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Itrinted in chim

Illustratlonsby:Jo Tlaylor/Sylvie Poggio Artists Agency (characters) and JHS

Studio/Beehive Illustntion.
Storter Mg fomilg Comporotiveodjectives
Thepostsimple:be 4
f Mg fr ie n d s Thepresentsimple(1):be 8
2 Mg hobbies Thepresentsimpte(2):Like+ -ing t2
3 Ourth in g s Confor obi[itg,permission
ond requests
Possessive 16
Review I 20
4 A t the se o side (L)
Thepresentcontinuous 22
5 A visitto the zoo The presentcontinuous(2) 26
6 Mg d o g Reviewof the presentsimple
Thepresentsimpte(3):hove 30
Review 2 34
7 Fr eetim e Adverbsoffrequenca
Timeexpressions 36
8 Goin gsho p ping nouns
Countobleond uncountobte
WouLdLike 40
9 Com p o r iso ns Comporotiveo nd superLotive
odjectives 44
Review3 48
1 O Pl.og
ti m e Must ond mustn't
Theimperotive 50
11 Posttimes Therewos, there were
Posttime expressions 54
1 2 Fo m i[gm em ories Thepostsimple(1):hove
Connectors 58
Review4 62
13 Portgtime ThepostsimpLe(3)
Ago 64
14 Schooltime ThepostsimpLe(4)
Whot,when,where 68
1 5 Ho lid o gti m e Begoingto
Futuretime expressions 72
Review5 76
Grommorreference 78
My family Thepastsimple:be

ll I lvvv

Do d is t o [ [ e rt h o n M u m .

- ^ G r o n d m o n dGr o n d p o r eo ld e rth o nCh o r lieM, o ll.go n dH orrg.

L ., rl

Weform the comporotive

of on odjectivebg odding-erto the endof the odjective.
\ -:,

s m o[ [ smoLLer bigger i
We usecomporotiveodjectives
to describe
fost foster difference
betweentwo thingsor people.
slow sLower
o|'d o[der We usethon ofier o comporotiveodjective
goun9 uounger comporeonethingdirectlgwith onother.
to LL toLLer Thehorseis biggerthan the donkey.
short shorter

I Completethe sentences.
Usethe correctword in brockets.

MoLLgis j i15;, (fostlgoung)


Mrslonesis Ch o r [ie( .9 o u n g /to LL)

C h o r l i ei s (l.oud/fost)

Grondpo Horrg.(s[ow/short)

Mol'Lgis Horrg.(toud/smol.t)

Hereoresomefoctsoboutthe fonesfomiLg.Completethe sentences,

informotionfrom the tobte. Usethe wordsin brockets.

Nome Age Height Ch o r lie ;5 o td e rth o n M o [[g (o1d)

Chorlielones 8 L.20m MoLlgis Horrg.(toLL)
fones 7 1.L0m Ho r r gis Gr o n d mo. (goung)
Gr o n d m ois Dod.(short)
HorrgIones 5 Lm
Dodis M u m .( b ig)
Dod 37 1..80m M u m is Grondpo. (smotl.)
Mu m 35 1..50
m Gr o n d p o
is Chor[ie. (oLd)

Gro ndpo 55 1..60m

Gro ndm o 54 L.50m

Write sentences.
I Beth/toLL/LiLg Bethi.stalterthon Litu.
2 / smolt/ Beth
3 Anno/ otd/ OtLg
4 OLLg / goung/ Anno
s Beth/big / oLLtJ
6 Ol.l.g
/ short/ Beth

lT GI'FWffiI ryI
I Yesterdog,
wosof school. gesterdog.
Chorliewosn'tof schooL
rffiil\t -'
Negotive Shortforms
tmmotive I wos not I wosn't
gOUwere gouwerenot gouweren't
hewos hewos not hewosn't
shewos shewosnot shewosn't
it wos it wos not it wosn't
we were we were not we weren't
gouwere gouwerenot gouweren't
thegwere thegwerenot thegweren't

We usethe postsimpleof bewith odjectives in the post.

to describeJeelings
I wastired. He wasbusg. Theyweren't angrg.
Weolsousethe postsimpteof beto identifgsomeone in the post.
or something
TerryandStevenwerepolicemen. Anna wosa doctor.
Weusethe postsimpteof bewith o ploceto describe
OIL7wasof school. Grandmaand Grandpawerein the shop.

Circlethe correctpostsimpteform of be.

1 Mum ondDodrwerei/wos tired. 2 ALexwere/wos of school.
3 Iim were/ wos o doctorin the pLoU. 4 TedondO[Lgweref wos busg.
5 It weref wos windygesterdog. 6 L o u ise
o n dHe le nwe r e/wo s h oppg.
Lookat the pictureon page6. Completethe sentences.
1 Chorlis was ilt.
2 M um,Cho r l i eH, o r r go n dG r o n d m o in the living r@m.
3 Horr g o doctor.
4 G r ondm o tired.
5 Dod of work.
6 G r ondpo i nt h eg o r d e n .
7 Mo[[g of school.

6 Mokethe sentences
T . t.
1 lomiewo so n g r g . J O m r e wo s n t %
2 Ienngwosin the pl.og.
3 Iockondfesswerehoppu.
4 Keithond Kotewerebusg.
5 Annowosin the kitchen.
6 Georgewoso policemon.
7 Heidiwostot[.

Writethe sentences
usingwosor wereond o comporotive
1 Iess/ fost/ Iock
w qlfqs!ilh on Jock.
2 lenngondGeorge / goung/ Keith

3 G eor ge/ t o U/ A. n n o

4 GeorgeondAnno/ oLd/ Ienngond Iess

5 Mum ond Dod/ slow/ the children

6 M um/ s h o r t/ D o d

7 G r ondpo
/b i g l C h o r l i e

8 leonieon dH o [ [ g/ g o u n g/ C g nth io

My friends Thepresentsimple(1):be

whereareyoufrom? Whereqre youfrom?

l'm fromSpain. I'm fromthe UK.

Affirmotive Shortforms Negctive ShortJorms

I om I'm I om not I'm not
gouore gou're gouorenot gouoren't
heis he's he is not he isn't
s heis she's sheis not sheisn't
it is it's it is not it isn't
we ore wetre we orenot we oren't
uouore gou're youorenot g o uo r e n ' t
t hegor e theg're thegorenot th e go r e n ' t

I Complete
the sentences.

f;' ,;\-,

He JromAustroLio. fr o mth e UK. Theg from Eggpt.

S he JromtheUSA. seven. You fromEggpt.

We----- from Brozil. You e ig h t. He - - one.

1 Soil.U
/Jrom/the USA
SatlyisnltJr:omthe USA
2 gou/ten

3 I/fromlAustrolio

4 Mum ondDo d/ f r o m/ t h e U K

5 we / from / Brozil

6 lock / Jive

Un i t1
Questions Shortonswers
Am I? Yes,I om. No,I'm not.
Aregou? Yes,gouore. No,gouoren't.
Is he? Yes,he is. No,he isn't.
Is she? Yes,sheis. No,sheisn't.
Is it? Yes,it is. No,it isn't.
Arewe? Yes,gouore. No,gouoren't.
Aregou? Yes,we ore. No,we oren't.
Aretheg? Yes,theg ore. No,theg oren't.

Weoftenusequestion wordssuchoswhere,when,whg,whot,whoondwhichwith
betofind out informotion.
Weolsousehowold.Thequestionwordgoesof the
beginningof thesentence.
Whereareyoufrom? Howold isshe?
In questions,
we conuseshortformsfor the he,sheor it form.Wedon'tuse
shortformsfor theI, gou,we orthegforms.
Where'shefrom? He'sfromEggpt.
Wherearethegfrom? They'refromBraziI.


-ls he fromRussio? Ye s,h e ls.



from the USA?

fr o mT h o iL o n d ?

4 Lookof the tobte.Completethe sentences.

No me Tong I e n n go n d Mig ueL Ko n g o Rofoond Youssef

George Pedro

Countrg AustroLio USA Sp o in T h o i[o n d Brozit Egupt

Tong's fromAustrolio. q
He's from A+s-'r-r'q-t
IenngondGeorge from
fromSpoin. from
Kongo from
from Brozi[. from
Youssef from

4. Completethe questionsond onswers.

5 Lookof the toble in exercise
1 Are IenngondGeorge from Austrolio7 No, theg oren't.
2 K ongof r o mT h o i l o n d ?-
3 Tongfrom the USA?
4 Rofoond PedrofromBrozil?
5 Migue l f r o mS p o i n ?
6 Youssef from Thoilond?

formof be.
the emoitusingthe correct
6 Reodondcomplete

H iJa m e s
H ou 1 q re U ou?| 2 Uourneu penfriend.Mg name 3 Gafg.
I l i u e in C a n adabut I 4 from Canada.| 5 from Scotland. ==
lUh e r e6 - g o u . e n7
from? I'ue o n lg g o t Uo u r e m a ila d d r e s s lUh M

Uourbirthdag?lUhat 8 -
gour hobbies?
P l e a seu r i te s oon! ffi
Garg 4r

, **,lt$,:=-:F'
My hobbies The presentsimple(2):like+ -ing

I fikeplaying I don't like playing

computer games. computer games.

Chorlietikespl"oging Horrgdoesn't[ikepLoging
computer comput.rgor.i.'W

'fu ngirmotive Negotive Shortforms

IF I like..:pl.oging I do not Likepl,oging I don't Likepl,oging
v uouuKePtoglng goudo not like pl.oging goudon't tikepl.oging
he [ikespl,oging hedoesnot like pLoging hedoesn't[ikeploging
shelikespl,oging shedoesnot tikeptoging shedoesn'tlikepLoging
it LikespLoging it doesnot like pl.oging it doesn'ttikeptoging
we like pLoging we do not like pl.oging we don't Likepl.oging
goulikepLoging goudo not like ptoging we don'tLikepLoging
thegLikeploging theg do not Likepl,oging thegdon'tLikepl,oging

Weusethe present simpleof tike+ -ingto tolk oboutthingsthot we enjogdoingor

don't enjogdoing. I likereading. ihe doesn'tlikeplaging the piano.

usinglike+ -ing.
1 Mr lones/ Like/ reod/ newspopers
_ylr Jqncs lkes re_cdrngn[spqps!-
2 mgount/ [ike/ go/to thecinemo

/ Like/ pLog/ chess

3 ourcousins

4 I / Lik e/ J i s h

s mg brotherondI / [ike/ climb/ trees

U n it2
2 Lookof the picturesond sentences.
Writethe correctsentences.

I d o n ' tL i k ep l o gin gte n n is.

'. ,
I i i n t-' i , ' ,, .,rri i ri ' l

S h eL i k eps L o g inte
g n n is.
: :: -,- S' i I l i r... :_,r,,.,,l r,i .!{_i 9l lL!.



I L i k ep l " o g i ntgh e p io n o .

T h e g[ i k ed r o win g .

T h e gd o n ' tL i k ep L o g invo
g tle g b o L L .

S h eL i k erse o d i n g .

Un i t2
3 look of the toble ond completethe sentences.
p l o g i n gt h e p i o n o h o r ser id in g drowing swr m m r n 9 reading
Ione x
Iim x
Simon x
A nno x
Oscor x
I I one l i k e s * * p L o g i ntgh e p io n o . 2 Jo n e d o e sn ' tllke d r o win g .
3 Io n e o n d Anno r eo d in g . 4 Iim p lo g in gth e pi ono.
5 Iim drowing. 6 S im o no n d O s c o r horseri di ng.
7 Simon
Sim reoding. 8 A n n oo n d O s c o r sw rmmrn9
9 A nno
An r reoding. 10 Oscor h o r ser idi ng.

Doyou like

Q ues ti o n s S h o r to n swe r s
DoI Likepl,oging? Yes,I do. No,I don't.
DogoutikepLoging? Yes,goudo. No,goudon't.
Doeshe LikepLoging? Yes,hedoes. No,he doesn't.
Doesshelike ptoging? Yes,shedoes. No,shedoesn't.
Doesit Likepl,oging? Yes,it does. No,it doesn't.
Dowe Likeptoging? Yes,we do. No,we don't.
Do gouLikepLoging? Yes,goudo. No,goudon't.
Dotheg LikepLoging? Yes,thegdo. No,theg don't.

Notethot we don'trepeotthe -ingverbin shortonswers.

famie, do gou likereading? No,I don't. DoesPollg likecooking?Yes,shedoes.

U n i t2
I Completethe questionswith Do or Does.
t .-Does Po u L i k eh o r s e r i d i n g ?
2 -*-- UouLikeplogingcomputer gomes?
3 =- Iocklikepl.oging the piono?
4 PoutLikeplogingvollegboLl?
5 -A mg o n d5 o [ [ gL i k er e o d in g ?
6 we l i k es w i m m i n g ?

5 Motch 1-5 with o-e.

1 DoesIulio likereoding? e - o No,we don't.
2 Dowe Likeskoteboording? - b Yes,hedoes.
3 Doeslohn likepl.oging computergomes?-- c Yes,
4 DoPouL ondIim likeplogingvotlegboLL? d Yes,I do.
5 Do goulik er e o d i n g- ?
- W

5 Lookof the chort.Write questionsond short onswers.

Hobbg Like?
1 gourfriends reoding ,/

2 M org p l o g i n gt h e g u ito r x
3 gou drowing ,/

4 Iohn fishing ,/

5 M um ondD o d skoteboording x
6 gouondCh o r l i e surfing x
Do uourfrlendsLikereodlna?
------------3--' Yes.theudo.

Unit 2 15
Canfor ability,permission
and requests
Our fhings Possessive

CanI usethecomputer?
you can.

Questions Shortonswers
ConI . . . ? Yes,I con. No,I con't.
Congo u. . . ? Yes,goucon. No,goucon't.
Conhe . . . ? Yes,hecon. No,hecon't.
Cons h e . . . ? Yes,shecon. No,shecqn't.
Conit . . . ? Yes,it con. No,it con't.
Conwe . . . ? Yes,goucon. No,goucon't.
Congo u. . . ? Yes,we con. No,we con't.
Cont he g. . . ? Yes,thegcon. No,thegcon't.

Weofienuseconto tolk oboutobilitg.

I canplag the guitor.
We useConI ...?or Conwe ...?whenwe oskpermission to do something.
CanI rideyour bike? Canwe turn on the television?
We useCongou...?whenwe osksomeone to do somethingfor us(o request).
Weconoddo commo+ pleoseof the endof o requestto mokeit soundmorepolite.
Cangou buy somebreod? Cangou turn offthe radio,please?
Whensomeone oskspermission, with gou.
we replgusingthe shortonswerJorm
gou can.
CanI usethe computer? Yes,

U n it3
I Reodthesesentences.Do theg tol,kobout permissionor o reguest?
Write P or R.
1 ConI turn on the TV? P
2 Congoupossthe sugor,pteose?
3 Conwe plogin the gorden?
4 Congouturn offthe rodio?- ---
5 Congougo to the shopsfor me?
6 Conwe go c u t f o rd i n n e rM
, um?

to oskpermission.
2 Writesentences
1 I/hov e/ ono p p L e / 7 2 I/u se /yo u r m o b ite p h o n e /?
Con I hov e o n o p p t e ?
3 | / t ur nup / t h e r o d i o/ ? 4 I /tu r n d o wn/th e m u sic/ ?

s I/toke/thispen/7 6 we / borrow/ thesebooks/ ?

7 we / t ur n on / t h e D V Dp L o g e/ r? I we /liste nto lth e CDp L o g e r ?/

3 Putthe wordsin the correctorderto write requests.

I poss/ sugor/ Con/ pteose
/ Vou/the /?
Con gou possthe sugor,ptease?

/ the / turn up/ rodio/ ?

2 Vou/ Con/ pteose

3 Con/curtoins/ the / open/ gou/ 7

4 Vou/turn offlthe / Con/ music/?

5 turn down/ gou/television/ pleose/Con /the /7

6 wosh/ gou/the / cor/Con / pLeose


Unit3 17
4 Motchquestionsond onswersfrom the box.Writethem nextto the pictures.
Conwe sit here? No,goucon't.
ConI hovesomecoke? Yes,goucon.
ConI-hevffin oppte., No,goucon't.
ConI borrowgournewspoper, pleose? Yesrgotreorr.
ConI hov eo n e wh o n d b o g ? Yes,goucon.

Cc i. l rnnlp?

)'e,, ,.

5 Lookof the toble.Writeguestions
to oskforpermission
ond mokerequests.

Permission Request
1 t urn upt he m u s i c 2 t u r no ffth e DVDp lo g e r
3 g o to th e ci nemo 4 g i v em eth e n e wsp o p e r
5 ploUwit h m gf r i e n d s 6 sototheshg?_fgl.
7 hoveo newcoot 8 heL pm e in t h e k it c h e n

'l ( _rii,

2 i - c r'

mg gour his her its gour our their

Thisis mg DVD. That'sgour CDpLayer.

6 Complete Writeour,gour,or their.

the sentences.
1 O Lrr bookis red.
Yo u r b o o ki s bLue.
trl l
Is t his dog?

3 Is t his

c omero?
c omero.
4 cok ei s bi g.
cok ei s s moLL.

Is t his project?
Yes,it's project.

Un i t 3 19
ReviewI Units0-3

Reodthe informotion.Completethe sentences.

Mr TogLor- 37
CorL- 11
1 CorLis $-urlg er Lhqtr- Mr TogLor.
2 Mr T oglo r i s- - o l . d e L t h c r n- - C o r L .
Bo bondT im- 9
D ois g- 8
3 BobondT i mo r e- - - - - Do isg .
4 Dois gis - , - - B o bo n dT im .
Redcor- 100m in 9 seconds
Yellowcor- L00m in L0seconds
5 Theredcoris - - the gellowcor.
6 Thegellowcoris--*- the redcor.

Circlethe correctpost simple negotiveform of be.

I HelenondSteffiwosn't /@hoppg.
2 We wosn't / weren't in the kitchen.
3 It wosn't / weren't cotdgesterdog.
4 A[ex wosn't / weren't of the cinemo.
5 Fredwosn't / weren'to policemon in the plog.
6 Thegwosn't/weren't ongrU.

Completethe diologuewith the correctform of be. Useshortforms where possible.

Tom:HetLo. Whot 5-- (t) gournome?
Rob: Hi. I -- - - - ( 2 ) R o b . W h e r e - ( r ) 9 o u fr o m ? Id o n ,tth in k
gou- -- - - - - ( 4 )E n g L i s h .
Tom:No,I (S).t -*- (0)Americon.
Rob: ( z )g o uh e r ew i t h g o u r fo m ilg ?
Tom:Yes.Mg cousins (8)English.
Rob: (r)thegfrom London?
Tom:No,theg (to).Theg (t t)from Monchester. We- (tz)
herein London on holidog.

20 Review1
4 CompLete the sentenceswith tike+ -ing.Usethe offirmotive,negotiveor question
form of o verbfrom the box.
surJ flg climb ploU reod skoteboord
1 Mg Dod the Internet.(not)
2 I oneondI e n n g co m ics.
3 Gor g t r e e s.
4 uou kite s?
5 You c he ss. ( n o t)
6 U o uo n d B e t h )

Permission or request?Write P or R.
1 C ongouhe l pm e ,p l e o s e ?
2 Conwe go out to ptog?
3 C onI bor ro wU o u rn e wC D ?
4 Congoupu tt h e b u t t e ri n t h eJ r i d g e ?
5 Conwe us et h e c o m p u t e r ?
6 Congoutokethis Letter to the postoffice?
7 C onlt ok eo b i s c u i t ?
8 C ongous t o yf o r o n o t h e r f i v e
m i nu te s?

5 Complete usingyour,our,
the sentences or their.

1 C o nI u se computer? 2 Co nwe r id e b ike s?

3 Conwe go to h o u s ep, L e o se ? 4 Co nI h o v e pLeose?
h o m e work,
5 C onhe hov ed i n n e ro t ho u se ? 6 Co nwe b e fr ie n d s?

Rev i ewI 21
At the seoside Thepresentcontinuous

C ho r L ie
is h e l.p inhgisd o d .

--t'r v ht.-


Lookof theserulesfor spelting

Verb Exomple Add Pr e se nconti
t nuous
mostverbs pLog + - in g p L ogi ng
v er bsen d i n gc o n s o n o n+t - e write {+ -ing wr iti ng
v er bsen d i n go n ev o w e l doubLe
+ oneconsonont, except snorket co n so n o n t sn o r k eL[i ng
-9 0r -w + - in g

I Motch1-9 with the correctendingto moke-ingwords.

1 s wim in g
2 c orr V tin g
3 reod in g
4 plo uing
5 dr ow in g
6go uing
7 put m in g
8 s t ud in g
22 Unit4
M u m is m o kin gso n d wiches.

Wedon't useshortformsofiertwo
Affirmotive Shortforms n o m e s.
I om plogi n g I ' m p l o g i ng Ericand Charlieareplaging vollegbalt.
Uouorepl.oging gou'reptoging
he is ptoging he'sptoging BUT
sheis ploging she'sptoging They' re plaging voLle
y baIt
it is ptoging it's ptoging Iohn'splaging volleyball
we ore pl.oging we'reptoging
Uouoreploging gou'reploging
thegoreploging t h e g ' r ep Lo g in g

We usethe present to totk obout:

. Something thot is hoppeningof the momentwe orespeoking.
She'stalking to someoneon the phoneat the moment.
. Something thot is hoppeningoroundnow Jora shorttime.
I'm stagingat mg aunt'shousefortwo months.
Wedo not usethe present to to[k oboutthingsthot hoppenregu[or[9.

Useshortformsif possibl,e.
usingthe presentcontinuous.
2 Writesentences
I Dod/ windsurf 2 I / c o m b / m g h o ir
3 Scottond Lucg/ reodcomics 4 .Jo u/p lo g ch e ss

5 we / skoteboord to o CD
6 Kote/ Listen

whot the peopteoredoing.Usephroses
3 Describe from the box.
sit onthe beoch eoto sondwich swim Jeedffi;offie mokeo fire

1 M oLLg

2 M um,M ot l go n dT o b g

3 Dod

4 Tobg

5 Chor lieon dH o r r g

ll-. Negot i v e Shortforms

t I om not ploging I'm not ploging
gouorenot ptoging Uouoren'tptoging
he is not ptoging he isn'tpLoging
s heis no t p l o g i n g sheisn'tploging
it is not pl.oging it isn'tpLoging
we orenot ploging we oren'tpLoging
gouoren o t p t o g i n g gouoren'tploging
thegorenot pl.oging thegoren'tpLoging Mum isn'tsnorkel.Ling.

24 U n i t4
Lookof the sentences
in exercise3.Mokethem negotive.
I ot lu is n't r e o d i n oo c o m i c .

5 Lookof the toble. Correctthe notes.Write completesentences.

reod sleep studg work run moke[unch drive
MrsGreen /

90u ,/

I ,/

we ,/

Timond BitLg ,/

Uoursister /

Bob/ reod
Bob lsn'treodlng.He'sdrrvin$
Uoursister/ sleep

we / work

TimondBitLg/ mokelunch

I / studg

gou/ run

Mrs Green/ drive

A visit fo the zoo Thepresentcontinuous

ls it eating?


Questions Shortonswers
Am I pLoging? Yes,I qm. No,I'm not.
Aregoupl,oging? Yes,gouore. No,gouoren't.
Is he ploging? Yes,he is. No,he isn't.
Is shepLoging? Yes,sheis. No,sheisn't.
Is it pLoging? Yes,it is. No,it isn't.
Arewe ptoging? Yes,we ore. No,we orentt.
Aregouploging? Yes,gouore. No,gouoren't.
Arethegptoging? Yes,theg ore. No,thegoren't.

Notethot we don'trepeotthe -ingverbin shortonswersto questions

in the
Areyou watchingTV? No,we oren't.
Whenwe giveo shortonswer, we olwogsuseo pronoun.
Is lohn pLayingin the garden? Yes,he is.
AreMum and Dadplaying chess? No,they oren't.

U n i t5
usingthe presentcontinuous.
t he/ Light/ ofwe?
Is he liohti
2 Jone/ do /her homework?

3 we / hove/ dinner/ now?

4 YouondTom/ pLog/o computergome?

5 gou/get dressed?

2 Writeguestions
for theseonswers.

Is the lions[eeping?
Yes,the tion'ssleeping.

No,the monkegisn'tflging.It'sclimbing.

the porrots
Yes, oreflging.

No,the kongoroos Theg're

oren'tsleeping. eoting.

No,the zebroisn'teoting.It's running.

Uni t 5
2 Lookof the pictures.

Is Tereso holdingo comb?

Y e s .s h e r s.

A r et h e gs tu d g in g ?

I s F r o n kco r r g in o
g b ig b o g ?

A r et h e gpl.o g inggo m e s?

Is Mr Rogers
reodingo newspoper?

I s G r o n d pd
o o n cin g ?

, ,*;

3 Writeguestionsond shortonswersin the presentcontinuous.

1 I / Leorn/E n g l . i/s?h/ /
_Amj ieqrnrng
2 AmU/toLk/?/x

3 m UMumo n dD o d/ s i t/ o n t h e b e o ch/ 7/ X

4 we/ hov e / d i n n e r / 7 / /

5 mg GrondmoondGrondpo
/ visit/ thezoo/ ?/ /

28 U n i t5
Reviewof the presentsimple
My doy Thepresentsimple(3):have

up of 7 o'c[ock. I get dressed

:-( /\

t Affirmotive
I pLog
gouplo g
heplog s
I do not ptog
goudo not plog
he doesnot ptog
I don'tptog
s heplo g s shedoesnot plog shedoesn'tplog
it pLogs it doesnot plog it doesn'tptog
we plog we do not plog we don'tptog
goupt o g goudo not plog goudon'tplog
t hegpt o g thegdo not ptog thegdon'tptog

We usethe present simpteto to[k sbout:

. hobit son dt h i n g st h o t w e d o r e g u L o r lg
Wewalkto school.
. foctsondthingsthot oreolwogstrue
Londonis the capitalof England. F

. opinions I don't likecricket.

Lookof the spellingrulesforthe he,sheond itforms of the presentsimpleoffirmotive.

Verb Exomp[e Add Form

mostverbs pLou +-s pl ogs
ending * -U
consonont studg )(+ -ies studies
verbsending-s,-ch,-sh,-x,-oor -z wotch + -es wotches
Remember e.g.hove,conondbe.
thot someverbsoreirregu[or,

U n i t6
I Tick(lthe verbsif thegorespettcorrectlg.
themif thegorenot.
I sees lO 2 singgs D
3 woshs l.IJ washes 4 poges D
s fo[[s LJ 6 goes D
7 cotchesu 8choosiesD
9 buggs tJ 10 sleepesD

2 look of the tobte.Arethe sentences

trueorfotse?WriteT or F,thenwritesentences.
Co [u m He id i Tobg , Tereso
getupeorlg x x
go to schoolbg cor x x
plogtennis ,/ X X
get dressedof 8 otlock x ,/ x X

1 Columgetsup eortg. T _J
He oetsup eortu.
2 Heidigoesto schoolbg cor.
3 Tobgdoesn'tplogtennis.
4 Teresogetsdressedof 8 otlock.
5 Columgoesto schoolbg cor.
6 Heidiptogstennis.
7 Tobggetsup eorlg.
8 Teresogoesto schoolbg cor.

Now completethe offirmotiveond negotivesentences

obout Cotum,Heidi,Tobg
ondTereso.Usethe informotionin exercise2.
I Colum doesn'tgo to schqol bgcor.
2 Colum ot 8 otlock.
3 Tobg bg cor.
4 TobgondTereso tennis.
s Heidi te n n is.
6 Tereso
ondColum eor[9.

Unit6 31
Doyouplay outside

Questions Shortonswers
DoI Likemil.k? Yes,I do. No,I don't.
Do gouLikemil.k? Yes,goudo. No,goudon't.
Doeshe l,ikemil.k? Yes,he does. No,he doesn't.
Doesshelike mi[k? Yes,shedoes. No,shedoesn't.
Doesit Likemitk? Yes,it does. No,it doesn't.
Dowe Likemilk? Yes,we do. No,we don't.
Do gouLikemiLk? Yes,goudo. No,goudon't.
Dotheg tike mi[k? Yes,theg do. No,theg don't.

Becorefutwiththe heondsheform:

Affirmotive Negotive Questions

I hove I don't hove DoI hove?
gou hove goudon't hove Do gou hove?
hehos he doesn'thove Doeshe hove?
shehos shedoesn'thove Doesshehove?
it hos it doesn'thove Doesit hove? ln myfamily,we have
we hove we don't hove Dowe hove? dinnerat7.30every
gouhove goudon't hove Do gouhove? arcning.
theg hove theg don't hove Dotheg hove?

Notethot shortonswers
orethe someosfor regutorverbs.
Dogouhavedinnerat7.30? Yes,wedo.

,2 Unit6
{ Putthe wordsin the correctorderto mokesentences.
1 Heidi/ does/ gotoschoot / bg cor/ ?
DoesHeidigo to schoolbg cor?
2 plogfootboLL / do/ oJterschool/ gou/ 7

3 5ol.Lg
ond Po[[g/ do / ot 7 o'clock/ eot dinner/ ?

4 go swimming/ do / on Tuesdogs
/we / ?

s do/ oJterbreokfost/ gourteeth/ brush/ gou/ 7

6 l 'i kes inging

/ V o u r s i s t e/rd o e s/ 7

7 gouondgourfriends
/ do /outside/ LikepLoying
/ ?

5 Writeshortonswersto the questionsin exercise4.

1,/ Yes,shedoes.

6 Complete
the questions form of hove.
usingthe correct
t Does UourDod have o cor?
2 -h e breokfost
3 -g ou o showerin the evening?
4 gou r f o m i l . g d in n e to
r g e th e r ?
s theg lotsoffriends?
o totof homework?
7 _I tonghoir?
8 Sol.l.g Lotsof togs?

Unit6 33
usingthe present
1 Writesentences continuous.
t She/ writ e / o l e t t e r 2 theg / wotch/'N

3 he/ woit / ot the busstop 4 he/ skoteboord

5 we/ do/ on e x o m 6 I / swim m in g

Mokethe sentences
in exerciseI negotive.
a -,
1 ) ne r s n: . . ' / r r t r noq t e t t e r . 2

3 Lookof the tobte.Writeguestions.

Thenwrite shortonswers.

do o test drive
write o moke ptou meet
letter d in n e r footboLL friends
2 G ino
3 Mox
4 ourporents
5 gouond Pot
6I ,/

we / pLoU
footbotl.? 2 Gino/ write o letter?
A"e we oloulnofootboll?
I S . Ol'.
Mox / driveT 4 our porents
/ mokedinner?

5 gouondP o t / d o o t e s t ? 6 I / meetfriends?

3t Review2
4 Motch1-8 with o-h to mokehelshe/itformsof the presentsimpleverbs.
L wot oes
2 wos b sses
3go c tes
4 tr d c h e s wotch"e.s
5 choo e ses
6 moke f hes
7od 9s
8po hds

Comptetethetextwith the present

or negotive
of theverbsin
I (1) get uP- (getup)ot 7 otlockduringthe week.FirstI (2) (wosh)
ondthenI (3) (getdressed),whileMum (+) (moke)
I onLg(s) (hove)fruit juiceondtoost,becouse I (6) (not Like)
cereoL.Mg sisterSondro(z) (stog)in bedfor oges,sosheolwogs
(8) (eot)herbreokfost in o hurrg.We(e) (woLk)toschool,
becouse we (to) (nothove)bikes.

Write questionsond short onswers.Usethe presentsimple.

1 Like/ pLogthe guitor / do / gou/ /
Do uou Li k ep l o-:a-------J-----'
u t n at h e o u l t o r ? Ye s.I d o .
2 gou/ do/ ofterbreokfost/ brushUourteeth/ /

3 lenng/ does/ getup/ ot7.3O/ ./

4 obik e/ do/ g o u h o v e / X

s Like/ eotingicecreom/ gou/ do / /

6 l.ikeplogingchess/ does/he / X

7 GrondmoondGrondpo
/do / Live/ in obighouse/ X

8 do / hove/ Vou/ for breokfost/ toost/ X

Adverbsof frequency

Henevergoesto thesportscentre.

we useodverbs offrequencu
to tolk obouthowoftenwe dosomething.
Lookof thetob[e.
B enLLL L L Ben'salwagslate.
lF,,g We con't usenever
Am ULL L L Amg'susuallglate.
Mik eLLL Mike'soften late.
Tod L L Tod'ssometimes\ate.
S ue Sue'sneverlate.

Weofien useodverbsof frequencuwith the presentsimp[e.

Lookof their positionin the sentence.
Iane sometimesgoesto schoolby bus.
I don't often bug souvenirs.
Weareusuallgasleepat 9 o'clock.
Weconuseeverto oskhow ofiensomeonedoessomething.
Do you evergo to the sportscentre?

?6 Unit7
I Completethetoble with X, /,,/,/,,/,/,/ ond////.
1 never x
2 o Lwogs ,/,/ /,/

3 sometimes
4 u s uollg
5 ofien

2 Comptete with odverbs

the sentences of frequencu.
I Fronk alwous goesto thecof6before work. ,/,/,/,/
2 M or ie bugspresentsfor hersister. x
3 MoLlgis lotefor schoo[. ,//
4 Peterdoesn't go to the librorg. ,/,/
5W e eoticecreomofierdinner. ,/

3 Write sentences.Put the odverbin the correctposition.

1 Wego to the cinemo.(sometimes)
W e s ometl m e g
s o to the clnemo.
2 Theg'reeorlg.(ofien)

3 Shedoesn'tgo to the swimmingpool.(usuoLLg)

4 ColumondIonego to the theotre.(never)

s I bugo ticket.(oLwogs)

6 Youdon'tvisit.(ofien)

7 Ourhouseisn'tworm.(otwogs)

8 I go to the cof6.(never)

9 I don'tgo to the tibrorgon Fridogs.

in October

in fune,in 2025
on Wednesdogs,
on Soturdogs
= everuWednesdoU,
on Wednesdog,
on Soturdog
= rXtWednesdog,nextSoturdog
of 6 o'clock,
of midnight,
ot 7.1.5

My birthday'sin March.
It'sherbirthdayon Wednesday.
Shealwaysgoesto the librargon Tuesdags. I'm meetingMarytodayat 3 o'clock.
Schoolstartsat 8 o'clock. t go swimming on wednesdays, and
o n T h u r sd al'ym g o in gto t heci nema.

4 Reploce
the bol.dwordswith on expression
from the box.
on"Tuesdogon Soturdogs on Mondog in IuLg on Tuesdog of 7.30 ot middog

1 T odogisM o n d o g . I t 'm s g b i r t h do gto m o r r o w.

I t 'sm g bir t h d o g
2 M g Mumg o e st o t h e s h o p se v e r gSo tu r d o g .
M g Mumg o e st o t h e s h o p s
3 Todogis Sundog. We'regoingto o concert tomorrow.
We'regoin g t oo c o n c e r t
I'm eight.It'sIune.I'm nineon 10thIul.g.
I 'm eight I. t ' sI u n e .M g b i r t h d o gis
It's seveno'clock.Mg brotheris in hisbedroom.
Mg brothergoesto bed
It's11.50. WeolwogshoveLunchin 10 minutes.
Weolwog sh o v eL u n c h
It'sWednesdog. I went shopping gesterdog.
I wents ho p p i n g

Putthe wordsin the correctorder.
1 Sophie's
f on/ThursdoV
/ is/ birthdoy
lirt il rl I e'i i; t iir!!4;, rj-- , - - : -::r,.1

2 go to / in /o concert
/ Let's
/ Iune

3 olwogs/ on / s t o g i n/ M o n d o g s/ we

4 we / in / the cof6/ Soturdogs

/ meet/ usuoLl,g
/ on

s sometimes
/ gethome/ Iohn/ midnight/ ot

6 Februo
rg / in / ore/ theg/fifieen

Usethe picturesondwordsto write sentences.

1 etryE_trr
ill,* i' " i,
+ o n F r id o g -]:-llg:-:-il:
'' t'l l- :'r ('l [i_r,_,.

& ffi ffi#w

, u su o L L/ g
- o n So tu r d o g

RH W + not + often

$ ffi + so m e tim e s

gq +
J- oLwous/

+ never

Unit 7 39
Goiugshopping Wold like

Weneeda melonand someapples.

Countoble nouns
S ingu[ or PL u r o L
o c of on o ronge somecots,someoronges
two cots,two oronges.
consonont vowel(o,e, i, o, u)
Theseorenounsthot don'thoveo pturoIform.
Thegoreomountsof thingssuchosfoodonddrink.

fruit osporo9us woter coffee
We usesomebeforeuncountoble
nouns.Wedon't useo or on.
I'd likesomeasporagus.
Notethot we conolso so!: o glossof, o cupof, o bottLeof, o conof for drinks.
I'd likea bottle of water,please.
ond uncountob[e.

meton o melon some
icecreom onicecreom
@ S f %

U n i t8
Putthe wordsin the correctcotumn.
nd hrmd bonono fruit Lemon o sp o r o g u so p p L e o u b e r g in e
glossof woter broccoli rice grope woter coffee roisin spinoch

Countoblenouns i U nc o u n t o b [ e
d o te br e r r d

Completeeochphroseusingo wordfrom the box.Useeochword once.

o sam two some four some three some

gb % b
som e coffee Lemons bononos oron9es

fruit glossof woter sp in o ch dotes

Write o, on or some.
I ____sn_opple 2 so m e g r o p e s
3 broccoli 4 gLoss of woter
5 - Lemon 6 - r o isin s
7 oubergine 8 nce
9 osporogus 10 oron9e
11 dotes 12 fruit
13 bonono 14 coffee
Uni t 8
Affirmotive 5hortforms
we'd likesomegrapes,please.
I wou[d[ike I'd [ike
gouwoutdlike gou'dlike
hewould like he'dlike
shewould Like she'dlike
it would like it'd tike
we would like we'd like
gouwould like gou'dlike
thegwould like theg'dlike

Whenwe orein o cof6or shopwe ofien

usewouldLiketo sogwhotwe wont.
Weofienusethe shortform'd tike.
I'd likesometea. He'dlikean apple.

Wouldyou lil<ean apple?
WouldI Like?
Wouldhe Like?
Wouldit [ike?
Wouldwe [ike?
Wouldtheg Like?

We usuoltgrepl.gto o WoutdgouLike...?
questionwith Yes,pleoseor No,thonks.
Wouldyou likesomegrapes?
Yes,pleose.f No,thanks.

$= Oon'tconfusewould l,ikewith [ike,whichwe useto tolk oboutthings

t \- we likein oenerol.
T ,'n likean"irrrrro^. (=I wont on icecreomnow.)
I likeicecream.(=I otwogsLikeicecreom.)

U n i t8
UsewouLdLikeond o, on or some.
1 Dod/gropes
Dodwouldllkesomegropes _
2 Chorlie
f bonono

3 MoLLg
ond HorrV/ woter

4 we / os por og u s

s I / oppLe

6 she/ o glossof orongejuice

look of the pictures. with Woutdgou [ike.Thenwrite the replies.

Woutduou likesomearopes?
No. thonks.



Unit 8 +3

and superlative

Thiscakeis smallerthan that cake.

we odd-erto the endof shortodjectives
to form the comporotive.

Adjective Comporotive Adjective Comporotive

[ong Longer short shorter
s mo[ L smoLLer deep deeper
high higher slow slower

Lookof theseotherrutes:

ending Exomple Add Comporotive
-e wide + -r wider
+ vowel
consonont d o u b leth e fin o I
+ consonont big b io
JJq e r
consonont + -er

Whenwe wont to directlgcomporetwo things,ptocesor people,we usethon.

Cairois biggerthan London. Charlieis taller than Harry.

U n i t9
1 Addr, ger,or er to the wordsto mokecomporotive
1 Long 2 short
3 gou n g 4 wid e
5 deep 6 h ig h
7 big 8 Loud

Writethe comporotive
1 smoLL 2 toLL
3 Lou d 4 Long
5 quiet 6 b ig
7 slow 8 h ig h
e fost 10 short
11 old 1 2 Uo u n g

3 Writesentences,
usingthe comporotiveodjectiveof the word in brockets.

\mf fi
t (hi9h ) 2 (oLd)

: (big) 4 (wide)

s (quiet) 6 (toLt)

Unit9 45
That cakeis the biggest.

Toformthe superlotive
of shortodjectives,
we odd-estor -st.

Adjective Comporotive
[ong |'ongest
smo[[ smollest
high highest
short shortest
deep deepest
stow slowest

Adjectiveending Exomple Add Comporotive

-e wide + -st widest

consonont+ vowel doublethefinot

+ consonont big biggest
consonont+ -est

TheolwoUsgoesbeforeo superlotive.
Dadis the tallest. Thegellow car is the fastest.
Notethot we consogin the world with supertotiveodjectives.
Whichis the highestmountain in the world?
TheriverAmazonis the tongestriverin the world.

46 Unit 9
4 Writethe superlotiveodjectives.
1 smo[[ the smallest 2 toLL
3 Loud 4 long
5 quiet 6 big
7 slow 8 hig h
9 fost 10 sh o r t
11 ol.d 12 go u n g

5 Lookof the toble.Trueorfolse?WriteT or F.

High Long ToLt
MountoinA 2000m RiverD 400 km g L 5 0m
Bu itd in G
MountoinB 1-000
m RiverE L75km Bu iL d inHg3 0 0m
MountoinC 3000m RiverF 500km I 75m

1 RiverEisthe longest. F 2 MountoinA isthe highest.

3 BuildingI isthe smollest. 4 MountoinC isthe smollest.
5 RiverFisthe Longest. 6 Bu ild in g
H isth eto L le st.

Complete Useo comporotive

the sentences. form,ondoddthon
or superlotive
if necessorg.
1 MountoinA is hLgh{-tfi'lri MountoinB,but MountoinC is
t he high e s r
2 RiverD is RiverE,but RiverF is ---
3 Bui[ dingG is Buil.ding
H,but Buitding I is
4 Mount oinA is MountoinB,but MountoinC is

5 RiverD is RiverF,but RiverEis

usingo wordfrom the box.

Completethe sentences
younger bigger oldest smaller)cleBest-
1 TheNi[eisfhs longest riverin Eggpt.
2 TheUSAis t h o nt he UK.
3 MountFujiis thon MountEverest.
4 Mg bobgs is t eirs th o n m g Gr o n d m o .
s The monin the worldis 113.
Unit 9 47
Review3 Units7-9

1 Writesentences.
Putthe odverbsin brocketsintothe correctploce.
1 I pl.ogtennis.(never)
r nev erp t o u t e n n [ s .

2 Wedo our homeworkin the librorg.(sometimes)

3 Kortwokesup before7 o'clock.

4 MumondDoddon'tgoto thetheotre.

5 Mg Jriendsoreosleepbeforemidnight.(never)

6 I'm tired.(oLwogs)

7 You're[ote.(sometimes)

the sentences
usingin,on or ot.
I M g bir t hd o gi s- - t n Morch.
2 Wego to the cof6 Soturdogs.
3 There'so portg 8 o'ctocktonight.
Woutdgou liketo come?
4 Columis goingto Poris Soturdog.
5 Theclossstorts 9 o'c[ock.
6 Mum ond D o dg o o n h o l i d o g Au g u st.

Writeo, on or some.
I S ome yi6s 2 dotes
3 oronge 4 9roPe
5 spinoch 6 sondwich
7 woter 8 coffee
9 - lemon 10 [emonode
11 glossof orongejuice 12 osPoro9us
13 - teo 14 oubergine

Completethe conversotion
usingthe expressions
in the box.
Wouldgoulike U Like No,thonk IU Like Dogoutike -ureu+@ife

Woitress:HeLto.Whot(r) woul'dgou like to eot?

Mittg: I don'tknow.
Woitress:(2) icecreom?
MiU.9: Yes, of course
I do!Chocolote is mgfovourite.
Woitress:OK,somechocolote icecreomfor gou.
Mum: AndI (3) somefruit.
Woitress:(4) somecreomwithgourfruit?
Mum: (s) , but (6) o glossof woter.

Lookof the pictures.Writetwo sentences

for eochpicture,usingo comporotive
odjectiveond o superlotiveodjective.
)Dtd big fost tong otd

A i s w i d e r th a n B.
A i s t h e wld e st

Review3 ,,,&
Must andmustn't
-F Plcytime The imperative


ll-. Affirmotive
dl" "
I I must
v goumust
it must
we must

Youmuststay neartheplayground.

Weusemust+ boseformto te[[ otherpeoplewhottheghoveto do.

Sometimes Uoumeons'evergone'.
Althoughmustismostcommontg usedin the gouform,we conuseit in otherforms.
Notethotfor heondshewe do notodd-sto must.
Ianemusttry to improveherspelting.
Wecongiveo moredirectordersimplgbg usingthe imperotiveform.
Stagneartheplayground. Plagnicely.
Theimperotiveform onsignsondnotices.

U n it1 0
Lookof the pictures.
usingYoumustondon expression
fromthe box.
do-thedishes tidg gourroom tistento gourteocher do yourhomework
helpotherpeople writethonk-gouLetters woshthe cor eot gourdinner

Ur': i l
Negotive Shortforms Youmustn'tplay in thefountain.
I mustnot I mustn't
goumustnot goumustn't
hemustnot hemustn't
shemustnot shemustn't
it mustnot it mustn't
we mustnot we mustn't
thegmustnot thegmustn't

we oftenusethe
In the negotive,
shortformmustn't+ boseform.
Wemustn'ttalk in class.
Weconolsousedon't+ infinitive
withoutto.Thisisthe negotive
Don't tolk in class.

2 Completethe toble.
Must Mustn't Imperotive

1 come You mustcome. You mustn'tcome. Come. Don'tcome.

2 stog

3 Listen

4 woit

5 go

U n it1 0
3 Lookof the notice.Writesentences,

1 t h e a n L m a l s.
I Don'tfeedthe onimols.
2 Don't drop litter. 2
3 Stogon the poths. 3
4 Don'tplog in the fountoinr. 4
5 Don'trun. 5
6 Put litter in the litter bins. 6
7 Don'tclimbthe trees.

4 Lookof the picture.Writesentences,

usingYoumustondYoumustn'tondo verb
ond on expressionfrom eochbox.
g)nrf sit ptou drop wolk
on the poth on the bench Jbeffi titter inthefountoin

1 t r e e s ._

Un it1 0 53
Therewas, there were
Postfimes Pasttimeexpressions

Therewas a small Thereweren't any

treein the park. noisycarsor buses.

Affirmotive Negotive ShortJorms

therewos+ singuLornoun therewosnot therewosn't
therewere+ pluroLnoun therewerenot thereweren't

Therewosondtherewereorethe postsimpleformsof thereis ondthereore.

Therewereisfollowedbg o numberor some.Therewosn't+ uncountoble nounis
followedbg ong.Therewosn't+ countoblenounisfotlowedbgo,on or o number.
Afierthereweren't,we useong or o number.
Therewasa big park neorhere. ThereweresomeoId carsin the museum.
Therewosn'ta busstopoutside. Thereweren'tany computers.

AfierWosthere...?we useo or on before
countoblenounsondong beforeuncountoble
nouns.AfierWerethere...?we useongor o
num ber.
Werethereang trams?

Yes,therewos. No,therewosn't.
Yes,therewere. No,thereweren't. No,thereweren't.

Wastherea train station nearhere? Yes,there wal / No,there wosn't.

Wedon'trepeotthe nounin shortonswers.

I Lookof the toble obouto town in Englond.Trueorfolse?WriteT or F.
In L958
troinstotions troms cin e m o s porks busstotions
2 / x 3 L

In 2008

troinstotions troms cin e m o s porks busstotions

1 x t 2 L

1 In L958,therewerethreeporks. T
2 In 2008,thereweretwo troin stotions.
3 In 2008,therewosonebusstotion.-
4 In 1958,thereweresometroms.
5 therewosonepork.
In 1.958,

Lookof the toble in exercise1. Write sentencesobout the town in the post using
there wos o, there were,there wqsn't o ond there weren't ong.
1 in 1958/ porks
In 1958.therewere
2008/ bus
2 in 2008 stotion
In 2008,therewos onebusstotlon.
3 in 2008/ porks

4 i n L958/ c ine m o s

5 i n 2008/ c ine m o

6 in L958/troin stotions

7 in 2008/troms

8 in L958/troms

9 in L958/ busstotions

Un it1 1 55
ondshortonswersusingthe tobLeon poge55.
1 2008/ocinemo/?
In 2008, wos therea cinemo?
1958/ threetroin stotions/ ?
I n 1958, w e r e t h e r et h r e et r o tn sto tto n s?
No. t her ew e r e n ' t .
1958/ two cinemos/ ?

4 L958/troms / ?

5 2008/ obusstotion/ ?

6 2008/ three porls/ ?

7 2008/ two porlcs/ ?

8 1958/ two busstotions/ ?

Weuse[ost,gesterdog ondonto tolk oboutspecific time in the post.

Uselostwith nouns.
lastweek,Iastmonth, lastgear,lastMarch,lastFridag,lastnight
Usegesterdog on itsownor with othernouns.
rdag morning, geste
geste rdag evening
rdag afrernoon, geste
Useon with o dogof the week.
OnFridag,Istagedwith Sophie.

tG U n it1 1
4 Lastweekwas'Helpyour neighbour'week.look at Charlie's busydiary.
Todayis Friday.
Arethe sentences
true or false?WriteT or F.
F ri dog
Mondog T u e s d o g Wednesdog T h u r sd o g

repoir lookofier h e lpM r Hitt
Alex'sbike bobgS o m in th e g o r d e n

Afiernoon MrsSmith's
wosh cteon p o in t
Evening Mr Brown's MrsCLorke's PL OU Mrs Robertson's
cor h o u se footboLI door

1 LostMondogofternoon, ChorliewoshedMr Brown's cor. F

2 Yesterdogmorning,ChorliecleonedMrsCLorke's bothroom.
3 LostTuesdog morning,ChorlieLooked ofierbobgSom.
4 OnThursdog evening, ChorliepointedMrsRobertson's door.
5 Yesterdogevening, ChorlieptogedfootboLL.
6 Yes t erdog
m o r n i n gC, h o r l i eh e l p e dM r HiL in
L th e g o r d e n .
7 On Mondogmorning,Chorlierepoired Alex'sbike.
8 LostWednesdoy, ChorliecleonedMrsC[ork's house.

Lookof Chortie'sdiorg in exercise4. Completethe sentencesusingpost time

1 Lost l4ondqV- -,ChorlierepoiredAlex'sbike.
2 , Mondogevening, ChorliewoshedMr Brown's cor.
3 Tuesdog evening, ChorliecleonedMrsClorke's house.
4 m o r n i n gC, h o r l i eh e lp e dM r th e g o r d e n .
5 Lost morning,ChorlieLooked ofterbobgSom.
6 evening, ChortiepointedMrsRobertson's door.
7 Lost , Chorlieplogedfootbol.l..
8 Wednesdog ofiernoon, ChorliecorriedMrsSmith'sshopping.

Unit 1 1 t7
Fomifymemorfes Connectors

t h a d b l a c kh a i r I didn't havemany
whenI wasyoung. toyswhenl wasyoung.

Ho ve
It- Lookof thestorter
Aff i rm oti v e Negotive Sh o rfo
t rms unit for the post
F tenseof be.
I hod I did not hove I didn'thove
gouhod goudid not hove goudidn'thove
he hod hedid not hove goudidn'thove
sh eh o d shedid not hove shedidn'thove
it hod it did not hove it didn'thove
we hod we did not hove we didn'thove
gouhod goudid not hove goudidn'thove
th e g h od thegdid not hove thegdidn'thove

We usehodto toLkoboutoppeoronce ond possessionsin the post.Theoffirmotive

form of hoddoesn'tchonge. Thenegotiveform oLwogsusesdid.
I had verylong hair whenI wasfifteen. Wehad a cat.

usingthe postsimpleof be.

1 Writesentences
1 Rob/ hondsome/ X 2 Chloeond Eric/ clever/ /

3 Er icondM i o/ J r i e , n a q/ X 4 lulio ond Kote/ prettg/ /

s Chtoe/ prettg/ / 6 Rob/ cl.ever


7 Kote/ cl.ever
/X 8 E r ic / h o n d s o m e / X

58 Unit12
2 Lookot the picturesof the HiLL
fomilg whentheg weregounger.
Trueor folse?
WriteT or F.


S u eh o df o i r h o i r .

P hi Li phod dork h o ir .

C o t h gh o db l o c kh o ir .

I i L Lo n dI u L i eh o d[o n gh o ir .

Writesentences fomil.g.Usethe postsimplenegotiveof hove.

oboutthe HiLL
1 Bob/ brownhoir
B ob dt dn't h c . v eb r o w n h o i r . H e h o d r e d h o ir
2 Sue/ shorthoir

3 Philip/ foir hoir

4 Co t hg/ s hor th o i r

ondIuLie/ shorthoir
5 fi1.1.

Un it1 2
4 Lookof the picture.Completethe sentences
belowwith the postsimple
of beor hove.

1 Horr g/ ob o b g 2 MrsIones/Longhoir
q !qltg-
l.1qf1li_ulqs l"1rs ,.lo lLus I- icO r on0 f l0 [ r
3 Chorlie on dM r I o n e s/ h o p p g 4 Mr Jones/ cheerfuI

/ go u n g
s M oLLg 6 Grondmolones/prettg

7 Grondpo 8 th e we o th e/su
r nng

9 Mr sI oneso n dH o r r g/ b r o w nh oir 1 0 Ch o r lie /ob ike

60 Un it1 2
Weuseondto [inktwopositive ideos
or two negotiveideos.
Grandmais kindandgenerous.
Tanyais meanand miserable.
We usebut to link o positiveideo
with o negotive ideo.We useo commo
Iack is miserable.but kind.

Circlethe correctonswer.
1 Helenishoppg@9t but cheerfuL. 2 OLL9 is hondsome,ond f b u t m eon.
3 lenngismiseroble ond/ but shg. 4 Poltgis prettg,ond / but meon.
5 SoLtg
is kind ond/ but generous. 6 Ericis reloxedond / but cheerfuL.

6 Writecompletesentences
usingond or but in the correctploce.
1 Cothg/friendLg/ shg
-Cgdg_t5-ftrendlu blr ', :r
2 leonief meon/ miseroble

3 Morgf meon/ hoppV

4 Te d/ honds o m e / s h g

5 the weother/ hot/sunng

6 mg brother/ friend/shV

7 Brodleg
/ gou n g l c h e e r f u L

8 ALex/ shV/ friendtg

Un it1 2
Review4 Units10-12

1 Lookof the [ist.Writesentences with YoumustondYoumustn't.

t / studgfor gourexoms 2 X getupLote
,_bu- ltlil,S!:_!u_dSjqr_gc)ii' Y-sumL{S_t_n_t-
ge-tup iq;r;
3 / d o g o u r homew orktoni ght 4 / woshgourhondsbefore

5 X s wimof i e rd i n n e r 6 X plogin thefountoin

7 / finishUourbreokfost 8 ,r to lk in o n e xo m

Usethe imperotive.
1 Youmustwoithere. 2 Youmustn'tstogtoo Long.

3 Y oum us t n 'tto L ki n t h e e x o m . 4 Youmustwriteto me evergdog.

5 Youmustget dressed
now. 6 Youmustget up eortg.

Lookof the toble oboutLifein 1900ond in the geor2000.Writesentences


postoffice rec gc l i n gb in s porks Internetcof6 supermorkets

1900 / x ,/ x x
2000 x ,/ x ,/ /

1 In 1900, li]eie-u;-q:nl-ton Internetcof6.

2 In 2000, porks.
3 In 1900, - supermorkets.
4 In 2000, - r e cAclinbgin s.
s In 1900, -- o postoffice.
6 In 2000, o postoffice.
7 In 2000, on Internetcof6.
8 In 1900, porks.
62 Review4
look of the toble.Todogis Fridog.Comptetethe sentences
Tuesdog Wednesdog T h u r sd o g
mo rnr n9 w o s ht h e c o r p lo gte n n is h e lpM u mwith th e shoppi ng
ofiernoon p o i n to p i c t u r e tistento music wotchTV

-[--qstWednesdav-mcrrun9 pLoged
, MoLLg tennis.
, MoLLg wotchedTV.
, MoL[gwoshedthe cor.
, MoL|'g pointedo picture.
- , . , , M o L Lhge tp e dM u mwith th e sh o p p in g .
- --, Mo[Lglistened to music.

look of the toble oboutthe Corltonfomilg whentheg weregounger.Completethe

sentences with the postsimpleoffirmotiveor negotiveof be or hove.
Grondmo Gr o n d p o Un cleBo b Au ntA nno

friendLg ,/ ,/ x x
cLever x ,/ ,/ /

o teocher x x / ,/

bl u eeges ,/ x x x
G r ondmo- nq - 4 _b l u ee u e s .
U nc leBobon dA u n tA n n o - - - fr ie n d L g .
G rondpo o teocher.
G rondpo ondU n c l eB o b fr ie n d lg .
AuntAnno -- clever.

Circlethe correctword.
1 G emm ois pr e t t g ,o n d / @ D m i s e ro b le .
2 PoLLg is meon ond / but miseroble.
3 Tedis kind ond / but hondsome.
4 Heteniso[d, ond / but generous.
5 BiL[is generousond / but friendLg.
6 Morgis shg, ond / but kind.
Porty time Ago

ttl r tl
Chor l i eM, o L Logn dH o r r gp L o g egdo m e so f th e p o r tgT
. h e yd id n ' two tchTV .

we odd-edto the endof the boseformtoform the postsimpleof


Affirmotive Negotive Shortforms

I woited I did not woit I didn'twoit
gouwoited goudid not woit goudidn'twoit
hewoited hedid not woit hedidn'twoit
shewoited shedid not woit shedidn'twoit
it woited it did not woit it didn'twoit
we woited we did not woit we didn'twoit
gouwoited goudid not woit goudidn'twoit
thegwoited thegdid not woit thegdidn'twoit

Lookof thisotherru[e:

Verb Exomple Add Postsimple

endsin - e Live +- d Iived

U n it1 3
I Writethe postsimpleoffirmotiveof theseverbs.
1 wotch 'W {1i (, r-l i L
2 Live
3 love 4 cook
5 stort 5 Lough
7 fi nis h 6 Listen
t hote 10 wo r k

Lookof the picture.Completethesesentences

oboutthe portgwith o wordfrom
the boxin the postsimple.
*W tisten cook lough wotch wont

1 Chorlie [ticl.1ecl the guitor.

2 MoLLg ondhe r f r i e n d s to m u sic.
3 MrsJones portgfood.
4 Gr ondpo o [ot.
5 Mr Jones TV.
6 H or rg- o drink.

3 Mokethe sentences
in exercise
2 negotive.
1 ' . - . l r ql!l q iliiir ',,,,r-,,',?, rlljiiuf ,

Unit 13
4 CompleteChorlie'sdiorg,usingthe postsimpleoffirmotiveond negotive
of the verbsin brockets.

-(undav f,th Mav Monday lz+h May

Harry arrd | (t) At rchool todayr we
(wosh)Dad'r ctr. Well, (6) *- .
| (z) (stort) about ancientE1yet. When
to washit, but n61ef \ it (z)- (finish),
(r)- (notwont) we (e)----- -(Listen)
to finirh rt, 5o we to our teacher,lt was really
(4) (wotch) rxtereStrnqlThe ancient
A {il v, but w e Elyntrans(e) ---, (Live)
(s) (notLike) a lon{ tu,re r..1r,Everybody
it uuch. irr the class(to)
(work)very hard, and I
(tt) - (l.ove)the
lellox. A{ter 5chool,I
(tz)- --- (plog)tennis
with My {rier,,dr.At houe,
Muru (tl) -- (cook)
r.aydinrrer.| (t+)
(wont)to 5Iay up late but
Munas^id I had to 1o to bad
early. | (ts) (hote)

5 Writecompletesentences
usingthe postsimp[e.
1 finis hm g d i n n e /rI / L o snt i g h t 2 wo n t/I / to g e t u p/ e o r lg

3 not/ listento music/ BiLLg 4 the cor/ wosh / we

5 PoLLg
ondM u m/ c o o kt u n c h 6 Ho sso/n h iste o ch e/h
r e l,p e d

65 Unit13
Weuseogoto toLkobout l tl ilt
o specifictime in the post. C h o r L ie
sto r te dsch o oth
l r e eUe o r os g o .
Thisconbeo recenttime
orfurtherbockin historg.
two minutesago
a month ago
afew Aearsago
many yearsago
a long time ago

, Horrgstortedschoolo weekogo.l

6 Lookof the informotionbelow.Writeexpressions

Now Then
1 th e geor200 8 t h e g e o r20 0 5
2 th e geor200 0 t h e g e o r19 9 0
3 1 0. 30in t he m o r n i n g 9 . 3 0i n t h e m o r n in g
4 Iu ne F e b r urog
5 mid n ig h t 11.59ot nig h t

7 Complete usingthe postsimpleondogo.

the sentences
C horlie
/ s t or t s c h o o l / t h r eUee o rs

He nr g/ pLoV
t e n n i s/ t w o d o g s

3 Steffi/finish herhomework
/two hours

Dod/ Listen
to o CD/ o few minutes

Kot e/ [ ougho f K e v i n/ o m i n u t e

6 Mum ond Dod/ wotch o DVD/ o week

Unit 'l 3 67
Schooltime What,when,where

Didyou havea goodday at school? Didyouwatcha fllmz

Yes,l did.

Q ues t i o n s S h o ro
t n s we r s
DidI t eo r n ? Yes,I did. No,I didn't.
Didgoul e o r n ? Yes,goudid. No,goudidn't.
Didhe[e o r n ? Yes,hedid. No,hedidn't.
Dids hel e o r n ? Yes,shedid. No,shedidn't.
Didit le o r n ? Yes,it did. No,it didn't.
Didwe leorn? Yes,we did. No,we didn't.
Didgoul e o r n ? Yes,goudid. No,goudidn't.
Didt hegl e o r n ? Yes, thegdid. No,thegdidn't.

Theformotionof questions inthe postsimpleisthesome

for mostregulor

Writethe wordsin the correctorderto mokequestions.

1 I / did/ eot/ breokfost/ 7
1 ".
,....+ ii- .i, 1 r i,l.l

2 Likethe fiLm/ sollg / did/ 7

3 did/ visitUourcousins
/ Aou/ I,ostweek
/ ?

4 PoLLg
ondH e i d/i d i d/ g o t o s c ho o/l ?

s did/ hov ef u n / o t t h e p o r t g/ g ou/ ?

58 Unit14
in the postsimple.Thenwrite shortonswers.
1 gou/gotoschool/gesterdoV/? //
Did uouoo to schooluesterdou?
Yes.I did.
/ work/ lostSoturdog
/ ?/ X

3 itlroin/Lostweek
/? / X

4 gourfriends
/ wol.ktoschool/ thismorning/ ?| /

5 gou/ hoveo mothslesson/ gesterd

oV/ 7/ /

6 we /ptog o new gome/todog/ ?/ /

7 Iess/wotchofilm/Lostnight
/? /X

8 gou/finishthisexercise
/ quickl.g
/ ?/ {

Write questionsond short onswersfor eochsentence.

1 I didn'tpointo picture.
Did qou pointo picture?No, I dldn't.
2 Wetookedof mops.

3 TheteochertolkedoboutAfrico.

4 Wedidn'twotcho f tm.

5 Theclosslistenedto o CD.

6 I Liked ot schooltodog.
the lessons

Unit14 alt
4 Lookof MolLg'sdiorg.Write questionsobout herweek.

Mondog Tuesdog Wednesdog T h ursdog

Morning stort homework woitfor the bus pointo picture visitGrondmo

Afternoon wotcho film [istento o CD visitth e m u se u m finishhomework

Evening pl.oU
tennis cookwith Mum wo[kto the shops stogwith 5ol.l.g

stort herhomeworkon Mondogofiernoon

Did Mottgstorther honrework
on MondoSojternoon?

v is itt he m u s e u mo n W e d n e s domg o r n in g

plogt enn i so n T u e s d oegv e n i n g

cookwith Mum on Tuesdog


wo[ k t ot he s h o p so n W e d n e s domg o r n in g

v is itG r on d m o n T h u r s d om
g o r n in g

pointo pictureon Wednesdog


Writeonswersto the questionsin exercise

3.If gouwrite No,shedidn't,
writeo correctsentence.
1 l{

U n it1 4
We usethe questionwordswhot,where
ondwhento find out moreinformotion whqt didyou
oboutthings.Thequestion wordgoes do yesterday?
of the beginning
of the sentence.
Usewhott o t o L ko b o u t h i n g s .
Whatdidyou watchlast night?Afilm.
Usewhereto totk oboutpLoces.
Wheredid you go yesterday?Tothe park.
Usewhento toLkobouttimes. I watcheda fllm in class.
Whendid the porty start?At sixo'clock.

Circlethe correctquestionword.
1 When/ Wh o t d i d g o ue o t f o rd i nn e rL o stn ig h t?Pizzo .
2 Wher e/ W h o t d i d g o uw o t c ht h e fil,m ?At th e cin e m o .
3 When/ W he r ed i d K o t eh o v eL u nch g e ste r d o gAt
? m id d o g .
4 Where/ Whot did KevinLeornot schoolgesterdog? Moths.
5 W hen/ Wh e r ed i dg o ug o o n h o l id o g ? En g L o n d .
6 W hen/ Wh e r ed i d g o ug o o n h o lid o g L ? o stm o n th .
7 Where/ Whot did goudo ot the weekend? We p[ogedJootboll..
8 W her e/ Wh e n d i d g o ug o o n h o lid o gT ? h eb e o ch .
9 W hen/ Wh e r ed i d g o ud o y o u rh o m e wo r k? Afte rsch o o l.

7 Complete usingWhen,Whotor Where.

1 did K o t ed o l o s tM o n d og ?
2 didA n d gc l e o nt h e k i t c h e n ?
3 did P e t eg o o n F r i d o gn i g h t?
4 didI u L i og ot o t h e d e n t ist?
5 didG r e gd o o n T h u r s d oegve n in g ?
6 did gouhoveforbreokfost?
7 did g o ug o L o snt i g h t ?
8 did g o ue o t L u n c h ?

Unit 1 4
Be going to
Holidaytime Futuretimeexpressions

T h e g ' rg
e o in gto co tcho tr o in .

We usebe goingto to totk obout

t A f firm o t i v e
I om goi n gt o
Uouoreg o i n gt o
he is goingto
S h o rfto r m s
I'm goingto
g o u ' r eg o in gto
He'sgoing to be a doctor.
Weconneverleoveout the beform.
sheis goingto she'sgoingto Wedon'tnormol.[g usethe shortform
it is goingto it'sgoingto
're ofier nomes:
we oregoingto we'regoingto
Pauland Stevearegoing to visitBob.
thegoregoingto theg'regoingto
Mum and I aregoing to watch TV.

1-8 with sentences

I Motchsentences o-h.
1 lt's dork. j o We'regoingto bughero present.
2 I 'm t ired. b T h e g ' r ge o in gto tivein th e c ountrgsi de
3 Shec on't fi n dh e rp u r s e . c We'regoingto stort it now.
4 We'vegot o Lotof homework. d tr+gei+ffiight.
5 lt 's Mum 'sb i r t h d o g . e I'm goingto sleep.
6 W e'r eoLLh u n g r g . f Mum'sgoingto cooko big meolforus.
7 I hoven'tgot niceclothesto weor. - - g I'm goingto helpherlookforit.
8 Mg porentsdon'tLikenoisgcities. h I' m g o in gto b u gso m en e wcl othes.
72 Unit15
2 Lookof Pol.lgond fock'sdiorgfor nextweek.Completethe sentences,
be goingto.
Mo n d o g Tuesdog Wednesdog T h u r sd o g F r idog
PoLIg windsurf c o o kd i n n er visitfriends bugo coke reodo book
Iock skoteboord swrm woshthe cor pLog
footbo[[ mokeo coke
1 O nT ues dogP,o t l g ' sg o l n gt o c o ok d ln n e r
2 OnWednesdog, Iock
3 O nMondogI ,o c L
4 On Fridog,Po[[g .
5 OnThursdog, Ioc
6 OnThursdog, Po[[g

Write sentencesobout the plons on o compinghotidog.Usebe going to.

I we / mokeo fire
We're ooln
* ot o m a k e o f l r e .
2 Dod/ lookfor wood

3 DodondChorlie/ put up the tent

4 Mum ondMo[[g/ mokethe beds

5 Mum / cookdinner

6 Horrg/ pLogwith histogs

7 i tl behot

8 we/hovefun

9 I/s leepinote n t

Chorlie/ reodlots of books

Unit 15 7,
Questions Shortonswers
Am I goingto? Yes,I om. No,I'm not.
Aregougoingto? Yes,gouore. No,gouoren't.
Is hegoingto? Yes,he is. No,he isn't.
Is shegoingto? Yes,sheis. No,sheisn't.
Is it goingto? Yes,it is. No,it isn't.
Arewe goingto? Yes,we ore. No,we oren't.
Aregougoingto? Yes,gouore. No,gouoren't.
Aretheggoingto? Yes,theg ore. No,theg oren't.
Arewe goingto
In shortonswerswe don'trepeotgoingto. travelby planez
Aregou going to come? Yes,Iam.
No,we qren't.

Wesometimes usetime expressionsto to[k oboutwhenwe expectto do something.

Theseinctudethe wordsnext,this ondtomorrow.
Nextconbecombined with severoInouns.
next week,nextmonth, nextgear,next March,nert Friday,next weekend
Tomorrowconbe usedon its own or with othernouns.
tomorrow morning,tomorrow afternoon,tomorrow evening,tomorrow night
Loterondsoonconbe usedwithoutotherwords.

4 Writequestionsusingbe goingto. Thenwrite true shortonswers.

f os on/ go t ot h e c i n e m o/ /

;., r:tSOl-iiicjlr"lil iu li'i.., : "i? Yg:; ne ts

IuLioond Mum / pLogtennis

3 KorLond Beth/ go shopping


4 we / go s w i m m i n g

/ go shopping/ X
s Ol.l.9

U n it1 5
look of the tob]e belowoboutthe Clorkfomitg'splonsfor the weekend.
Writesentences, usingbe goingto in the offirmotiveond negotiveforms.
KeLLg He|.en M u m Dod Robert Gorg
wotcho DVD
vi s itt he mus e u m
stogwith o friend

/ pLoV gomes

2 Helen/ stogwith o friend

3 Mum ond Dod/ wotcho DVD

4 G org/ v is itt h e m u s e u m

5 Robert/ bug newshoes

6 Helenond Dod/ pLoV


Lookof the Listof timesonddotesunder'Now'.Usephroses

from the boxto
describethe timesond dotesunder'In the future'.
nextyear later nextweekendlemorow- nextmonth tomorrowafternoon

Now In thefuture
1 L4thIonuorg L5thIonuorg _ r o m o r row
2 Morch2008 ApriL 2008
3 LLthNovember, morning llth November, ofiernoon
4 Mog 2008 Mog 2009
5 1.9thFebruorU,
morning 20thFebruorg, ofternoon
6 Wednes do g , 5M
t ho g S o t u r d og
o n dSu n d o g ,8 th
o n d9 th M o U

Unit ' 15
Revlew5 Units13-15

1 Comptetethe sentences usingthe postsimpleond ogo.

1 we/ donced of o portg/ threeweeks
We doncedat o portUthreeweeksogo.
2 A[ex/ pLoVfootboll/ two dogs

3 BethondIomie/ visito museum/ o month

ondMum/ wotkto the shops/ on hour

4 Hol.l.g

5 lock/ Jinishhishomework/ o few minutes

/ o geor
6 I/ hoteeotingchocolote

Writequestionsond shortonswersusingthe postsimple.

/ doncetomusic/ /
1 B|LL
DrdBLLIdonceto music?Yes.he did.
2 Mum ondDod/ stoywith GrondmoondGrondpo

/ pLoVtennis
3 HoLl.g with Gemmo/ /

1 ]ock / wotch o JiLm/ X

s HeidiondIulie / visit Grondpo


3 Completethe sentencesusingWhot, When or Where.

t Whot d i d g o u rb r o t h edr o f o r h isb ir th d o gHe
? h o do p o r tg .
2 did gougo to Fronce? Lostweek.
3 d i dA m gd o o nT h u r s do gSh
? ewe n tswim m in g .
4 did gourporentsgo on holidog? Thegwentto lopon.
5 did gougo to the cinemo? In mg town.
6 did goumovehouse? On Fridog.

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4 Lookof the pictures.
Writequestionsond shortonswers.
woshthe cor 4o-sw+mming-wotcho plog finisho schoolproject plogfootboLl

Is he qolnqt o q o s w l m m l n q ?No . h e [sn ' t


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be goingto ond o phrosefrom the bluebox.
Fridog Soturdog Su n d o g Mondog Tuesdog
I p t o gt e n n i s 4 fin ishh e r
Mor ning
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Afiernoon 3 stort her 5 wotch o 6 cookLunch

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@ On Mondogmorning NextMondogofternoon
NextTuesdog Tomorrowofternoon On Sundogofiernoon

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.^.ith Helen.

T hep resensimple
t :b e

Affirmotive ShortJorms N e g o ti ve Shor for

t ms Questions Shor tonswer s
I om I'm I om not I'm not Am I? Yes,Iom . No,I'mnot.
uou ore g o u 're gou ore not gouor en' t Ar egou? Yes,gouore. No,gou oren't.
heis he's he is not he isn' t Is he? Yes,he is. No,he isn't.
sheis she's sh ei s n o t sheisn' t Is she? Yes,sheis. No,sheisn't.
it is it's it is not it isn' t Is it? Yes,it is. No,it isn't.
we ore we're we ore not we oren't Arewe? Yes,gou ore. No,gou oren't.
uouore g o u 're g o uo ren o t gouor en' t Ar egou? Yes,we ore. No,we oren't.
thegore t h eg 're th e g o ren o t thegor en' t Ar etheg? Yes,theg ore. No,theg oren't.

T h ep resensimpL
t e:
[ik e

Affirmotive Ne g o ti ve Qu e stions Shor tonswer s

I Like I d o n 't[i ke Do I Like? Yes,I do. No,I don' t.
g o ul i k e g o ud o n 'tti ke D o g o u [ike? Yes,goudo. No,goudon' t.
he tikes he d o e sn 'tl i ke Doeshe [ike? Yes,he does. No,he doesn' t.
she[ikes sh ed o e sn 'tL i ke D o e sshe[ike? Yes,shedoes. No,shedoesn't.
it Likes it doesn't[ike Doesit [ike? Yes,it does. No,it doesn't.
we like w e d o n 't[i ke Dowe [ike? Yes,we do. No,we don't.
g o ul i k e g o ud o n 'tl i ke Do gou [ike? Yes,gou do. No,goudon' t.
t heg L i k e t h e gd o n 'tl i ke Dotheg Like? Yes,theg do. No,theg don' t.

The pre sent simpLe:hov e

Affirmotive ShortJorms Negotive ShortJorms

I hove I've I do not hove I don't hove
gouhove gou've gou do not hove gou hove
he hos he's he doesnot hove he hos
s h eh o s she's shedoesnot hove shehos
it hos it's it doesnot hove it hos
we hove we've we do not hove we hove
gou hove gou've gou do not hove gou hove
gou hove theg've theg do not hove gouhove

Q ue s t i o n s S h o rto n sw e rs
Do I hove? Yes,I do. No,I don't.
Do gou hove? Yes,goudo. No,goudon't.
Doeshe hove? Yes,he does. No,he doesn't.
Doesshehove? Yes,shedoes. No,shedoesn't.
Doesit hove? Yes,it does. No,it doesn't.
Dowe hove? Yes,we do. No,we don't.
Do gou hove? Yes,goudo. No,goudon't.
Do you hove? Yes, theg do. No,theg don't.

I Th epresent
AfJirmotive S h o rtfo rms N e gotive Shor for
t ms
I om pLoging I'm p l o g i n g I o m not pLoging I' m not ploging
Uo uq re p L o g i n g gou'repl.oging Uouqre not ploging gouor en' tpLoging
he is pL o g i n g he'sploging he is not pl.oging he isn't pl.oging
sheis p L o g i n g sh e 'sp l o g i n g sh ei s not ploging sheisn't pl.oging
it is p L o g i n g it'sploging it is not pl.oging it isn't pl.oging
we ore pl,oging we'repLoging we ore not pLoging we oren'tpl.oging
Uouore p L o g i n g g o u 'rep L o g i n g g o uor enot pLoging gouor en' tptoging
th e g or e p l . o g i n g theg'repl.oging theg ore not pl.oging theg oren'tpl.oging

Q ues ti o n s S h o rto n sw e rs
Am I pl"oging? Y e s,Io m. N o ,I'mn ot.
Aregou pl.oying? Yes,gouore. No,gouoren't.
I s h ep l o g i n g ? Yes,he is. No,he isn't.
I s s hep L o g i n g ? Yes,sheis. No,sheisn't.
Is it pl.oging? Yes,it is. No,it isn't.
Arewe ploging? Yes,we ore. No,we oren't.
Aregou pLoging? Yes,gou ore. No,gou oren't.
Aretheg pl"oging?Yes, theg ore. No,theg oren't.

T h ep ostsimpLe:
Affirmotive N e g o ti ve S h o rtJo rms Questions Shor tonswer s
I wos I wos not I wosn't WosI? Yes,Iwos. No,I wosn' t.
gou were gou were not gouweren't Weregou? Yes,gou were. No,gou weren't.
hewos he wos not he wosn't Wos he? Yes,he wos. No,he wosn't.
shewos shewos not shewosn't Wosshe? Yes,shewos. No,shewosn't.
it wos it wos not it wosn't Wosit? Yes,it wos. No,it wosn't.
we were we were not we weren't Werewe? Yes,we were. No,we weren't.
uouwere gou were not gouweren't Weregou? Yes,gou were. No,gou weren't.
theg were theg werenot theg weren't Weretheg? Yes,theg were. No,theg weren't.

Th epostsimple:hod
Affirmotive Shortforms Negotive Shor Jor
t ms
I hod I'd I did not hove I didn't hove
g o uh o d g o u 'd g o ud i d not hove you didn't hove
he hod he'd he did not hove goudidn't hove
s h eh o d sh e 'd sh ed i d not hove shedidn' thove
it hod it'd it did not hove it didn't hove
we hod we'd we did not hove we didn't hove
g o uh o d g o u 'd g o ud i d not hove goudidn't hove
th e g h o d th e g 'd th e gd i d not hove theg didn't hove

Qu e s t i o n s S h o rto n sw e rs
DidI hove? Yes,I did. No,I didn't.
D i dg o u h o ve ? Y e s,g o ud i d . N o ,goudidn' t.
D i dh e h o v e ? Y e s,h ed i d . N o ,hedidn' t.
D i ds h eh o v e ? Y e s,sh ed i d . N o ,shedidn' t.
Did it hove? Yes,it did. No,it didn't.
Didwe hove? Yes,we did. No,we didn't.
D i dg o u h o ve ? Y e s,g o ud i d . N o ,goudidn' t.
D i dt h e g h o v e ? th e g d i d . N o ,theg didn' t.
Y e s,

Th ep cstsimpL e:
r e! ul' orv er bs

Affirmotive N e g o ti ve Shor for

t ms
I woited I did not woit I didn'twoit
g o uw o i t e d gou did not woit gou didn'twoit
he woited he did not woit he didn'twoit
s h ew o i t e d shedid not woit shedidn'twoit
it woited it did not woit it didn'twoit
we woited we did not woit we didn'twqit
gou woited gou did not woit goudidn't woit
th e gw o i t e d theg did not woit theg didn'twoit

Thep ostsimple:reguLor

Qu e s t i o n s S h o rto n sw e rs
D i dI l e o r n ? Yes,I did. No,I didn' t.
D i dg o u l e o r n ? Yes,gou did. No,gou didn't.
D i dh e l e o r n? Yes,he did. No,he didn't.
D i ds h el e o r n ? Yes,shedid. No,shedidn't.
Did it leorn? Yes,it did. No,it didn't.
Didwe leorn? Yes,we did. No,we didn't.
D i dg o ul e o r n ? Yes,gou did. No,gou didn't.
D i dt h e g l e o rn ? Yes,theg did. No,theg didn' t.


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