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3.

1-1 A discrete random variable X has possible


values x1 = i2, i = 1,2,3,4,5, which occur
occur with probabilities 0.4, 0.25, 0.15, 0.1
and 0.1, respectively. Find the mean value
X =E [ X ] of X

Solution Because it was a discrete problems, we can


use discrete random variable formula (3.1-4)
N
E [ X ] = x i P ( x i )
i=1

5
E [ X ] = x i P ( x i ) = 12 (0.4) + 22 (0.25) + 32 (0.15) +
i=1

42 (0.1) + 52 (0.1) = 6.85

3.1-4 (a) Find the average amount the gambler in


Problem 2.1-13 can expect to win
(b) What is his probability of winning on any
given playing of the game

Solution in Problem 2.1-13, there was a gambler


flipping his fair coin 3 times. Heres the
gambling condition:
1. Loses $1 if he gets no heads in three flips
2. He win $1, $2 and $3 if he obtains 1, 2, or
3 heads, respectively.
It can be inferred from the condition that it
was a discrete random variable. So, we can
use the discrete random variable formula
(3.1-4)
(a) Total subsets of three coin flips:
N = 3; 2N = 8
Using discrete random variable formula

Average winnings = E [ X ] =1 ( 18 )+1( 38 )+2( 38 )+3( 18 )


15
=$ 1.875
8

3 3 1 7
+ + =
(b) P (win) = 8 8 8 8

3.2-1 Give an example of a random variable


where its mean value might not equal any of
its possible value

Solution One example is a random variable with two


values x1 and x2 x1 that are equally
probable. Here
x1 + x 2
E [ X ]= ( x 1x 2)
2

3.2-2 Find:
(a) The expected value, and
(b) The variance of the random variable with
triangular density of Figure 2.3-1a if a = 1/
Solution
(a) Since FX(x) is symmetrical about x = x0 its
mean value is E[X] = x0

(b) We calculate

=E [ ( X X ) ]= ( xx 0 )2 F x ( x ) dx
2 2
x

But,
F x ( x )=0, x< x0 x x 0+

1
( xx 0 + ) , x 0 x< x 0
2

1 1
2 ( x x 0) , x 0 x <x 0+

So,
x0 2
2 ( xx 0 )
=
x 2 ( xx 0 + ) dx
x 0

x 0 + 2
( xx 0 ) 1
+ [1 ( xx 0 ) ]dx= 2 / 6
x0