.

**16. The x-intercept of a line is double its y-intercepts.
**

If it passes through (2 , -4) find its equation.

**17. Straight lines 4x - y = 29 and 3x + 2y - 30 = 0
**

intersect at N. Find the equation of a line passing x through N and perpendicular to the line − y = 9. 6

**11. A (-4 , 0) , B (7 , 9) and C (6 , -3) are the vertices
**

of a triangle ABC without using direct formula find out the coordinates of the centroid of the triangle.

**18. Lines y = 4 and x = - 3 intersect at P. Find:
**

(i) the coordinates of P, (ii) the distance of P from the origin O (iii) the equation of OP

**12. A line segment AB is divided into 5 equal parts by
**

the points W, X, Y and Z. The coordinates of X and B are (-1 , 0) and (2 , - 24) respectively. Find the coordinates of A, W, Y and Z.

**19. A(1,a), B(a,4) and C(0,1) are the vertices of
**

triangle ABC and x + 2y =2 is the equation of the altitude CF. Find ‘a’. Hence, find the equation of the median AM.

**13. Using co-ordinate geometry give a geometrical
**

name to the quadrilateral formed by joining A(0,0), B(4,0), C(3,2) and D(1,2). Further if M(1,0) is a point on AB such that DM⊥ AB, find the area of the quadrilateral MBCD.

**20. Show that the point of intersection of the lines
**

2x+7y = -10 and 3x-8y = -15 lie on the x axis. Also find the equation of a line which cuts a positive intercept of 6 units on the y axis and passing through the point of intersection of the given lines.

**14. In what ratio does the line y=7 divide the join of
**

A(-5,11) and B(4,-7)? Also, find the point of intersection of the line y = 7 and AB.

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21. Lines

x + y − 4 = 0. . . . . . . . . . . . .1 x − y = 0. . . . . . . . . . . . .2

**23. The figure alongside shows a cone surmounted by
**

a hemisphere. The meximum height of the compound solid is 31 cm and the slant height of the cone is 25 cm. Calculate the radius of the base of the cone and hence find the volume of the compound solid.

2kx − (k + 1)y + 4 = 0. . . . . . . . . . . . .3 are three concurrent straight lines. Find the value of k. Further if (a+2, a) lies on the line 3, find the value of a.

22. From a point P, the angle of elevation of the fourth floor (A) of a building is observed to be 200 . What is the angle of elevation of the tenth floor(B) from the same point P? [Assume all floors of equal heights]

**24. A cylindrical can whose base is horizontal and of
**

internal radius 7 cm has two identical solid spheres placed in it. Given that the spheres just fit in the can, i.e., the radius of the can = the radius of each spheres =

1 4

the height of the can, calculate

the total volume of water, the can can hold in presence of spheres. Also calculate the depth of the same quantity of water of spheres are removed.

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**25. If S denotes the surface area of a sphere and V
**

denotes its volume, show that S 3 = .

**26. A solid made up of a cylinder and two identical cones is melted and re-formed into a sphere.
**

Using data given along with the figures, calculate the radius of sphere.

**27. The diameter of the base of a cylindrical glass
**

beaker is 20 cm. It is half filled with alcohol. A few spherical lead shots each of radius 3 cm, are dropped into the beaker. The level of alcohol rose by 1.8 cm. How many lead shots were dropped?

**30. A man bought 3200 shares of Rs.10 paying 15%
**

per annum. He sold them when the price rose to Rs.x and invested the proceeds in Rs.50 shares paying 11% per annum at 12% premium thereby increasing his annual dividend income by Rs.4000. Find the value of x [i.e. the price of each share at which he sold the original shares]

**28. A man invested Rs.10,900, partly in 18%
**

(Rs.100) shares at Rs.92 and partly in 15% (Rs.100) shares at Rs.105. If the annual dividend derived from each investment is the same, find his investment in each.

**31. Rs.50 shares of a company are available at a
**

premium of 31%. Find the market value of 12 such shares.

**29. A man bought 4800 shares of Rs.20 paying 15%
**

per annum. He sold them when the price rose to Rs.x and invested the proceeds in Rs.50 shares paying 18% per annum at 12% premium there by increasing his annual dividend income by Rs.7200. Find the value of x. [i.e. the price of each share at which he sold the original shares]

**32. Krupa invested Rs.5400 in buying shares of Rema
**

Textiles at Rs.18 each. The face value of a share was Rs.10. The company paid 15% dividend. Find the annual dividend income earned by Krupa.

33. If cos θ + sin θ = 2 cos θ , show that cos θ − sin θ = 2 sin θ . 34. A pole being broken by the wind, the top struck

the ground at an angle of 300 and at a distance of 8 m from the foot of the pole. Find the height of the pole before it was broken.

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**35. The shadow of a vertical tower on level ground
**

increased by 10m, when the altitude of the sun changed from 450 to300, find the height of tower correct to one place of decimal.

**40. From two points A and B on the same side of a
**

building , the angles of elevation of the top of the building are 30 0 and 60 0 respectively. If the height of the building is 10 m , find the distance between A and B correct to two decimal places.

**36. In the figure not drawn to scale, TF is a tower.
**

The elevation of T from A is x0, where

**41. Divide 15 into two parts such that the sum of their
**

reciprocals is .

**42. A two digit number is such that the product of the
**

digits is 12. When 36 is added to the number; the digits interchange their places. Determine the number. tan x= and AF = 200 m. The elevation of T from B , where AB = 80m, is y0. Calculate: (i) The height of the tower TF; (ii) The angle y, correct to the nearest degree.

**43. The length of a rectangular board exceeds its
**

breadth by 8 cm. If the length were decreased by 4 cm and the breadth doubled the area of the board would be increased by 256 sq.cm. Find the length of the board.

**37. At a point on level ground, the angle of vertical
**

tower is found to be such that its tangent is 5/12. On walking 192 metres towards the tower, the tangent of the angle is found to be 3/4. find the height of the tower.

**44. X and Y are centres of circles of radii 9 cm and 2
**

cm. XY=17 cm, Z is the centre of a circle of radius r cm, which touches the above circles externally. Given that XZY =900, write down an equation in r and solve it for r.

**38. A man on a cliff observes a boat at an angle of
**

depression 300 which is sailing towards the shore to the point immediately beneath him. Three minutes later the angle of depression of the boat is found to be 600. Assuming that the boat sails at a uniform speed, determine: (i)how much more time it will take to reach the shore, (ii)the speed of the boat in metres per second, if the height of the cliff is 500m.

**45. A goods train leaves a station at 6 p.m., followed
**

by an express train that leaves at 8 p.m. and travels 39 km per hour faster than the goods train. The express train arrives at a station 180 km away, 36 minutes before the goods train. Assuming that the speed of both the trains remain constant between the two stations; calculate their speed.

**39. The angles of elevation of the top of a tower from
**

two points on the ground at distances a and b metres from the base of the tower and in the same straight line with it are complementary. Prove that the height of the tower is metre.

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**46. The distance by road between two towns A and B,
**

is 216 km, and by rail it is 208 km. A car travels at a speed of x km/hr, and the train travels at a speed which is 16 km/hr faster than the car. Calculate : (i)The time taken by the car to reach town B from A, in terms of x; (ii)The time taken by the train, to reach town B, from A, in terms of x ; (iii)If the train takes 2 hours less than the car, to reach town B, obtain an equation in x, and solve it. (iv)Hence, find the speed of the train.

**52. Prove : (sin A + cosec A )2 + (cos A +sec A )2 = 7
**

+ tan2 A +cot2 A.

**53. Prove : 54. Prove : cos6θ + sin6θ = 1−3sin2θ + 3sin4θ. 55. Prove :
**

.

.

**56. Prove : (1 +cot A –cosec A) (1+ tan A+sec A) =
**

2.

**47. Car A travels x km for every litre of petrol, While
**

car B travels (x+5) km for every litre of petrol. (i) Write down the number of litres of petrol used by car A and car Bin covering a distance of 400 km, (ii)If car A uses 4 litres of petrol more than car B in covering the 400 km, write down an equation in x and solve it to determine the number of litres of petrol used by car B for the journey.

**57. If m = a sec A +b tan A and n = a tan A + b sec
**

A, then prove that : m2 – n2 = a2 – b2.

58. Prove :

.

**48. In an auditorium, the number of rows was equal to
**

the number of seats in each row. When the number of rows was doubled and the number of seats in each row was reduced by 10, the total number of seats increased by 300. How many rows were there?

59. Prove :

.

60. Prove : sin(900-A) cos (900-A) =

.

**61. Evaluate : 49. The speed of an express train is x km/h and the
**

speed of an ordinary train is 12 km/h less than that of the express train. If the ordinary train takes one hour longer than the express train to cover a distance of 240 km , find the speed of the express train.

**62. Without using trigonometric tables : show that
**

tan 100 tan 150 tan750 tan 800 =1

**63. Without using trigonometric tables : show that
**

sin420 sec480+cos420 cosec480 = 2

50. Prove :

.

**64. For triangle ABC, Show that: sin
**

.

=cos

51. Prove :

**65. If 2 sin A – 1 = 0, show that : Sin 3 A = 3 Sin A –
**

4 Sin3 A

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**66. If tan A = 1 and tan B=
**

cos A cos B – sin A sin B

;evaluate:

**67. Without using trigonometric tables evaluate the
**

following:

tan68 0 sec 17 0 + + cos 2 44 0 + cos 2 46 0 cos e c 73 0 cot 22 0

**68. Prove the following identity :
**

sinA 1 + cos A + = 2cos e c A 1 + cos A sinA

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