HAYDROLIC STRUCTURE
GROUP A
1
Given Data :
Water Elevation (HI)=42 M
Type Of Reservoir : Full
Direction Of Earthquake Force :
Upward
Trial -01-
1. Preliminary Design :
A.BASE :
H
B
n ( SsC )
Assuming:
1. = 0.75
2. Ss (Concrete Specific Weight) =
2.4 T/m3
3.Type Of Dam Bed : Rocky With
Fine Cracks
4. C (Coefficient Of Uplift Pressure)
= 0.7
2
H H
B B
n ( SsC ) ( SsC )
42 42
B= B=
0.75(2.40.7) (2.40.7)
B=32.9 m B=32.21 m
Take B1= 35
B) FREE BOARD :
* Free Board = (0.04:0.05) H
(Choosing 0.05)
(Height) = 0.05 x42
= 2.1 2.5 m
Free board top width required
(a)
a=
H
=
42
3.28 3.28
=3.5 m3.8
3
C) THE HEIGHT OF THE LOW
GRAVITY DAM :
F
H=
W ( Ss+10.7) > Height of dam
300
H=
1(2.4+10.7) = 111.11 m > 42 m OK
5
B) DETERMINATION OF FORCES,
THEIR POSITION &MOMENTS :
1. Hydrostatic Pressure (P)
MagnitudePosition Moment
P=0.5 w H 2 H/3=42/3=
MP=882
P=0.5x1x2.42 14m from
tonsx14m
p=882 tons base Mp =
12348 t.m
6
2. Hydrodynamic pressure (Pe)
MagnitudePosition Moment
4H 4 42
PE =0.726 xPxH =
3 3 X = 17.82
ME=0.412xPeXH
Pe=0.7355X0.1X1X42
Pe=3.087
PE=0.726XPeXH
PE=0.726X4.263X42
PE=94.12 Tons 7
3. Uplift force (pu)
MagnitudePosition Moment
2 B 2 X 35
Pu=0.5 xcxwxHx B Pu = = MPu=-735tx23.33m
3 3
Pu=514.5Tons Toe
W1=2.4X3.5X44.5
W1=373.8
2
W2= P2= 3 X32.9= Mw2=+1558.67T X
21.9 m
8
2.4x0.5x32.9x39.48mx1 21.9 from toe
Mw2=+34134.873 t.m
W2=1558.67 Tons
PwV2=0.05XW2 P2=-21.9MpwV1=-
1558.67tX21.9m
6. Horizontal acceleration of
earthquake Forces toward D/S of
dam (Pwh) (negative)
MagnitudePosition Moment
pwh1=0.1xw1 p1=44.5/2
Mpwh1=-373.8tx22.25m
pwh1= 373.8
9
1
pwh2=0.1XW2 P2= 2 X39.48
Mpwh2=-558.67X13.16m
pwh2=-155.867 tons
10
Vertical PwV1 - 34. -650.412
Earthqua PwV2 18.69 8 -34134.8
ke force -77.9 21.
of the - 9 -34785.212
dam 96.62
Horizont Pwh1 -373.8 22. -8317.05
al Pwh2 - 25 -20512.09
Earthqua 1558. 13.
ke force 67 16
of the
dam -
1932. -28829.14
47
V = h= -M=-
+132 - 83162.319
1.35 2817.
557 +M=+4714
3.113
M=
-36020.206
3. STABILITY ANALYSIS
M=36020.206 T . M
V =+ 1321.35
11
x
Centroid of the dam ( )=
M 36020.206
= =27.2 M
V 1321.35
B 35
X e= 22.1=|4.6|=4.6 m
e= 2 2
1321.35 6 x 4.6
PV max(at toe)= 35
(1+
35
)
4.6<5.8 (Safe)
13
V + BXq
S.F.F= H
5. Stability of stresses
V 1321.35
Average vertical stress= = B
=
35
=(67.52-0)x0.833
=56.24 t/m2< 140 t/m2 safe)
shear stress at heel : .
Trial -02-
1. SECONDARY DESIGN:
- Increase of concrete at upstream
force of dam
Try 4m base
Hi: 2a ( Ss c)
2. DESIGN ANALYSIS:
A) FORCES TO BE CONSIDERED:
1. Hydrostatic Pressure (P)
(negative)
2. Hydrodynamic pressure (Pe)
(negative)
3. Uplift force (Pu) (negative)
16
4. Weight of the dam (w) (positive)
+
5. Weight of water supported (w)
(positive) +
6. Upward earthquake Forces(PwV)
(negative)_
7. Horizontal acceleration of
earthquake Forces toward D/S of
dam (Pwh) (negative)
=1424.1t.m
0.4
cos = 32.24 = 82.8
Cm =0.735x(82.2 /90)
Cm=0.66
Pe=CmxKhxwxH
18
Pe=0.66x0.1x1x42
Pe=2.7
Pe=0.726x Pex H
Pe=0.726X2.7X42
Pe=82.3 tons
Mpu=573.3tx26m
26 m
pu=0.5x0.7x1x42x39 Pu=
Mpu=14905.8 t.m
pu=-573.3 tonsfrom toe
W3=2.4X0.5X4X32X1
W3=+153.6 Tons
5. Weight of water supported (w)
W4
Magnitude Position Moment
2
W4= c x volume4 P3=35+ 3 x4
Mw4=64tx37.66m
W4=1x0.5x4x32x1 p=37.66m
Mw4=+2410.24t.m
W4=+64 Tons from toe
W5
Magnitude Position Moment
1
W5= c x volume5 P=35+( 2 x4)
Mw5=4tx37.66m
W4=1x4x10x1 p=37 m
Mw4=+148 t.m 20
W4=+84 Tons from toe
7. Horizontal acceleration of
earthquake Forces toward D/S of
dam (Pwh)
*Pwh1&Pwh2 same as trial 01.
21
Pwh3
MagnitudePosition Moment
Pwh3=0.1XW3 P3=32x2/3
Mpwh3=
Pwh3=0.1X153.6 =21.33m
+15.36tx21.33m
3. STABILITY ANALYSIS
M=46869.61T . M
V =+ 1527.86
24
x
Centroid of the dam ( )=
M 46869.61
= =30.6 M
V 1527.86
B 39
X e= 30.6=|11.1|=11.1 m
e= 2 2
25
1527.86 6 X 11.1
pv max (at toe) = 39
(1+
39
)
5. Stability of stresses
V 1527.86
Average vertical stress= B
=
39
27
Principle stress at toe:
O max = Pvsec2 P' tan2
=45.8 (1+0.8332)zero (no tail
water)
=168.48t/m2< 300 t/m2 (safe)
Principlestress at heel:
O-min =pv(heel) xsec2 (P+PE)) tan2
=35.5x(1+0.1252)-(1x42+129.591) x
(0.1252)
=33.3t/m2< 42 t/m2 (safe)
Shear stress at toe:
= (45.8-0) x 0.8332
= 31.7t/m2< 140 t/m2 (safe)