You are on page 1of 6

AUGUST 2, 2016

The Sign of the Cross and Our


The Sign of the Cross has a special connection to baptism. It is traced

by the Church on the forehead of the catechumen before baptism. It is a sign
that this life has been brought under the shadow of Christs work of
redemption. It marks the soul as the Lords special possession and erases all
absolute claims any principality or power attempt to make over it.
Whenever we make this sign, we renew our baptismal promises. These
promises include the rejection of Satan, his work, and his empty promises.
Without Christ, we are under our adversarys rule, implicated in his work, and
deceived to act against our own integrity.

By blessing ourselves, we renew our declaration of freedom and defiance in the

face of evil. It is our visible profession that we have died to ourselves in the
waters of baptism and that we have been raised up with new life not subject to
the devils dominion. We choose instead to live by faith in Christ Jesus and
declare that the fruit of His obedience has triumphed over the power of sin in

Extending the Cross from our head to our gut, from shoulder to shoulder is a
disavowal of every project and design that would tear down, confuse, deceive,
and foment hostility to human dignity and life. This sacred gesture declares
that we will not implicate ourselves or our resources to anything that will
diminish the dignity of our neighbor or ourselves. We signify our resolve that
evil work will have no place in our lives, even if this means having to suffer
great evil and humiliation for the sake of Christ.

The gesture of the Cross and the invocation of the Trinity repudiate Satans
every suggestion that we can achieve something good by doing something evil.
By this sign we rise up and stake our lives of the promises of the living God.
This sign renews our pledge to take our stand on what is good, beautiful, and

The promises that we renew by this sign of blessing also include the decision
to stand up for and live by the Holy Trinity. This sign affirms that we believe
that the God who reveals Himself as Father, Son, and Holy Spirit has revealed
not an appearance, but the fullness of the divine mystery itself. It is not an
appearance that rectifies our being, but our dignity finds its footing the
mystery of God Himself.

When we bless ourselves, we affirm that above the heavens and below the
earth, the Uncreated Love of the Trinity circumscribes and holds together
everything visible and invisible. Our blessing renews our commitment to live
by love and die by love. We signify with this sign that we have pledged our
lives, our honor, and everything we hold dear to affirm this truth about God to
our last breath.

To renew our pledge to the Trinity through this sign does not mean we simply
believe the Trinity exists or what the Trinity has revealed; we also believe for
the sake of God, because we love Him. If we love Him, we love all those He has
created in His wondrous love. The Sign of the Cross renews this
solemn devotion. Ending with Amen, a declaration of truth before God (see
CCC 10611065), we renew our irrevocable pledge of devotion to Him, and
acknowledge that He is ever devoted to us.

A Sign of Protection
This article is from a chapter in FIRE FROM ABOVE. Click image to preview other chapters.

The saints use the Sign of the Cross as a shield, a protection against all evil, all
diabolical irrationality. As she grew into spiritual maturity through prayer,
Saint Teresa of vila came to understand the importance of this sign. In fact,
the first part of her Interior Castle suggests that if we do not enter more
deeply into our hearts by disciplined prayer, we are unnecessarily vulnerable
to anti-human spiritual forces.
She describes such forces as poisonous snakes, toads, and lizards that are
always trying to frighten us away from a true encounter with the Lord. They
are constantly trying to undermine our faith. She advocates making the Sign of
the Cross as a sure way to stand firm against their attacks on our trust in God.
She simply assumes that this physical action has spiritual power to deepen our
confidence in such times of trial.

Going back even further, Saint Anthony of the Desert, a third-century

Egyptian hermit, also encouraged the Sign of the Cross. He used it to combat
all kinds of confusion, terror, deception, depression, frustration, nostalgia,
discouragement, and contention and a long list of other vexations that often
haunt those who take up the battle to pray. Dehumanizing irrationality is
rendered powerless when exposed to the divine rationality of Gods love
revealed in the Cross.

Saint Athanasius explains in his Life of Antony that the ancient forces that
oppose what is genuinely human are in fact irrational and are powerless in the
face of the truth. That is why they always work on the level of deception
misrepresenting the facts to confuse, seduce, and discourage. When we do
nothing to defend ourselves against their efforts to pull us into their dark
swamps of demented reasoning, we soon find ourselves engaged in self-
destructive activities.
The Sign in Spiritual Combat
Forsaking the physical and bodily dimension of our prayer can have perilous
consequences. If we do not use our bodies as instruments of grace and sanctify
them by holy gestures and words, we are more inclined to allow ourselves to
be duped into self-destructive practices. When we do not realize that our faith
is not simply a nice idea or religious fantasy to think about during the
holidays, then, in the difficult grind of day-to-day existence, our tormented
spirits will come to see the body as a burden and its destruction as a means of

The demonic is very real. We should not be overly curious about it, but we
should not be indifferent either. I asked one young person why she was cutting
herself. She explained to me that it was the only relief that she could find from
the pain that burdened her heart. The idea to do this was not something that
she thought of on her own. It was suggested to her in her own mind while she
was by herself. She could not recognize the demonic deception, and the
physical self-abuse seemed to work for a while. Yet this only led to a greater
sense of alienation and inclination to self-destruction. By herself, she was
unable learn how to combat this kind of thinking. She needed the help of
others, in whom she could confide and who would help her discern.

The Sign of the Cross and Our Baptism

This kind of spiritual attack involves not only an increasingly common
psychological pathology, but also illustrates that our minds and bodies are
connected. If we do not respect this connection, we are open to all kinds of
dangers psychological, physiological, and spiritual. As happened to this
young lady, evil spirits want to rob humanity of its trust in God and in others;
for without trust in Gods love, even the youngest and brightest among us are
subject to every irrational impulse. In addition to getting young people to
trained counselors to help them deal with the events that dispose them to this
behavior and having the courage to enter into their hearts, it is also helpful to
give them spiritual signs that they can offer with their bodies.

In the face of this, the Sign of the Cross is a physical reminder of Gods love for
humanity and the greatness of human dignity that flows from this love. It
connects our bodily life here below with the heavenly life from above. When
the Christian mindfully blesses himself with faith, the reason to trust God is
signified with the body. A soul grounded in such trust and rooted deeply in the
truth can be tried by all kinds of malicious falsehood, but as long as it remains
under the Sign of the Cross, it can never be overcome.

In the age of chivalry, Saint Dominic would also arm himself with the Sign of
the Cross. Before any prayerful study of the Bible or the Fathers of the Church,
he would bless himself. As he marched miles and miles to preach the gospel,
he would sign himself so frequently that he looked as if he were swatting flies.

To study the Word of God prayerfully and to preach it to others requires that
we enter into a vulnerable place where thoughts opposed to God can
sometimes assail us. These come from dehumanizing forces both within and
beyond our own psychology. Whatever their source, they want to oppose us
and discourage our efforts.

Making the Sign of the Cross deliberately and with faith protects us from any
suggestion that prayer is a waste of time, or something to put off until later, or
else something to become proud over. These kinds of thoughts are, after all,
demonic ideas, ideas in direct opposition to the reality of prayer. When we
bless ourselves with this sign, these falsehoods are revealed against the prayer
offered for us by the One who was crucified by love.

The Sign of Courage

For most Christians, especially the persecuted and those who are facing death,
this sign is an occasion of hope and a source of strength. We make this sign as
an expression of solidarity with all those who have gone before us marked by
the sign of faith. It is the sign of our common forefathers in the faith of
countless men and women who courageously accepted every trial, persecution,
rejection, imprisonment, torture, and even death. Their complete trust in the
Holy Trinity, all the way to the end, helps us to see the truth of Gods love.
Thus, when we make the sign of blessing that they made before us, we too find
the courage to accept this blessing and to stand firm in our faith.

Making the Sign of the Cross involves the decision to choose the Cross as ones
standard in life. The sign is a reminder that every decision and action ought to
be a response to the love the Lord revealed on the Cross. This love is a true
sacrificial love, and to respond, one must be ready to make real sacrifices of
love in the circumstances of ones life. In the face of this reality, all ones
actions are endowed with a spiritual meaning.

That which one does in his body, through his actions and the movements of
his heart, and also what he fails to do, is either an acceptance or rejection of
the love expressed in the Sign of the Cross. Thus, when we make this sign, not
only with our hand but also with the intention of our heart and the attention of
our mind, we begin to pray, not only with our bodies but also our spirits. In
this way, Christian prayer is meant to be profoundly whole body and soul,
affection and thought, heart and understanding. Such prayer leads to courage,
the movement toward reconciliation with God, the beginning of a pilgrimage
to our Fathers house.
Editors note: This article is from a chapter in Dr. Lilless Fire from Above:
Christian Contemplation and Mystical Wisdom, which is available
from Sophia Institute Press.
Tagged as: Baptism, Best of Week, prayer, sign of the Cross, Sophia
Excerpts, the sign of the cross

By Anthony Lilles
Anthony Lilles is co-founder and Academic Dean of the Avila Institute for
Spiritual Formation and also serves as the Academic Dean and Associate
Professor of Theology at St. Johns Seminary. He is a founding faculty member
of St. John Vianney Theological Seminary where he was Academic Dean for
nine years. Dr. Lilles has provided graduate level courses on a variety of topics
including the Eucharist, the Sacraments of Healing, Church History, Spiritual
Theology, Spiritual Direction and on various classics of Catholic Spirituality.