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Complete Order to Cash(O2C) Techno-Functional flow in R12

Order to Cash Cycle in Brief:


The Order to Cash Process flow starts with entering the order with a standard item
into system. When you enter an order, the item are validated in oracle inventory, the
price is calculated for the items using the pricing engine; the availability of the items
are checked and may be reserved. Once all the required fields are entered on both
the header and the lines, you can book the order. When you click on the Book Order
button, the API OEXUBOKB.pls, checks if the order is eligible for booking. If eligible
the order is booked and the order header status would change to booked. The next
step is the pick release with which you move the items from the warehouse to the
staging area. The next step is to ship confirm, to indicate that the items are loaded
on to the carrier from the staging area. When you run Ship Confirm, the system
decrements inventory and updates sales order line status. This information is then
transferred through the Auto Invoice to Account Receivables for invoicing. Then you
sent the invoice to your customer for the items shipped and then perform
the cash management and bank reconciliations.

Order Management receives detailed item information from the Inventory application
and price list information from the Pricing application. Orders and returns can be
entered manually or imported through an EDI, CRM, or external source. Once in the
system the order is ready to be pick released and shipped, if needed by the Shipping
application. It can then proceed through the Auto Invoice program into the Oracle
Receivables application to be invoiced. All of the accounting information is transferred
to the General Ledger by the Inventory and Receivables applications.

The required fields to enter on the sales order header are the customer name or
number and order type. Other values such as Ship-To Address, Bill-To Address,
Shipping Method, and Price List default. The order number is generated based on the
order type. The required fields to enter on the sales order lines are Ordered Item and
Quantity. Again, based on defaulting rules and setups in Pricing, Inventory and
Shipping, the other values would default on the sales order line.
Setup steps for executing the Order to Cash flow with a standard item:

Prior to order entry, the items should be created / defined in inventory module
using the master items screen and assigned to the shipping organization. Check the
blog post for the related setups
Add the item to the price list or create a new price list.

Transaction Type must be defined

Document Sequence must be assigned to the document category.

Customers must be defined

Salespersons must be defined

Shipping Roles should be granted to the user.

Ensure that the items are available in your shipping sub inventory or perform
miscellaneous transactions to augment the same.

Following are some useful related links:


Check the blog post for tables involved in various stages of O2C
Check the blog post on queries involved in Order management
Order to Cash flow with tables involved in various stages:
Order to Cash flow with statuses at various stages:

All possible flow statuses of the order/line:


OE_ORDER_HEADERS_ALL.flow_status_code: Order Header (Entered) Booked
Order (Booked) Closed Order (Closed)

OE_ORDER_LINES_ALL.flow_status_code: Order Line (Entered) Booked Order


(Awaiting Shipping) Pick Released(Picked/Staged) Ship Confirmed
(Shipped) INV/OM interfaced (Fulfilled) Close Order (Closed)

1. Enter the order header, line details and Book it:


Responsibility: Order Management Super User, Vision Operations (USA)
Navigate to Orders, Returns Sales Orders
Open the Sales Orders Window

Order Number: 66413


2. Schedule order:
Check if the order lines are scheduled or not. If any of the order line is in
BOOKED status, it means that the order line is not yet scheduled.

Run the Schedule Order concurrent program to schedule the order. After the
concurrent program is scheduled the order line will move to Awaiting
Shipping status.

Still if the order lines do not go to Awaiting Shipping, check for any holds on
the order line/ header. Release the holds (if any) and re-run theSchedule
Order program.

You can even schedule the order line in the following way: Right click on the
order line and progress the line to schedule it. Check the OM scheduling related
setups

Order tables:
OE_ORDER_LINES_ALL.visible_demand_flag: visible_demand_flag= Yes lines will be
made available as Demanded to Planning

Shipping tables: The shipping tables get populated after order scheduling.
WSH_DELIVERY_DETAILS.released_status: monitors the shipping process of the
order line

WSH_DELIVERY_ASSIGNMENTS: Assigns delivery details to a delivery and/or a


parent delivery detail.

Once the order is booked from the application, following changes occur in the
backend
OE_ORDER_HEADERS_ALL (flow_status_code as BOOKED, booked_flag updated
to Y)
OE_ORDER_LINES_ALL (flow_status_code as AWAITING_SHIPPING, booked_flag
updated Y)
Since the order is now booked, delivery details of the order are created in
WSH_DELIVERY_DETAILS table. WSH_DELIVERY_DETAILS has delivery lines and
LPNs.
OOL.line_id = WDD.source_line_id
These delivery details information can been viewed form Shipping Transactions
Form and the delivery status in the application will be as Ready to Release
WSH_DELIVERY_DETAILS.released_status =R
WSH_DELIVERY_DETAILS.Release_Status can have any of the below valid values
WSH_DELIVERY_ASSIGNMENTS (WDA) assigns delivery details to a delivery
and/or a parent delivery detail (LPN).

WDA.delivery_detail_id = WDD.delivery_detail_id

WSH_DELIVERY_ASSIGNMENTS.delivery_id will be NULL as still pick release


operation is not performed as final delivery is not yet created.
At the same time when order is booked Demand interface program is triggered in
the background and demand of the item with specified quantity is created and these
demand information is stored in MTL_DEMAND.
MTL_DEMAND.demand_source_line = OOL.line_id

3. Pick Release the Sales Order


Navigate to the Shipping Transaction Form (Shipping Transactions)
Enter the following in the Query Manager window and click Find
From Order Number = 66413 To Order Number = 66413

You can find the data in Shipping transaction screen (WSH shipping tables) only
when order is scheduled.

On the Shipping Transaction Form select Launch Pick Release from the Action
menu and click on GO button.
If Auto Pick confirm is not selected while pick release, then we have to manually
do the transact move order process. In fact pick confirm also triggers the transact
move order process in which the inventory is moved from item sub inventory to
staging area.

Order line status becomes Picked on Order and Staged/Pick Confirmed on Shipping
Form.

MTL_MATERIAL_TRANSACTIONS_TEMP (Record gets deleted from here and gets


posted to MTL_MATERIAL_TRANSACTIONS)
OE_ORDER_LINES_ALL.flow_status_code =PICKED
MTL_MATERIAL_TRANSACTIONS is updated with Sales Order Pick Transaction

MMT.trx_source_line_id = OOL.line_id

MTL_TRANSACTION_ACCOUNTS is updated with accounting information


WSH_DELIVERY_DETAILS. released_status=Y (Released)
WSH_DELIVERY_ASSIGNMENTS, MTL_ONHAND_QUANTITIES are updated
accordingly
Note: Pick Confirm step can be eliminated if Auto Pick Confirm is selected as YES
while performed manual pick release. If Pick release is done through shipping
transactions form and if you want to perform auto pick confirm then picking rules
setup has to be done.

4. Ship Confirm the Sales Order


Navigate to the Shipping Transaction Form (Shipping Transactions)

Enter the following in the Query Manager window and click Find
From Order Number = 66413 To Order Number = 66413
On the Shipping Transaction Form navigate to the Delivery Tab and select Ship
Confirm from the Action menu and click on GO button. Ship confirm process triggers
the Interface Trip Stops concurrent program.

o OE_ORDER_LINES_ALL.flow_status_code =SHIPPED
o WSH_DELIVERY_DETAILS. released_status=C (Shipped)
o Data from MTL_TRANSACTIONS_INTERFACE is moved to
MTL_MATERIAL_TRANACTIONS and MTL_MATERIAL_TRANSACTIONS is updated
withSales Order Issue transaction.
o Data is deleted from MTL_DEMAND, MTL_RESERVATIONS and
WSH_NEW_DELIVERIES
o Item reduced from MTL_ONHAND_QUANTITIES
MTL_TRANSACTION_ACCOUNTS is updated with accounting information.

Following are the pick release status:


Table: WSH_DELIVERY_DETAILS
Column: RELEASED_STATUS
Possible Values:
B: Backordered- Line failed to be allocated in Inventory
C: Shipped -Line has been shipped
D: Cancelled -Line is Cancelled
N: Not Ready for Release -Line is not ready to be released
R: Ready to Release: Line is ready to be released
S: Released to Warehouse: Line has been released to Inventory for processing
X: Not Applicable- Line is not applicable for Pick Release
Y: Staged- Line has been picked and staged by Inventory

Check the blog post for the detailed pick release status
Verify the details on the Confirm Delivery window and click OK and close the
window.

5. Run the Interface Trip Stop SRS Program


The Interface Trip Stop (ITS) will be trigger at the time of Shipping if check box
Defer Interface is not check. ITS can also be executed from concurrent request.

Interface Trip Stop has two main components:


1. Update the Order Management Data (oe_order_lines_all)
2. Trigger the Inventory Interface (to Update the Inventory tables)

ITS updates the following fields on oe_order_lines_all table:


Shipped_quantity
Shipping_quantity
Actual_shipment_date

Inventory Interface will be trigger only if the first part, that means related to OM
has successfully completed and flag OE_INTERFACED_FLAG = Y on
WSH_DELIVERY_DETAILS. If value of this flag is N/P then Inventory Interface will
never be triggered. And even if you try to submit the Inventory Interface from SRS,
delivery detail with oe_interfaced_flag =N will never be picked up.

o oe_interfaced_flag = Y -- signifies ITS has interfaced shipping data to OM


o inv_interfaced_flag = Y -- signifies ITS has interfaced shipping data to INV

Navigate to Shipping Interfaces window (Shipping Interfaces Run)


Select the Interface Trip Stop - SRS Program from the LOVs
On the parameters window enter
Mode = All
Click on the OK button and then on the Submit button:

6. Run the Master AutoInvoice Program


Navigate to the Run AutoInvoice window, (Interfaces AutoInvoice)
Select the AutoInvoice Master Program from the LOV
On the parameters window enter
Invoice Source = ORDER ENTRY
Default Date = Enter Todays Date
(Low) Sales Order Number = 66413
(High) Sales Order Number = 66413
Then click OK and Submit button.

7. View the Transaction created by the AutoInvoice Program


Navigate to the Additional Line Information window, (Orders, Returns Order
Organizer)
On the Find Order window, query your order number = 66413
On the Order Organizer window, navigate to Lines Tab and click on Actions
button and select the Additional Line information and click OK.
8. On the Additional Line Information window, navigate to Invoices / Credit Memos
Tab and click on the Invoice Details button. This would open Transactions window,
where you can see the invoice details.

Following is an important Query which gives the joining


between OM, WSH, AR Tables
SELECT ooh.order_number
,ool.line_id
,ool.ordered_quantity
,ool.shipped_quantity
,ool.invoiced_quantity
,wdd.delivery_detail_id
,wnd.delivery_id
,rctl.interface_line_attribute1
,rctl.interface_line_attribute3
,rctl.interface_line_attribute6
,rct.org_id
,rct.creation_date
,trx_number
,rctl.quantity_ordered
,rct.interface_header_context
FROM oe_order_headers_all ooh
,oe_order_lines_all ool
,wsh_delivery_details wdd
,wsh_new_deliveries wnd
,wsh_delivery_assignments wda
,ra_customer_trx_all rct
,ra_customer_trx_lines_all rctl
WHERE ooh.header_Id=ool.header_id
AND wdd.source_header_id=ooh.header_id
AND wdd.delivery_detail_Id=wda.delivery_detail_id
AND wda.delivery_id=wnd.delivery_id
AND rctl.interface_line_attribute1=to_char(ooh.order_number)
AND rctl.interface_line_attribute6=to_char(ool.line_id)
AND rctl.interface_line_attribute3=to_char(wnd.delivery_id)
AND rctl.customer_trx_id=rct.customer_trx_id
AND rct.interface_header_context='ORDER ENTRY'

O2C: Accounting Entries:

Transaction Event Debit Credit Module

Enter Sales Order


Order
No Accounting Entry
Mgmt
Book Order
Pick Release Order

Cost of Goods
Ship goods to customer Inventory a/c Inventory
Sold a/c

Receivables
Issue Invoice Revenue a/c Receivables
a/c
Cash/Bank Receivables
Collecting Payment Receivables
a/c a/c