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EXPLANATORY NOTES ON CLEAN AIR REGULATION, 20xx

Regulation Short title of


Notes
no. regulatory provision
3 Application Applicable to all sources or any premises or process
that discharges or is capable of discharging air
pollutants into open air.

Exception of activities of open burning regulated


under section 29A of the Act.

4 Obligation to comply For the new facility shall comply the limit value
specify in these regulation immediately after these
regulation enforce.

For the existing facility shall, on or before the expiry


of the five years from the date of the coming into
operation of these regulations.

5 Obligation to notify The notification requirement replaces the written


the Director General permission procedure in PUB, 1978. A premise is
required to notify DOE for:
- changes in operation of premises
- new source of emission
- construct any facility that may cause new
sources of pollution
- changes in any process resulting to material
change from existing source
- upgrading work of an existing air pollution
system resulting in worsened air quality.

Notification to be submitted within 30 days before


construction begins.

Notification of ownership changes within 30 days


after changes taken place.

6 Design of Measures to reduce the emission of air pollutants to


manufacturing the atmosphere in designing the manufacturing
processes process.

Use low NOx fuel burning equipment to control


nitrogen oxides emission.

7 Design and The design and construction needs to comply with


construction of air the Guidance Document on Design and Construction
pollution control of Air Pollution Control System
system
The design and construction needs to be undertaken
by professional engineers.

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Certification by professional engineers is required.

As-built drawings need to be submitted.

As-built drawings and written declaration to be


submitted within 30 days after operation

As-built drawings means any engineering drawing


that shows the placement of facilities as measured
after a work is completed.

8 Compliance with It is an offence to operate any the air pollution control


specifications of air system which does not comply with the design
pollution control specifications
system
DG is empowered to issue a directive requiring to
repair, alter, replace or install any additional
equipment or instruments or to conduct performance
monitoring (at own expenses)

9 Air pollution control The components of air pollution control system shall
system to be in be in good working conditions and with accordance
operation to sound engineering practice.

Sound engineering practice means the manner by


which an air pollution control system is operated
where the operational characteristics are maintained
within the acceptable range as specified by the DG.

10 Performance A premise needs to:


monitoring of an air - conduct performance monitoring the
pollution control components of the air pollution control system
system as specified in Guidance Document on
Performance Monitoring of Air Pollution Control
System
- equip with relevant facilities, equipment or
instruments to conduct the performance
monitoring

Performance Monitoring means the routine


monitoring of certain characteristics to provide an
indication that an air pollution control system is
functional and capable of treating the emission
generated.

11 Competent person The operation of air pollution control system needs to


be supervised by competent person.

Competent person means a person who has been


certified by the DG that he is qualified to supervised
the operation of air pollution control system

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A competent person needs to be on duty during the


operation of the air pollution control system.

12 Maintenance of A premise is required to maintain records of:


records - Manufacturing processes
- Operation
- Maintenance
- Performance monitoring of the system

Such records shall be made available for inspection.

13 Continuance of A new occupier, in the event of changes of


existing conditions occupancy shall be bonded to the conditions of the
and restrictions in unexpired license:
case of change in - for a period of 14 days after the change in the
occupancy of occupancy; or
premises - for the period from the change in occupancy until
the final determination of his license transfer if
the application were made within 14 days from
the occupancy.

The license will expire if the new occupier does not


fulfill this provision.

14 Opacity The occupier shall not cause, allow or permit the


emissions:
- to be darker than shade No. 1 on the
Ringlemann Chart
- to be greater than 20% opacity when measured
with transmissometer installed and operated
according to the specification.

This regulation does not apply when emissions:


- is not darker than Ringlemann 2 for an
aggregate of less than 5 minutes in an hour
provided that the total period not exceeding an
aggregate of 15 minutes in 24 hours.
- is not darker than Ringlemann 2 in cases of
start-up.

Premises that emits 2.5 kg/h of dust or potentially to


emit smoke darker than Ringlemann 2 is required to
install and operate transmissometer.

Averaging time for opacity measurement using


transmissometer shall be 1 minute.

15 Limit values For facilities/processes listed in the First Schedule


shall comply the permissible sector specific limit
value and technical standard as set forth in the
Second Schedule and subsequent Schedule

General emission standards, specifications,

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operating conditions specified in the Second


Schedule apply to industries with fuel burning
equipment that consume:
- pulverized fuel or any solid fuel at 30 kg/h or
more
- liquid or gaseous matter at 15 kg/h or more

Threshold values in Third to Fourteenth Schedule are


met when the total capacity of one or more facilities
of a particular category of activity in the same
premises exceeds the respective threshold values of
that category

16 Prohibition of Dilution of emission is not allowed.


Emission Dilution
17 Emission Compliance The occupier needs to submit annual emission
and Monitoring Report compliance and monitoring report in format as
specified to proof compliance to the limit as in
Regulation 14. The first annual report to be submitted
after 5 years the Regulation came into force.

18 Hazardous The occupier of the premise shall use the best


substances practicable means to prevent the emission of
hazardous substances

See Fourteenth Schedule for the use and handling


or unintentional release of hazardous or toxic
substances.

19 Emission monitoring The occupier of any premises shall conduct emission


monitoring as specified in the schedule. For new
facility: the first monitoring to be conducted after 3
months but not later than 6 months after operation of
the premise.

The monitoring to be conducted by a competent


person and samples are analysed by an accredited
laboratory.

competent person means a person who has been


certified by the DG that he is qualified to perform
emission monitoring.

Such records shall be kept for at least 3 years and


made available for inspection

20 Continuous emission The continuous emission monitoring shall be carried


monitoring out for specific pollutants as specified in the relevant
schedules using measuring device and facilities that
comply to the specification as specified in the
Guidance Document on Design, Installation and
Operation of Continuous Emission Monitoring

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System.

The limit values are complied with the evaluation of


the results for the operating period within any one
year shows that no daily average exceeds the
emission standard, and no half-hour average
exceeds twice the emission standard.

The owner/occupier shall immediately within 24


hours inform the DG in the event of excess of
emission standards

The occupier has to make evaluations of the


continuous emission monitoring in a year where the
daily mean value that relates to the operating time,
shall be derived from the half-hourly mean values.

The occupier of any premises shall submit the results


of evaluation to the DG within 3 months after each
year and the evaluation results shall be kept for at
least 3 years.

If the monitoring device fails, the occupier shall notify


the DG:
- reason of failure
- action taken to repair the device

21 Standard methods of Emission monitoring to be conducted by a competent


sampling and analysis person and samples are analysed by an accredited
of emissions laboratory.

Sampling and analysis of pollutants shall be carried


out in accordance with the Malaysian Standards MS
1596:2003 or MS 1723:2003 or method 5 by USEPA
or any others standards as specified by DG.

22 Emission declaration All facilities shall be required to submit an emission


declaration to the DG every year in accordance to a
format as specified by the DG.

Existing premises: emission declaration shall be


submitted not later than 18 months after the
Regulation came into force.

New premises: first emission declaration shall be


submitted after 1 year from the operations of the
facility but not later than 18 months.

Premises undergoing changes in occupancy: the new


occupier to submit emission declaration the year after
the occupancy.

23 Owner or occupier to A premise is required to render assistance to DOE

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render assistance officers.

24 Emergency In the case of operations of premises, plant,


Requirement machine, equipment or control equipment failure, that
may cause accumulation of air pollutants that would
threaten public health, safety or welfare or the quality
of the environment, the DG can, in writing require the
occupier to:
- submit a comprehensive emergency response
plan detailing out the equipment, chemicals and
personnel requirement, as well as measures
and steps to be taken by parties concerned
- install necessary public warning or alert system
- keep in enough stock of the equipment or
chemicals that be required
- comply with any other directions which the DG
thinks necessary in dealing with such
emergency

The DG should be notified immediately not later than


1 hour for any failure from the occurrence of the
failure.

25 Accidental emission The DG should be notified immediately not later than


1 hour for occurrence of accidental emission.

The occupier shall contain, cleanse or abate the


accidental emission to every reasonable extent.

26 Installation and The DG may require the occupier to:


operation as required - conduct emission monitoring or continuous
by the Director emission monitoring (Regulation 19 and 20)
General - submit an emission declaration (Regulation 22)
- measure, take sample, analyse, monitor, record
and report any environmentally hazardous
substances, air pollutants or emissions
containing pollutants
- comply with a stricter limit values, parameters
or equivalent technical measures than those
prescribed under the relevant Schedules;
- use certain types of fuel specified by the DG
- take other action that the DG deems necessary

The above provision shall apply if the DG deems that


the prescribed conditions or standards set the
Regulations is not adequate to protect public health,
safety or welfare, or the quality of the environment,
due to:
- accumulation or concentration of air pollutant in
a certain area;
- proximity of residential area to the premises
that carry out activities that discharges air
pollutants into the atmosphere

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- instances based on the BAT where the


prescribed conditions or standards under the
Regulations will not be sufficient or exceeded.

27 Prohibition order In the event of undesirable occurrences (Fifteenth


Schedule), the DG may issue a notice to prohibit the
operation of the premises in question absolute or
conditional, or at a certain period or until a remedial
action have been taken.

A copy of the DG prohibition order shall be posted in


a conspicuous place at the premises and no
operation shall be permitted until the prohibition order
is withdrawn

28 License to contravene The occupier may apply license to contravene the


acceptable condition acceptable conditions of emissions into the
for emissions into the atmosphere as specified in Regulation 14 and 15
atmosphere with accordance to the subsection 22(1) of the Act.

The application shall be made with accordance to the


procedures as specified in the Environmental Quality
(Licensing) Regulations 1977 [P.U. (A) 198/1977]
and shall be accompanied by:
- report on emission characterization
- license fee as specified in regulation 32

29 Schedule of actions Failure to comply with any of the conditions or


deadlines set forth in such schedule shall render the
violator immediately to the penalty prescribed for the
original violation.

30 Remedying of damage In the event of damage caused by any violation of the


requirements in these Regulations, the Director
General may order the owner or occupier to take any
action necessary to remove, disperse, destroy or
mitigate the pollution at the owner or occupiers
expense.

If the owner or occupier fails to take satisfactory


action within the time prescribed, the Director
General may take such action directly and may
recover from owner or occupier all costs and
expenses incurred in connection therewith, under
section 47 of the Act.

31 Compliance with other This regulation shall not be:


written laws - construed as relieving or exempting the
occupier from complying to other written laws.
- operate to relieve occupier from civil or criminal
liability.
- construed as relieving or exempting the
occupier from ensuring the adequacy in design

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and construction, efficiency in operation and


maintenance of the fuel burning equipment or
other control equipment.

32 Fees Fee for licence (including renewal) : RM1000 and not


refundable

Payment made by money order, postal order or bank


draft to the DG. A receipt shall be issued upon
payment.

33 Penalty Conviction through court action carries a maximum


penalty of RM100,000 or imprisonment (not
exceeding 5 years) or both and to a further fine of not
exceeding RM1,000/day for everyday that the
offence is continued after the notice issued requiring
him to cease the act as specified in the notice has
been served upon him.

33 Revocation Licensed issued under PUB, 1978 will still remain in


force until the expiry or revoked

Written permission will remain in force until revoked.

Acceptable conditions for emission of air pollutants


emitted to the atmosphere shall continue to apply
until five years after the Regulations came into force
where:
- work of emission control system has not
commenced within a year from date of
issuance of the written permission
- work of emission control system has
commenced but has not completed before the
date of the Regulations came into force
- work of emission control system has been
completed but has not begun its operation
before the date of the Regulations came into
force

Proceeding (civil or criminal) commenced shall


continue and concluded under the revoked
Regulations.

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FIRST SCHEDULE
(Regulation 15)

ACTIVITIES SUBJECT TO THE BEST AVAILABLE TECHNIQUES (BAT)


AS OUTLINED IN THE BAT GUIDANCE DOCUMENTS

1. Fuel burning, including heat and power generation in boilers, combustion turbines or
generators set for combined heat and power production.

Fuel burning: Heat and power generation in: Boilers or gas turbines with a total
capacity > 10 MW; Generator sets for combined heat and power production with a
total capacity 3 MW.

2. Production and processing of ferrous metals (iron and steel mills) in all sizes,
including:

(a) metal ore roasting or sintering facilities;

(b) facilities for the production of pig iron or steel (primary or secondary fusion)
including continuous casting; and
(c) facilities for the processing of ferrous metals (hot rolling mills).

3. Ferrous metal foundries with the capacity of 1 ton molten metal per day.

4. Production and processing of non-ferrous metals with the capacity of 0.5 tons per
day for lead or cadmium, or 2 tons per day for other metals.

5. Oil and gas industries in all sizes, including refineries, natural gas processing and
storage, storage and handling of petroleum products.

6. Non-metallic (mineral) industry in cement production in all sizes, including:

(a) manufacture of glass including glass fibre with the capacity of 1 ton of
product per day; and
(b) manufacture of ceramic products by firing, in particular roofing tiles, ceramic
glass, bricks, refractory bricks, tiles, stoneware or porcelain with the capacity
of 10 tons of product per day.

7. All stationary asphalt mixing plants.

8. Pulp and paper industry, including paper recycling in all sizes.

9. Chemical and petrochemical industry in all sizes, including:

(a) production of inorganic chemicals, including gases (ammonia, chlorine,


hydrogen chloride, sulphur dioxide); acids (hydrofluoric acid, phosphoric acid,
nitric acid, hydrochloric acid, sulphuric acid, oleum), bases, salts and
fertilizers (NPK);
(b) production of organic chemicals, including hydrocarbons, VCM, oxygen-
containing sulphurous, nitrogenous or phosphorous hydrocarbons, basic

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plastic material, synthetic rubber, dyes and surface-active agents and


surfactants;
(c) production of pharmaceutical products, plant health products and biocides;
and
(d) mixing and packaging of chemicals, pesticides, pharmaceutical products with
the capacity of 5 tons of product per day.

10. Solvent use in industry: Facilities for the surface treatment of substances, objects or
products using organic solvents, in particular for dressing, printing, coating,
degreasing, waterproofing, sizing, painting, cleaning or impregnating, fat extraction,
with a solvent consumption capacity of more than 200 tonnes per year

11. Waste Incinerators in all sizes.

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SECOND SCHEDULE
(Regulation 15)

GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS APPLICABLE TO ACTIVITIES LISTED IN THE


REGULATION 15

(I) Control of fuel burning equipment, incinerators and crematoria

1. Control of fuel quality for fuel burning equipment and incinerators not covered by the
First Schedule:

Fuel type Fuel Fuel quality parameter


Liquid All Sulphur content < 500 ppm (per weight)
Solid Coal Sulphur content < 1% (per weight)
Biomass Wood, agricultural waste, etc.: air dry and in its
natural composition (e.g. wood without coating,
paint or other treatment)
Residues from wood-based industries: without
wood preservatives

2. Combustion emissions from fuel burning equipment and incinerators not covered by
the First Schedule:

Fuel type Pollutant Limit value Monitoring


3
Liquid Total particulate matter 50 mg/m
Where dust load emitted :
a) > 0.33 < 1.0 kg/h Once/year
b) 1.0 kg/h 2 times/year
Solid Total particulate matter 150 mg/m
Where dust load emitted :
a) > 0.44 < 1.0 kg/h once/year
b) 1.0 < 1.5 kg/h 2 times/year
c) 1.5 < 2.0 kg/h 3 times/year
d) 2.0 < 2.5 kg/h 4 times/year
e) 2.5 kg/h continuous
Carbon monoxide (CO) 1000 mg/m periodic
Averaging time for continuous monitoring is 30 minutes

NOTE:
1. Limit values refer to standard conditions; the CO2 reference content is 12%.
2. In the case of boilers, the thermal efficiency shall be at least 90 %

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(II) Control of NMVOC emissions

1. Outlets (vents, exhaust outlets, etc.) which have the potential to emit NMVOC shall
comply with:
(a) 20 mg/m3 (indicated as total organic carbon) in the case of halogenated
hydrocarbons; and
(b) 150 mg/m3 (indicated as total organic carbon) other than halogenated
hydrocarbons.

2. The limit values shall be measured periodically.

Control of fugitive emissions

Fugitive emissions of NMVOC and dust shall be minimized in accordance with the Guidance
Document on the Control of Fugitive Emission of NMVOC and Dust

(A) Fugitive emissions of NMVOC

1. NMVOC emissions from solvent use shall be minimized by good housekeeping


measures and the use of closed systems. Emissions from storage and handling shall
be, as far as feasible,
(a) captured and ducted to an abatement device; or
(b) captured by a vapor recovery system.

2. Solvent residues shall be handled, transported and removed from a facility in a


closed system.

3. Fugitive emissions from pumps, compressors, flanged joints, etc. shall me minimized
by state-of-the-art seals and joints in accordance with the Guidance Document on
Fugitive Emission Control.

4. Service stations shall be operated with a vapor recovery system. The vapor
displaced by the filling of petrol storage tanks shall be displaced either into other
storage tanks or into abatement equipment meeting the First Schedule limit values
for NMVOC.

5. Fugitive emissions from the dry cleaning of textiles shall not exceed 20 g of solvent
per kg cleaned and dried clothes. The halogenated solvents have to be recovered.
Filters for solvent recovery have to be regenerated.

(B) Fugitive emissions of dust

1. Suitable requirements shall be made to emission reduction with regard to facilities at


which solid substances are loaded or unloaded, hoisted, transported, worked,
prepared or stored if these substances may cause dust emissions due to their
density, grain size distribution, grain shape, surface condition, abrasion resistance,
shearing resistance, resistance to fracture, composition or due to their low humidity
content.

2. Fugitive dust emission control shall be achieved via good housekeeping and
appropriate equipment as outlined in the Guidance Document on Fugitive Emission
Control.

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THIRD SCHEDULE
(Regulation 15)

HEAT AND POWER GENERATION

1. Boilers

The O2 reference content is 6% for solid fuels and 3% for others.

Fuel type Pollutant1) Capacity Limit value Monitoring

Sum of SO2 and SO3,


>10 MW 500 mg/m Continuous
expressed as SO2
Sum of NO and NO2
>10 MW 500 mg/m Continuous
expressed as NO2
> 10 <100
Hydrogen chloride (HCl) 200 mg/m periodic
MW e
Solid and Hydrogen chloride (HCl) 100 MW e 100 mg/m periodic
liquid fuels
> 10 <100
Hydrogen fluoride (HF) 30 mg/m periodic
MW e
Hydrogen fluoride (HF) 100 MW e 15 mg/m Periodic

Carbon monoxide (CO) > 10 MW 200 mg/m continuous


Total PM > 10 MW 50 mg/m continuous

Mercury (Hg) > 10 MW 0.03 mg/m periodic

PCDD/PCDF > 10 MW 0.1 ng TEQ/m3 periodic


Gaseous Sum of NO and NO2
fuels > 10 MW 350 mg/m continuous
expressed as NO2
Carbon monoxide (CO) > 10 MW 50 mg/m continuous
Total PM > 10 MW 5 mg/m periodic
1)
Averaging time for continuous monitoring is 30 minutes

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2. Combustion turbines

The O2 reference content is 15%.

Fuel type Pollutant Capacity at Limit value Monitoring


ISO conditions
Gaseous fuels Sum of NO and NO2 > 10 MW e 150 mg/m continuous
expressed as NO2
Carbon monoxide (CO) > 10 MW e 100 mg/m continuous
Liquid fuels Sum of NO and NO2 > 10 MW e 200 mg/m continuous
expressed as NO2
Carbon monoxide (CO) > 10 MW e 100 mg/m continuous
1)
Averaging time for continuous monitoring is 30 minutes

3. Generator sets for combined heat and power production with a total thermal output
3 MW e:

The O2 reference content is 5%.

Fuel type Pollutant Capacity Limit value Monitoring


Liquid or gas Sum of NO and NO2 3 MW e 600 mg/m periodic
fuels expressed as NO2
Carbon monoxide (CO) 3 MW e 650 mg/m periodic
3
Total PM 3 MW e 80 mg/m periodic
1)
Averaging time for continuous monitoring is 30 minutes

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FOURTH SCHEDULE
(Regulation 15)

PRODUCTION AND PROCESSING OF FERROUS METALS


(IRON AND STEEL MILLS)
Source Pollutant Limit value Monitoring
Sinter plants (waste gas Sum of SO2 and SO3,
from the sintering belt) 500 mg/m continuous
expressed as SO2
Sum of NO and NO2
400 mg/m continuous
expressed as NO2
Total PM 50 mg/m continuous
3
Total lead as Pb 1 mg/m periodic
3
NMVOC 75 mg/m periodic
3
PCDD/PCDF 0.1 ng TEQ/m periodic
Coke ovens (@ 5% O2) Total PM 10 mg/m 3
continuous
Sum of NO and NO2
500 mg/m periodic
expressed as NO2
Sulphur compounds as S 800 mg/m periodic
Blast furnace
(Regenerator; @ 3% O2) Total PM 50 mg/m3 continuous

Basic oxygen furnace


(converter gas) Total PM 50 mg/m3 continuous

Electric arc furnaces Total PM 50 mg/m3 continuous


Rolling mill: Thermal
treatment furnace (@ 5% Sum of NO and NO2
500 mg/m periodic
O2) expressed as NO2

NOTE :
1. Blast furnace top gas and converter gas shall be actively recycled. If these gases
cannot be recycled for safety reasons or in emergencies, they shall be fed into a
flare.
2. Iron and steel shall minimize emissions using techniques described in the Best
Available Techniques Guidance Document on Iron and Steel Industry.
3. These measures include low emission procedures such as dry coke cooling.
4. Gaseous and vaporous organic compounds shall be indicated as total organic
carbon.

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FIFTH SCHEDULE
(Regulation 15)

FERROUS METAL FOUNDRIES WITH A CAPACITY 1 TON MOLTEN


METAL PER DAY

Source Pollutant Limit value Monitoring


Cupola furnace Sum of SO2 and SO3,
500 mg/m periodic
expressed as SO2
Carbon monoxide (CO) 150 mg/m periodic
Core production and Amine 5 mg/m 3
periodic
casting 3
Benzene 5 mg/m periodic

NOTE:
1. Gaseous and vaporous organic compounds shall be indicated as total organic
carbon.

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SIXTH SCHEDULE
(Regulation 15)

PRODUCTION AND PROCESSING OF NON-FERROUS METALS WITH A CAPACITY


0.5 TONS PER DAY FOR LEAD OR CADMIUM OR 2 TONS PER DAY FOR OTHER
METALS

Source Pollutant Limit value Monitoring


Sinter plants (waste gas Sum of SO2 and SO3, expressed
from the sintering belt) 500 mg/m continuous
as SO2
Sum of NO and NO2 expressed
400 mg/m continuous
as NO2
Total PM 50 mg/m continuous
3
Total lead as Pb 1 mg/m periodic
3
NMVOC 75 mg/m periodic
3
PCDD/PCDF 0.1 ng TEQ/m periodic
Production of copper and
zinc Total PM 20 mg/m3 continuous

Production of lead Total PM 10 mg/m3 continuous


Primary aluminum Total PM 10 mg/m 3
continuous
3
Fluorine compounds as HF 1 mg/m periodic
3
Total Fluoride 1.5 mg/m periodic
Sum of SO2 and SO3, expressed
100 mg/m3 continuous
as SO2
Secondary aluminum1) Total PM 10 mg/m3 continuous
Sum of NO and NO2 expressed
500 mg/m periodic
as NO2
Smelting, alloying and
refining of aluminum2) Total PM 10 mg/m3 continuous

Smelting, alloying and


refining of other non-ferrous Total PM 5 mg/m3 continuous
metals
1)
In secondary aluminum production, hexachloroethane shall not be used for smelting.
Secondary aluminium is defined as re-melting of all kinds of used aluminium end
products which might be coated, painted, and laminated.
2)
Smelting alloying and refining of aluminium is defined as melting of pure aluminium and
plain scrap.

NOTE:
1. Gaseous and vaporous organic compounds shall be indicated as total organic
carbon.
2. For non-ferrous metal foundries limit values of ferrous metal foundries apply.
3. Fugitive dust emissions shall be minimized using Best Available Techniques
Economically Achievable Guidance Document.

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SEVENTH SCHEDULE
(Regulation 15)

OIL AND GAS INDUSTRIES: REFINERIES (ALL SIZES); NATURAL GAS PROCESSING
AND STORAGE; STORAGE AND HANDLING OF PETROLEUM PRODUCTS.

Source Pollutant Limit value Monitoring


Claus plant Sulphur Recovery > 95% periodic
Catalytic cracking Total PM 40 mg/m3 continuous
Sum of SO2 and SO3,
1200 mg/m3 continuous
expressed as SO2
Calcination Total PM 40 mg/m3 continuous

1. Gases and vapors of organic substances such as hydrogen and hydrogen sulphide
which escape from pressure relief fittings and blow-down systems shall be fed into a
gas collecting system.

2. The collected gases shall be combusted in process furnaces if this is feasible. If this
is not feasible, the gases shall be fed into a flare.

3. Waste gases continually produced by processing systems and waste gases


occurring during the regeneration of catalysts, inspections and cleaning operations
shall be fed into a post-combustion facility, or equivalent measures to reduce
emissions shall be applied.

4. Gaseous and vaporous organic compounds shall be indicated as total organic


carbon.

5. Fugitive emissions of volatile organic substances shall be minimized according to the


respective Best Available Techniques Economically Achievable Guidance Document.

6. For compliance check a Leakage Detection and Repair Program shall be


implemented as outlined in the Guidance Document on Leak Detection and Repair
Program for Oil and Gas Industries in a manner as specified and approved by the
Director General.

7. Combustion installations using refinery gas or other by-products shall comply with the
standards of Fuel Burning Equipment in the Third Schedule or Fourth Schedule,
depending on the thermal output.

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EIGHTH SCHEDULE
(Regulation 15)

NON-METALLIC (MINERAL) INDUSTRY: CEMENT PRODUCTION (ALL SIZES);


MANUFACTURE OF GLASS INCLUDING GLASS FIBRE WITH A MELTING CAPACITY 1
TON OF PRODUCT PER DAY; MANUFACTURE OF CERAMIC PRODUCTS BY FIRING,
ROOFING TILES, BRICKS, REFRACTORY BRICKS, TILES, CERAMIC GLASS,
STONEWARE OR PORCELAIN, WITH A PRODUCTION CAPACITY 10 TONS OF
PRODUCT PER DAY .

The O2 reference content is for:


(a) cement kilns 10%
(b) flame-heated glass melting furnaces 8%
(c) flame-heated pot furnaces and day tanks 13 %
(d) ceramic furnaces 17%

Source Pollutant Limit value Monitoring


Cement kilns Sum of NO and NO2 3
800 mg/m continuous
expressed as NO2
Total PM 50 mg/m3 continuous
Mercury 0.05 mg/m3 periodic
3
PCDD/PCDF 0.1 ng TEQ/m periodic
Glass Furnace Sum of SO2 and SO3,
800 mg/m3 continuous
expressed as SO2
Sum of NO and NO2
800 mg/m3 continuous
expressed as NO2
Total lead as Pb 5 mg/m3 periodic
3
Total PM 50 mg/m continuous
Ceramic furnaces Sum of SO2 and SO3,
800 mg/m3 periodic
expressed as SO2
Sum of NO and NO2
800 mg/m3 periodic
expressed as NO2

Total PM
Where dust load emitted :
a) > 0.33 < 1.0 kg/h 50 mg/m3 Once/year
b) 1.0 <2.0 kg/h 2 times/year
c) 2.0 kg/h continuous
NOTE:
1. Glass furnaces: If nitrate purification is required for reasons of glass product quality,
emissions of nitrogen monoxide and nitrogen dioxide in waste gas shall not exceed a
mass concentration of 1.0 g/m.

2. The best available techniques to further reduce emissions, particularly by using


improved combustion, shall be applied.

3. Emission limits for furnaces with oxy-fuel burners shall be considered on a case-by-
case basis in accordance with the Best Available Techniques Economically
Achievable Guidance Document.

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4. For the manufacture of hard quicklime or sintering dolomite in rotary furnaces,


nitrogen dioxide and nitrogen monoxide emissions in waste gas, to be indicated as
nitrogen dioxide, shall not exceed a mass concentration of 1.5 g/m.

5. Facilities for the melting of mineral substances including the production of mineral
fibres shall comply with a limit value for sulfur oxides of 1.5 g/m corrected to 8% O2.

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NINTH SCHEDULE
(Regulation 15)

ASPHALT MIXING PLANTS (STATIONARY INSTALLATIONS)

The O2 reference content is 17%.

Fuel type Pollutant Limit value Monitoring


Liquid and gaseous Carbon monoxide (CO) 0.50 g/m periodic
Solid Carbon monoxide (CO) 1.0 g/m periodic
All fuels Total PM 50 mg/m periodic
NMVOC 50 mg/m periodic

1. Waste gases containing dust from the mineral rotary dryer, the asphalt granulate
dryer (parallel dryer), the transport units for hot minerals, the washer and the mixer
shall be collected and fed into a de-dusting system.

2. Crushers for recycled asphalt shall be encapsulated and equipped with effective
installations to reduce dust emissions, e.g. water sprinklers.

3. Waste gases from the vicinity of the mixer outflow, the transfer points to the mixer,
the transport units for the bituminous mixture and the transfer points to the loading
silos which contains organic substances shall be collected and fed into a suitable
waste gas purification facility, by feeding the waste gases into the mineral rotary
dryer as combustion air.

4. Emissions of organic substances when the bitumen storage tanks are filled shall
preferably be avoided by using the vapor recovery technique.

5. Gaseous and aporous organic compounds shall be indicated as total organic carbon.

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TENTH SCHEDULE
(Regulation 15)

PULP AND PAPER INDUSTRY INCLUDING PAPER RECYCLING FACILITIES


IN ALL SIZES

Source Pollutant Limit value Monitoring


Recovery furnace PM 150 mg/Nm3 periodic
Lime kilns Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) 15 mg/Nm3 periodic

a. Sulfite mills
b. Kraft and Total sulfur 1.5 kg/t Air Dried Pulp (ADP) periodic
others 1.0 kg/t Air Dried Pulp (ADP)

Sum of NO and NO2


2 kg/t Air Dried Pulp (ADP) periodic
expressed as NO2

1. Through good planning and construction, as well as optimisation of process


technology and plant management, emissions of odour-intensive substances such as
from waste paper stock, waste paper treatment, interim storage and transportation of
waste from waste paper treatment, process water cycles, the water treatment plant
and sludge dewatering, shall be prevented as far as possible.

2. If odour impacts are to be expected in the vicinity of a facility, the best available more
extensive techniques to reduce odours shall be used, for example enclosure of the
facility components, collection of waste gases and feeding them to a waste gas
purification facility.

3. Emissions of dust and Total Reduced Sulphur (TRS) shall be minimized by using
BAT as outlined in the Best Available Techniques Economically Achievable Guidance
Document.

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ELEVENTH SCHEDULE
(Regulation 15)

CHEMICAL AND PETROCHEMICAL INDUSTRY IN ALL SIZES

Pollutant Limit value Monitoring


3
Hydrogen chloride (HCl) 200 mg/Nm periodic
Sum of NO and NO2 expressed as NO2 700 mg/Nm3 periodic
Ammonia (NH3) 76 mg/Nm3 periodic
3
Chlorine (Cl) 32 mg/Nm periodic
Sum of SO2 and SO3, expressed as SO2 100 mg/Nm3 periodic
3
Mercury (Hg) 0.05 mg/Nm periodic
Hydrogen Sulphide (H2S) 7.5 mg/Nm3 periodic
3
Total PM 50 mg/Nm periodic

1. Gaseous and vaporous organic compounds shall be indicated as total organic carbon.

2. For the control of NMVOC emissions BAT shall apply as outlined in the Best Available
Techniques Economically Achievable Guidance Document.

3. New facilities for the production of chlorine or alkali using asbestos for the diaphragm or
amalgam process are prohibited.

4. For mixing and packaging of chemicals, pesticides, pharmaceutical products with a


capacity 5 tons of products per day:
(a) Total dust, including organic substances specified as hazardous as in Fourteenth
Schedule.;
(b) Waste gases containing dust shall be collected at the place of origin and fed into a
de-dusting system;
(c) Dust emissions in waste gas shall not exceed a maximum mass concentration of 5
mg/m; and
(d) Dust emissions with a composition of hazardous substances or preparations of 10
per cent or more shall not exceed a maximum mass concentration in waste gas of 2
mg/m3.

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TWELFTH SCHEDULE
(Regulation 15)

SOLVENT USE IN INDUSTRY: FACILITIES FOR THE SURFACE TREATMENT OF


SUBSTANCES, OBJECTS OR PRODUCTS USING ORGANIC SOLVENTS, IN
PARTICULAR FOR DRESSING, PRINTING, COATING, DEGREASING,
WATERPROOFING, SIZING, PAINTING, CLEANING OR IMPREGNATING, FAT
EXTRACTION, WITH A SOLVENT CONSUMPTION CAPACITY OF MORE THAN 200
TONNES PER YEAR

1. Facilities of this category shall establish a solvent management plan in order to set-
up a reduction strategy.

2. Solvent losses shall be reduced in accordance with BAT limiting these losses to not
more than 30% of the solvent input as a general rule.

3. Actual reduction targets and their time frame shall be set on a case-by-case basis
using the results of a mass balance exercise as outlined in the guidance document
on fugitive emission control.

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THIRTEENTH SCHEDULE
(Regulation 15)

WASTE INCINERATORS IN ALL SIZES

Air pollutant emission from incineration process shall not exceed the concentration limits
tabulated below.

The O2 reference content is 11%.


Pollutant Limit value Monitoring
Total PM 100 mg/m3 continuous
NMVOC as total C 10 mg/m3 continuous
3
Hydrogen chloride (HCl) 40 mg/m continuous
3
Hydrogen fluoride (HF) 1 mg/m continuous
3
Sum of SO2 and SO3, expressed as SO2 50 mg/m continuous
3
Sum of NO and NO2 expressed as NO2 200 mg/m continuous
3
Carbon monoxide (CO) 50 mg/m continuous
Cadmium and its compounds, expressed as
cadmium (Cd)
Total 0.05 mg/m3 periodic 1)
Thallium and its compounds, expressed as
thallium (Tl)
Mercury and its compounds, expressed as
0.05 mg/m3 periodic 1)
mercury (Hg)
Antimony (Sb), Arsenic (As), Lead (Pb), Chromium
(Cr), Cobalt (Co), Copper (Cu), Manganese (Mn),
Total 0.5 mg/m3 periodic 1)
Nickel (Ni), Vanadium (V), and their compounds
expressed as the element
PCDD/PCDF 0.1 ng TEQ/m3 periodic 1)
1)
Average values over the sampling period of a minimum of 30 minutes and a maximum of 8
hours

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FOURTEENTH SCHEDULE
(Regulation 18)

EMISSION STANDARDS FOR HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES

1. In the case of emissions originating from incineration or fuel burning the oxygen
content in the emission shall not be less than 3%.

2. Gaseous and vaporous organic compounds shall be indicated as total organic


carbon.

3. The limit values shall be measured periodically.

4. As to an occurrence of substances of one category belonging to different classes, the


cumulation rule shall apply.

The cumulation rule means that:


(i) The total emission standards of class (2) may not be exceeded if substances of
classes (1) and (2) occur simultaneously in waste gas
(ii) The emission standards of class (3) may not be exceeded as a total if
substances of classes (1) and (3), of classes (2) and (3) or of classes (1) to (3)
occur simultaneously in waste gas.

5. A list of the most relevant substances in each category is given below. However, the
substances falling under a certain category are not limited to those listed in this
schedule.

The Director General may include other substances in each category listed in this schedule.

Category (1) Extremely hazardous substances

A substance is categorised as extremely hazardous on the basis of extreme toxicity,


persistence and tendency towards accumulation. Category (1) gives a list of relevant
substances. PCDD, PCDF and PCB are included in this category. Emissions of these
substances shall be minimised. In general, for unintentional releases of PCDD and PCDF
from thermal processes a limit value of 0.1 ng TEQ/m3 shall apply.

List of extremely hazardous substances

Polybromated dibenzodioxines
Polybromated dibenzofurans
Polychlorinated bifenyles (PCB)
Polychlorinated dibenzodioxins (PCDD)
Polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDF)
Polyhalogenated dibenzodioxins
Polyhalogenated dibenzofurans
Hexachlorobenzene

Category (2) Hazardous substances

Substances are to be classified as hazardous as far as they meet one of the following
criteria:
(a) They are classified as carcinogenic according to the International Agency for
Research on Cancer (IARC); or

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(b) There is good cause to believe they are carcinogenic, mutagenic or teratogenic
toxic.

For substances classified as hazardous the following limit value shall apply to the sum of all
occurring hazardous substances in a gas flow:

Class (1) In the case of an untreated mass flow of 0.5 g/h or more an emission
standard of 0.10 mg/m3 applies.

Class (2) In the case of an untreated mass flow of 5 g/h or more an emission standard
of 1 mg/m3 applies.

Class (3) In the case of an untreated mass flow of 25 g/h or more an emission standard
of 5 mg/m3 applies.

List of hazardous substances

Name of Substance [CAS]

Class (1)
Benzo(a)anthracene [56-55-3]
Benzo(a)pyrene [50-32-8]
Benzo(b)fluoranthene [205-99-2]
Benzo(j)fluoranthene [205-82-3]
Benzo(k)fluoranthene [207-08-7]
Beryllium and its compounds, calculated as Be
Chromium(VI) compounds, calculated as Cr
Dibenzo(a,h)-anthracene [53-70-3]
2- Naftylamine (+salts) [91-59-8]
2- Nitropropane [79-46-9]

Class (2)
3,3-Dichloro-(1,1-biphenyl) [91-94-1]
Diethyl sulphate [64-67-5]
Dimethyl sulphate [77-78-1]
1,2- Epoxyethane (ethylene oxide) [75-21-8]
Nickel and its compounds, calculated as Ni [7440-02-0]

Class (3)
Acrylonitrile refer to: propenenitrile [107-13-1]
Benzene [71-43-2]
Butadiene refer refer to: buta-1,3- diene [106-99-0]
1- Chloro-2,3-epoxypropane refer to: epichlorohydrine [106-89-8]
Chloroethene refer to: vinyl chloride [75-01-4]
1,2- Dibromomethane [106-93-4]
1,2- Dichloroethane [107-06-2]
Epichlorohydrine [106-89-8]
1,2- Epoxypropane [75-56-9]
Hydrazine (+salts) [302-01-2]
Propene oxide refer to:1,2-epoxypropane [75-56-9]
Propenenitrile [107-13-1]
Propylene oxide refer to:1,2-epoxypropane [75-56-9]
Vinyl chloride refer to: chloroethene [75-01-4]

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Category (3) Gaseous and vaporous organic substances

Class (1) In the case of an untreated mass flow of 0.10 kilograms per hour or more an
emission standard of 20 mg/m applies.

Class (2) In the case of an untreated mass flow of 2.0 kilograms per hour or more an
emission standard of 100 mg/m applies.

Class (3) In the case of an untreated mass flow of 3.0 kilograms per hour or more an
emission standard of 150 mg/m applies.

If more than one emission standard applies to a group of substances, the lowest standard
will be the norm for the sum of all substances in accordance with the cumulation rule.

Fugitive NMVOC emissions shall be minimized by suitable control measures such as those
mentioned in the Guidance Document on Fugitive Emission Control.

List of gaseous and vaporous organic substances

Name of Substance [CAS]

Class (1)
Acenaphthene [83-32-9]
Acenaphtylene [208-96-8]
Acetaldehyde refer to: ethanal [75-07-0]
Acetic anhydride [108-24-7]
Acrolein refer to: propenal [107-02-8]
Acrylic acid refer to: propenoic acid [79-10-7]
Acrylic ethyl ester refer to: ethyl propenoate [104-88-5]
Acrylic methyl ester refer to: methyl propenoate [96-33-3]
Alkyl lead compounds
Aminobenzene [62-53-3]
Aminoethane refer to: ethylamine [75-04-7]
Aminomethane refer to: methylamine [74-89-5]
sec- Amylacetate [6032-29-7]
Aniline refer to: aminobenzene [62-53-3]
Aziridine, refer to: ethyleneimine [151-56-4]
Benzalchloride [98-87-3]
Benzo(g,h,i)perylene [191-24-2]
Benzotrichloride [98-07-7]
Benzylbutylphthalate
Benzylchloride [100-44-7]
2,2- Bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)propane [80-05-7]
Bisphenol A refer to: 2,2 bis (4- hydroxyphenyl)propane [80-05-7]
Bromodichloromethane [75-27-4]
Butylacrylate [141-32-2]
Caprolactam [105-60-2]
Carbon tetrachloride refer to: tetrachloromethane [56-23-5]
Cetylpyridinium chloride [123-03-5]
Chloroacetaldehyde refer to: 2-chloroethanal [107-20-0]
Chloroacetic acid [79-11-8]
2- Chloroethanal [107-20-0]

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Chloroform refer to: trichloromethane [67-66-3]


Chloromethane [74-87-3]
a- Chlorotoluene refer to: benzylchloride [100-44-7]
Cresols refer to: methylphenols
Di(2-methylpropyl)phtalate [117-81-7]
1,2- Diaminoethane [107-15-3]
2,4- Dibromophenol
1,2- Dichlorobenzene [95-50-11]
1,1- Dichloroethylene [540-59-0]
Dichlorophenol(s)
Diethylamine [109-89-7]
Diisobutylphthalate refer to: di(2-methylpropyl)-phtalate [84-69-5]
Dimethylamine [124-40-3]
N,N-Dimethylaniline [121-96-7]
Dimethylisopropylamine [996-35-0]
Dimethylmercaptan [75-18-3]
Dinonylphtalate [84-76-4]
1,4- Dioxane [123-91-7]
Distearyldimethyl- ammonium bisulphate [123321-54-9]
Distearyldimethyl- ammonium methosulphate [3843-16-1]
Ethanal [75-07-0]
Ethylacrylate refer to: ethyl propenoate [104-88-5]
Ethylacrylate refer to: ethyl propenoate
Ethylamine [75-04-7]
Ethylenimine [151-56-4]
Ethylpropenoate [104-88-5]
Formaldehyde refer to: methanal [50-00-0]
Formic acid [64-18-6]
Furfural; furfurol refer to: 2-furaldehyde [98-01-1]
Glyoxal [107-22-2]
Hexafluoropropene [70-30-4]
Hexamethylenediisocyanate [822-06-0]
Isopropyl-3-chlorophenyl carbamate
Isopropylphenyl carbamate
Mercaptans refer to: thioalcohols
Methacrylic methylester refer to methyl-(2-methyl) propenoate [80-62-6]
Methanal [50-00-0]
2- Methoxyethylacetate [110-49-6]
Methyl-(2-methyl)-propenoate [80-62-6]
Methylacrylate refer to: methyl propenoate [96-33-3]
Methylamine [74-89-5]
2- Methylaniline [95-53-4]
Methylbromide [74-83-9]
Methylchloride refer to: chloromethane [74-87-3]
Methylethylketoneperoxide [1338-23-4]
Methylmethacrylate refer to: methyl-(2-methyl)-propenoate [80-62-6]
Methylphenols
Methylpropenoate [96-33-3]
Nitrobenzene [98-95-3]
Organostannic compounds
Peracetic acid [79-21-0]
Phenanthrene [85-01-8]
Phenol [108-95-2]
Piperazine [140-31-8]

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Propenal [107-02-8]
Propenoic acid [79-10-7]
n- Propylamine [107-10-8]
Pyridine [110-86-1]
Tehylhexylacrylate [103-11-7]
Terphenyl (hydrogenated) [26140-60-3]
Tertiary butylhydroperoxide (tbhp) refer to: (1,1-dimethylethyl [75-91-2]
hydroperoxide)
1,2,3,4-Tetrabromomethane [79-27-6]
1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane [79-34-5]
Tetrachloromethane [56-23-5]
Thioalcohols
Thiobismethane, refer to: dimethyl-mercaptan [75-18-3]
Thioethers
Tin compounds, organic refer to: organostannic compounds
o-Toluidine refer to: 2-methylaniline [95-53-4]
Tribromomethane [75-25-2]
2,4,6-Tribromophenol [118-76-6]
1,1,2-Trichloroethane [79-00-5]
Trichloromethane [67-66-3]
Trichlorophenols
Triethylamine [121-44-8]
Triphenylphosphate [115086-6]
Xylenols with the exception of 2.4-xylenol [1300-71-6]

Class (2)
Acetic acid [64-19-7]
Acetic methylester refer to: methylacetate [79-20-9]
Acetic vinyl ester refer to: vinyl acetate [108-05-4]
Acetonitrile [75-05-8]

Category (4) Gaseous and vaporous inorganic substances

(a) Vaporous inorganic substances other than Oxides of Sulfur and Oxides of
Nitrogen

Class (1) In the case of an untreated mass flow of 10 grams per hour or more for each
substance an emission standard of 1.0 mg/m applies.

Class (2) In the case of an untreated mass flow of 50 grams per hour or more for each
substance an emission standard of 5.0 mg/m applies.

Class (3) In the case of an untreated mass flow of 300 grams per hour or more for
each substance an emission standard of 30 mg/m applies.

In the case of gaseous and vaporous inorganic substances the cumulation rule shall not
apply.

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List of gaseous and vaporous inorganic substances

Name of Substance [CAS]

Class (1)
Arsenic trihydride (arsine) [7784-42-1]
Chlorine dioxide [1009-04-4]
Cyanogen chloride [506-77-4]
Diborane (B2H6) [19287-45-7]
Phosgene [75-44-5]
Phosphorus trihydride (phosphine) [7803-51-2]

Class (2)
Borium trichloride [10294-34-5]
Borium trifluoride [7637-07-2]
Bromine and its compounds, calculated as HBr [7726-95-6]
Chlorine gas (Cl2) [7782-50-5]
Fluorine and its compounds, calculated as HF
Germanium hydride (GeH4) [7782-65-2]
Hydrogen cyanide (HCN) refer to: prussic acid [74-90-8]
Hydrogen iodide [10034-85-2]
Hydrogen sulphide [7783-06-4]
Nitrogen trifluoride [7783-54-2]
Phosphoric acid [7664-38-2]
Silicon tetrafluoride
Silicon tetrahydride [7803-63-5]
Sulphuric acid [7664-93-9]

Class (3)
Ammonia [7664-41-7]
Chlorine compounds, calculated as HCl [7782-50-5]
Dichloro-silicondihydride
Nitric acid (mist) [7679-37-2]
Silicon tetrachloride [10026-04-7]
Sulphur hexafluoride [2551-62-4]
Trichlorosilane [10025-78-2]

(b) Oxides of Sulfur and Oxides of Nitrogen


General limit values for oxides of sulphur (sum of SO2 and SO3, expressed as SO2) and
oxides of nitrogen (sum of NO and NO2, expressed as NO2):

In the case of an untreated mass flow of 5.0 kilograms per hour or more for each
substance an emission standard of 400 mg/m shall apply if not stated otherwise in the
Third to Thirteenth Schedule.

Category (5) Particulate inorganic substances

Class (1) In the case of an untreated mass flow of 1.0 gram per hour or more an
emission standard of 0.20 mg/m applies.

Class (2) In the case of an untreated mass flow of 5.0 grams per hour or more an
emission standard of 1.0 mg/m applies.

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Class (3) In the case of an untreated mass flow of 25 grams per hour or more an
emission standard of 5.0 mg/m applies.

If more than one emission standard applies to a group of substances, the lowest value will
be the norm for the sum of all substances in accordance with the cumulation rule.

Fugitive particulate emissions shall be minimized by suitable control measures such as


those mentioned in the Guidance Document on Fugitive Emission Control.

List of particulate inorganic substances

Name of Substance [CAS]

Class (1)
Arsenic and its compounds, calculated as As [7740-38-2]
Cadmium and its compounds, calculated as Cd [7440-43-9]
Ceramic fibres
Cristoballite [14464-46-1]
Iron pentacarbonyl [13463-4-6]
Mercury and inorganic mercury compounds, calculated as Hg [7439-97-6]
Platinum compounds calculated as Pt [7440-06-4]
Quartz, respirable (crystalline silica) [14808-60-7]
Rhodium compounds, calculated as Rh [7440-16-6]
Silica fibres, especially cristoballite and tridymite, and respirable quartz
Silver and its compounds, calculated as Ag [7440-22-4]
Slag wool fibres
Thallium and its compounds, calculated as Tl [7440-28-0]
Tridymite [15468-32-2]
Vanadium compounds, especially vanadium oxides, halides and
sulphates, and vanadates, calculated as V

Class (2)
Chromyl chloride [14977-61-8]
Cobalt (fume) and cobalt compounds, calculated as Co [7440-48-4]
Copper fume, calculated as Cu [7440-50-8]
Glass wool fibres
Lead and inorganic lead compounds, calculated as Pb [7439-92-1]
Rhodium and its compounds (non-soluble in water), calculated as Rh [7440-16-6]
Rock wool fibres
Selenium and its compounds, calculated as Se [7782-49-2]
Tellurium and its compounds, calculated as Te [13494-80-9]

Class (3)
Antimony and its compounds, calculated as Sb [1309-64-4]
Barium and its compounds, calculated as Ba [7440-39-3]
Calcium fluoride [7789-75-5]
Calcium oxide [1305-78-8]
Chromium and its compounds, calculated as Cr (excluding the [7440-47-3]
Cr(VI) compounds classified hazardous)
Copper and its compounds, calculated as Cu, with the
exception of copper fume
Cyanides, calculated as CN
Fluorides, calculated as F

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Fluorspar refer to: calcium fluoride


Manganese (fumes) and manganese compounds, calculated as Mn [7439-96-5]
Palladium and its compounds, calculated as Pd
Platinum and non-water-soluble platinum compounds, calculated as Pt [7440-06-4]
Potassium hydroxide [1310-58-3]
Potassium ferricyanide refer to: cyanides [13746-66-2]
Sodium hydroxide [1310-73-2]
Tantalium [7440-25-7]
Tin and inorganic tin compounds, calculated as Sn [7440-31-5]
Vanadium, vanadium alloys and vanadium carbide, calculated as V
Yttrium [7440-65-5]
Yttrium oxide [1314-36-9]
Zinc chloride (fume) [7646-85-7]

Category (6) Fibres

The following fibre concentrations may not be exceeded where they are contained in waste
gases:

biopersistent ceramic fibres (for example, consisting of aluminium silicate, aluminium


oxide, silicon carbide, potassium titanate) 1.5 x 104 fibres/m

Fibre here means a particle with a length in excess of 5 m, a width of less than 3 m and a
length/width ratio of more than 3:1. (Guidelines of the Council of the European Communities
dated 19 March 1987; 87/217/EEC).

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FIFTEENTH SCHEDULE
(Regulation 27)

LIST OF UNDESIRABLE OCCURRENCE

1. Where there is justified complaint or evidence of nuisance, and non-installation of


control equipment.

2. Breakdown or non-operation of control equipment.

3. Pollution cases that seriously threaten the environment or public health and safety
which warrant immediate halt.

4. Premises that experiences industrial disaster such as fire, explosion and the like
which may pose serious risk to the environment or the public in the vicinity.

5. Serious environmental pollution which gives rise to frequent complaints and upon
investigation, the complaints are found to be justified and the premises are flouting
the directives of the Director General.

6. Premises which frequently commit similar offences despite having been subject to
various legal actions by the Director General such as notices, directives, compounds
or court actions.

7. Pollution cases which cause serious negative impacts to life and there is evidence
indicating that the premises do not make sufficient effort to overcome the pollution
problems.

8. Serious environmental pollution with wide coverage in mass media and there is
evidence indicating that the pollution occurred as a result of absence, non-operation
or malfunctioning of air pollution control system in the premises.

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