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(19)

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(11) EP 2 429 071 A1
(12) EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION
published in accordance with Art. 153(4) EPC

(43) Date of publication: (51) Int Cl.:


14.03.2012 Bulletin 2012/11 H02M 3/335 (2006.01)

(21) Application number: 11783809.4 (86) International application number:


PCT/RU2011/000006
(22) Date of filing: 12.01.2011
(87) International publication number:
WO 2011/145975 (24.11.2011 Gazette 2011/47)

(84) Designated Contracting States: Khoryakov, Vladimir Vladimirovich


AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB Orsk, Orenburgskaya obl. 462429 (RU)
GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO
PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR (72) Inventor: Stepanov, Arkady Anatolievich
Designated Extension States: Orsk, Orenburgskaya obl. 462420 (RU)
BA ME
(74) Representative: Bucher, Ralf Christian et al
(30) Priority: 01.11.2010 RU 2010144655 Patentanwalt Dipl.-Ing.
Alte Landstrasse 23
(71) Applicants: 85521 Ottobrunn (DE)
Stepanov, Arkady Anatolievich
Orsk, Orenburgskaya obl. 462420 (RU)

(54) AUTONOMOUS ELECTRICAL POWER SUPPLY SOURCE WITH A RECHARGING FUNCTION


USING ONE RECHARGEABLE BATTERY

(57) The invention relates to the field of electrical en- transformer, two electronic transistor switches with a con-
gineering and can be used for the autonomous supply of trol system, a diode and capacitors, wherein the input of
electrical energy to electrical consumers. The technical the second bridge rectifier is connected in parallel with
result consists in a manifold increase in an uninterrupted the secondary winding of the matching transformer, the
operating time which is equal to the service life of the primary winding of said matching transformer being con-
rechargeable battery using one DC current source. The nected in series with the output of the inverter and the
autonomous power supply source with a recharging func- input of the first bridge rectifier, wherein a capacitor and,
tion using one rechargeable battery comprises a DC via an electronic switch, a load with a capacitor are con-
source and an inverter, with an active load being con- nected in parallel with the output of said first bridge rec-
nected in parallel with the output of said inverter via a tifier, the output of the second bridge rectifier is connected
bridge rectifier. The autonomous power supply source to the capacitor and, via a second electronic switch and
with a recharging function using one rechargeable bat- a diode, to the DC source, while the control electrodes
tery is equipped with a second bridge rectifier, a matching of the transistor switches are connected to a control cir-
cuit.
EP 2 429 071 A1

Printed by Jouve, 75001 PARIS (FR)


1 EP 2 429 071 A1 2

Description Brief Description of Drawings

Technical Field [0006]

[0001] The invention relates to electrical engineering 5 FIG. 1 is the functional circuit diagram of the re-
and may be used as an autonomous power supply for chargeable autonomous power supply in a single
power consumers. storage battery.

Background Art FIG. 2 is a waveform of currents flowing in the power


10 circuits of the electronic transistor switches.
[0002] A prior art autonomous electric power supply
comprises a direct current source and an inverter having [0007] The rechargeable autonomous power supply in
an output that is connected in parallel to an active load. a single storage battery comprises a direct current source
The prior art power supply is provided with a second di- 1 (FIG. 1) connected to the input of an inverter 2 having
rect current source, an automatic electronic switch, and 15 its output connected in parallel to the input of a bridge
two electronic transistor switches having a control system converter 5 that has its output connected in parallel to a
and a diode, the second direct current source being con- capacitor 7 and, via an electronic transistor switch 8, to
nected, similarly to the first source, to different inputs of a load 11 and capacitor 10, the primary winding of a
the automatic electronic switch having an output that is matching transformer 3 being connected in series in the
also connected to the commutators of the two electronic 20 output circuit of inverter 2 and the secondary winding
transistor switches having a control system, the emitter thereof being connected in parallel to the input of a bridge
of one of the transistor switches being connected to the rectifier 4 having its output connected in parallel to a ca-
inverter input, and the emitter of the other transistor pacitor 6 and, via an electronic transistor switch 9 and
switch being connected via the diode to a separate input diode 12, to direct current source 1, the control electrodes
of the automatic electronic switch (Russian Utility Model 25 of the electronic transistor switches being connected to
Patent No. 93,185, published on April 20, 2010). The a control circuit 13.
prior art autonomous power supply is disadvantageous
because it uses two direct current sources and the auto- Best Mode for Carrying out the Invention
matic electronic switch circuit is difficult to make and op-
erate. 30 [0008] The autonomous power supply operates as fol-
[0003] The autonomous power supply of the Russian lows:
utility model patent is the closest prior art of the claimed [0009] Direct current source 1 supplies direct voltage
invention. to inverter 2, alternating voltage being supplied from the
output thereof to the input of bridge rectifier 5, to be rec-
Disclosure of Invention 35 tified and filtered by capacitor 7. Operation of the elec-
tronic transistor switches is synchronized such that each
[0004] The technical result produced by the claimed time when either of them is open the other is always
invention is that a single direct current source increases closed. The electronic transistor switches are commutat-
significantly the continuous operation time thereof to the ed alternately at a specified frequency. Electronic tran-
length of the service life of the battery. 40 sistor switch 8 opens for a short time causing a direct
[0005] The above technical result is achieved in a re- current pulse to flow between bridge rectifier 5 with ca-
chargeable autonomous power supply in a single storage pacitor 7 and load 11 with capacitor 10. Current flows for
battery containing a direct current source and an inverter a short time during the pulse period in the output circuit
having an output connected via a bridge rectifier in par- of inverter 2, via the primary winding of matching trans-
allel to an active load, which power supply is provided 45 former 3. Magnetic flux generated by this current induces
with a second bridge rectifier, a matching transformer, an electromagnetic force in the secondary winding of the
two electronic transistor switches having a control sys- matching transformer, said electromagnetic force being
tem, a diode, and capacitors, the input of the second rectified by bridge rectifier 4 and charging capacitor 6.
bridge rectifier being connected in parallel to the second- Next, electronic transistor switch 8 closes and switch 9
ary winding of the matching transformer that has its pri- 50 opens for capacitor 6 to be discharged via switch 9 and
mary winding connected in series to the inverter output diode 12 to direct current source 1 to recharge the same.
and the input of the first bridge rectifier having an output [0010] The current waveform given in FIG. 2 shows
connected to the capacitor and, via an electronic switch, the phase shift of current pulses in the power circuits of
to the load with a capacitor, the output of the second the electronic transistor switches.
bridge rectifier being connected to the second capacitor 55
and, via the second electronic switch and diode, to the
direct current source, the control electrodes of the tran-
sistor switches being connected to the control circuit.

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Claims

1. A rechargeable autonomous power supply in a single


storage battery comprising a direct current source
and an inverter having its output connected, via a 5
bridge rectifier, in parallel to a real load, said power
supply further having a second bridge rectifier, a
matching transformer, and two electronic transistor
switches with a control system, a diode, and a ca-
pacitors, the input of the second bridge rectifier being 10
connected in parallel to the secondary winding of the
matching transformer that has its primary winding
connected in series to the inverter output and the
input of the first bridge rectifier having its output con-
nected in parallel to the capacitor and, via one elec- 15
tronic switch, to a load with a capacitor, the output
of the second bridge rectifier being connected to the
capacitor and, via the second electronic switch and
diode, to the direct current source, and the control
electrodes of the transistor switches being connect- 20
ed to the control circuit.

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55

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REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION

This list of references cited by the applicant is for the readers convenience only. It does not form part of the European
patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be
excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description

RU 93185 [0002]