You are on page 1of 11


Note: Windows Server 2008 can also be installed as a Server Core installation, which is
a cut-down version of Windows without the Windows Explorer GUI. Because you dont
have the Windows Explorer to provide the GUI interface that you are used to, you
configure everything through the command line interface or remotely using a Microsoft
Management Console (MMC). The Server Core can be used for dedicated machines
with basic roles such as Domain controller/Active Directory Domain Services, DNS
Server, DHCP Server, file server, print server, Windows Media Server, IIS 7 web server
and Windows Server Virtualization virtual server. For Server Core installations please
see my Installing Windows Server 2008 Core article.

To use Windows Server 2008 you need to meet the following hardware requirements:

Component Requirement

Minimum: 1GHz (x86 processor) or 1.4GHz (x64 processor)

Recommended: 2GHz or faster Note: An Intel Itanium 2
processor is required for Windows Server 2008 for Itanium-
Processor based Systems

Minimum: 512MB RAM Recommended: 2GB RAM or greater

Maximum (32-bit systems): 4GB (Standard) or 64GB
(Enterprise and Datacenter) Maximum (64-bit systems): 32GB
(Standard) or 2TB (Enterprise, Datacenter and Itanium-based
Memory Systems)

Minimum: 10GB Recommended: 40GB or greater Note:

Available Disk Computers with more than 16GB of RAM will require more disk
Space space for paging, hibernation, and dump files

Drive DVD-ROM drive

Display and Super VGA (800 x 600) or higher-resolution monitor

Peripherals Keyboard Microsoft Mouse or compatible pointing device

Upgrade notes:
I will not discuss the upgrade process in this article, but for your general knowledge, the
upgrade paths available for Windows Server 2008 shown in the table below:

If you are currently running: You can upgrade to:

Windows Server 2003 Standard Edition Full Installation of Windows Server 2008
(R2, Service Pack 1 or Service Pack 2) Standard Edition

CPIC-CSS NC II 2015 Page 1 of 11

Full Installation of Windows Server 2008
Enterprise Edition

Windows Server 2003 Enterprise

Edition (R2, Service Pack 1 or Service Full Installation of Windows Server 2008
Pack 2) Enterprise Edition

Windows Server 2003 Datacenter

Edition (R2, Service Pack 1 or Service Full Installation of Windows Server 2008
Pack 2) Datacenter Edition

Follow this procedure to install Windows Server 2008:

1. Insert the appropriate Windows Server 2008 installation media into your DVD drive. If
you dont have an installation DVD for Windows Server 2008, you can download one for
free from Microsofts Windows 2008 Server Trial website.

2. Reboot the computer.

3. When prompted for an installation language and other regional options, make your
selection and press Next.

CPIC-CSS NC II 2015 Page 2 of 11

1. Next, press Install Now to begin the installation process.

2. Product activation is now also identical with that found in Windows Vista. Enter
your Product ID in the next window, and if you want to automatically activate
Windows the moment the installation finishes, click Next.

CPIC-CSS NC II 2015 Page 3 of 11

If you do not have the Product ID available right now, you can leave the box empty, and
click Next. You will need to provide the Product ID later, after the server installation is
over. Press No.

3. Because you did not provide the correct ID, the installation process cannot
determine what kind of Windows Server 2008 license you own, and therefore you
will be prompted to select your correct version in the next screen, assuming you
are telling the truth and will provide the correct ID to prove your selection later on.

CPIC-CSS NC II 2015 Page 4 of 11

4. If you did provide the right Product ID, select the Full version of the right
Windows version youre prompted, and click Next.

5. Read and accept the license terms by clicking to select the checkbox and
pressing Next.

CPIC-CSS NC II 2015 Page 5 of 11

6. In the Which type of installation do you want? window, click the only available
option Custom (Advanced).

7. In the Where do you want to install Windows?, if youre installing the server on
a regular IDE hard disk, click to select the first disk, usually Disk 0, and click

CPIC-CSS NC II 2015 Page 6 of 11

If youre installing on a hard disk thats connected to a SCSI controller, click Load
Driver and insert the media provided by the controllers manufacturer.
If youre installing in a Virtual Machine environment, make sure you read the
Installing the Virtual SCSI Controller Driver for Virtual Server 2005 on Windows
Server 2008
If you must, you can also click Drive Options and manually create a partition on
the destination hard disk.

8. The installation now begins, and you can go and have lunch. Copying the setup
files from the DVD to the hard drive only takes about one minute. However,
extracting and uncompressing the files takes a good deal longer. After 20
minutes, the operating system is installed. The exact time it takes to install server
core depends upon your hardware specifications. Faster disks will perform much
faster installs Windows Server 2008 takes up approximately 10 GB of hard
drive space.

CPIC-CSS NC II 2015 Page 7 of 11

The installation process will reboot your computer, so, if in step #10 you inserted
a floppy disk (either real or virtual), make sure you remove it before going to
lunch, as youll find the server hanged without the ability to boot (you can bypass
this by configuring the server to boot from a CD/DVD and then from the hard disk
in the booting order on the servers BIOS)
9. Then the server reboots youll be prompted with the new Windows Server 2008
type of login screen. Press CTRL+ALT+DEL to log in.

10. Click on Other User.

CPIC-CSS NC II 2015 Page 8 of 11

14. The default Administrator is blank, so just type Administrator and press Enter.

11. You will be prompted to change the users password. You have no choice but to
press Ok.

CPIC-CSS NC II 2015 Page 9 of 11

12. In the password changing dialog box, leave the default password blank (duh,
read step #15), and enter a new, complex, at-least-7-characters-long new
password twice. A password like topsecret is not valid (its not complex), but
one like T0pSecreT! sure is. Make sure you remember it.

13. Someone thought it would be cool to nag you once more, so now youll be
prompted to accept the fact that the password had been changed. Press Ok.

CPIC-CSS NC II 2015 Page 10 of 11

18. Finally, the desktop appears and thats it, youre logged on and can begin working.
You will be greeted by an assistant for the initial server configuration, and after
performing some initial configuration tasks, you will be able to start working.
Next, for the initial configuration tasks please follow my other Windows Server 2008
articles found on the Related Windows Server 2008 Articles section below.

CPIC-CSS NC II 2015 Page 11 of 11