You are on page 1of 11

# REPORT ON

## REGULATED POWER SUPPLY

Under the guidance of Dr B Venkatesaperumal
Associate Professor
Department of Electrical and Electronics
Engineering
National Institute of Technology Karnataka,
Surathkal
Submitted on: 23rd March 2016

Submitted by:
Abhilasha J (14EE202)
Alok Aryan(14EE203)
A Ramesh(14EE204)

1|Page
CONTENTS

Topic Page No
Design of Regulated Power Supply 3
Schematic of the circuit 7
Components used and their price 8
Hardware Implementation 9
Conclusion 10
Bibliography 11

2|Page
DESIGN OF REGULATED POWER SUPPLY
There are four different parts of regulated power supply as shown below

230 V
MAINS
TRANSFORMER RECTIFIER SMOOTHING

REGULATOR
Fig 1: Block Diagram of power supply

## 1. Step down AC Voltage

As we are converting 220 V AC into 15 V DC first we need a step down
transformer to reduce such high voltage. Here we have used (18-0-18V; 1
A) step down transformer which converts 220 V AC to 18 V AC.
Selection of the transformer was done on the basis of load current (circuit
which will use the generated DC). The voltage rating had to be more than
the required voltage because the voltage before the regulator has to be at
least 2-3 V more than the desired output which is 15 V.
So required voltage rating of the transformer = 15 +3 = 18 V
The regulator L7815CV and L7915CV has a current rating of 1.5 A and
the load current is between 500-750 mA.
So current rating of transformer chosen = 1 A

3|Page
2. Rectification
It is the process of removing the one half of the alternating current, hence
producing partial DC. This can be achieved using diodes, since diode
allows current to flow in only one direction.
With D1 as forward biased in the schematic positive half of the AC
voltage is extracted while D2 in reverse biased does the same for negative
half.

## Fig 2: Half Wave rectification (positive half)

3. Filtration
Reduce input ripple voltage
We use ceramic capacitor right after the diode to reduce ripple
voltage amplitude. They are used because it is more sensitive to
high frequency noise. This reduces the rms ripple current to a level
which can be handled by bulk capacitors. In general keeping the
peak to peak ripple amplitude below 75mV keeps the rms current
in the bulk capacitor within acceptable limits.
CALCULATION OF CAPACITANCE OF CERAMIC
CAPACITOR
( (1 ) 1000)
min( ) =

## Here for Iout = 1 A

Duty cycle = 0.5

4|Page
Taking fnoise =333 kHz
Vripple = 75 mV
(1 0.5 (1 0.5) 1000)
min( ) =
333 75
( ) = .
Voltage rating of this capacitor is 50 V.
After this stage 100 uF electrolytic capacitor is used which is
sensitive to low frequency noise which removes the low frequency noise
gives a more finer voltage which approximately 18 V before the regulator
stage.

+15V

## Fig 3: Maintaining DC level

4. Voltage Regulation
A voltage regulator IC L7815CV is used to provide a regulated +15V DC
and IC L7915CV is conversely to provide a regulated -15V DC. Input
voltage should be 2-3 V more than the output rated voltage for proper
working of the IC.
A ceramic capacitor of 0.22 uF is connected to the output of 7815 to
eliminate the noise produced by transient change in voltage.
CALCULATION OF CAPACITANCE OF CERAMIC CAPACITOR
( (1 ) 1000)
min( ) =

Here for Iout = 1 A
Duty cycle = 0.5
Taking fnoise =20 kHz (noise level is less)

5|Page
Vripple = 75 mV
(1 0.5 (1 0.5) 1000)
min( ) =
20 75
( ) = .166

## Fig 4: Regulated output

5. Smoothing
An electrolytic capacitor of capacitance 4700 uF is used at the output.
When circuit gets loaded, this capacitor maintains proper voltage supply
preventing voltage sag.
CALCULATION OF CAPACITANCE

=

, =

Tdischarge = t = 10 ms
Verr = 0.75 V = V
To maintain output voltage in acceptable limits (i.e. error of 5 percent) gives (15
* 5/100 = 0.75 V)
0.01
, = 0.5
0.75
, = .

6|Page
SCHEMATIC OF THE CIRCUIT

7|Page
COMPONENT LIST

## S.No. Item Rating Qty Price Amount

1 Transformer 230-18V 1 Rs 70 Rs 70
50 Hz
2 Ceramic 0.01uF 2 Rs 1 Rs 2
capacitor 50V
3 Ceramic 0.22uF 2 Rs 1 Rs 2
capacitor 50V
4 Electrolytic 100uF 2 Rs 1 Rs 2
capacitor 63V
5 Electrolytic 4700uF 2 Rs 15 Rs 30
capacitor 25V
6 L7815CV +15V, 1 Rs 10 Rs 10
1.5A
regulator
7 L7915CV -15V, 1 Rs 10 Rs 10
1.5A
regulator
8 IN4007 1A 2 Rs 1 Rs 2
rectifier
9 GPB - 1 Rs 30 Rs 30

## Total Cost = Rs 158

8|Page
HARDWARE IMPLEMENTATION
The hardware setup is as shown below

9|Page
CONCLUSION

## We have successfully implemented regulated power supply of 15 . Output

as measured by DMM (Digital Multi Meter) under no load condition gives 15.1
V on the positive side and 14.7 V on the negative side which is within the
acceptable limits.

10 | P a g e
BIBLIOGRAPHY

## Datasheet of IC L7815CV and IC L7915CV

www.electrical4u.com
www.ti.com
www.circuitdigest.com