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ACTIVITY 2 Setup Wireless connection using Router, Access Point,

Repeater.

1. Setup wireless router


A wireless router broadcasts radio signals containing packets of data to computers within range.
You can plug a wireless router into a broadband modem to create a wireless network capable of
sharing Internet service with connected devices. While setting up the hardware itself is
essentially the same from router to router, the network settings configuration for a D-Link is
different from that of other brands. After connecting the router and modem to one another, log in
to the D-Link router from a Web browser to set up the Wi-Fi network.
Hardware Setup

Step 1
Disconnect the modem from its power adapter. Connect an Ethernet cable to the modem.
Step 2
Plug the other end of the cable into the "Internet" port on the back of the wireless router.
Step 3
Connect the computer to a LAN port on the D-Link. Connect the modem and the router to a
power outlet.
Basic Configuration

Step 1
Know the default router IP address and default user name with password in a Web browser to
access the setup wizard.
Step 2
Choose your connection type from the options. Most Ethernet connections use DHCP. Click
"Connect."
Step 3
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Enter the username and password for your Internet service into the appropriate fields or fill in the
IP Address, Subnet Mask, Gateway Address and Primary DNS Server fields, if applicable.

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Step 4
Click "Connect" to set up the network on the D-Link.
Advanced Settings

Step 5
Choose "Configure" from under Wireless Settings. Click "Wireless Connection Setup Wizard."
Click "Next."

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Step 6
Enter a name for the network into the Wireless Network Name (SSID) field and then choose
"Automatically Assign a Network Key" from the options.

Step 7
Select "Use WPA Encryption Instead of WEP," for the best security, and then click "Next." Write
down the security password shown on-screen and store the password in a secure location.

Step 8
Click "Save" to finish configuring the router. After the router automatically reboots, disconnect the
router's Ethernet connection from the computer if desired.
Router Other Functions:
1. DHCP IP Address Reservation:

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2. MAC Filtering

3. QOS Quality of Service

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4. Router Firewall Function
a. Application rules

b. Web Filtering

c. Application Filter

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d. Port Filtering

Other Functions of Router


1. Port Forwarding - the term port forwarding or port mapping identifies the
combined techniques of:

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a. translating the address or port number of a packet to a new
destinationpossibly accepting such packet(s) in a packet filter (firewall)
b. forwarding the packet according to the routing table
c. The destination may be a predetermined network port (assuming
protocols like TCP and UDP, though the process is not limited to these)
on a host within a NAT-masqueraded, typically private network, based on
the port number on which it was received at the gateway from the
originating host.

Types of port forwarding

1. Local port forwarding


2. Remote port forwarding
3. Dynamic port forwarding

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